Integrated Public Service
PPPs, as they have come to be popularly referred, are methods of procurement by governments where there is a larger number of stakeholders involving the government, the private sector, and the general public is securing services and, or goods. The model focuses on the delivery of services, products, and … to the public. The procurement strategy is known as the Public-Private Partnership. As the name suggests, the program is meant to encourage the government to involve the private sector and the general public in the provision of public services. There are conflicting views regarding the process of … integrate them and demonstrate how PPPs can work best for the two under the integrated partnership. The two organizations are drawn from the government and the private sector, respectively. The two companies will enter a long term arrangement in which the private organization uses private capital to ………
Duff, V. (2020). What is organizational integration? Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/organizational-integration-82053.html
Friedman, S. (2016). Successful public/private partnerships from principles to practices. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute.
Ma, L., Li, J., Jin, R., &Ke, Y. (2019). A holistic review of public-private partnership literature published between 2008 and 2018. Advances in Civil Engineering. Retrieved from http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/ace/2019/7094653.pdf
PrivacySense. (2016). Public sector. Retrieved from http://www.privacysense.net/terms/public-sector/
Reddy, C. (2016). Staff training: Importance, benefits, advantages, and disadvantages. Retrieved from https://content.wisestep.com/staff-training-importance-benefits-advantages-disadvantages/
Sekhri, N., Feachem, R., & Ni, A. (2011). Public-private integrated partnerships demonstrate the potential to improve health care access, quality, and efficiency. Health Affairs, 30(8).
The Importance of Transparency in Government
We live in an age where government, more and more, appears to be transparent and responsive on social media. It is possible to communicate with public figures through a series … accounts of their comings and goings via the 24/7 news cycle. Yet despite this technological innovation, concerns about the transparency and fairness of government are greater, not less than ever before.
It is important to note that there are many bright spots to increase the knowledge of … than ever before.
It is important to note that there are many bright spots to increase the knowledge of the public about their governments. For example, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) recently reported upon a policy conference designed to promote awareness of policy and dialogue … conference designed to promote awareness of policy and dialogue about the creation of micro enterprises to fuel……
ASEAN holds policy dialogue on formalisation of micro enterprises. 2019. Accessed June 30,2109 at: https://asean.org/asean-holds-policy-dialogue-formalisation-micro-enterprises/
Government transparency. 2019. Ballotpedia. Accessed June 30, 2109 at: https://ballotpedia.org/Government_transparency
An honest and responsive government. 2014. UN SDG Action. Accessed June 30, 2109 at: https://sdgactioncampaign.org/2014/10/24/an-honest-and-responsive-government-the - role-of-citizen-voice/
Krastev, T. 2019. Does more transparency mean more trust? Open Government Partnership. Accessed June 30, 2109 at:
Transparency in the age of social media influence. 2017. Bookmark This. Accessed June 30, 2109 at: https://bookmarkcontent.com/blog/content/transparency-age-social-media - influence/#
… a major factor perpetuating the possibility of corruption. A feeling of powerlessness pervades even the most robust of the world’s democracies. If democratic governments are to be responsive to the people they serve, corruption needs to be uprooted whenever it manifests. Reforming corruption and reducing the likelihood … power requires a multifaceted approach taking into account variables like ethical culture and political climate. Public perceptions of the reliability and accountability of government are also important factors, influenced in part by the media but also by social norms, ethics, and values. The importance of exposing corruption … values. The importance of exposing corruption and uprooting it through effective dialogue and awareness cannot be underestimated because of the fact that democratic governments depend on transparency, openness, and trust.
Government corruption weakens a governmental legitimacy and principles of democracy. Therefore by developing effective systems of public accountability increase the pressure……
Federal Government Policy Program: Social Security
It should be noted, from the onset, that the federal government has in place a number of programmes and policies to enable it accomplish its various obligations and objectives in diverse sectors of the … are meant to promote the wellbeing of citizens. To a large extent each and every economic sector has specific/special policies. Examples of federal government policy programs include, but they are not limited to energy independence, welfare, Social Security, healthcare programs, etc. This text concerns itself with Social … 2014 Economic Report of the President, program evaluation was defined as a key tool for the further improvement of programs of the federal government (Council of Economic Advisers, 2014). Under most circumstances, program evaluations are undertaken by persons who are not internal to the program. To a ……
Burkhauser, R.V. & Daly, M.C. (2011). The Declining Work and Welfare of People with Disabilities: What Went Wrong and a Strategy for Change. Washington, DC: AEI Press.
Biggs, S. & Helms, L.B. (2006). The Practice of American Public Policymaking. New York, NY: Routledge.
Council of Economic Advisers (2014). Economic Report of the President. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Social Security Administration – SSA (2020). Benefits. Retrieved from https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/
Berrios, R. (2006). Government Contracts and Contractor Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 63: 119-130.
Privatization, in the realm of government contracts, could be conceptualized in terms of outsourcing and contracting out. Here, the government reaches out to firms in the private sector to avail essential and other critical services. There are various benefits that could be realized … such engagements results in greater efficiency in as far as service delivery is concerned. It is important to note that in principle, the government contracting system ought to not only be competitive, but also open. In some instances, however, this has not been the case. This is … given that some of the contracts awarded in the past have not sufficiently followed the competitive bidding ideals. Further, in some instances, the government has held the short end of the stick in as far as risk is concerned due to cost-plus……
Berrios, R. (2006). Government Contracts and Contractor Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 63: 119-130.
Privatization, in the realm of government contracts, could be conceptualized in terms of outsourcing and contracting out. Here, the government reaches out to firms in the private sector to avail essential and other critical services. There are various benefits that could be realized as a consequence of such a move. These include, but they are not limited to, enhanced efficiency and access to higher skill levels. To a large extent, the competitive nature of such engagements results in greater efficiency in as far as service delivery is concerned. It is important to note that in principle, the government contracting system ought to not only be competitive, but also open. In some instances, however, this has not been the case. This is more so the case given that some of the contracts awarded in the past have not sufficiently followed the competitive bidding ideals. Further, in some instances, the government has held the short end of the stick in as far as risk is concerned due to cost-plus contract awards. Yet another major concern in this realm has been lack of systems to not only oversee, but also monitor private contractors. In this case, the government has in some instances failed to actively utilize past performance evaluations. The situation is further complicated by the fact that most of the private contractors engaged by the government have extensive contacts inside the U.S. government, have vast resources at their disposal, and are relatively well-established in their respective industries. With this in mind, there is need to conduct a review of the present U.S. government contracting practices and evaluate private contractor behaviors. A study of this nature would enable us to evaluate the effectiveness of the U.S. government contracting process.
… the Federal Budget Process
The federal budget process is overseen by US Congressmen, who are fundamentally immersed in the political nature of government. As Elwood (2008) notes, members of Congress are influenced in three ways: 1) by money that is used to finance their political campaigns; … the federal budget process.
Politics and Agency Theory
The political nature of the federal budget process is tied to the political nature of government in general. The budget itself is a representation of how government expenditure is allocated to various sectors, programs, agencies and departments. It reflects the extent to which society deems certain programs and departments as … other individuals, called agents, to perform some service and then delegate decision-making authority to the agents” (ProActive Solutions, 2020). In terms of representative government, the representatives of the people are the members of Congress—they are the agents of the principles, i.e., the……
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.
Elwood, T. W. (2008). Politics of the US Federal Budget Process. International quarterly of community health education, 28(1), 3-12.
Jennings, M. (2008). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. Cengage.
Machold, S., Ahmed, P.K., & Farquhar, S.S. (2007). Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics (2008) 81:665-678.
ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from http://knowledgegrab.com/learners-zone/study-support/performance-management-review/framework-introduction-to-hrm/agency-theory/
… the public safe; by ensuring that there are no public gatherings and that people remain in their homes. To emphasize on social distancing, government, and in general, public administrations have banned mass public gatherings of all kinds (McCloskey et al., 2020). In various jurisdictions, the ban on … administration has made sufficient effort to fulfill their most sacred duty – the protection of human life. Even though right now, countries and governments are all focused on mitigation efforts, it is obvious that after this is finished, there will……
Fong, M. W., Gao, H., Wong, J. Y., Xiao, J., Shiu, E. Y., Ryu, S., & Cowling, B. J. (2020). Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. Emerging infectious diseases, 26(5).
McCloskey, B., Zumla, A., Ippolito, G., Blumberg, L., Arbon, P., Cicero, A., ... & Borodina, M. (2020). Mass gathering events and reducing further global spread of COVID-19: a political and public health dilemma. The Lancet.
O\\\\\\'Leary, R., Van Slyke, D. M., & Kim, S. (Eds.). (2010). The future of public administration around the world: The Minnowbrook perspective. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Tuite, A. R., Ng, V., Rees, E., & Fisman, D. (2020). Estimation of COVID-19 outbreak size in Italy. The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
… the economic means by which wars are waged through their tax contributions. To the extent that public opinion fails to support the U.S. government’s military actions will therefore likely be the extent to which such actions are jeopardized and their outcomes adversely affected. The United States could … to make informed decisions and honestly share their reasoning with them and their families and friends back home. The actions by the U.S. government with respect to Operation Desert Storm, however, failed to live up to these standards, a shortcoming that remains firmly in place today.
5. … Storm. Researching this project, though, opened my eyes to some of the criticisms that were directed at this intervention and how the U.S. government manipulated public opinion before and after the war was over. While I still do not feel like a pawn in the larger scheme ……
Curtis, J. (2015, November). Reflecting on strategic results of Operation Desert Storm. Army, 65(11), 24-27.
Khan, H. (2011, July 1). An unbiased estimate of present American competitiveness from deontological and teleological perspectives of utilitarianism. Competition Forum, 9(2), 348-352.
Klotzer, C. L. (2002, October). A lesson for Americans: Desert Storm operation reports were full of lies and distortions. St. Louis Journalism Review, 32(250), 34-39.
Lindsey, J. M. & Smith, C. (2003, Summer). Rally 'round the flag: Opinion in the United States before and after the Iraq War. Brookings Review, 21(3), 20-24.
Operation Desert Storm. (2020). U.S. History. Retrieved from https://www.ushistory.org/ us/60a.asp.
Stilwell, B. (2015, September 12). 21 facts about the first Gulf War. Military.com. Retrieved from https://www.military.com/undertheradar/2015/09/21-facts-about-the-first-gulf-war .
Taylor, A. (2016, January 14). Operation Desert Storm: 25 years since the first Gulf War. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2016/01/operation-desert-storm-25-years-since-the-first-gulf-war/424191/ .
Tilford, K. H., Jr. (1993, Summer). Review: The meaning of victory in Operation Desert Storm: A review essay. Political Science Quarterly, 108(2), 327-331.
Public policy is government decisions and actions designed to deal with problems and issues affecting the public (Madimutsa, 2008). The U.S. government policy areas include monetary policy, immigration, intellectual property, national defense, and welfare. This paper will review the impact of monetary policy on the … years, they have relied on open market operations and the discount rate (Labonte, 2020). Open market functions indicate the selling and buying of government securities in an open market to influence short-term interest rates.
Monetary policy can either be an expansionary policy or contractionary policy. Expansionary monetary ……
Federal Reserve. (2020, March 15). Federal open market committee. Retrieved March 30, 2020, from https://www.federalreserve.gov/monetarypolicy/fomccalendars.htm
Labonte, M. (2020). Monetary policy and the Federal Reserve: Current policy and conditions (RL30354). Retrieved from Congressional Research Service website: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL30354.pdf
Madimutsa, C. (2008). The Policy Formulation Process. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336927323_The_Policy_Formulation_Proce ss
McGraw-Hill Education. (n.d.). The role of government. Retrieved from https://www.jasonsclassroom.com/social-studies/cc-basics/chapter-5/lesson-5.3/
Suman, S. (2015, October 26). Monetary policy: Objectives, advantages, and disadvantages. Retrieved from https://www.economicsdiscussion.net/monetary-policy/advantages/monetary-policy-objectives-advantages-and-disadvantages/12768
… do so the administration may very well do as it pleases without suffering any political repercussions (Savoie, 2006). The private administration is a non-governmental operation; the public administration is a government operation. Typically the public administration is organized bureaucratically while the private administration is organized hierarchically or with an egalitarian principle.
The advantages of … of the three perspectives, administrative federalism carries a unique significance.
At the federal level, administrative federalism is unique because it provides the federal government with the ability to “make front-line decisions about the scope of federal policy and whether such policy should preempt state law” (Rubenstein, 2015, … about the scope of federal policy and whether such policy should preempt state law” (Rubenstein, 2015, p. 171). In other words, the federal government gets to lay out a plan or argument for why or whether its will can trump the will or authority of the……
Cann, S. (2007). The Administrative State, the Exercise of Discretion, and the Constitution. Public Administration Review, 67(4), 780–782.
EPA. (2015). Administrative discretion. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-11/documents/administrative_discretion_nonotesclean.pdf
Reyes, P., & Pounder, D. G. (1993). Organizational orientation in public and private elementary schools. The Journal of Educational Research, 87(2), 86-93.
Reyes, D. R. (1998). Public sector reengineering: Practice, problems and prospects.
Rinaldi, M., Montanari, R., & Bottani, E. (2015). Improving the efficiency of public
administrations through business process reengineering and simulation: A case study. Business Process Management Journal, 21(2), 419-462.
Rubenstein, D. S. (2015). Administrative Federalism as Separation of Powers. Wash. & Lee L. Rev., 72, 171.
Savoie, D. J. (2006). What is wrong with the new public management?. In Comparative Public Administration (pp. 593-602). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
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