IDEA LAW IEP Special education
Since the majority of parents of disabled students struggle with navigating special education system, advocacy training provides a means of helping parents secure the right education service for their disabled child. In this paper, parents' need for advocates for asserting special education rights as well as advocate training in the areas of special education advocacy and legislation will be addressed. Additionally, the impacts of advocacy training for disability-linked special education will be discussed.
Parental engagement in child education is a raging topic these last twenty-five years. Before the 80s, school-family partnerships were not the norm but an exception. But ever since, … positively influences both child learning and academic performance. The subject of parental engagement is accorded, even greater focus when it comes to special education. Before the 80s, several parents depended on professionals to receive emotional aid and training. But on account……
Arnini, Sarah, \\\\\\"Parents as Partners: An Analysis of the Barriers to Parental Involvement in Special Education\\\\\\" (2007). Social Work Theses. 12. http://digitalcommons.providence.edu/socialwrk_students/12
Burke, Meghan M. \\\\\\"Improving parental involvement: Training special education advocates.\\\\\\" Journal of Disability Policy Studies 23.4 (2013): 225-234. DOI: 10.1177/1044207311424910
Dameh, Bilal A., \\\\\\"The Impact of Parent Involvement Practices in Special Education Programs\\\\\\" (2015). Culminating Projects in Education Administration and Leadership. 11. https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/edad_etds/11
Hornby, Garry, and Rayleen Lafaele. \\\\\\"Barriers to parental involvement in education: An explanatory model.\\\\\\" Educational review 63.1 (2011): 37-52.
Rehm, Roberta S et al. \\\\\\"Parental advocacy styles for special education students during the transition to adulthood.\\\\\\" Qualitative health research vol. 23,10 (2013): 1377-87. DOI:10.1177/1049732313505915
Sapungan, Gina Madrigal, and Ronel Mondragon Sapungan. \\\\\\"Parental involvement in child\\\\\\'s education: Importance, barriers, and benefits.\\\\\\" Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education 3.2 (2014): 23-43.
Statewide Parent Advocacy Network. \\\\\\"Questions and Answers about IDEA: Parent Participation.\\\\\\" Center for Parent Information and Resources, 3 Jan. 2019, www.parentcenterhub.org/qa2/.
Thatcher, Steven Brown, \\\\\\"Increasing Parental Involvement of Special Education Students: The Creation of Smartphone-Friendly, Web-Based Legal and Procedural Resources\\\\\\" (2012). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 147. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/gradreports/147
education Law Policy and Social Justice Mother Tongue Instruction
The population of students receiving their instruction in another language apart from their mother tongue … mother tongue. This is particular the case in early learning. In one such study, it was found out that in early childhood classroom education, mother tongue was a key factor in the further advancement of the learning abilities of children (Awopetu, 2016). To a large extent, students … the further advancement of the learning abilities of children (Awopetu, 2016). To a large extent, students tend to have more positive attitudes towards education – and the school at large – when instruction has a strong mother tongue foundation. It therefore follows that there is sufficient basis … are not limited to, Vietnamese, French, Korean, Wu Chinese, German, Japanese, Russian, Portuguese, Arabic, Hindi, Spanish, as well as Mandarin Chinese. In matters education, mother tongue is of great……
Awopetu, A.V. (2016). Impact of Mother Tongue on Children’s Learning Abilities in Early Childhood Classroom. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 23, 58-63.
Busse, V., Cenoz, J., Dalmann, N. & Rogge, F. (2019). Addressing Linguistic Diversity in the Language Classroom in a Resource?Oriented Way: An Intervention Study with Primary School Children. Language Learning.
Bingol, A.S. (2012). Mother tongue instruction policies towards Turkish migrant children in Europe. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 70, 1016-1023.
Mcmahon, T., Griese, E.R. & Kenyon, D.B. (2019). Cultivating Native American scientists: An application of an Indigenous model to an undergraduate research experience. Cultural Studies of Science Education, 14, 77-110.
Ozfidan, B. (2017). Right of Knowing and Using Mother Tongue: A Mixed Method Study. English Language Teaching; 10(12), 15-23.
Peyton, J.K. (2015). Language of Instruction: Research Findings and Program and Instructional Implications. Reconsidering Development, 4(1), 71-79.
Philips, J.S. (2015). The rights of indigenous peoples under international law. Global Bioethics, 26(2), 75-82.
Sahin, I. (2018). A look at mother tongue education in the context of the right to education. Educational Research and Reviews, 13(9), 343-353.
… in their desks like passive receptacles waiting for information to be downloaded into their brains, they become more like participants in their own education, taking ownership of the educative process (Micheletti). The focus on active learning and the Socratic Method is what high schools need now more … focus on active learning and the Socratic Method is what high schools need now more than ever. Considering that the U.S. Department of education has found that every 26 seconds a student drops out of high school for a total of 7,000 students per day quitting school … 7,000 students per day quitting school before they graduate, one can see that there is a veritable mass exodus of children from the education system (DoSomething.org). Why are they leaving? Freire contends that it is obvious: they are not being challenged to take ownership of their own education and their own lives—so they……
Adorno, Theodor and Max Horkheimer. The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34, 2007.
DoSomething.org. “11 Facts about High School Dropout Rates.” https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-high-school-dropout-rates#fn1
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the oppressed. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2018.
Kristjánsson, Kristján. \\\\\\\\\\\\"There is Something About Aristotle: The Pros and Cons of Aristotelianism in Contemporary Moral Education.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of philosophy of education 48.1 (2014): 48-68.
Lickona, Thomas. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The return of character education.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Educational leadership 51.3 (1993): 6-11.
Micheletti, Gabrielle. “Re-Envisioning Paulo Freire\\\\\\\\\\\\'s “Banking Concept of Education’.” Inquiries Journal 2.2 (2010): 1. http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/171/re-envisioning-paulo-freires-banking-concept-of-education
Plato. Allegory of the Cave. https://web.stanford.edu/class/ihum40/cave.pdf
Online Studio education
The rise of Web 2.0 Technologies paves the way to a collaborative and interactive learning environment making the exchange of content and collaboration … and collaboration over the web (Loannao, 2018). The internet, since then, started becoming the reservoir of knowledge, giving free access to information and education resources (Loannao, 2018). Because of these developments, online courses and online education began and were incorporated in different education fields as the means of expanding knowledge and enhancing the learning procedure (Loannao, 2018). Studio-based learning is the practical education where the learning is done through doing, relying on the jury system for evaluating and assessing the student’s projects (Siddiqi, 2002). The entire course is designed in the traditional pedagogy.
Online Studio education is more than just a different teacher and student interaction format as it involves consistency within the education resources as all the students receive the consistent course……
Bender, D. M. (2006). Using Online Education Technologies to Support Studio Instruction. Educational Technology and Society.
Kurt, S. (2009). An analytic study on the traditional studio environments and the use of the constructivist studio in the architectural design education. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 401-408.
Loannao, O. (2018). Opening up design studio education using blended and networked formats. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education.
Nottingham, A. (2014). Reshaping design education: teaching graphic design online and onsite. The University of Melbourne.
Pasin, B. (2017). Rethinking the Design Studio-Centered Architectural Education. A Case Study at Schools of Architecture in Turkey. The Design Journal.
Siddiqi, A. A. (2002). ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO PROJECTS AND THE CHARADES OF CURRICULUM. The 6th Saudi Engineering Conference, KFUPM. Architecture Department, College of Environmental Design, KFUPM Dhahran.
education, especially bilingual education and its evolution in the United States, has paved its way in every state with differences in approaches and choices of language being … choices of language being taught. A part of US schooling history is its rich history and practice of native language teaching and bilingual education. Ovando (2003), in his study, found that it was about two hundred years ago that American communities first started assembling large numbers of … and German in Pennsylvania, German and Spanish in Texas, and the French language in Louisiana). The toleration and use of several languages for education and interaction suggest a wide linguistic pluralism ideology in this era (Ovando, 2003). Keeping in mind the variations and interactions of the different … era (Ovando, 2003). Keeping in mind the variations and interactions of the different languages, one sees a rich and vibrant culture of bilingual education that seems……
Banks, J. A. (1995). Multicultural Education: Its Effects on Students\\\\\\\\\\\\' Racial and Gender Role Attitudes. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education (pp. 617-627). New York: Macmillan.
Gándara, P., & Escamilla, K. (2017). Bilingual education in the United States. Bilingual and multilingual education, 1-14.
Ovando, C. J. (2003). Bilingual education in the United States: Historical development and current issues. Bilingual research journal, 27(1), 1-24.
Saravia-Shore, M., & Arvizu, S. F. (2017). Cross-cultural literacy: An anthropological approach to dealing with diversity. In Cross-cultural Literacy (pp. xv-xxxviii). Routledge.
Wei, L. (2013). Integration of Multicultural Education into English Teaching and Learning: A Case Study in Liaoning Police Academy. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 3(4).
Higher education continues to be a significant aspect within an economy with professions necessitating individuals with such education attainments. However, institutions of higher education have continued to experience several challenges, including deteriorating student enrollments, increasing student debt across the United States, and also concerning student completion rates … experience several challenges, including deteriorating student enrollments, increasing student debt across the United States, and also concerning student completion rates for the different education programs. The Higher education sector in the United States is experiencing major challenges. California State University, Los Angeles, is the leading all-inclusive public university that is situated … at the heart of Los Angeles and is committed to engagement, service, and the public good. It is one of the renowned higher education institutions not only in Los Angeles but also in the state of California as a whole. The purpose of this report is to … to……
California State University Los Angeles. (2020). Strategic Plan. Retrieved from: http://www.calstatela.edu/strategicplan
Chavez, M. (2019). Cal State LA has proposed a plan to cut enrollment for incoming freshmen beginning Fall 2020. University Times. Retrieved from: https://csulauniversitytimes.com/operation-impaction/
Finney, J. E. (2014). Why the finance model for public higher education is broken and must be fixed. Public Policy Initiative 2(6).
Wiley Education Services. (2020). Top Challenges Facing U.S. Higher Education. Retrieved from: https://edservices.wiley.com/top-higher-education-challenges/
Unigo. (2020). California State University – Los Angeles: What do you consider the worst thing about your school? Why? Retrieved from: https://www.unigo.com/colleges/california-state-university-los-angeles/q-and-a/what-do-you-consider-the-worst-thing-about-your-school-why-673/1
Mitchell, B. C. (February 22, 2018). America\\\\\\\\\\\\'s colleges and universities have a serious revenue problem. Hechinger Report. Retrieved from: https://hechingerreport.org/opinion-americas-colleges-universities-serious-revenue-problem/
Hussain, S. (February 25, 2019). Cal State L.A.\\\\\\\\\\\\'s plan to raise admissions standards faces pushback from students and faculty. Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-edu-cal-state-los-angeles-admissions-20190225-story.html
Zeleza, P. T. (March 12, 2020). Money Matters: The Financial Crises Facing Universities. The Elephant. Retrieved from: https://www.theelephant.info/ideas/2020/03/12/money-matters-the-financial-crises-facing-universities/
The US government has reduced its state funding for the higher education institutes to lower the college costs, especially for ethnic groups since the increase in education costs have made it harder for color and lower-income student to enroll in these colleges. There are numerous benefits for enrolling in the … have made it harder for color and lower-income student to enroll in these colleges. There are numerous benefits for enrolling in the best education institutions after the students are graduated that mainly includes higher incomes. Still, it puts pressure on those students whose households are earning low. … low. With such stagnant earnings, it is greatly difficult for racially and economically diverse students to have affordability and access to the highly-priced education institutes. Recently, the costs for attending a public college have surged up to $21,370 as compared to $8,250 in 1980, which means it … have surged up……
Amour, Madeline. “Report: living expenses, not tuition, are the problem.” Inside Higher Ed, 13 May 2020, https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/05/13/living-expenses-are-larger- barrier-students-tuition-report-finds. Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Cude, Katherine. The Rising Cost Of Tuition At Four Year Public Universities: A Comparison Of The Explanations Offered By The Academic Literature And University Decision Makers. 2016. University of Vermont, Undergraduate theses. Scholar Works, https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1027&context=castheses
Davidson, Adam. “Is College Tuition Really Too High?” The New York Times Magazine, 8 Sep. 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/magazine/is-college-tuition-too-high.html . Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Desrochers, Donna, and Kirshstein, Rita. Labor Intensive or Labor Expensive? 2014. American Institutes for Research, Delta Cost Project. Lumina Foundation, https://www.luminafoundation.org/files/resources/deltacostair-labor-expensive-higher- education-staffing-brief-feb2014.pdf
Dickler, Jessica. “Why College Tuition Keeps Rising.” CNBC, 24 Oct. 2019, https://www.cnbc.com/2019/10/24/why-college-tuition-keeps-rising.html, Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Hemelt, Steven, and Marcotte, Dave. Rising Tuition And Enrollment In Public Higher Education. 2008. IZA, Discussion Paper. IZA, http://ftp.iza.org/dp3827.pdf
Hemelt, Steven, and Marcotte, Dave. “The Impact of Tuition Increases on Enrollment at Public Colleges and Universities.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, vol. 33, no. 4, Dec. 2011, pp. 435-457.
Hess, Abigail. “The Cost of College Increased by More Than 25% In the Last 10 Years- Here’s Why.” CNBC, 13 Dec. 2019, https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/13/cost-of-college- increased-by-more-than-25percent-in-the-last-10-years.html. Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Early Childhood Diverse Learners Project
ECE (early childhood education) programs include all sorts of academic programs used to educate children in pre-school years. The early education system in America experienced significant growth during the latter half of the 20th century. This particular trend allowed most of the children in America … 10.2 percent, diverse learners.
Early childhood programs
The local school districts are the ones responsible for the provision of pre-school special education programs and services, including thorough assessments. In this particular school, kids between the ages of 3 to 5 are normally scheduled for an … SLP. SLPs can also offer consultation services to pupils that do not necessarily qualify for the language-speech services. When it comes to special education, Bennett Elementary has a counselor, case manager, and speech therapist.
Bennett presently has two full-day classes. One of the classes is for children … construct arranges,……
Avdameg. (2020). Early childhood education. Retrieved from http://www.healthofchildren.com/E-F/Early-Childhood-Education.html
Illinois Early Learning Project. (2020). 2013 Illinois early learning and development standards. Retrieved from https://illinoisearlylearning.org/ields/
Rock, A. (2020). What your child will learn in pre-school. Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/all-about-preschool-curriculum-2764977
Chicago Public School (CPS) system is the most understaffed in Illinois, where throughout the state the average student to staff ratio is 11 to one. In the CPS … is the most understaffed in Illinois, where throughout the state the average student to staff ratio is 11 to one. In the CPS system, it is 16 to one—16 students to every one teacher, and that is just going by averages (Sepeda-Miller, 2018). As Laraviere (2019) puts … to the best that Illinois has to offer, Chicago looks like the worst. That is a serious shame for a city and school system that should be recognized and hailed as the state’s top district. Instead, the reality is that there is no maximum limit on classroom … and hailed as the state’s top district. Instead, the reality is that there is no maximum limit on classroom size in the CPS system (Guerrero,……
Blatchford, P., & Russell, A. (2019). Class size, grouping practices and classroom management. International Journal of Educational Research, 96, 154-163.
Guerrero, M. (2019). Understaffed and overcrowded: Chicago teachers on strike. Retrieved from https://depauliaonline.com/43619/news/understaffed-and-overcrowded-chicago-teachers-on-strike/
Laraviere, T. (2019). Is the teachers' union demanding enough? Retrieved from https://www.chicagobusiness.com/opinion/teachers-union-demanding-enough
Leone, H. (2019). Chicago Public Schools’ enrollment drops another 6,000 students, extending long downward trend. Retrieved from https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-cps-chicago-public-schools-enrollment-decline-20191108-u7qkibaptnb7ljyob3frclgldy-story.html
Sepeda-Miller. (2018). Is CPS the most understaffed district in Illinois? Retrieved from https://www.politifact.com/illinois/statements/2018/jun/21/troy-laraviere/cps-most-understaffed-district-illinois/
… legally secure position, an “indefinite appointment” at an institute of higher learning (AAUP, 2019, p. 1). Of course, extenuating circumstances may enable the education institution to sever the contract and terminate the tenured faculty. One of those extenuating circumstances would be financial exigency: an unavoidable and unfortunate … security and benefits versus their non-tenured colleagues.
According to the American Association of University Professors (AAUP, 2019), tenure has been embedded in higher education policy since 1940. Tenure has remained the cornerstone of higher education, promoting broader values related to academic freedom and freedom of speech (Eastman & Boyles, 2015). As Curnalia & Mermer (2018) point out, “tenure … academic freedom protects faculty who advocate on behalf of their students, their universities, and their communities,” (p. 129). Although critics of the tenure system point out that the vast majority of university and college faculty do not enjoy the protections of tenure……
Alleman, N.F. & Haviland, D. (2017). “I expect to be engaged as an equal”: collegiality expectations of full-time, non-tenure-track faculty members. High Educ (2017) 74: 527. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0062-4
American Association of University Professors (AAUP 2019). Tenure. Retrieved from: https://www.aaup.org/issues/tenure
Curnalia, R. M. L., & Mermer, D. (2018). Renewing our commitment to tenure, academic freedom, and shared governance to navigate challenges in higher education. Review of Communication, 18(2), 129–139.doi:10.1080/15358593.2018.1438645
Eastman, N. J., & Boyles, D. (2015). In defense of academic freedom and faculty governance: John Dewey, the 100th anniversary of the AAUP, and the Threat of Corporatization
Mitchell, M., Palacios, V. & Leachman, M. (2015). States are still funding higher education below pre-recession levels. Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy, April 2015, Article 71. Retrieved from: https://thekeep.eiu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1524&context=jcba
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