Scientific Merit Paper
This paper will analyze Doekhie and coworkers’ 2018 research work titled “The different perspectives of patients, informal care, and professionals on patient involvement in primary care teams. A qualitative study”. This analysis will entail an evaluation of how the research work contributes to scientific knowledge and research theory, its … the scientific knowledge base
The research work adds to the literature on the subject through examining the issue of patient participation in the health-related decision?making process in the course of primary care team interactions with patients and their informal care within the primary patient care setting. Here, patient participation is no explicitly established idea; instead, the concept is coproduced using interactions and discussions of primary patient care practitioners, reciprocally, with patients and their informal (or family) care. This renders it essential to concentrate on patient participation as members of primary care units (Swan et al., 2012). Generation of……
Brook, R. H., & Vaiana, M. E. (2015). Using the knowledge base of health services research to redefine health care systems. Journal of general internal medicine, 30(10), 1547-1556.
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Doekhie, K. D., Strating, M. M., Buljac?Samardzic, M., van de Bovenkamp, H. M., & Paauwe, J. (2018). The different perspectives of patients, informal caregivers, and professionals on patient involvement in primary care teams. A qualitative study. Health Expectations, 21(6), 1171-1182.
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Swan, J., Clarke, A., Nicolini, D., Powell, J., Scarbrough, H., Roginski, C., ... & Taylor-Phillips, S. (2012). Evidence in Management Decisions (EMD): advancing knowledge utilization in healthcare management.
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Comparing the U.S. health care system Other Countries
The US health care system favorably to some other countries in terms of long-term costs but unfavorably to others in terms of quality of care. However, statistics about costs can be misleading because there are administrative costs and long-term care costs; there are also tax payer costs in countries like the UK and Japan, where health care has been nationalized. So household expenses may seem high in the US but in the UK they are also high if one takes … are also high if one takes into consideration how much they are taxed to pay for universal coverage. This paper will compare the health care systems of the US, UK, Japan, France and India to see how they well they stack up.
Coverage in the US is both … how they well they stack up.
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O’Brien, J. (2003). How nurse practitioners obtained provider status: Lessons for pharmacists. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 60(22), 2301-2307.
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The concept of health reform has to do with the process of changing health systems in the US so as to make it accessible to all American citizens. As it is at the moment, it still faults and … and measures put in place to safeguard the little steps made towards great and positive change in future. Private companies control the US health system; that is a fact that makes reform all the more challenging (Nikolai, 2019). In order to fix the broken health system, many problems will have to be addressed. The main problems can be split into three. The quality of the health is a serious issue. Accessing health remains the elephant in the house. The issue of bad practices taking root in the American health system is already in the public domain. Other problems that could pass as secondary are largely related to the three main……
Barrett, S., & Hammond, J. (2009, September 20). Key Elements of Healthcare Reform. Retrieved from Insurance Reform Watch: https://www.insurancereformwatch.org/basic/key.shtml
Nikolai. (2019, November 20). Healthcare Reform: What It Is and Why We Need It. Retrieved from National Institute of Health Policy: https://www.nihp.org/healthcare-reform-what-it-is-and-why-we-need-it/
… that the vulnerable elderly population faces (Brojeni, Ilali, Taraghi & Mousavinasab, 2019). As Yamada et al. (2015) point out, however, the issue of health disparity and health inequality of the elderly is one of the biggest issues because it underlines all the others: if the elderly population does not even … is one of the biggest issues because it underlines all the others: if the elderly population does not even have sufficient access to care, it is unlikely to be able to battle the effects of ageism, isolation or ignorance about gerontology. health costs have doubled since the 1990s (Yamada et al., 2015), and this puts an added burden on the elderly population, whose resources are … and this puts an added burden on the elderly population, whose resources are finite. Yamada et al. (2015) put it this way: “as health costs rises, more of the increasing costs are……
Brojeni, S. A., Ilali, E. S., Taraghi, Z., & Mousavinasab, N. (2019). Lifestyle and its related factors in elderly. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 6(1), 32.
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Davoodvand, S., Abbaszadeh, A., & Ahmadi, F. (2016). Patient advocacy from the clinical nurses' viewpoint: A qualitative study. Journal of Medical Ethics & History of Medicine, 9(5), 1-8.
Maryland, M. A., & Gonzalez, R. I. (2012). Patient advocacy in the community and legislative arena. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(1), 2.
Stainton, H. (2016). Horizon to fund new NJ healthcare advocacy organization. News, Issues, andIinsight for New Jersey. Retrieved from: http://www.njspotlight.com/stories/16/11/21/horizon-to-fund-new-nj-healthcare-advocacy-organization/
Yamada, T., Chen, C. C., Murata, C., Hirai, H., Ojima, T., & Kondo, K. (2015). Access disparity and health inequality of the elderly: unmet needs and delayed healthcare. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(2), 1745-1772.
health care Institutional Organization and Management
Question 1: Critical Thinking and Blooms Taxonomy Revised
1. What are the pros and cons of this approach to … and Management
Question 1: Critical Thinking and Blooms Taxonomy Revised
1. What are the pros and cons of this approach to learning about health?
Bloom’s Taxonomy revised comprises of the following six dimensions as illustrated below:
There are advantages to Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy as an approach to … revised comprises of the following six dimensions as illustrated below:
There are advantages to Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy as an approach to learning about health care. One of the benefits is that it is purposed to enable the educators to ascertain the logical and knowledgeable level at which the … as the learners get prepared to attain such levels. Bloom’s taxonomy is a significantly potent tool that can be effortlessly applied in the health care profession. Greater……
Booker, M. J. (2007). A roof without walls: Benjamin Bloom’s taxonomy and the misdirection of American education. Academic Questions, 20(4), 347-355.
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Taylor, N., Clay-Williams, R., Hogden, E., Braithwaite, J., & Groene, O. (2015). High performing hospitals: a qualitative systematic review of associated factors and practical strategies for improvement. BMC health services research, 15(1), 244.
Verenna, A. M. A., Noble, K. A., Pearson, H. E., & Miller, S. M. (2018). Role of comprehension on performance at higher levels of Bloom\\\\\\'s taxonomy: Findings from assessments of healthcare professional students. Anatomical sciences education, 11(5), 433-444.
Zelman, W. N., Pink, G. H., & Matthias, C. B. (2003). Use of the balanced scorecard in health care. Journal of health care finance, 29(4), 1-16
Source Link: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Organizational-Chart-of-Leadership-at-the-Mayo-Clinic-the-parent-organization-changed_fig2_234069825
In Favor of Single Payer health care
The American health care system broken. On this much, almost everybody can agree. Costs are spiralling out of control, health outcomes are among the worst of all developed countries, and nobody can agree on what will make it better. One of the reasons … make it better. One of the reasons for this disagreement is that different stakeholders fail to agree on what the purpose of the health care system be. If the purpose is to be a for-profit industry, well, then the industry needs to be set up to earn profits. … then the industry needs to be set up to earn profits. But the view taken in most parts of the world is that health care serves a greater purpose. Whether this is to provide a high standard of living for people in a country for its own sake,……
Christopher, A. (2016) Single payer healthcare: Pluses, minuses, and what it means for you. Harvard Health Publishing. Retrieved April 7, 2019 from https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/single-payer-healthcare-pluses-minuses-means-201606279835
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PNHP (2019) About single payer. Physicians for a National Health Program. Retrieved April 7, 2019 from https://pnhp.org/what-is-single-payer/
health Insurance and Reimbursement
Medical Insurance Products and Services
health and medical insurance represent an insurance coverage form that disburses operation and clinical treatment expenditure incurred by those insured. Such insurance may either … insured. Such insurance may either reimburse insured individuals for the money they put into treatment for injuries or disease or may directly pay care practitioners. It is commonly a part of the compensation packages offered by organizations to their employees for attracting quality recruits (IMedPub, 2020). It … organizations to their employees for attracting quality recruits (IMedPub, 2020). It constitutes one means by which individuals in different nations pay for their health needs. When individuals hailing from poor backgrounds without any financial risk protection get sick or injured, they encounter the following difficulty: they may … from poor backgrounds without any financial risk protection get sick or injured, they encounter the following difficulty: they may either……
Araujo, M. (2020). Health and medical insurance differences: HMO, PPO, POS, EPO. Retrieved from https://www.thebalance.com/health-and-medical-insurance-2645378
Bertram, M. Y., Lauer, J. A., De Joncheere, K. D., Edejer, T., Hutubessy, R., Kieny, M. P., & Hill, S. R. (2016). Cost-effectiveness thresholds: pros and cons. Bull World Health Organ, 94, 925–930. http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.15.164418926
Dey, P., & Bach, P. B. (2019). The 6 functions of health insurance. The JAMA Forum, 321(13), 1242-1243. DOI:10.1001/jama.2019.2320
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How health Policy Impacts APN
Explanation of how health policy can impact the advanced practice nurse profession
The role of APN is to provide primary, specialty, and acute care through assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of those who seek health services. health policies are meant to improve health services, and thus, they affect the APN profession. However, the specific effect of any policy depends on the specific policy (Taft & Nanna, … depends on the specific policy (Taft & Nanna, 2008). For example, one of the policies that affected the APN profession was the Affordable care Act (ACA). This act, at its core, was to provide health to the marginalized, to those with chronic sicknesses, and at the same time, more health from the hospital in favor of outpatient.
Because of the nature of the ACA, the APN profession was impacted through the increment of … hospital in favor of outpatient.……
Choi, P. P. (2015). Patient advocacy: the role of the nurse. Nursing Standard (2014+), 29(41), 52.
Flemming, P. L. (2017). Building a Climate of Change with a link through Transformational Leadership and Corporate Culture: A Management key to a Global Environment. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 7(1), 44-55.
Gerber, L. (2018). Understanding the nurse\\\\\\\\\\\\'s role as a patient advocate. Nursing2019, 48(4), 55-58.
Lathrop, B., & Hodnicki, D. R. (2014). The Affordable Care Act: Primary care and the doctor of nursing practice nurse. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 19(2).
Metz, S., Piro, J. S., Nitowski, H., & Cosentino, P. (2019). Transformational Leadership: Perceptions of Building-Level Leaders. Journal of School Leadership, 29(5), 389-408.
Taft, S. H., & Nanna, K. M. (2008). What are the sources of health policy that influence nursing practice?. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 9(4), 274-287.
Advocacy in health care refers to the action of promoting and fostering social, economical, political and educational changes that reduce the risk of suffering of individuals and … and fostering social, economical, political and educational changes that reduce the risk of suffering of individuals and communities by implementing preventive strategies, increasing health literacy, and boosting access to care and health equity (Earnest, Wong & Federico, 2010). health care advocacy agents can thus address health outcomes by advocating for changes to the current practices, environments, awareness, and access to care that populations face. This paper will discuss health care advocacy at the local, regional and international levels, the challenges and opportunities that exists in international health advocacy and the ways these challenges can be addressed.
How health care Advocacy Agents Address health Outcomes
The role and purpose of advocacy in the health care delivery system is to help to better……
Ahmadinejad, F., Abbaszadeh, A., & Davoodvand, S. (2016). Patient advocacy from the clinical nurses\\\\' viewpoint: a qualitative study. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine, 9(5).
Benatar, S. R. (2013). Global Health and Justice: R e?examining our Values. Bioethics, 27(6), 297-304.
Earnest, M. A., Wong, S. L., & Federico, S. G. (2010). Perspective: physician advocacy: what is it and how do we do it?. Academic medicine, 85(1), 63-67.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2015). Global Health Ethics Key issues Global Network of WHO Collaborating Centres for Bioethics. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/164576/9789240694033_eng.pdf;jsessionid=BF56A5C93A3B735876DBBF060A0652FC?sequence=1
World Health Organization. (2016). Online public hearing to help inform the scope of the forthcoming WHO guidelines on health policy and system support to optimize community based health worker programs. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/hrh/news/2016/pico_form/en/
GENDER DIFFERENCE AMONG VETERANS
Does Gender Affect the Utilization of Mental health care Services among Veterans?
The decision one takes when choosing a care poses a lifelong effect on his own life as well as of his family members. The deployment decision of a care that the person has to face sometimes harms his mental health and family both (Brooks & Chopik, 2020). For example, if the person belongs to the army, he might be deployed in a war … the person belongs to the army, he might be deployed in a war zone, which later would have disastrous impacts on his mental health in the form of stress, depression, and excessive use of alcohol, etc. The intensity of trauma might increase if the diagnosis is not … and may lead to family problems like divorce, social dysfunction, substance abuse, difficulties in future employment, legal complications, and, most of all,……
Adams, R.E., Urosevich, T.G., Hoffman, S.N., Kirchner, H.L., Figley, C.R., Withey, C.A., Boscarino, J.J., Dugan, R.J. & Boscarino, J.A. (2019). Social and psychological risk and protective factors for veteran well-being: The role of veteran identity and its implications for intervention. Military Behavioral Health, 7(3), 304-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2019.1580642
Allore, H.G., Ning, Y., Brandt, C.A., & Goulet, J.L. (2013). Accounting for the hierarchical structure in veterans’ health administration data: Differences in healthcare utilization between men and women veterans. International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, 2(2), 94-103. DOI: 10.6000/1929-6029.2013.02.02.03
Brooks, C. & Chopik, W. (2010, June 17). Research finds deployment affects mental health of veterans differently. Michigan State University. https://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2020/research-finds-deployment-affects-mental-health-of-veterans-differently/
Duggal, M., Goulet, J.L., Womack, J., Gordon, K., Mattocks, K., Haskell, S.G., Justice, A.C. & Brandt, C.A. (2010). Comparison of outpatient health care utilization among returning women and men veterans from Afghanistan and Iraq. BMS Health Services Research, 10 (175). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-175
Harpaz-Rotem, I. & Rosenheck, R.A. (2011). Serving those who served: Retention of newly returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan in mental health treatment. Psychiatric Services, 62(1), 22-27. DOI: 10.1176/ps.62.1.pss6201_0022.
Haskel, S.G., Brandt, C.A., Krebs, E.E., Skanderson, M., Kerns, R.D., & Goulet, J.L. (2009). Pain among veterans of operations enduring freedom and Iraqi freedom: Do women and men differ? Pain Medicine, 10(7), 1167-1173. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526- 4637.2009.00714.x
Kaur, S., Stechuchak, K.M., Coffman, C.J., Allen, K.D., & Bastain, L.A. (2007). Gender differences in health care utilization among veterans with chronic pain. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(2), 228-233. DOI: 10.1007/s11606-006-0048-5
Koo, K.H., Madden, E. & Maguen, S. (2015). Race, ethnicity, and gender differences in V.A. health care service utilization among U.S. veterans of recent conflicts. Psychiatric Services, 66(5), 507-513. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201300498
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