Topic: [Hotter Summers, Warmer Winters: climate change in America]
1. Research Question: [Why are we having hotter summers and warmer winters in the U.S.?]
2. Background Research: [In … they are not limited to, expert opinions and peer-reviewed journal articles. It is also important to note that I also spoke to a climate specialist who, luckily enough, happens to be a family friend.]
3. Hypothesis: [On the basis of not only the background research I have … Experience: See Outline below. [I live in the capital region and over time, I have noticed that the weather has been experiencing significant change. In essence, we are having summers that are hotter than they were before and winters that are warmer than they used to be. … a matter of…[break]…such as EBSCOhost.]
6. Communicate Results: Prepare and submit Final Field Experience Report.
I. Introduction (Idea)
A. The reality of……
Emanuel, K. (2018). What We Know About Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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climate change is a hoax [invented by China].
– President Donald J. Trump, July 2019
The epigraph above underscores the fundamental differences that exist between … ice caps continue to melt at an alarming rate and rising ocean levels are inundating low-lying coastal regions and islands around the world, climate change debunkers such as the nation’s chief executive argue that current change in the climate are transitory and are simply part of the earth’s natural systems. Against this backdrop, it is clear that emergency managers face a number … of the earth’s natural systems. Against this backdrop, it is clear that emergency managers face a number of significant challenges in preparing for climate change-associated risks, including most especially the need to overcome misguided and misinformed views about these potential risks to communities across the country. The purpose … the field, what can you highly educated individuals do to ensure that……
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Labadie, J. R. (2011). Emergency managers confront climate change. Sustainability, 3, 1250-1264.
Leven, R. & Goldstein, Z. (2019). Kentucky is among the states blocking climate action. As weather gets more extreme, its residents — and U.S. taxpayers — are paying a price. Public Integrity. Retrieved from https://publicintegrity.org/environment/one-disaster-away/a-dangerous-disconnect-disaster-prone-states/ .
Mickus, J. (2017, June 1). A Sugar Creek chronicle: Observing climate change from a Midwestern woodland. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 69(2), 110-114.
The Nature Conservancy. (2020). Pennsylvania climate solutions. Retrieved from https://www. nature.org/en-us/about-us/where-we-work/united-states/pennsylvania/stories-in-pennsylvania/pennsylvania-climate-solutions/.
… and carbonate matter, and spatial texture variability. Leaching, gleyzation, decarbonation, and brunification are identified as being the significant soil-forming developments that occur within temperate-climate coasts (Bini et al., 31). Additionally, anthropic intervention facilitates soil development modification: water and sand extraction, tourism enhancement, terrain leveling, and land use … use modification all play a role in different environmental conditions, potentially influencing pedogenesis. In the same way, coastal regions' natural vegetation might encounter change owing to evolving environmental conditions.
Soil geography involves soil variability and distribution on terrestrial sites, both local and international. In this respect, out …
Soil geography involves soil variability and distribution on terrestrial sites, both local and international. In this respect, out of all soil formation elements, climate and vegetation (which is a directly dependent variable) chiefly decide soil geography. For this paper, the two may be ideally perceived to be … formation elements such as time,……
Araujo, D. S. D., and M. C. A. Pereira. " INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES - Sandy coastal vegetation." Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), (2012).
Armentano, Thomas V., et al. "Vegetation pattern and process in tree islands of the southern Everglades and adjacent areas." Tree islands of the Everglades. Springer, Dordrecht, 2002. 225-281.
Bakker, Jan P., et al. "Environmental impacts—coastal ecosystems." North Sea region climate change assessment. Springer, Cham, 2016. 275-314.
Benedet, L., C. W. Finkl, and A. H. F. Klein. "Morphodynamic classification of beaches on the Atlantic coast of Florida: geographical variability of beach types, beach safety, and coastal hazards." Journal of Coastal Research (2006): 360-365.
Bini, C., et al. "Soils and vegetation of coastal and wetland areas in Northern Adriatic (NE Italy)." 7. International Meeting on Soils with Mediterranean Type of Climate, Valenzano (Italy), 23-28 Sep 2001. CIHEAM-IAMB, 2002.
Eni, D. D., A. I. Iwara, and R. A. Offiong. "Analysis of soil-vegetation interrelationships in a south-southern secondary forest of Nigeria." International Journal of Forestry Research 2012 (2012).
Psuty, Norbert P., Philip E. Steinberg, and Dawn J. Wright. "Coastal and marine geography." Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century (2004): 314-25.
Wright, Lynn D., and Andrew D. Short. "Morphodynamic variability of surf zones and beaches: a synthesis." Marine Geology 56.1-4 (1984): 93-118
… readily available to the local community as they cannot afford to buy it yet it is their staple grain. Bolivia has a good climate for the growth of the grain and this means that a majority of farmers have planted the grain for export to Western countries … new flavors, which they will then bring back with them when they return home.
Globalization has had an impact on the environment through climate change. Economic losses in one country have a ripple effect on other countries across the globe. This has affected the environment as well. Due … and pollution in one country will affect us at some time in the future. With governments and private companies working together to overcome climate change we can rest assured that global warming can be maintained at……
MaClean, J. (JUNE 11, 2016). Globalization is worsening the effects of climate change, study says. from https://www.cantechletter.com/2016/06/globalization-worsening-effects-climate-change-study-says/
Schwab, K. (14 Jan 2019). Globalization 4.0 will help us tackle climate change. Here’s how. from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/globalization-4-0-will-help-us-tackle-climate-change-here-s-how/
Yu, L. (01/22/2019). Superfoods’ Dark Side: Increasing Vulnerability of Quinoa Farmers in Bolivia. from http://web.colby.edu/st297-global18/2019/01/22/superfoods-dark-side-increasing-vulnerability-of-quinoa-farmers-in-bolivia/
climate change and extreme weather events pose certain risks to the energy industry and infrastructure (Maras, 2014). Vulnerabilities within the largely private energy industry pertain … for cooling purposes (DOE, 2013).
Several measures can be taken to reduce these vulnerabilities, according to Pershing (2013). These steps include:
· Enhancing climate-resilient energy…[break]…to protect their energy industries and infrastructures. In the U.S., because the energy industry is mainly in the hands of the private sector, ……
Department of Energy. (2019). U.S. Energy Sector Vulnerabilities and Resilience Solutions Reports. https://www.energy.gov/policy/downloads/climate-change-and-us-energy-sector-regional-vulnerabilities-and-resilience
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Maras, M-H. (2014). Transnational Security. Florida: CRC Press.
Pershing, J. (2013). U.S. Energy Sector Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Extreme Weather. Retrieved from http://annualmeeting.naseo.org/Data/Sites/2/presentations/Pershing-Climate-Vulnerabiities.pdf
Fiyeli faces a long-term challenge to ensure a stable supply chain of high quality coffee beans. Rising consumption has increased demand, while climate change is threatening supply, the result being a spike in the price (Mersie, 2019) and decline in availability of high quality beans (Garza & ……
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CT Magazine (2012) Coffee packaging freshness. Coffee Talk Magazine. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://coffeetalk.com/ctmagazine/10-2012/3926/
Del Valle, G. (2019) Wholesale coffee is cheaper than it has been in years. That’s not good news. Vox. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2019/4/25/18512680/coffee-futures-price-dropping-brazil-currency
Garza, E. & Hoffman, M. (2019) How climate change is killing coffee. Knowledge @ Wharton. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coffee-climate-change/
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Mersie, A. (2019) Coffee prices seen rising 25% by year end. Reuters Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-global-coffee-poll/coffee-prices-seen-rising-nearly-25-percent-by-year-end-reuters-poll-idUSKCN1Q11JD
Mordor Intelligence (2017) United States coffee market – growth, trends and forecasts. Mordor Intelligence Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://www.mordorintelligence.com/industry-reports/united-states-coffee-market
… the sustainability front, there is the ethics of coffee, tea, cocoa and farmer support and this combines with water, energy, green building and climate change. The company's marketing of its approach contains a lot of high level discussion, but there are opportunities to take a deeper dive into … profit. Friedman is clear that this is within the context of the law, but does not address things like lobbying to have laws change, or whether the law has reasonable distributive justice in the first place. Thus, while this is a valuable and seminal piece of literature … is important because both Starbucks and Walmart focus their sustainability efforts on the areas that most benefit them – Starbucks is worried about climate change because of impacts on its supply chain; Walmart focuses on the link between efficiency, profit and sustainability. McWilliams and Siegal find that after ……
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… colonialism (e.g., Ghana), anti-war, anti-nuclear, and peace movements, some elements of South Africa’s apartheid movement, and the latest Palestinian struggles, to the modern-day climate change-related Extinction Rebellion (Ahmed, 2019).
The degree of peaceful resistance employed against colonial forces was different for different nations: peaceful resistance was, perhaps, most ……
Ahmed, T. (2019). Mohandas Gandhi: Experiments in civil disobedience. USA: Pluto Press. Retrieved from https://s3.amazonaws.com/supadu-imgix/plutopress-uk/pdfs/look-inside/LI-9780745334288.pdf
Anthology. (n.d.). World war II and peace 1939-1945.
Isalska, A. (2018). A French village committed to deception. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20180806-a-french-village-committed-to-deception
Sinclair, I. (2017). Resisting the Nazis in numerous ways: nonviolence in occupied Europe. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/non-violence-against-nazis-interview-with-george-paxton/
… of discrimination, such as providing mentorship opportunities. Lozano and Escrich (2017) note that it…[break]…a lot of openness.
A good example would be the change in the way that issues like race, class and gender are perceived today. It is not uncommon for people who are older to … might be different than the world they grew up in, and they have difficulty acknowledging that. All told, being able to adapt to change is the best way to manage global issues, especially when dealing with a diverse workforce. Being open to people who have different gender ……
Dyllick, T. & Muff, K. (2015) Clarifying the meaning of sustainable business: Introducing a typology from business-as-usual to true business sustainability. Organization & Environment. Vol. 2015, 1-19.
Lozano, J. & Escrich, T. (2017) Cultural diversity in business: A critical reflection on the ideology of tolerance. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 142 (4) 679-696.
Maj, J. (2015) Diversity management’s stakeholders and stakeholders management. Proceedings of the 9th International Management Conference. Retrieved February 19, 2019 from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jolanta_Maj/publication/282848702_Diversity_management \\\\'s_stakeholders_and_stakeholders_management/links/561e400f08ae50795afd9360/Diversity-managements-stakeholders-and-stakeholders-management.pdf
Five future trends in Public Administration are 1) global interconnectedness and self-sufficiency; 2) change to public health policy; 3) incorporation of advanced technology into administration; 4) more grassroots advocacy; and 5) emphasis on sustainability (Florida Tech, 2019). … an impossibility. The issue must be addressed because more and more focus by the grassroots communities is being put on the problem of climate change and even though not everyone agrees it is happening, the problem will not go away and it will be a major policy focus … trust involved in its usage as it cannot be controlled or manipulated by any one agency. It belongs to everyone and cannot be change or altered except by an actual, legitimate transaction, at which time the transaction is written (encoded) on the blockchain—the digital ledger—and shown to … on patients without patients have to leave their homes. Doctors and patients connect over……
Abiad, A. & Khatiwada, S. (2019). 5 ways technology is improving governance, public service delivery in developing Asia. Retrieved from https://blogs.adb.org/blog/5-ways-technology-improving-governance-public-service-delivery-developing-asia
Florida Tech. (2019). Five global trends in public administration. Retrieved from https://www.fit.edu/your-college-decision/trends-in-public-administration/
McDonald, B. (2017). Measuring the fiscal health of municipalities. Retrieved from https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/pubfiles/mcdonald_wp17bm1.pdf
VCU. (2019). Public personnel administration. Retrieved from https://commed.vcu.edu/IntroPH/Management/management/personnel.html
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