Background: Why Teach sex education?
With about half of all high school students admitting to have already had sex, and only 60% of those students claiming they used a condom, sex education can be considered a public health imperative (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019). Unwanted pregnancy and sex transmitted diseases are the most important health-related reasons to teach sex education in public schools. Research has shown that “when sex education is comprehensive, students feel more informed, make safer choices and have healthier outcomes — resulting in fewer unplanned pregnancies and more protection against … is comprehensive, students feel more informed, make safer choices and have healthier outcomes — resulting in fewer unplanned pregnancies and more protection against sex transmitted diseases and infection,” (“America’s sex education: How We Are Failing Our Students,” 2017, p. 1). Children will seek out and find information related to sex outside the classroom, such as……
Abbott, K., Ellis, S. J., & Abbott, R. (2016). “We”ve got a lack of family values’: an examination of how teachers formulate and justify their approach to teaching sex and relationships education. Sex Education, 16(6), 678–691. doi:10.1080/14681811.2016.1169398
“America’s Sex Education: How We Are Failing Our Students,” (2017). USC Department of Nursing. Retrieved from https://nursing.usc.edu/blog/americas-sex-education/
Bauman, S.D. (2018). When sex ed pretends to be secular. Senior Independent Study Theses. Paper 8059. Retrieved from https://openworks.wooster.edu/independentstudy/8059
Kirby, D. B. (2008). The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 5(3), 18-27
Lepore, J. (2015). The facts of life. 94 Foreign Aff. 144 (2015).
National Conference of State Legislatures (2019). State policies on sex education in schools. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-policies-on-sex-education-in-schools.aspx
Pardini, P. (2019). The history of sexuality education. Rethinking Schools. Retrieved from http://rethinkingschools.aidcvt.com/sex/sexhisto.shtml
Planned Parenthood (2019). What is sex education? Retrieved from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/for-educators/what-sex-education
Social Policy Analysis Report
Definition of Social Problem
In recent decades, sex trafficking has become a substantial social problem affecting the whole world and continues to necessitate worldwide collaboration to combat it (Brooks and Heaslip, … conducted by the United Nations, statistics indicated that persons across 106 different nations across the globe had experienced trafficking either for labor or sex, or both. Twenty-eight percent of this statistic comprised of children, with the number of girls surpassing that of boys by 40 percent (Greenbaum, … this statistic comprised of children, with the number of girls surpassing that of boys by 40 percent (Greenbaum, 2017). The United Nations defines sex traffic to encompass the act of recruiting, transferring, harboring, or receiving of individuals, by way of either threat or through use of force … enforcement entities to facilitate the charging and prosecution of traffickers.
Analysis of Social Problem
Facts, Statistics, and Demographic……
Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking. (2017). Summary of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) and Reauthorizations FY 2017. Retrieved from: https://endslaveryandtrafficking.org/summary-trafficking-victims-protection-act-tvpa-reauthorizations-fy-2017-2/
Benoit, C., Smith, M., Jansson, M., Healey, P., & Magnuson, D. (2019). “The prostitution problem”: Claims, evidence, and policy outcomes. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48(7), 1905-1923.
Brooks, A., & Heaslip, V. (2019). Sex trafficking and sex tourism in a globalized world. Tourism Review of AIEST - International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism, 74(5), 1104-1115. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/TR-02-2017-001
Bruckert, C., & Parent, C. (2002). Trafficking in human beings and organized crime: A literature review (pp. 1-35).
Clawson, H. J., Dutch, N., Solomon, A., & Grace, L. G. (2009). Human trafficking into and within the United States: A review of the literature. Washington, DC: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, US Department of Human and Health Services. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
Greenbaum, V. J. (2017). Child sex trafficking in the United States: Challenges for the healthcare provider. PLoS medicine, 14(11).
International Labour Organization. (2017). Global Estimates of Modern Slavery. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_575479.pdf
Kelly, C. (July 30, 2019). 13 sex trafficking statistics that explain the enormity of the global sex trade. USA Today. Retrieved from: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/investigations/2019/07/29/12-trafficking-statistics-enormity-global-sex-trade/1755192001/
… they need the comfort of contact and security to make them feel that…[break]…cultural factors influence our perception of acceptable expressions of gender and sex by making us think in terms of how people act and what is expected from a person who is gender fluid, gay or … for two men to kiss. In a conservative culture, this would more than likely not be acceptable as conservative culture would say that sex is between men and women. The expression or repression of a person’s gender and/or sex may influence the person’s interpersonal development by making the person more isolated or more outgoing depending on how the person perceives his or ……
Harlow’s Studies on Dependency in Monkeys. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OrNBEhzjg8I&feature=youtu.be
Intelecom. (2001). Factors that influence sexual orientation. Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://searchcenter.intelecomonline.net/playClipDirect.aspxid=4870EEC7664070BB7CF1C3E10B7F5E7133C2095F3F7F9C9E49B8D491E45F97FD34EA67949137B6D4F446ECA42BF2A60E
Levy, K. N., Ellison, W. D., Scott, L. N., & Bernecker, S. L. (2011). Attachment style. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(2), 193-201.
Shriner, B and Shriner, M. (2014). Essentials of Lifespan Development: A Topical Perspective. Bridgepoint Education: San Diego, CA.
… tasks that I did not expect to perform in my internship. My tasks mainly involved providing assistance and support for offender community services, sex offender treatment, offender substance abuse treatment, and offender reintegration. I also helped offenders with housing and court costs. My main responsibility in my … and any issues or challenges they are facing.
When I was just starting out in my internship position, I got assigned to a sex offender probation officer. She was a hardworking officer whom I was tasked to help. She had a total of 32 offenders to supervise. … hardworking officer whom I was tasked to help. She had a total of 32 offenders to supervise. The fact that the only other sex offender probation officer took a leave around the time I started by internship, meant that I got more responsibilities and tasks to handle … of the officers causing many……
… social problem did the program seek to address?
The social problem that the program sought to address was the need to reduce risky sex behaviors among teenage youths. Risky sex behavior is common among teens (Chapin, 2001) and programs that focus on educating teens about reducing risks associated with sex can be a way to address the issue (Walsh-Buhi et al., 2016). However, there is a need to understand teens’ perspective and for … bridge the gap between adult educators and youths and the idea of using young parents as peer educators to talk to teens about sex and preventing teen pregnancy was the focus of the program in the study by Parekh et al. (2018).
2) Describe the program’s theory … change. (10 points)
The theory of change was rooted in the study by Stakic, Zielony, Bodiroza and Kimzeke (2003) which found that peer education could facilitate the……
Bandura, A. (2018). Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 130-136.
Bickel, R., Weaver, S., Williams, T., & Lange, L. (1997). Opportunity, community, and teen pregnancy in an Appalachian state. The Journal of Educational Research, 90(3), 175-181.
Chapin, J. (2001). It won't happen to me: The role of optimistic bias in African American teens' risky sexual practices. Howard Journal of Communication, 12(1), 49-59.
Damon, W. (1984). Peer education: The untapped potential. Journal of applied developmental psychology, 5(4), 331-343.
Kerpelman, J. L., McElwain, A. D., Pittman, J. F., & Adler-Baeder, F. M. (2016). Engagement in risky sexual behavior: Adolescents’ perceptions of self and the parent–child relationship matter. Youth & Society, 48(1), 101-125.
Sciolla, A., Ziajko, L. A., & Salguero, M. L. (2010). Sexual health competence of international medical graduate psychiatric residents in the United States. Academic Psychiatry, 34(5), 361-368.
Stakic, S., Zielony, R., Bodiroza, A., & Kimzeke, G. (2003). Peer education within a frame of theories and models of behaviour change. Entre Nous: The European Magazine for Sexual and Reproductive Health, 56, 4-6.
Walsh-Buhi, E. R., Marhefka, S. L., Wang, W., Debate, R., Perrin, K., Singleton, A., ... & Ziemba, R. (2016). The impact of the Teen Outreach Program on sexual intentions and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), 283-290.
Transgender, as a terminology, alludes to individuals whose sense of their gender is different from what would be anticipated based on the sex individualities that they are naturally born with. A transgender individual may identify as a trans woman, which means a person who has a … individual may have continuous and perpetual feelings of gender dysphoria. This refers to a detachment between the individual's primary as well as secondary sex characteristics. Also, this refers to as detachment amid designated-gender and the gender with which that individual identified. It is imperative to note that …
Psychological Reasons behind Transitioning
Gender incongruence, in delineation, is a condition whereby an individual's gender identity or expression is conflicting with their assigned sex traits and characteristics. More often than not, gender incongruence is supplemented by clinically pertinent psychological anguish, also referred to as gender dysphoria. People … gender dysphoria. People with gender……
Bockting, W. O., Miner, M. H., Swinburne Romine, R. E., Hamilton, A., & Coleman, E. (2013). Stigma, mental health, and resilience in an online sample of the US transgender population. American journal of public health, 103(5), 943-951.
Bockting, W., Coleman, E., Deutsch, M. B., Guillamon, A., Meyer, I., Meyer III, W., ... & Ettner, R. (2016). Adult development and quality of life of transgender and gender-nonconforming people. Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes, and obesity, 23(2), 188.
Catelan, R. F., Costa, A. B., & Lisboa, C. S. D. M. (2017). Psychological interventions for transgender persons: a scoping review. International Journal of Sexual Health, 29(4), 325-337.
Divan, V., Cortez, C., Smelyanskaya, M., & Keatley, J. (2016). Transgender social inclusion and equality: a pivotal path to development. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 19, 20803.
Drydakis, N. (2020). Trans People, Transitioning, Mental Health, Life, and Job Satisfaction. Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, 1-22.
Glynn, T. R., & van den Berg, J. J. (2017). A systematic review of interventions to reduce problematic substance use among transgender individuals: A call to action. Transgender Health, 2(1), 45-59.
Grossman, A. H., Haney, A. P., Edwards, P., Alessi, E. J., Ardon, M., & Howell, T. J. (2009). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth talk about experiencing and coping with school violence: A qualitative study. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6(1), 24-46.
Jellestad, L., Jäggi, T., Corbisiero, S., Schaefer, D. J., Jenewein, J., Schneeberger, A., ... & Garcia Nuñez, D. (2018). Quality of life in transitioned trans persons: a retrospective cross-sectional cohort study. BioMed research international, 2018.
Adolescent Psychosocial Assessment
SECTION I – SOCIAL HISTORY
In list format, cover the following:
1. Name: John Mathew
2. Age: 18
3. sex: Male
4. Race/Ethnic: Black, African-American
5. education/Occupation: Student
6. Health: Okay
John's family lives in an apartment situated in the middle of a range of complexes. The residence is … attainment of ego identity (Reubins&Reubins, 2014).
The stage also manifests a positive relationship with the industrious world. It also marks the start of sex maturity. These two developments are clear markers of the end of childhood and the onset of adolescence. While they look for ways of … 2016).
Person-In-Environment theory: Psychoanalytic theory
Oedipal feelings preoccupy the life of a teenager, suddenly and with force. They tend to resent the same sex parent. The incestuous forces that draw them to the parent of the opposite sex are common-place but unconscious. When the oedipal feelings, first,……
Alexander Jr, R. (2010). The Impact of Poverty on African American Children in the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems. In Forum on Public Policy Online (Vol. 2010, No. 4). Oxford Round Table. 406 West Florida Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801.
Belgrave, F. Z., & Allison, K. W. (2009). African American psychology: From Africa to America. Los Angeles: Sage.
Brittian A. S. (2012). Understanding African American Adolescents\\\\\\' Identity Development: A Relational Developmental Systems Perspective. The Journal of black psychology, 38(2), 172–200. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095798411414570
Chávez, R. (2016). Psychosocial development factors associated with occupational and vocational identity between infancy and adolescence. Adolescent Research Review, 1(4), 307-327.
Crain, W. C. (2014). Theories of development: Concepts and applications. Harlow, Essex: Pearson.
Fernandes-Alcantara, A. L. (2018). Vulnerable Youth: Background and policies.Congressional Research Service
Newman, B. M., & Newman, P. R. (2015). Theories of human development. Psychology Press.
Reubins, B. M., &Reubins, M. S. (2014). Pioneers of child psychoanalysis: Influential theories and practices in healthy child development. London: Karnac.
… role in the Arabian Nights. Many of the stories and tales in the collection explore the nature, potential dangers, and limits of the sex drive or desires of women. The frame narrative about women and their sex desires starts to emerge when in a tale about the wife of a sultan and her affairs with a slave. This calls into … King Shahzaman and his brother King Shahrayar, women are generally portrayed as evil. The tale begins by King Shahzaman finding his wife having sex with a slave while he prepares to leave his palace to go and visit his brother. This makes him very angry and enraged. … declares that women should not be trusted. He then uses his sword to kill both the wife and the man she was having sex with before dumping them like trash from the roof of the palace to its outside walls……
Blythe, Andrea. Beyond Shahrazad: Feminist Portrayals of Women in the One Thousand and One Nights. Zoetic Press, 2019.
Haddawy, Husain, and Muhsin Mahdi, eds. Arabian Nights. English.; Alf Laylah Wa-laylah. WW Norton & Company, 1995.
Nicholas, Caleb, \\\\\\\\\\\\"Living Subversive Narratives: Shahrazad\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Stories of Women.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Honors Projects, Bowling Green State University, (2016). 269.
Shamma, Tarek. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Women and Slaves: Gender Politics in the Arabian Nights.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Marvels & Tales 31.2 (2017): 239-260.
Zafar, Attiya. Arabian Nights: Seaming the Embroidery of Feminism in the \\\\\\\\\\\\"Couch.\\\\\\\\\\\\" University of Management and Technology, 2019.
… of the past century. The bill included numerous positive provisions like greater law enforcement accountability and fresh protections for those victimized by perpetrators of sex abuse/assault and domestic violence; however, it was believed to worsen the racial gap in involvement in the criminal justice arena (Moore, 2017). Hence, … of criminal offenses were categorized, at the federal level, as those calling for a death sentence. Immigration-linked crimes, gangster crimes, hate crimes, and sex crimes were defined and categorized as well, under the law (United States Congress, 1994). Furthermore, the Act financed a larger number of crime … whether the above trend was stimulated by the crime bill’s “pro-imprisonment” sentiment, or merely reflecting that sentiment.
Inmates being unable to pursue higher education whilst completing their sentence (because of the Pell grant prohibition) meant they were left with far less resources, upon being set free, to ……
Raymond Derrial Madden, Petitioner-appellant, v. United States of America, Respondent-appellee, 64 F.3d 669 (10th Cir. 1995)
Sepulveda v. United States, 69 F. Supp. 2d 633 (D.N.J. 1999)
United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Joanne Kwi Ye Estes, Defendant-appellant, 166 F.3d 1218 (9th Cir. 1998)
United States v. Madden, No. 92-6206 (10th Cir. Apr. 20, 1993), WL 332262 Books and article
Moore, R. (2017). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. Macat Library.
United States Congress. (1994). Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. Public law, (103-322).
The Establishment. (2016, April 12). About That Controversial 1994 Crime Bill. A Medium Corporation. Retrieved from https://medium.com/the-establishment/about-that-controversial-1994-crime-bill-c17ccfcc25fa
… neglect, as well as family conflict as the basis for fleeing from home. Notably, rejection on the basis of their gender identity or sex orientation is considered to be the foundation for the family conflict. Notably, family conflict is deemed to be the most underlying reason for … homophobia or transphobia, violence and victimization, substance abuse, depression, suicide, pregnancy, conflict with the family, poor performances in the school setting and also sex transmitted diseases (Morrow, 2004).
Identify, Discuss, compare and contrast the special needs the populations may face , which either constitute to their primary … influences on these needs
LGBTQ youth have a superior susceptibility to a variety of general health, mental health, and social difficulties, for instance, sex transmitted diseases, eating disorders, difficulties in school, homelessness, forced sex activities, violence and victimization as well as suicide (Higa et al., 2014). These adverse outcomes are not inescapable because……
Bilodeau, B. L., & Renn, K. A. (2005). Analysis of LGBT identity development models and implications for practice. New directions for student services, 2005(111), 25-39.
Cray, A., Miller, K., & Durso, L. E. (2013). Seeking shelter: The experiences and unmet needs of LGBT homeless youth. Washington, DC: Center for American Progress.
Cunningham, M., Pergamit, M., Astone, N., & Luna, J. (2014). Homeless LGBTQ youth. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
Dank, M., Yahner, J., Madden, K., Bañuelos, I., Yu, L., Ritchie, A., ... & Conner, B. (2015). Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
D'augelli, A. R. (2006). Developmental and contextual factors and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. American Psychological Association.
Durso, L. E., & Gates, G. J. (2012). Serving our youth: Findings from a national survey of services providers working with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. Los Angeles: The Williams Institute with True Colors and the Palatte Fund.
Foss, S. (2017). A Guide to Social Work Advocacy for Transgender Adolescents and Young Adults. Texas State University.
Higa, D., Hoppe, M. J., Lindhorst, T., Mincer, S., Beadnell, B., Morrison, D. M., ... & Mountz, S. (2014). Negative and positive factors associated with the well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. Youth & Society, 46(5), 663-687.
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