4th Amendment Essays (Examples)

Study Document

US Criminal Justice System

Pages: 3 (988 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:question answer Document #:28826402

… obtain search warrants in the event that probable cause is established and the expanse to be searched is delineated as set by the 4th amendment of the United States Constitution. Notably, these constituents were set up in order to guarantee a fair system for any persons that face ……



Ortmeier, P. J. (2006). Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice. New York: Prentice Hall.

Peak, K. J. (Ed.). (2013). Encyclopedia of community policing and problem solving. Sage Publications.

Perez, D. W., & Moore, J. A. (2012). Police Ethics. Cengage Learning.

Science Daily. (2008). Impact Of Stress On Police Officers\\' Physical And Mental Health. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080926105029.htm

The New York Times. (2014). Sir Robert Peel’s Nine Principles of Policing. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/16/nyregion/sir-robert-peels-nine-principles-of-policing.html

University of San Diego. (2019). The Top 5 Trends in Law Enforcement. Retrieved from:  https://onlinedegrees.sandiego.edu/top-5-trends-in-law-enforcement/ 

Study Document

Gun Control Act Of 1968

Pages: 7 (2011 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:16217740

… note, from the onset, that both opponents and proponents of gun control point out that their position is firmly rooted in the Second amendment to the United States Constitution. As a matter of fact, while those in support of stricter laws are of the opinion that the … of stricter laws are of the opinion that the framers of the Constitution had militias in mind in as far as the Second amendment is concerned, there are those who are convinced that owning guns is an inalienable constitutional right. With regard to the latter perspective, Hayes … going against not only the very fabric of the society, but also against the supreme law of the land. As per the Second amendment: “a well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall … (2008) in an attempt to……



Ausman, J.I. & Faria, M.A. (2019). Is Gun Control Really About People Control? Surgical Neurology International, 10(6), 195-204.

Bouton, L., Conconi, P., Pino, F. & Zanardi, M. (2014). Guns and Votes. Retrieved from  https://www.nber.org/papers/w20253 

Cole, G.F., Smith, C.E. & DeJong, C. (2016). Criminal Justice in America (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Gramlich, J. & Schaeffer, K. (2019). 7 facts about guns in the U.S. Retrieved from  https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/10/22/facts-about-guns-in-united-states/ 

Hayes, V. (2016). Gun Control in the United States. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs, 4(2), 33-39.

Johnson, N.J., Kopel, D.B. & Mocsary, G.A. (2017). Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business.

Joslyn, M., Haider-Markel, D., Baggs, M. & Bilbo, A. (2017). Emerging Political Identities? Gun Ownership and Voting in Presidential Elections. Social Science Quarterly, 98(2), 382-396.

Webster, D.W. & Wintemute, G.J. (2015). Effects of Policies Designed to Keep Firearms from High-Risk Individuals. Annual Review of Public Health, 36, 21-37.

Study Document

Constitutional Rights And Administrative Goals

Pages: 3 (1018 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:55838261

The 8th amendment and Prison Life
Not all of an individual’s Constitutional rights are lost the moment the person is incarcerated. On the contrary, it is … their right to due process to administrative appeals and the right to have access to the parole process. They also have an 8th amendment right to be free from the abuse of cruel and unusual punishment. This one is especially important, as there are some prisons, such ……



Compton, M. T., Anderson, S., Broussard, B., Ellis, S., Halpern, B., Pauselli, L., . . . Johnson, M. (2017). A potential new form of jail diversion and reconnection to mental health services: II. Demonstration of feasibility. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 35(5–6), 492–500. doi:10.1002/bsl.2319

Oaks, D. H. (1965). Habeas corpus in the states: 1776-1865. The University of Chicago Law Review, 32(2), 243-288.

Richmond, C. (2015). Toward a More Constitutional Approach to Solitary Confinement: The Case for Reform. Harv. J. on Legis., 52, 1.

Stojkovic, S., & Lovell, R. (2019). Corrections: An introduction (2nd Ed.). Retrieved from  https://content.ashford.edu 

UPI. (2018). Justice Department: Alabama prisons may violate 8th Amendment. Retrieved from  https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2019/04/03/Justice-Department-Alabama-prisons-may-violate-8th-Amendment/8921554309036/ 

Study Document

Private Security And Law

Pages: 2 (722 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:32082314

… later upheld by the Court of Appeals on the premise that security guards were state actors subjected to the restrictions of the Fourth amendment (FindLaw, 2010). With regards to vicarious liability for the torts of another,…[break]…their employees. The company could be found vicarious liable on the premise … by failure to follow due process. Therefore, the private security guards violated the due process rights granted to this individual by the Fourth amendment……



FindLaw. (2010). State of New Mexico, Plaintiff-Petitioner, v. Luis SANTIAGO, Defendant-Respondent. Retrieved March 24, 2019, from  https://caselaw.findlaw.com/nm-supreme-court/1001193.html 

Reid, B. (2017, April 14). A Legal Overview of Section 1983 Civil Rights Litigation. The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 24, 2019, from  https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/a-legal-overview-of-section-1983-civil-rights-litigation_us_58f0e17ee4b048372700d793 

Wakefield, J. (2018, April 19). As Alberta’s Private Security Industry Surges, What Happens When Guards Behave Badly? Edmonton Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2019, from  https://edmontonjournal.com/news/crime/as-albertas-private-security-industry-surges-what-happens-when-guards-behave-badly 

Yee, M. (2018, June 24). Security Guard Liability. Retrieved March 24, 2019, from  https://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/security-guard-liability.html 

Study Document

Child Protection

Pages: 6 (1880 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Case Study Document #:91826674

...4th amendment NRS311 – Life Stage Considerations: Child, Adolescent & Family Health
Assessment Task Two: Child Protection Case Study
Young people and children are the most vulnerable groups in society. As a Registered nurse in NSW, I can identify, consult others, and respond to situations where a young person or a child is at risk of harm. Some of the common reasons that predispose young people and children to risk include family and domestic violence, sexual, emotional, and physical neglect. In Fiona's case, the important risk of harm is neglect (NSW Government, 2018b). Fiona burnt part of her feet on the heater three days ago. Susanna, on noticing, cleaned the wound using tap water. She applied papaw ointment and covered it with an adhesive bandage. In this case, the most significant risk is neglect. Under the circumstances, a question suffices to ask where the mother was when Fiona, a three-year-old, got……



Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC). (2010). Family violence: A national legal response. Canberra: ALRC.

Child Family Community Australia (CFCA). (2016). Australian legal definitions: When is a child in need of protection? (CFCA Resource Sheet). Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.

New South Wales Government. (1998). Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998.

NSW Government, (2018a). Child wellbeing and child protection fact sheet for NSW Health workers. Retrieved from https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/parvan/childprotect/Pages/child-wellbeing.aspx

NSW Government, (2018b). About child protection and wellbeing. Retrieved from https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/parvan/childprotect/Pages/default.aspx

WHO (2002). \\\\\\\\\\\\"Chapter 3: Child abuse and neglect by parents and other caregivers.\\\\\\\\\\\\" World report on violence and health. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/global_campaign/en/chap3.pdf

World Health Organization. (2006). Preventing child maltreatment: a guide to taking action and generating evidence. Geneva, WHO.

Study Document

The American Friends And The Peace Movement

Pages: 8 (2337 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:47374510

… of the organization prevails in the example it puts forward through its deeds.
Franklin, S. (2020). American Friends Service Committee. Retrieved from https://www.mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1167/american-friends-service-committee
Frost, J. W. (1992). " Our Deeds Carry……



Franklin, S. (2020). American Friends Service Committee. Retrieved from  https://www.mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1167/american-friends-service-committee " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Data Security Using RFID Bands At Music Festivals

Pages: 5 (1616 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:97930410

...4th amendment The radio frequency identification or RFID is the new technological method for quick identification of the user, especially if used for public events like music festivals. It makes data management easier, so that information about the attendees is managed technically by capturing data from scanners and transmitting it to the computer without the user's physical contact. This paper is about managing adult attendees at music festivals whose information would be stored in RFID wrist bands linked to their Twitter, Facebook, and credit/debit bank cards. The following sections would probe into its compliance issues and the related regulations that would impact the planned implementation.
Description of the Chosen Use Case
RFID wrist bands would be used for managing adult attendees at a music festival at a hotel where bands would be linked to their Twitter and Facebook accounts and their bank credit/debit cards so that the buying of eatables is……



Event Tribe. (n.a.). The top 10 benefits of using RFID for events. Retrieved from  https://www.eventbrite.com/blog/academy/the-top-10-benefits-of-using-rfid-for-events/ 

ID&C. (n.a.). How to RFID wristbands work? Retrieved from  https://www.idcband.com/blog/how-do-rfid-wristbands-work/ 

Kacicki, T. (2019, July 15). 4 commonly overlooked facts about RFID wristbands. Intellitix. Retrieved from  https://intellitix.com/hub/four-commonly-overlooked-facts-rfid 

OECD. (2008). OECD policy guideline on RFID.  https://www.oecd.org/sti/ieconomy/40892347.pdf 

Quirk, R.E. & Borrello, S.J. (2005). RFID: Rapid deployment and regulatory challenges. Retrieved from  https://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/assets/Media/MediaManager/VenableRFIDpaper.pdf?SESSID=62935cf41f5a19909f5bb3ae3a598490 

Williamson, A., Tsay, L., Kateeb, I.A. & Burton, L. (2013). Solutions for RFID smart tagged card security vulnerabilities. AASRI Procedia, 4, 282-287. DOI: 10.1016/j.aasri.2013.10.042

Study Document

Peace Efforts Of The American Friends Committee War Relief USA

Pages: 5 (1635 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:43488948

...4th amendment How the Quakers Opposed the Detainment of Japanese Americans during WWII
The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), the co-beneficiary of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1947, was established in Philadelphia by individuals from the Religious Society of Friends (i.e., the Quakers) in Spring 1917. The link between AFSC and the Religious Society of Friends was always tenuous, as the activism of the organization was something universal that many non-Quakers around the world could celebrate, while the actual tenets of Quakerism were not nearly as popular as the peace movement that the Religious Society of Friends took part in. Initially, the goals of the committee were limited; however, over the 20th century, the AFSC embraced pacifism and began taking part in the fight for peace (Ingle, 2016). The AFSC essentially helped to support and come to the aid of the victims of war, whether they were Jewish, Russian, European, African, etc.……



Franklin, S. (2020). American Friends Service Committee. Retrieved from  https://www.mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1167/american-friends-service-committee " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

How To Conduct A Policy Analysis

Pages: 7 (2176 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Essay Document #:80712198

… designated as untouchable and unassailable by their political protectors. The impact of the problem is not just that it would violate the First amendment rights of Americans but that it would also lead to instances of social exclusion, as has already happened in Texas, where a similar ……



Beinin, J. (2004). The new American McCarthyism: policing thought about the Middle East. Race & Class, 46(1), 101-115.

Corrigan, E. C. (2009). Is Anti?Zionism Anti?Semitic? Jewish Critics Speak. Middle East Policy, 16(4), 146-159.

Fischel, J. R. (2005). The new anti-Semitism. The Virginia Quarterly Review, 81(3), 225.

Greenwald, G. (2019). The House Democrats’ “Rebuke” of Rep. Ilhan Omar Is a Fraud for Many Reasons, Including Its Wild Distortion of Her Comments. Retrieved from  https://theintercept.com/2019/03/05/the-house-democrats-rebuke-of-rep-ilhan-omar-is-a-fraud-for-many-reasons-including-its-wild-distortion-of-her-comments/ 

Gutiérrez, A. M. L., & Campos, M. V. (2015). Subjective and Objective Aspects of Points of View. In Temporal Points of View (pp. 59-104). Springer, Cham.

H.R. 1697. (2018). Israel Anti-Boycott Act. Retrieved from  https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/1697 

Moritz-Rabson, D. (2018). Teacher sues Texas after being fired for refusing to sign pro-Israel contract. Retrieved from https://www.newsweek.com/teacher-fired-refusing-sign-pro-israel-document-1262083

Stein, Y. (2003). Any name illegal and immoral. Ethics & International Affairs, 17(1), 127-137.

Study Document

Criminal Justice Reform And Bail Reform

Pages: 4 (1299 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:56907867

...4th amendment Introduction
What is criminal justice reform? It is the focus on improving the criminal justice system through the implementation of evidence-based best practices, policies that promote greater equitability fairness, and systems that are more cost-efficient (National Criminal Justice Association, 2019). One area in which reform is needed is the issue of bail. Bail is the bond that allows an arrested individual to leave jail while awaiting trial, which could last for many months. If the individual has the money, he may post bail. If not, he is stuck in jail. Essentially, the system favors the rich over the poor (ACLU, 2019). There are many examples of abuses regarding bail—from the woman mistakenly jailed pre-trial, who ended up losing her job and kids as a result (Woods & Rosnick, 2019) to the $2 billion bail industry that profits off the impoverished (ACLU, 2019). This paper will discuss the history of reform,……



ACLU. (2019). ACLU lawsuit goes after $2 billion bail industry that profits off poor people. Retrieved from  https://www.aclu.org/press-releases/aclu-lawsuit-goes-after-2-billion-bail-industry-profits-poor-people 

Drug Policy Alliance. (2019). New Jersey Judiciary Releases Annual Bail Reform Report, with Additional Key Statistics. Retrieved from  http://www.drugpolicy.org/press-release/2019/04/new-jersey-judiciary-releases-annual-bail-reform-report-additional-key 

National Criminal Justice Association. (2019). Criminal justice system improvement. Retrieved from https://www.ncja.org/ncja/policy/criminal-justice-reform

Platt, T. (2018). Criminal justice reform in the U.S. has a long history of repressive outcomes. Retrieved from  https://www.salon.com/2018/12/27/criminal-justice-reform-in-the-u-s-has-a-long-history-of-repressive-outcomes/ 

Vitiello, M. (2002). Three Strikes Laws-A Real or Imagined Deterrent to Crime. Hum. Rts., 29, 3.

Woods, A. & Rosnick, J. (2019). Mistakenly Jailed Pretrial, an Ohio Mother Lost Her Job and Kids. Retrieved from  https://www.aclu.org/blog/smart-justice/bail-reform/mistakenly-jailed-pretrial-ohio-mother-lost-her-job-and-kids 

Ziegelheim, D. (2018). Grassroots Organizations Are Leading The Way On Criminal Justice Reform. Retrieved from  https://psmag.com/social-justice/the-grassroots-organizations-leading-criminal-justice-reform 

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