Government Spending Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Agency Theory And The Limitations Of Representative Government

Pages: 11 (3159 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:26643855

… the Federal Budget Process
Introduction
The federal budget process is overseen by US Congressmen, who are fundamentally immersed in the political nature of government. As Elwood (2008) notes, members of Congress are influenced in three ways: 1) by money that is used to finance their political campaigns; … the federal budget process.
Politics and Agency Theory
The political nature of the federal budget process is tied to the political nature of government in general. The budget itself is a representation of how government expenditure is allocated to various sectors, programs, agencies and departments. It reflects the extent to which society deems certain programs and departments as … other individuals, called agents, to perform some service and then delegate decision-making authority to the agents” (ProActive Solutions, 2020). In terms of representative government, the representatives of the people are the members of Congress—they are the agents of the principles, i.e., the……

References

References

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.

Elwood, T. W. (2008). Politics of the US Federal Budget Process. International quarterly of community health education, 28(1), 3-12.

Jennings, M. (2008). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. Cengage.

Machold, S., Ahmed, P.K., & Farquhar, S.S. (2007). Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics (2008) 81:665-678.

ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from http://knowledgegrab.com/learners-zone/study-support/performance-management-review/framework-introduction-to-hrm/agency-theory/

Study Document

How African Customary Social Practices Enhance Coping Strategies

Pages: 7 (2199 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Essay Document #:81034017

… per Abel-Smith and Rawal (1992), is a method that was utilized in several African states such as Tanzania to promote self-reliance and cut government spending.
Customary practices are established practices that are inherited from past generations that work as unwritten laws for many African communities. Customary practices touch ……

References

References

Abel-Smith, B., & Rawal, P. (1992). Can the poor afford ‘free’ health services? A case study of Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning, 7(4), 329-341.

Airhihenbuwa, C. O. (1995). Health and culture: Beyond the Western paradigm. Sage.

Fairhead, J. (2014). The significance of death, funerals, and the after-life in Ebola-hit Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia: Anthropological insights into infection and social resistance.

Handler, J. S. (2016). Custom and law: The status of enslaved Africans in seventeenth-Century Barbados. Slavery & Abolition, 37(2), 233-255.

Iganus, R. B., & Haruna, A. (2017). The Strength of African Culture in Managing Family Crisis in a Globalized World. Anthropol, 5(197), 2332-0915.

Manguvo, A., & Mafuvadze, B. (2015). The impact of traditional and religious practices on the spread of Ebola in West Africa: time for a strategic shift. The Pan African Medical Journal, 22(Suppl 1).

Marsland, R. (2006). Community participation the Tanzanian way: Conceptual contiguity or power struggle? Oxford Development Studies, 34(1).

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage publications.

Study Document

Healthcare In The US Vs Healthcare In The UK France And India

Pages: 5 (1534 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:91258753

… Japan, France and India to see how they well they stack up.
Coverage
Coverage in the US is both private and public. The government provides coverage for individuals through Medicare and Medicaid if they meet an age or income threshold. France is a mix of both public … care with a universal system recently put in place. In India, it is primarily private, with only 20% of coverage coming from the government—so the opposite of in France (WHO, 2018).
In the UK, coverage is public, but individuals can pay out of pocket for private, home … as in Japan, while in France it is mixed as in the US, and in India it is primarily from individuals with some government funding coming from taxpayers (WHO, 2018).
Costs
Costs can be divided into administrative and long-term care costs. The US has the highest administrative … regulation, safety standards, and improving……

References

References

Carroll, A. & Frakt, A. (2017). Best health care system. Retrieved from  https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/09/18/upshot/best-health-care-system-country-bracket.html 

CMS. (2010). Annual statistics. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Statistics-Trends-and-Reports/NationalHealthExpendData/downloads/proj2008.pdf

IOM. (2010). The future of nursing. Retrieved from  http://nacns.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/5-IOM-Report.pdf 

Lau, J. S., Adams, S. H., Park, M. J., Boscardin, W. J., & Irwin, C. E. (2014). Improvement in preventive care of young adults after the Affordable Care Act: the Affordable Care Act is helping. JAMA pediatrics, 168(12), 1101-1106.

O’Brien, J. (2003). How nurse practitioners obtained provider status: Lessons for pharmacists. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 60(22), 2301-2307.

Peter G. Peterson Foundation. (2019). US healthcare compared. Retrieved from  https://www.pgpf.org/blog/2019/07/how-does-the-us-healthcare-system-compare-to-other-countrie s

Sawyer, B. & McDermott, D. (2019). Quality of care compared. Retrieved from  https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/chart-collection/quality-u-s-healthcare-system-compare-countries/#item-start 

WHO. (2018). Health report. Retrieved from  https://www.who.int/whr/2000/media_centre/press_release/en/

Study Document

Higher Education Labor Rights Faculty Tenure

Pages: 5 (1587 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:61972797

...Government spending Tenure refers to a legally secure position, an “indefinite appointment” at an institute of higher learning (AAUP, 2019, p. 1). Of course, extenuating circumstances may enable the educational institution to sever the contract and terminate the tenured faculty. One of those extenuating circumstances would be financial exigency: an unavoidable and unfortunate situation in which the institution experiences severe budget shortfalls and must completely reconsider reallocating resources in order to remain viable at all. A similar extenuating circumstance that may legally permit the termination of a tenured faculty member would be the restructuring of the institution to the degree that whole departments were eliminated, thus eliminating all associated faculty within that department. Other extenuating circumstances that would legally permit the institution to terminate tenured faculty would be serious legal or ethical violations. Otherwise, though, tenured faculty enjoy greater job security and benefits versus their non-tenured colleagues.
According to the American Association……

References

References

Alleman, N.F. & Haviland, D. (2017). “I expect to be engaged as an equal”: collegiality expectations of full-time, non-tenure-track faculty members. High Educ (2017) 74: 527.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0062-4 

American Association of University Professors (AAUP 2019). Tenure. Retrieved from:  https://www.aaup.org/issues/tenure 

Curnalia, R. M. L., & Mermer, D. (2018). Renewing our commitment to tenure, academic freedom, and shared governance to navigate challenges in higher education. Review of Communication, 18(2), 129–139.doi:10.1080/15358593.2018.1438645

Eastman, N. J., & Boyles, D. (2015). In defense of academic freedom and faculty governance: John Dewey, the 100th anniversary of the AAUP, and  the Threat of Corporatization

Mitchell, M., Palacios, V. & Leachman, M. (2015). States are still funding higher education below pre-recession levels. Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy, April 2015, Article 71. Retrieved from:  https://thekeep.eiu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1524&context=jcba 

Study Document

Israel And United States

Pages: 8 (2543 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Policy Proposal Document #:35099199

Introduction: the Policy Problem under Consideration
When it comes to foreign policy, there are many different issues in foreign policy that the government needs to address—from tensions regarding missile treaties with Russia to wars in the Middle East to money given to the state of Israel, … & Walt, 2007). The AIPAC lobby has been identified by Rep. Ilhan Omar as playing a part in corrupting the democratic principles and government of the U.S. by using money and campaign funds to essentially “buy” politicians to vote in favor of legislation that benefits Israel. Omar … going to Israel, it should either be used to aid Palestinians or used domestically to support America’s own infrastructure. Currently, the breakdown in spending on Israel looks like this:
· $3.1 billion in Foreign Military Financing, of which $815.3 million is for offshore procurement;
· $705.8 million ……

References

References

Facione, P. (2006). Critical thinking: what it is and why it counts. Insight Assessments.

Hooks, B. (1999). Black looks: Race and representation. South End Press.

Human Rights Watch. (2018). Israel and Palestine. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/israel/palestine

Johnson, S. A. (2011). Women, Shared Leadership, and Policy: The Mano River Women's Peace Network Case Study. Journal of Pan African Studies, 4(8).

Mearsheimer, J. J., & Walt, S. M. (2007). The Israel lobby and US foreign policy. Macmillan.

Richards, R. (2010). Everyday creativity. The Cambridge handbook of creativity, 189-215.

Sharp, J. (2018). U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel. Retrieved from  https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf 

Verhaeghe, P. (2014). Neoliberalism has brought out the worst in us. The Guardian. Annotated Bibliography

Study Document

Free And Fair Trade Issue

Pages: 3 (910 words) Sources: 1 Document Type:Essay Document #:11500705

Proposed Stopgap spending Bill
Budgetary changes are common in the public administration field. government make budgetary changes as part of public governance based on various factors relating to serving the interests of the public. However, the process … of making budgetary changes is sometimes characterized by political issues and partisan approaches. Policymakers or politicians differ on the measures adopted by the government or public sector organization when proposing changes in the budget. This paper examines a recent publication regarding proposed budgetary change and how the … on the issue.
Summary of the Article
Cochrane (2020) published an article on the differing opinions between Democrats and Republicans regarding a recent spending bill. The recent looming government shutdown prompted Congressional leaders to enact a stopgap spending bill to mitigate the impacts of the shutdown. Prior to the creation of this bill, President Trump has promised farmers relief worth billions … on the……

References

Reference

Cochrane, E. (2020, September 21). Democrats and Republicans Clash Over Spending Bill to Avoid Shutdown. The New York Times. Retrieved October 7, 2020, from  https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/21/us/politics/spending-bill-government-shutdown.html 

Study Document

The Hollywood Blacklist Dalton Trumbo And Spartacus

Pages: 12 (3721 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:66297682

… his crusade to raise awareness about this specter by flaunting a list of Communists that he knew were secretly hiding in the American government. As fear grew that the Soviets had infiltrated American society, the list grew to include others in other spheres—including Hollywood, where writers suspected … Communists were essentially activists who supported labor unions and workforces.[footnoteRef:2] The idea that these same people were plotting the overthrow of the American government and the undermining of American ideals was greatly exaggerated.[footnoteRef:3] McCarthy and Hoover made it seem that everyone could be a Communist and films ……

References

Bibliography

Ceplair, Larry and Christopher Trumbo. Dalton Trumbo: Blacklisted Hollywood Radical. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2015.

Griffith, Robert. McCarthyism: The Politics of Fear: Joseph R. McCarthy and the Senate. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987.

Krutnik, Frank. “Un-American” Hollywood: Politics and Film in the Blacklist Era. New Brunswick N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

McGilligan, Patrick and Paul Buhle. Tender Comrades: A Backstory of the Hollywood Blacklist. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.

Schrecker, Ellen. The Age of McCarthyism: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.

Schrecker, Ellen. Many are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Smith, Jeff. Criticism, the Cold War, and the Blacklist: Reading the Hollywood Reds. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014.

Study Document

Emergency Managers And Climate Risk

Pages: 7 (2056 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:49338362

… climate change represents a daunting enterprise. Nevertheless, it is possible to identify the most significant types of climate-related risks through collaboration with other government agencies, emergency responders, and members of the scientific community. In the final analysis, it is reasonable to conclude that the emergency management……

References

References

Edwards, F. L. (2011, Spring). Symposium: Preparing for climate change. The Public Manager, 40(1), 20-25.

IPCC Working Group II. (2014). Assessing and managing the risks of climate change. Retrieved from https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/03/WGIIAR5_SPM_Top_Level_ Findings-1.pdf.

Labadie, J. R. (2011). Emergency managers confront climate change. Sustainability, 3, 1250-1264.

Leven, R. & Goldstein, Z. (2019). Kentucky is among the states blocking climate action. As weather gets more extreme, its residents — and U.S. taxpayers — are paying a price. Public Integrity. Retrieved from  https://publicintegrity.org/environment/one-disaster-away/a-dangerous-disconnect-disaster-prone-states/ .

Mickus, J. (2017, June 1). A Sugar Creek chronicle: Observing climate change from a Midwestern woodland. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 69(2), 110-114.

The Nature Conservancy. (2020). Pennsylvania climate solutions. Retrieved from https://www. nature.org/en-us/about-us/where-we-work/united-states/pennsylvania/stories-in-pennsylvania/pennsylvania-climate-solutions/.

Study Document

Influence Of Political Interests Groups On The Educational Policy

Pages: 6 (1844 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:31534900

… resources could disadvantage education in the aforementioned states. Political interest groups will most likely continue having a say in as far as state spending priorities are concerned. The relevance of assessing the influence that special interest groups have on the educational policy-making process and how this influences ……

References

References

Abbott, I., Rathbone, M. & Whitehead, P. (2012). Education Policy. New York, NY: SAGE.

Anderson, J.E. (2003).Public Policy-Making. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Delaney, J. A., & Doyle, W. R. (2007). The role of higher education in state budgets. Journal of Education Finance, 36(4), 343-268.

Grapevine. (2016). Appropriations: State Tax Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher Education, 1983-1984. Retrieved from:  https://education.illinoisstate.edu/grapevine/tables/ 

Larrabee, B. (2016). Education groups put big money into political causes. Retrieved from  https://www.gainesville.com/news/20160828/education-groups-put-big-money-into-political-cause s

Tandberg, D. A. (2009). Interest groups and governmental institutions: The politics of state funding of public higher education. Educational Policy, 24(5), 104-117.

Vote Smart (2020). Texas Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/TX/27#.XrVCzsBRW00 

Vote Smart (2020). Florida Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/FL/27#.XrVKScBRW01

Study Document

Shareholder Vs Stakeholder Theory

Pages: 11 (3224 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:76323348

… the respect and trust of stakeholders just to operate. If they did not, they would be run out of business, and people in government would help to see it happen. People had principles, courage, and strength to do what was right. They had virtue, and they knew … Today, businesses are not held accountable, and the 2008 crisis showed as much. Their cronies are all in positions of power in the government, looking out for them rather than for any type of sustainable practice or for stakeholders.
Law
When the SEC changed the law regarding ……

References

References

Augustine. (n.d.). Commentaries on Sermon on the Mount.  http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/16011.htm 

Chen, J. (2019). Market Milestones as the Bull Market Turns 10. Retrieved from  https://www.investopedia.com/market-milestones-as-the-bull-market-turns-10-4588903 

Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from  https://money.cnn.com/2018/07/10/investing/stock-buybacks-record-tax-cuts/index.html 

Henrich, S. (2019). Unholy alliance. Retrieved from  https://northmantrader.com/2019/11/30/unholy-alliance/ 

Laux, C., & Leuz, C. (2010). Did fair-value accounting contribute to the financial crisis?. Journal of economic perspectives, 24(1), 93-118.

Light, L. (2019). More than Half of All Stock Buybacks are Now Financed by Debt. Here’s Why That’s a Problem. Retrieved from  https://fortune.com/2019/08/20/stock-buybacks-debt-financed/ 

Mullen, C. (2019). People want to buy \\\\\\'local\\\\\\' food, but they\\\\\\'re not sure what it means. Retrieved from  https://www.bizjournals.com/bizwomen/news/latest-news/2019/05/people-want-to-buy-local-food-but-theyre-not-sure.html?page=all 

Putka, G. (2019). Insiders are selling. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/company-insiders-are-selling-stock-during-buyback-programs-and-making-additional-profits-when-stock-prices-jump-and-its-legal/2019/11/06/fc592f58-e493-11e9-a331-2df12d56a80b_story.html

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