academic essay writing is one of the most important practices in the learning process for students. academic writing basically refers to the writing a student has to complete for his/her high school, college or university courses. While academic writing assignments have different names, they have the same objective in the learning process. The main goal of academic essay writing is for the student to demonstrate what he/she understands and can think critically regarding the specific topic (Whitaker, p.2). In addition, academic writing provides a student with an avenue to develop his/her critical thinking skills, research skills, and ability to evaluate and organize information. This skills … This skills are important in the students learning and development and are applicable in the job market. This paper examines the process of writing an academic essay and explains how to enhance the process through application of suggestions from experts.
Murray, Rowena. “Writing for an Academic Journal: 10 Tips.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 6 Sept. 2013, https://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2013/sep/06/academic-journal-writing-top-tips
Steenbergen, Candis, and Robyn Diner. “A 12-Step Guide to Research and Writing for Students: One Essay at a Time.” Third Space, vol. 4, no. 1, Nov. 2004, https://journals.sfu.ca/thirdspace/index.php/journal/article/view/resources_12stepguide/153
Whitaker, Anne. “Academic Writing Guide.” City University of Seattle, City University of Seattle, Sept. 2009, http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf
Define academic voice and plagiarism.
academic voice is a form of communication that uses a formal tone with clarity, professionalism, and straightforwardness. At its core are declarative statements, avoidance … & Hum, 2017).
Plagiarism is the representation of another author’s work or ideas as own and without full acknowledgment.
Apply your knowledge of academic voice and plagiarism to the rewritten passage, locating and identifying errors.
“The correlational method can be very useful, but it must be used … methods/strategies can you use to ensure that you avoid these errors in your work?
To avoid self-plagiarism, I will practice caution, especially when writing revisions of the subject/topic I have previously written. Second, I will have reviewers and proofreaders who have adequate knowledge of any of my ……
Dirgeyasa, I. W., & Hum, M. (2017). College Academic Writing a Genre-Based Perspective. Prenada Media.
Feenstra, J. (2013). Introduction to social psychology. [Electronic version].
Sutherland-Smith, W. (2018). Is student plagiarism still a serious problem in universities today? In Student Plagiarism in Higher Education (pp. 47-61). Routledge.
...Academic writing Abstract
Developing a researchable question is one of the challenging tasks a researcher encounters when initiating a project. In current clinical practice, both unanswered issues or when experiences dictate alternative therapies may provoke an investigator to formulate a clinical research question. This paper describes PICO (population, intervention, control, and outcomes) criteria in framing a research question. Finally, it assesses the characteristics of a peer-reviewed article on urinary tract infections.
EBM, shorthand for Evidence-Based Medicine, is a core aspect of the medical profession. EBM provides statistical analyses and matters of clinical concern. It is based on research, reading, analysis, and combining many papers generated within the medical fraternity. EBM applications based on research evidence and clinical knowledge and reviews of the system go a long way in improving clinical decisions. Usually, the PICO guideline is applied in developing a comprehensive, focused definition of clinical concern. In such a system,……
Considine, J., Shaban, R. Z., Fry, M., & Curtis, K. (2017). Evidence-based emergency nursing: designing a research question and searching the literature. International emergency nursing, 32, 78-82.
Eriksen, M. B., & Frandsen, T. F. (2018). The impact of patient, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) as a search strategy tool on literature search quality: a systematic review. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 106(4), 420.
Yuan, X., Xiaoli, L., Shilei, L., Qinwen, S., & Ke, L. (2019, May). Extracting PICO elements from RCT abstracts using 1-2gram analysis and multitask classification. In Proceedings of the third International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics 2019 (pp. 194-199).
Scells, H., Zuccon, G., Koopman, B., Deacon, A., Azzopardi, L., &Geva, S. (2017, November). Integrating the framing of clinical questions via PICO into the retrieval of medical literature for systematic reviews. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (pp. 2291-2294).
Basmaci, R., Vazouras, K., Bielicki, J., Folgori, L., Hsia, Y., Zaoutis, T., &Sharland, M. (2017). Urinary tract infection antibiotic trial study design: a systematic review. Pediatrics, 140(6).
Misra, D. P., & Agarwal, V. (2018). Systematic reviews: challenges for their justification, related comprehensive searches, and implications. Journal of Korean medical science, 33(12).
Belcher, B. M., Rasmussen, K. E., Kemshaw, M. R., &Zornes, D. A. (2016). Defining and assessing research quality in a transdisciplinary context. Research Evaluation, 25(1), 1-17.
Fu, D. Y., & Hughey, J. J. (2019). Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article. Elife, 8, e52646.
...Academic writing Argumentative essay for organ transplantation
Organ transplantation is the donating of one’s organ to another human being for replacing his or her damaged organ (County 2). This procedure has been proven to be successful in children and young adults and the elderly with comorbidities (Grinyó 1). This can prove to be life-saving for patients with terminal organ failures and painful therapies for survival (Grinyó 1). Over the last 60 years, the organ transplantation process has been growing with numerous cases, while the introduction of cyclosporine, thirty years before, improved the transplantation procedure (Grinyó 2). It was identified that the heart, kidneys, lungs, uterus, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus, can be transplanted successfully (Grinyó 2). The United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) established by the US congress in 1984 focuses on the policies and legal frameworks of organ transplantation. At the same time, the Organ Procurement Organizations (OPO) are the non-profit……
Barker, Clyde F, and James F Markmann. \\\\\\"Historical Overviewed of Transplantation.\\\\\\" Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine 3.4 (2013):
Benefits are a few for Kidney Sellers. (2002, December). USA Today Magazine, p. 10. Academic Search Premier.
County, B. (2015, April 8). 5 benefits of organ donations. Florida Today.
Ehtiush, E. (2011) Ethical controversies in organ transplantation. Understanding the Complexities of Kidney Transplantation. Retrieved April 16, 2020 from https://www.intechopen.com/books/understanding-the-complexities-of-kidney-transplantation/ethical-controversies-in-organ-transplantation
Grinyó, Josep M. \\\\\\"Why Is Organ Transplantation Clinically Important?\\\\\\" Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine 3.6 (2013)
Hughes, N. S. (2003, March). Human Kidneys: The New Cash Crop. New Internationalist. Academic Search Premier.
Hvidt, Niels Christian, et al. \\\\\\"For and against Organ Donation and Transplantation: Intricate Facilitators and Barriers in Organ Donation Perceived by German Nurses and Doctors.\\\\\\" Journal of transplantation 2016 (2016).
Radcliffe, J. (2012). Debating the ethics of organ transplantation. In The Ethics of Transplants. Oxford University Press.
… building for tomorrow.
Therefore, vision statement for Saint Francis de Sales Schools should be: To be the number 1 leader in secondary school academic performance and all-around accomplishment in England.
The mission statement for Saint Francis de Sales Schools should be: 1) To form well-rounded students by ……
Kim, W. C. & Mauborgne, R. (2002). Charting Your Company’s Future. Harvard Business Review, June 2002. Harvard Business School, Boston, MA
Klag, M., Giroux, H., & Langley, A. (2012). Strategic planning at Saint Francis de Sales Schools. International Journal of Case Studies in Management (Online), 10(2), 1-20.
Kouzes, J. & Posner, B. (1996). Envisioning your Future: Imagining Ideal Scenarios. Futurist, 30, 14.
Mullane, J. V. (2002). The mission statement is a strategic tool: when used properly. Management Decision, 40(5), 448-455.
… process to aid those students who feel the institution has wrongly charged them with violation of scholastic integrity standards.
Boston University (BU)
The academic code of conduct of BU attempts at facilitating the cultivation of an environment conducive to student learning. It explains the ethical requirements of … explains the ethical requirements of BU students, in addition to guaranteeing student responsibilities and rights owing to their being a member of an academic community. Additionally, it is clear on procedures and policies pertaining to academic conduct. It forms the basis of a professional atmosphere of student integrity in the institution, helping ensure all students are appropriately recognized for … It encompasses, but isn’t limited to: cheating on exams by copying a fellow examinee’s answers, reproducing others’ ideas or works orally or in writing (whether electronically or in print) whilst failing to cite the right source, and collaboration with an individual……
Boston University. (2019, December 28). Academic Conduct Code. Retrieved from Boston University: https://www.bu.edu/academics/policies/academic-conduct-code/
Brown University. (2019, December 28). The Academic Code. Retrieved from Brown University: https://www.brown.edu/academics/college/degree/sites/brown.edu.academics.college.degree/files/uploads/Academic-Code.pdf
Thomas Edison University. (2019, December 28). Academic Code of Conduct. Retrieved from Thomas Edison University: https://www.tesu.edu/academics/catalog/academic-code-of-conduct
… to be internationally acknowledged as the leading comprehensive public university in greater Los Angeles. The organization is committed to delivering innovative and pioneering academic programs. These programs prepare students to be innovative leaders in both their civic and professional lives in addition to serving the public good … (California State University Los Angeles, 2020).
The values of the university include the following:
1. Students First – Cal State LA places the academic achievement, career inclination, and welfare at the heart of everything that they do.
2. Pushing Boundaries – Cal State LA sets motivated and … nurtures and magnifies the students' exceptional talents, different life experiences, and intelligence through engaged education, learning, studentship, research, and lively student life
7. academic Distinction - Cal State LA nurtures and promotes academic distinction via innovation, academic exactitude and the search for lifelong learning
8. Community of Scholars – Cal State LA nurtures……
California State University Los Angeles. (2020). Strategic Plan. Retrieved from: http://www.calstatela.edu/strategicplan
Chavez, M. (2019). Cal State LA has proposed a plan to cut enrollment for incoming freshmen beginning Fall 2020. University Times. Retrieved from: https://csulauniversitytimes.com/operation-impaction/
Finney, J. E. (2014). Why the finance model for public higher education is broken and must be fixed. Public Policy Initiative 2(6).
Wiley Education Services. (2020). Top Challenges Facing U.S. Higher Education. Retrieved from: https://edservices.wiley.com/top-higher-education-challenges/
Unigo. (2020). California State University – Los Angeles: What do you consider the worst thing about your school? Why? Retrieved from: https://www.unigo.com/colleges/california-state-university-los-angeles/q-and-a/what-do-you-consider-the-worst-thing-about-your-school-why-673/1
Mitchell, B. C. (February 22, 2018). America\\\\\\\\\\\\'s colleges and universities have a serious revenue problem. Hechinger Report. Retrieved from: https://hechingerreport.org/opinion-americas-colleges-universities-serious-revenue-problem/
Hussain, S. (February 25, 2019). Cal State L.A.\\\\\\\\\\\\'s plan to raise admissions standards faces pushback from students and faculty. Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-edu-cal-state-los-angeles-admissions-20190225-story.html
Zeleza, P. T. (March 12, 2020). Money Matters: The Financial Crises Facing Universities. The Elephant. Retrieved from: https://www.theelephant.info/ideas/2020/03/12/money-matters-the-financial-crises-facing-universities/
… a great deal of scholarly information published on the subject of obesity but that Singer and Callahan have attempted to alter how the academic and medical professional community should view not only the history of literature on the subject but the subject itself. For that reason, Mayes … not apply. The author is making a scholarly, reasoned, and public critique of the works of two bioethicists and publishing it in an academic journal to await response from other medical peers. In this sense, the study follows sound ethical principles in terms of how an academic should go about discussing a piece of scholarship. As for sampling, because the scholars’ arguments were presented in published journals, there is no … ethical imperative for Mayes to obtain consent forms in order to name them or discuss their arguments in a separate article in an academic journal.
The data from the sample……
Mayes, C. (2015). The harm of bioethics: A critique of Singer and Callahan on obesity. Bioethics, 29(3), 217-221.
Pause, C. (2017). Borderline: The ethics of fat stigma in public health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45, 510-517.
Wetter, S., Hodge, J. (2016). Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages to lower childhood obesity. Ethical and Legal Issues in Pediatrics, 44, 359-363.
Poverty or destitution is a severe problem that has a considerable effect on the ability of children to learn and to progress academic in school. To this perspective, income poverty, parental inputs, and family background, all have a considerable impact on the cognitive development of young … gathered in the study from the two parents and the families they represent and subsequently analyzed to find out the role played by academic economic capital (specific experiences and resources which require finances and usually result in academic success) in how their children were progressing in school. The researchers gathered the data by interviewing the parents. The results of the analysis … revealed that the community the parents came from, the schools to which they sent their children, and their homes did not have sufficient academic capital, and this hurt how the children were progressing in school. Nevertheless, the results of the……
Compton-Lilly, C., & Delbridge, A. (2019). What Can Parents Tell Us About Poverty and Literacy Learning? Listening to Parents Over Time. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 62(5), 531–539.
Dickerson, A., & Popli, G. K. (2016). Persistent poverty and children\\\\\\\\\\\\'s cognitive development: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 179(2), 535-558.
Hampden-Thompson, G., & Galindo, C. (2017). School-family relationships, school satisfaction, and the academic achievement of young people. Educational Review, 69(2), 248–265.
Thompson, K., Richardson, L. P., Newman, H., & George, K. (2019). Interaction Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Emerging Literacy and Literacy Skills among Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten Children: A Comparison Study. Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice, 4(1), 5.
Borre, A., Bernhard, J., Bleiker, C., & Winsler, A. (2019). Preschool Literacy Intervention for Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Children: Effects of the Early Authors Program Through Kindergarten. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR), 24(2), 132–153.
Comber, B., & Kamler, B. (2004). Getting Out of Deficit: Pedagogies of reconnection. Teaching Education, 15(3), 293–310.
… not the norm but an exception. But ever since, a growing research pool indicates that parental engagement positively influences both child learning and academic performance. The subject of parental engagement is accorded, even greater focus when it comes to special education. Before the 80s, several parents depended … Act), parents are being regarded as equal partners, in children's education, with school faculty (Sapungan & Sapungan 42).
Parental engagement leads to positive academic outcomes for the disabled/special needs student population; this includes sustained treatment gains, improved generalization, increased parental satisfaction, better issue resolution approaches, and improved … for their class and performing assessments. They also need to take into account the IEP when ascertaining how to obtain and assess students' academic progress. Evaluation aids in gauging whether or not teaching approaches adopted are proving effective, and in modifying or tweaking approaches if needed. A … effective, and in modifying or……
Arnini, Sarah, \\\\\\"Parents as Partners: An Analysis of the Barriers to Parental Involvement in Special Education\\\\\\" (2007). Social Work Theses. 12. http://digitalcommons.providence.edu/socialwrk_students/12
Burke, Meghan M. \\\\\\"Improving parental involvement: Training special education advocates.\\\\\\" Journal of Disability Policy Studies 23.4 (2013): 225-234. DOI: 10.1177/1044207311424910
Dameh, Bilal A., \\\\\\"The Impact of Parent Involvement Practices in Special Education Programs\\\\\\" (2015). Culminating Projects in Education Administration and Leadership. 11. https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/edad_etds/11
Hornby, Garry, and Rayleen Lafaele. \\\\\\"Barriers to parental involvement in education: An explanatory model.\\\\\\" Educational review 63.1 (2011): 37-52.
Rehm, Roberta S et al. \\\\\\"Parental advocacy styles for special education students during the transition to adulthood.\\\\\\" Qualitative health research vol. 23,10 (2013): 1377-87. DOI:10.1177/1049732313505915
Sapungan, Gina Madrigal, and Ronel Mondragon Sapungan. \\\\\\"Parental involvement in child\\\\\\'s education: Importance, barriers, and benefits.\\\\\\" Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education 3.2 (2014): 23-43.
Statewide Parent Advocacy Network. \\\\\\"Questions and Answers about IDEA: Parent Participation.\\\\\\" Center for Parent Information and Resources, 3 Jan. 2019, www.parentcenterhub.org/qa2/.
Thatcher, Steven Brown, \\\\\\"Increasing Parental Involvement of Special Education Students: The Creation of Smartphone-Friendly, Web-Based Legal and Procedural Resources\\\\\\" (2012). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 147. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/gradreports/147
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