Special Education Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Role Of Parents And Students In Special Education Systems

Pages: 6 (1774 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:53757847

IDEA LAW IEP special education
Since the majority of parents of disabled students struggle with navigating special education systems, advocacy training provides a means of helping parents secure the right education service for their disabled child. In this paper, parents' need for advocates for asserting special education rights as well as advocate training in the areas of special education advocacy and legislation will be addressed. Additionally, the impacts of advocacy training for disability-linked special education will be discussed.
Parental engagement in child education is a raging topic these last twenty-five years. Before the 80s, school-family partnerships were not the norm but an exception. But ever since, … engagement positively influences both child learning and academic performance. The subject of parental engagement is accorded, even greater focus when it comes to special education. Before the 80s, several parents depended on professionals to receive emotional aid and training. But on……


Works Cited

Arnini, Sarah, \\\\\\"Parents as Partners: An Analysis of the Barriers to Parental Involvement in Special Education\\\\\\" (2007). Social Work Theses. 12.  http://digitalcommons.providence.edu/socialwrk_students/12 

Burke, Meghan M. \\\\\\"Improving parental involvement: Training special education advocates.\\\\\\" Journal of Disability Policy Studies 23.4 (2013): 225-234. DOI: 10.1177/1044207311424910

Dameh, Bilal A., \\\\\\"The Impact of Parent Involvement Practices in Special Education Programs\\\\\\" (2015). Culminating Projects in Education Administration and Leadership. 11.  https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/edad_etds/11 

Hornby, Garry, and Rayleen Lafaele. \\\\\\"Barriers to parental involvement in education: An explanatory model.\\\\\\" Educational review 63.1 (2011): 37-52.

Rehm, Roberta S et al. \\\\\\"Parental advocacy styles for special education students during the transition to adulthood.\\\\\\" Qualitative health research vol. 23,10 (2013): 1377-87. DOI:10.1177/1049732313505915

Sapungan, Gina Madrigal, and Ronel Mondragon Sapungan. \\\\\\"Parental involvement in child\\\\\\'s education: Importance, barriers, and benefits.\\\\\\" Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education 3.2 (2014): 23-43.

Statewide Parent Advocacy Network. \\\\\\"Questions and Answers about IDEA: Parent Participation.\\\\\\" Center for Parent Information and Resources, 3 Jan. 2019, www.parentcenterhub.org/qa2/.

Thatcher, Steven Brown, \\\\\\"Increasing Parental Involvement of Special Education Students: The Creation of Smartphone-Friendly, Web-Based Legal and Procedural Resources\\\\\\" (2012). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 147.  https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/gradreports/147

Study Document

Observation Portfolio Classroom Of Special Education

Pages: 12 (3573 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:58451564

Observation Portfolio – special education Classroom
This observation portfolio paper presents a summary of my experience and knowledge gained from analyzing four observation sessions in a special education classroom setting. Observation 1 and 2 was conducted in the morning, observation 3 of 4 took place during lunch break, and observation 4 … procedure (Hallahan et al., 2018). Any teacher who wishes to use this method should always have a plan. The plan should incorporate student special needs, ability and interests, subject matter to be taught, and instructional materials to be used. Reinforcement involves the use of either token or … (Hallahan et al., 2018). Dandy-Walker Malformation (DWM) refers to human brain malfunction that occurs during embryo development.
According to Hallahan et al. (2018), education strategies for students with ASD should include the following: 1) direct instruction skills, 2) behavior management, and 3) instruction in a natural setting. … 2)……



Hallahan, D. P., Kauffman, J. M., & Pullen, P. C. (2018). Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education (14th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.

Holley, D., & Park, S. (2017). LESSONS LEARNED AROUND THE BLOCK: AN ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH ON THE IMPACT OF BLOCK SCHEDULING ON SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING. Retrieved from https://www.isres.org/books/chapters/Education_Research_Highlights_in_Mathematics_Science_and_Technology_2017_15_21-12-2017.pdf

Shabani, K., Khatib, M., & Ebadi, S. (2010, December). Vygotsky\\\\\\'s Zone of Proximal Development: Instructional Implications and Teachers\\\\\\' Professional Development. Retrieved from  https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1081990.pdf 

Study Document

Leadership Infrastructure For Special Needs Students

Pages: 8 (2472 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:81331403

special education Diverse Learners Project Guidelines
Section 1: Abstract
This paper provides an overview of Butler College Prep, its demographics, and its programs and services … Learners Project Guidelines
Section 1: Abstract
This paper provides an overview of Butler College Prep, its demographics, and its programs and services for special needs students. It looks at curriculum and instruction efforts as well as at the role of the principal in the school and how … It looks at curriculum and instruction efforts as well as at the role of the principal in the school and how he oversees special education services and promotes the power of collective efficacy to motivate and help teachers and parents collaborate. It concludes with a personal reflection on … this area.
Section 3: Programs and Services
The full range of programs, related services and resources available in the school for addressing the education needs of students……



Baker, S. K., Chard, D. J., Ketterlin-Geller, L. R., Apichatabutra, C., & Doabler, C.(2009). Teaching writing to at-risk students: The quality of evidence for self-regulated strategy development. Exceptional Children, 75, 303–320.

Browder, D., Ahlgrim-Delzell, L., Spooner, F., Mims, P. J., & Baker, J. N. (2009). Using time delay to teach literacy to students with severe developmental disabilities. Exceptional Children, 75, 343–364.

Donohoo, J., Hattie, J., & Eells, R. (2018). The power of collective efficacy. Educational Leadership, 75(6), 40-44.

Illinois at a Glance Report Card. (2019). Noble Butler College Prep. Retrieved from http://www.illinoisreportcard.com/

The Japanese Association for Language Teaching (2005). Vocabulary [Special issue]. The Language Teacher, 29(7) .[PDF]

Jitendra, A. K., Burgess, C., & Gajria, M. (2011). Cognitive strategy instruction for improving expository text comprehension of students with learning disabilities: The quality of evidence. Exceptional Children, 77, 135-159.

Prabhu, N. S. (1987). Second Language Pedagogy. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from  http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/ 

School Performance. (2017). Illinois Network of Charter Schools. Retrieved from https://www.incschools.org/about-charters/school-performance/

Study Document

Early Childhood Education Diverse Learners Project

Pages: 6 (1793 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:86067466

Early Childhood Diverse Learners Project
ECE (early childhood education) programs include all sorts of academic programs used to educate children in pre-school years. The early education system in America experienced significant growth during the latter half of the 20th century. This particular trend allowed most of the children in … of the early childhood setting
The school is meant for pre-school kids (aged between 3 to 5 years). The school’s physical surrounding is special designed to meet the needs of all children, and it has two pre-school classrooms. One classroom has 18 students (aged 4 to 5 … has 10.2 percent, diverse learners.
Section 3
Early childhood programs
The local school districts are the ones responsible for the provision of pre-school special education programs and services, including thorough assessments. In this particular school, kids between the ages of 3 to 5 are normally scheduled for an … Curriculum that……



Avdameg. (2020). Early childhood education. Retrieved from  http://www.healthofchildren.com/E-F/Early-Childhood-Education.html 

Illinois Early Learning Project. (2020). 2013 Illinois early learning and development standards. Retrieved from  https://illinoisearlylearning.org/ields/ 

Rock, A. (2020). What your child will learn in pre-school. Retrieved from  https://www.verywellfamily.com/all-about-preschool-curriculum-2764977 

Study Document

Bilingual Education Handbook Compare And Contrast

Pages: 4 (1292 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:99565133

… legal obligations to ELLs and their parents, 2) the district’s procedures for identifying, assessing and placing students in ESOL program, 3) the district’s education approach and curriculum, 4) the district’s methods and procedures for students exiting from ESOL program, and 5) the district’s method of evaluating the … program. Meaningful access means that ELLs are provided with opportunities to participate in curricular and extracurricular activities, just like native English speakers.
Equal education Opportunities Act of 1974
The Equal education Opportunities Act states that each district should “take appropriate action to overcome barriers that impede equal participation [of their] students in [they are] … results, then it should be modified. This court decision forms the basis of the ESOL program. The ESOL program is based on sound education theory, and…[break]…the ESOL program with a sound education approach is not sufficient if the program, as implemented, proves to be ineffective. The……



Danville School District ESOL Program Handbook. (2019, October). Cloud Object Storage | Store & Retrieve Data Anywhere | Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3).  https://s3.amazonaws.com/scschoolfiles/364/esl_handbook_updated_oct_2019_1.pdf 

Díaz-Rico, L. T., & Weed, K. Z. (2010). The Crosscultural, language, and academic development handbook: A complete K-12 reference guide (4th ed.). Allyn & Bacon.

Sutton, L. C., Cornelius, L., & McDonald-Gordon, R. (2012). English language learners and judicial oversight: Progeny of Castaneda. Educational Considerations, 39(2).  https://doi.org/10.4148/0146-9282.1111 

U.S. Department of Education. (2012, May). Language Instruction Educational Programs (LIEPs): A Review of the Foundational Literature.  https://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/title-iii/language-instruction-ed-programs-report.pdf 

U.S. Department of Justice. (2019, October 15). Types of educational opportunities discrimination. https://www.justice.gov/crt/types-educational-opportunities-discrimination

Study Document

Including Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students In The General Education

Pages: 15 (4479 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:71231641

… identifies schools and programs that are used to help the deaf community and it also examines the outcomes of deaf students in general education. It discusses whether deaf students are better served in an inclusive environment or whether they are better served in a deaf community based … however, there is also the sense that deaf and hard of hearing students would benefit from a support system within a deaf community education environment and if this is something that is available, it is typically discussed between parents and teachers to see if it is a ……



Arizona Office for Americans with Disabilities. (2007). Retrieved from  https://know-the-ada.com/t4/history-deafness.html 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Retrieved from  https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hearingloss/language.html 

Curhan, G., & Curhan, S. (2016). Epidemiology of hearing impairment. In Hearing Aids (pp. 21-58). Springer, Cham.

Gallaudet University. (2019). Retrieved from  https://www3.gallaudet.edu/clerc-center/info-to-go/national-resources-and-directories/schools-and-programs.html 

Hill, M. (2019). Embryology Sensory - Hearing Abnormalities. Retrieved from  https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Sensory_-_Hearing_Abnormalities 

Hyde, M., Nikolaraizi, M., Powell, D., & Stinson, M. (2016). Critical factors toward the Inclusion of deaf and hard-of-hearing students in higher education. Diversity in deaf education, 441-472.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. (2006). Retrieved from  https://sites.ed.gov/idea/ 

Padden, C. A. & Humphries, T. (2005). Inside Deaf Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Study Document

Special Needs Child

Pages: 5 (1391 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Case Study Document #:35206351

special Needs Child: Case Study
Overview of the Case Study
In this reviewed video (Lupercio, 2017), the narrator is a parent of a child … Child: Case Study
Overview of the Case Study
In this reviewed video (Lupercio, 2017), the narrator is a parent of a child with special needs, and the video aims to present her experience with a special needs child. The special needs child is her daughter. At birth, the child was normal - just like every other child – and the initial signs that … was three, at the time when she joined preschool. At school, she was receiving physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and adapted physical education. A diagnosis at the school showed that, even though she was three years old, she was functioning at t the level of a … these challenges, the patient is always in high spirits and very determined to……



DeHoff, B. A., Staten, L. K., Rodgers, R. C., & Denne, S. C. (2016). The role of online social support in supporting and educating parents of young children with special health care needs in the United States: a scoping review. Journal of medical Internet research, 18(12), e333.

Garner, P., & Sandow, S. (Eds.). (2018). Advocacy, self-advocacy, and special needs (Vol. 25). Routledge.

Lupercio, B. (2017, Jan. 13). Being A Special Needs Mom | Becca\\\\\\'s Bubble Episode 3. YouTube. Retrieved from  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-J_NS5QDKWw&feature=emb_title 

McNamara, S., & Blenco, G. (2018). Teaching special needs: Strategies and activities for children in the primary classroom (Vol. 37). Routledge.

Weiss, J. A., Cappadocia, M. C., MacMullin, J. A., Viecili, M., & Lunsky, Y. (2012). The impact of child problem behaviors of children with ASD on parent mental health: The mediating role of acceptance and empowerment. Autism, 16(3), 261-274.

Study Document

History Of Bilingual Education

Pages: 4 (1298 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:54783593

education, special bilingual education and its evolution in the United States, has paved its way in every state with differences in approaches and choices of language being … choices of language being taught. A part of US schooling history is its rich history and practice of native language teaching and bilingual education. Ovando (2003), in his study, found that it was about two hundred years ago that American communities first started assembling large numbers of … and German in Pennsylvania, German and Spanish in Texas, and the French language in Louisiana). The toleration and use of several languages for education and interaction suggest a wide linguistic pluralism ideology in this era (Ovando, 2003). Keeping in mind the variations and interactions of the different … era (Ovando, 2003). Keeping in mind the variations and interactions of the different languages, one sees a rich and vibrant culture of bilingual education that seems……



Banks, J. A. (1995). Multicultural Education: Its Effects on Students\\\\\\\\\\\\' Racial and Gender Role Attitudes. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education (pp. 617-627). New York: Macmillan.

Gándara, P., & Escamilla, K. (2017). Bilingual education in the United States. Bilingual and multilingual education, 1-14.

Ovando, C. J. (2003). Bilingual education in the United States: Historical development and current issues. Bilingual research journal, 27(1), 1-24.

Saravia-Shore, M., & Arvizu, S. F. (2017). Cross-cultural literacy: An anthropological approach to dealing with diversity. In Cross-cultural Literacy (pp. xv-xxxviii). Routledge.

Wei, L. (2013). Integration of Multicultural Education into English Teaching and Learning: A Case Study in Liaoning Police Academy. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 3(4).

Study Document

Teaching Sexual Education In Public School

Pages: 8 (2487 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:19342188

Background: Why Teach Sexual education?
With about half of all high school students admitting to have already had sex, and only 60% of those students claiming they used … of all high school students admitting to have already had sex, and only 60% of those students claiming they used a condom, sexual education can be considered a public health imperative (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019). Unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases are the most important … health imperative (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019). Unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases are the most important health-related reasons to teach sexual education in public schools. Research has shown that “when sex education is comprehensive, students feel more informed, make safer choices and have healthier outcomes — resulting in fewer unplanned pregnancies and more protection against … safer choices and have healthier outcomes — resulting in fewer unplanned pregnancies and more protection……



Abbott, K., Ellis, S. J., & Abbott, R. (2016). “We”ve got a lack of family values’: an examination of how teachers formulate and justify their approach to teaching sex and relationships education. Sex Education, 16(6), 678–691. doi:10.1080/14681811.2016.1169398 

“America’s Sex Education: How We Are Failing Our Students,” (2017). USC Department of Nursing. Retrieved from  https://nursing.usc.edu/blog/americas-sex-education/ 

Bauman, S.D. (2018). When sex ed pretends to be secular. Senior Independent Study Theses. Paper 8059. Retrieved from  https://openworks.wooster.edu/independentstudy/8059 

Kirby, D. B. (2008). The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 5(3), 18-27

Lepore, J. (2015). The facts of life. 94 Foreign Aff. 144 (2015).

National Conference of State Legislatures (2019). State policies on sex education in schools. Retrieved from  http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-policies-on-sex-education-in-schools.aspx 

Pardini, P. (2019). The history of sexuality education. Rethinking Schools. Retrieved from  http://rethinkingschools.aidcvt.com/sex/sexhisto.shtml 

Planned Parenthood (2019). What is sex education? Retrieved from  https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/for-educators/what-sex-education

Study Document

Poverty And Education The Problem And The Solution

Pages: 9 (2580 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:73771272

… period poverty. It is noteworthy that teachers could play an essential role in helping students from low-income families when students face economic and education challenges. The solution is developmentally appropriate, and culturally sensitive interventions such as the EAP could help young children from low SES families to … low SES families.
Thesis Statement
Poverty drastically affects children's ability to learn.  However, many studies show how the negative effects of poverty on education can be overcome.
Researchers Compton-Lilly and Delbridge (2019) recently investigated the matter of how poverty affects children's ability to learn. The … two researchers also noted that teachers could play an important role in helping students from low-income families when the students face economic and education challenges,
Researchers Hampden-Thompson and Galindo (2017) also investigated how poverty affects the ability of children to learn. In their study, these two researchers … by two things – the……



The Problem

Compton-Lilly, C., & Delbridge, A. (2019). What Can Parents Tell Us About Poverty and Literacy Learning? Listening to Parents Over Time. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 62(5), 531–539.

Dickerson, A., & Popli, G. K. (2016). Persistent poverty and children\\\\\\\\\\\\'s cognitive development: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 179(2), 535-558.

Hampden-Thompson, G., & Galindo, C. (2017). School-family relationships, school satisfaction, and the academic achievement of young people. Educational Review, 69(2), 248–265.

Thompson, K., Richardson, L. P., Newman, H., & George, K. (2019). Interaction Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Emerging Literacy and Literacy Skills among Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten Children: A Comparison Study. Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice, 4(1), 5.

The Solution

Borre, A., Bernhard, J., Bleiker, C., & Winsler, A. (2019). Preschool Literacy Intervention for Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Children: Effects of the Early Authors Program Through Kindergarten. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR), 24(2), 132–153.

Comber, B., & Kamler, B. (2004). Getting Out of Deficit: Pedagogies of reconnection. Teaching Education, 15(3), 293–310.

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