The problem facing students in college is that many of them are not being educated as adult. There is a significant difference in the way an adult approaches education and the way a child approaches education (Forrest & Peterson, 2006). adult learning is an important concept because it focuses on realizing that adult are not children and so they should not be taught the same way. This is a crucial concept for teachers to understand so … not be taught the same way. This is a crucial concept for teachers to understand so that they can be more impactful with adult learners. The problem for university students is that they are not being evaluated in a way that is conducive to adult learning. This problem is significant because university students may be unnecessarily and unfairly struggling with classes because university teachers fail to use evaluations … significant because university……
Fenwick, T. J., & Parsons, J. (2009). The art of evaluation: A resource for educators and trainers. Thompson Educational Publishing.
Forrest III, S. P., & Peterson, T. O. (2006). It\\\\\\'s called andragogy. Academy of management learning & education, 5(1), 113-122.
Hase, S., & Kenyon, C. (2000). From andragogy to heutagogy. Ulti-BASE In-Site.
Howatt, W. A. (1999). Journaling to self-evaluation: A tool for adult learners. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 8(2), 32-34.
Knowles, M. (1984). Andragogy in action. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Moss, D., & Van Duzer, C. (1998). Project-Based Learning for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Digest.
The US government has reduced its state funding for the higher education institutes to lower the college costs, especially for ethnic groups since the increase in education costs have made it harder for color and lower-income student to enroll in these colleges. There are numerous benefits for enrolling in the … have made it harder for color and lower-income student to enroll in these colleges. There are numerous benefits for enrolling in the best education institutions after the students are graduated that mainly includes higher incomes. Still, it puts pressure on those students whose households are earning low. … low. With such stagnant earnings, it is greatly difficult for racially and economically diverse students to have affordability and access to the highly-priced education institutes. Recently, the costs for attending a public college have surged up to $21,370 as compared to $8,250 in 1980, which means it … have surged up……
Amour, Madeline. “Report: living expenses, not tuition, are the problem.” Inside Higher Ed, 13 May 2020, https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/05/13/living-expenses-are-larger- barrier-students-tuition-report-finds. Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Cude, Katherine. The Rising Cost Of Tuition At Four Year Public Universities: A Comparison Of The Explanations Offered By The Academic Literature And University Decision Makers. 2016. University of Vermont, Undergraduate theses. Scholar Works, https://scholarworks.uvm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1027&context=castheses
Davidson, Adam. “Is College Tuition Really Too High?” The New York Times Magazine, 8 Sep. 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/magazine/is-college-tuition-too-high.html . Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Desrochers, Donna, and Kirshstein, Rita. Labor Intensive or Labor Expensive? 2014. American Institutes for Research, Delta Cost Project. Lumina Foundation, https://www.luminafoundation.org/files/resources/deltacostair-labor-expensive-higher- education-staffing-brief-feb2014.pdf
Dickler, Jessica. “Why College Tuition Keeps Rising.” CNBC, 24 Oct. 2019, https://www.cnbc.com/2019/10/24/why-college-tuition-keeps-rising.html, Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Hemelt, Steven, and Marcotte, Dave. Rising Tuition And Enrollment In Public Higher Education. 2008. IZA, Discussion Paper. IZA, http://ftp.iza.org/dp3827.pdf
Hemelt, Steven, and Marcotte, Dave. “The Impact of Tuition Increases on Enrollment at Public Colleges and Universities.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, vol. 33, no. 4, Dec. 2011, pp. 435-457.
Hess, Abigail. “The Cost of College Increased by More Than 25% In the Last 10 Years- Here’s Why.” CNBC, 13 Dec. 2019, https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/13/cost-of-college- increased-by-more-than-25percent-in-the-last-10-years.html. Accessed 30 Jul. 2020.
Observation Portfolio – Special education Classroom
This observation portfolio paper presents a summary of my experience and knowledge gained from analyzing four observation sessions in a special … Classroom
This observation portfolio paper presents a summary of my experience and knowledge gained from analyzing four observation sessions in a special education classroom setting. Observation 1 and 2 was conducted in the morning, observation 3 of 4 took place during lunch break, and observation 4 … (Hallahan et al., 2018). Dandy-Walker Malformation (DWM) refers to human brain malfunction that occurs during embryo development.
According to Hallahan et al. (2018), education strategies for students with ASD should include the following: 1) direct instruction skills, 2) behavior management, and 3) instruction in a natural setting. … between the actual development level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance……
Hallahan, D. P., Kauffman, J. M., & Pullen, P. C. (2018). Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education (14th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.
Holley, D., & Park, S. (2017). LESSONS LEARNED AROUND THE BLOCK: AN ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH ON THE IMPACT OF BLOCK SCHEDULING ON SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING. Retrieved from https://www.isres.org/books/chapters/Education_Research_Highlights_in_Mathematics_Science_and_Technology_2017_15_21-12-2017.pdf
Shabani, K., Khatib, M., & Ebadi, S. (2010, December). Vygotsky\\\\\\'s Zone of Proximal Development: Instructional Implications and Teachers\\\\\\' Professional Development. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1081990.pdf
… period poverty. It is noteworthy that teachers could play an essential role in helping students from low-income families when students face economic and education challenges. The solution is developmentally appropriate, and culturally sensitive interventions such as the EAP could help young children from low SES families to … low SES families.
Poverty drastically affects children's ability to learn. However, many studies show how the negative effects of poverty on education can be overcome.
Researchers Compton-Lilly and Delbridge (2019) recently investigated the matter of how poverty affects children's ability to learn. The … two researchers also noted that teachers could play an important role in helping students from low-income families when the students face economic and education challenges,
Researchers Hampden-Thompson and Galindo (2017) also investigated how poverty affects the ability of children to learn. In their study, these two researchers … by two things – the……
Compton-Lilly, C., & Delbridge, A. (2019). What Can Parents Tell Us About Poverty and Literacy Learning? Listening to Parents Over Time. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 62(5), 531–539.
Dickerson, A., & Popli, G. K. (2016). Persistent poverty and children\\\\\\\\\\\\'s cognitive development: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 179(2), 535-558.
Hampden-Thompson, G., & Galindo, C. (2017). School-family relationships, school satisfaction, and the academic achievement of young people. Educational Review, 69(2), 248–265.
Thompson, K., Richardson, L. P., Newman, H., & George, K. (2019). Interaction Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Emerging Literacy and Literacy Skills among Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten Children: A Comparison Study. Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice, 4(1), 5.
Borre, A., Bernhard, J., Bleiker, C., & Winsler, A. (2019). Preschool Literacy Intervention for Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Children: Effects of the Early Authors Program Through Kindergarten. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR), 24(2), 132–153.
Comber, B., & Kamler, B. (2004). Getting Out of Deficit: Pedagogies of reconnection. Teaching Education, 15(3), 293–310.
… can determine outcomes that emerge later in life. Setting aside congenital conditions that adversely affect adolescent physical or mental health, adolescents and young adult also face risks related to lifestyle choices. Those risk factors increase among some demographic cohorts, especially low- and middle-income groups. Mental health is … Those risk factors increase among some demographic cohorts, especially low- and middle-income groups. Mental health is a major concern among adolescents and young adult, which is why numerous community-level task forces address these concerns. In fact, the American government’s Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP, … time in the young person’s life. At the community level, peers participating in programs like Community-Embedded Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents (CERCA) provide education, counseling, outreach, advocacy, and other methods of service interventions (Rose-Clarke, Bentley, Marston, et al., 2019). These programs are important because of their level ……
ODPHP (2020). Adolescent health. Retrieved from: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/Adolescent-Health
Rose-Clarke, K., Bentley, A., Marston, C., & Prost, A. (2019). Peer-facilitated community-based interventions for adolescent health in low-and middle-income countries: A systematic review. PloS one, 14(1).
… the stereotype can be just as violent as those who perpetuate it.
What is required today is a total cultural approach to education. People should be raised to see how wrong negative stereotypes of black culture are and how they are never true no matter how … fit a stereotype to a “t” it does not mean the person is any less of a human being. Thus humane approaches to education are needed and the humanities especially need to be promoted in education more regularly. That way people we see that everyone should be treated with respect and kindness because everyone is a human being and ……
Adorno, T. & Horkheimer, M. (2007). The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34, 2007.
Bandura, A. (2018). Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 130-136. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691617699280
Breger, M. L. (2017). Reforming by re-norming: How the legal system has the potential to change a toxic culture of domestic violence. J. Legis., 44, 170.
Cashmore, E. (2006). The Black culture industry. Routledge.
Coleman, L. (1974). Carl Van Vechten Presents the New Negro. Studies in the Literary Imagination, 7(2), 85.
Cramer, E. P., Choi, Y. J., & Ross, A. I. (2017). Race, Culture, and Abuse of Persons with Disabilities. In Religion, Disability, and Interpersonal Violence (pp. 89-110). Champaign, IL: Springer.
Davis, A. (2012). The Meaning of Freedom. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books.
Decker, J. L. (1993). The state of rap: Time and place in hip hop nationalism. Social Text, (34), 53-84.
...Adult education When Willie Lynch wrote his letter to white slave owners in America in the 17th century, laying out the blueprint for the American Establishment on how to create racial tensions in order to facilitate the white slave owners’ rule over their African slave, he unwittingly laid the foundation stone for American elitism and racism that has since come to characterize the ruling class’ use of mass media in controlling the population (Heaggans). As Horkheimer and Adorno later showed in their analysis and dissection of the Culture Industry, the controllers of mass media have essentially used the basic framework of Lynch to perpetuate the idea of racism and to use race as a means of dividing and conquering the population, keeping the mass of men and women disunited and disempowered, turned against themselves, focused on their own external differences, and preventing them from uniting and standing up to the powers that……
Adorno, Theodor and M. Horkheimer. The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34, 2007.
Aldrige, Derick. “From Civil Rights to Hip Hop: Toward a Nexus of Ideas.” http://www.thehiphopproject.org/site/pdfs/hhp_civilRights.pdf
Blair, Elizabeth. “The Strange Story of the Man behind Strange Fruit.” NPR. http://www.npr.org/2012/09/05/158933012/the-strange-story-of-the-man-behind-strange-fruit
Cashmore, Ellis. The Black culture industry. Routledge, 2006.
Collins, Patricia Hill. "New commodities, new consumers: Selling blackness in a global marketplace." Ethnicities 6.3 (2006): 297-317.
Davis, Angela. The Meaning of Freedom. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, 2012.
Guy, Talmadge C. "Gangsta rap and adult education." New directions for adult and continuing education 2004.101 (2004): 43-57.
Heaggans, Raphael C. "When the oppressed becomes the oppressor: Willie Lynch and the politics of race and racism in hip-hop music." West Virginia University Philological Papers 50 (2003): 77-81.
A Personal Philosophy of education
In sum, I believe the long-range impact that education leadership should have on stakeholders and on the community includes providing young learners with the critical thinking skills they will need to succeed … as well as developing good citizens that actively participate in the political process. Today, the United States invests enormous sums in its public education system, but these scarce taxpayer resources are being wasted without the positive long-range impact that effective leadership should have on stakeholders and on … of scholarship devoted to this topic over the years. Drawing on this body of knowledge, it is possible to improve the effectiveness of education leadership in a number of ways, including encouraging the involvement of parents in their children’s education and lobbying policymakers for additional classroom educators. The purpose of this paper is to explicate my personal leadership philosophy as it applies to……
Black’s Law Dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.
Blakesley, S. (2011, July). Defining educational leadership in Canada\\'s Yukon Territory: \\"Hmmm, that\\'s a good question ...\\" Canadian Journal of Education, 34(1), 4-7.
Bowser, A. & Hux, A. (2014, September). The roles of site-based mentors in educational leadership programs. College Student Journal, 48(3), 468-471.
Chan, T. C. (2014, March). Educational leadership: The research agenda. New Waves, 17(1), 1-4.
Cushman, K. (2009, December). Subjects, or citizens? High school students talk about investing in their schools: If we want to know what students think, Ms. Cushman suggests that we ask them. Phi Delta Kappan, 87(4), 316.
Demirci, F. & Ozyurek, C. (2017, December). The effects of using concept cartoons in astronomy subjects on critical thinking skills among seventh grade students. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 10(2), 243.
Erstad, W. (2018, January 22). Six critical thinking skills you need to master now. Rasmussen College. Retrieved from https://www.rasmussen.edu/student-experience/college-life/critical-thinking-skills-to-master-now/ .
Litvinov, A. (2017, March 16). Forgotten purpose: Civics education in public schools. NEA Today. Retrieved from http://neatoday.org/2017/03/16/civics-education-public-schools/ .
… the advent of distance learning, taking college level courses over the Internet has become a real possibility for today’s students seeking a higher education. But is it worth it? Does it provide the kind of quality education that learners need in order to excel in the real world? Or are their drawbacks to distance learning that outweigh the pros? This … of the potential disadvantages that might make some hesitant to pursue distance learning as a viable option.
Why Learning Online is Useful for adult
adult tend to have busy schedules, which makes it hard for them to find the time to get to a traditional college for classes … classes while making time for everything else that they have going on—whether it is work, family, community responsibilities, church obligations, etc. If an adult wants to earn a degree in order to justify asking for a promotion, or in……
Anderson, T. (Ed.). (2008). The theory and practice of online learning. Athabasca University Press.
Concannon, F., Flynn, A., & Campbell, M. (2005). What campus?based students think about the quality and benefits of e?learning. British journal of educational technology, 36(3), 501-512.
?enda?, S., & Odaba??, H. F. (2009). Effects of an online problem based learning course on content knowledge acquisition and critical thinking skills. Computers & Education, 53(1), 132-141.
Yang, Y. T. C., Newby, T. J., & Bill, R. L. (2005). Using Socratic questioning to promote critical thinking skills through asynchronous discussion forums in distance learning environments. The American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 163-181.
… researchers have noted, they also are very vulnerable to misinformation and still require a great deal of guidance. Even Dante the poet…[break]…levels of education, such as college, online learning has grown in popularity because it allows learners to overcome space and time obstacles. adult learners know that they need a degree if they want to be successful in the world—and so they are willing to be disciplined … willing to be disciplined and to use the online learning environment as a way to reach that goal. Students in primary and secondary education are more likely to see Internet time in the classroom as free time—a way to escape from the teacher for an hour or ……
Domhardt, Matthias, et al. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Resilience in survivors of child sexual abuse: A systematic review of the literature.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 16.4 (2015): 476-493.
Perkins-Gough, Deborah. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The significance of grit: A conversation with Angela Lee Duckworth.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Educational Leadership 71.1 (2013): 14-20.
Rorabaugh, Pete. “Trading Classroom Authority for Online Community.” Hybrid Pedagogy, 5 Jan 2012. https://hybridpedagogy.org/trading-classroom-authority-for-online-community/
Tough, Paul. How children succeed: Grit, curiosity, and the hidden power of character. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.
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