Problems That Arise When Groups are Categorized as Individuals
The difficulty of determining the extent to which group policy evaluation vs. individual evaluations differ is that context is the deciding factor, and contextual factors are always shifting. Therefore, a case by case analysis is required rather … factor, and contextual factors are always shifting. Therefore, a case by case analysis is required rather than a one size fits all universal evaluation. As Briggs and Helms (2015) explain, there are actors and roles and the inputs and outputs of each impact one another so that … may not represent the larger population’s interests at all, while a larger group might yet it will have less impact on policy. Policy evaluation itself can be undermined by the inputs of powerful groups, and so as Schaufele et…[break]…trusted based on their authority in the field, their … It collects data that is more objectively……
Briggs, S., & Helms, L. B. (2015). The practice of American public policymaking. New York: Routlege Taylor & Francis Group.
Reich, R. (Harvard Book Store, Producer). (2010). Robert B. Reich: The next economy and Americla's future. Frontline: Inside the Meltdown Series. [Video] Retrieved from [ https://forum-network.org/lectures/robert-b-reich-the-next-economy-and-america-s-future/ ]
Schaufele, B., McMillian, M. L., Boxall, P. C., Adamowicz, W. L., & Rivera, C. S. (2010). Measuring social preferences in groups versus as individuals: Income inequality aversion using the leaky bucket method. Journal of Applied Economics and Policy, 29(1), 1-1
Psychological Test Evaluation: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
Section 1: General Features
a) Title: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
b) Author(s): Aaron T Beck, Robert A Steer
Arnold, L. M., Clauw, D., Wang, F., Ahl, J., Gaynor, P. J., &Wohlreich, M. M. (2010). Flexible dosed duloxetine in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The Journal of rheumatology, 37(12), 2578-2586.
Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1993). Beck Anxiety Inventory manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G. & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893–897.
Biggs, Q. M. (2008). Transportation trauma and psychological morbidity: Anxiety, depression, PTSD, and perceived control in a hospitalized sample. (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Texas).
DeFeo, J. (2005). Beck Anxiety Inventory. NCTSN Measure Review Database. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.506.4912&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Gillis, M. M., Haaga, D. A., & Ford, G. T. (1995). Normative values for the beck anxiety inventory, fear questionnaire, Penn state worry questionnaire, and social phobia and anxiety inventory. Psychological Assessment, 7(4), 450.
Halfaker, D. A., Akeson, S. T., Hathcock, D. R., Mattson, C., &Wunderlich, T. L. (2011). Psychological aspects of pain. Pain procedures in clinical practice (pp. 13-22). Hanley &Belfus.
Julian, L. J. (2011). Measures of anxiety: state?trait anxiety inventory (STAI), Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale?anxiety (HADS?A). Arthritis care & research, 63(S11), S467-S472.
...Evaluation Keywords: corona virus, coronavirus, covid, covid-19
The patient in the present scenario presents with low grade fever, cough, shortness of breath, as well as back ache. It is also important to note that the patient suffers from gastroesophageal reflux disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. The patient is a 54-year-old male. Some of the symptoms that the patient presents are consistent with COVID-19 symptoms. The main COVID-19 symptoms are inclusive of difficulty breathing/shortness of breath, cough, and fever (Adhikari, 2020). Yet another key consideration in making a decision to test is the patient’s travel history. The patient in the present scenario has recently traveled out of the U.S. He could, thus, be categories as a person under investigation (PUI), i.e. on the basis of the respiratory illness symptoms presented and based on the fact that he had traveled to a country having local transmission. Testing in this case would be consistent……
Adhikari, S.P., Meng, S., Wi, Y., Mao, Y., Ye., R., Wang, Q. …Zhou, H. (2020). Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 9(29) 78-83.
CDC (2020). Evaluating and Testing Persons for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/clinical-criteria.html
Pung, R., Chiew, C.J., Young, B.E., Chin, S., Chen, M., Clapham, H.E. …Lee, V.J. (2020). Investigation of three clusters of COVID-19 in Singapore: implications for surveillance and response measures. The Lancet, 395(10229), P1039-1046.
Schiffrin, E.L., Flack, J.M., Sadayoshi, I., Muntner, P. & Webb, R.C. (2020). Hypertension and COVID-19. American Journal of Hypertension, 057.
World Health Organization – WHO (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
Wei, M., Yuan, J. & Liu, Y. (2020). Novel Coronavirus Infection in Hospitalized Infants Under 1 Year of Age in China. JAMA, 323(13), 1213-1314.
… given the various challenges that people – both young and old - group tend to encounter in their daily living. RAND undertook an “evaluation of California’s state-wide mental health prevention and early intervention programs” (Eberhart et al., 2015, p. 1). It is important to note that the … that it would be largely impossible to immediately identify PEI programming primary effects.
What data was used to conduct the program or policy evaluation?
In the conduction of the policy evaluation, various data sources came in handy. With regard to the discrimination and stigma education initiative, prevention and early intervention were inclusive of online … Notes/Comments
In the final analysis, it should be noted that as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2017) observes, program evaluation is of great essence in the further improvement of public health undertakings. This is more so the case given that in most……
Eberhart, N.K., Burnam, M.A., Berry, S.H., Collins, R.L., Ebener, P.A., Ramchand, R., Stein, B.D. & Woodbridge, M.W. (2015). Evaluation of California\\\\'s Statewide Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention Programs: Summary of Key Year 2 Findings. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
...Evaluation PICOT Question
Low back pain is a common health challenge for both active and former military service members. Among the military veterans, low back pain places higher risk and has been indicated to be bear the potential for long-term disability (Bagg et al., 2017). There is a lack of effective treatment strategies, and thus, military veterans rely on pain management strategies and other medical strategies, e.g., medical imaging, opioids, injections, and surgery. To both the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), the costs of care for members with low back pain have been on the rise; necessitating the need for research on the effectiveness of some of the available methods for treating and managing low back pain. Some of the methods available are non-narcotic pain medication, yoga stretches, and physiotherapy. These interventions can be administered in combination or singly (Bagg et al., 2017). This……
Bagg, M. K., Hübscher, M., Rabey, M., Wand, B. M., O’Hagan, E., Moseley, G. L., ... & O’Connell, N. E. (2017). The RESOLVE Trial for people with chronic low back pain: protocol for a randomized clinical trial. Journal of physiotherapy, 63(1), 47-48.
Chou, R., Deyo, R., Friedly, J., Skelly, A., Hashimoto, R., Weimer, M., ... & Grusing, S. (2017). Nonpharmacologic therapies for low back pain: a systematic review for an American College of Physicians clinical practice guideline. Annals of internal medicine, 166(7), 493-505.
Dehghan, M., & FarahbOD, F. (2014). The efficacy of thermotherapy and cryotherapy on pain relief in patients with acute low back pain, a clinical trial study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR, 8(9), LC01.
Denneson, L. M., Corson, K., & Dobscha, S. K. (2011). Complementary and alternative medicine use among veterans with chronic noncancer pain—Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 48(9).
Guzmán, J., Esmail, R., Karjalainen, K., Malmivaara, A., Irvin, E., & Bombardier, C. (2001). Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic low back pain: systematic review. BMJ, 322(7301), 1511-1516.
Hayden, J. A., Van Tulder, M. W., & Tomlinson, G. (2005). Systematic review: strategies for using exercise therapy to improve outcomes in chronic low back pain. Annals of internal medicine, 142(9), 776-785.
Kim, E. J., Choi, Y. D., Lim, C. Y., Kim, K. H., & Lee, S. D. (2015). Effect of heating and cooling combination therapy on patients with chronic low back pain: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16(1), 285.
Nitsure, P. V., Pathania, T. S., & Bilgi, T. A. (2014). Comparison of elastic resistance band exercises and yoga in physiotherapy students with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy, 5, 180.
Implementation and Evaluation
This is part 3 of the quality and sustainability paper. Part 1 outlined the descriptive method of assessing quality and safety measures ……
Alenius-Smeds, L., Tishelman, C., Lindqvist, R. Runesdotter, S. & McHugh, M.D. (2016). RN assessments of excellent quality of care and patient safety are associated with significantly lower odds of 30-day inpatient mortality: A national cross-sectional study of acute-care hospitals. International Journal of Nursing Studies. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016 (06)005
Brasait?, I., Kaunonen, M., Martink?nas, A., Mockien?, V., & Suominen, T. (2016). Health care professionals’ skills regarding patient safety. Medicina, 52(4), 250-256. doi:10.1016/j.medici.2016.05.004
Campbell, R. J. (2008). Change Management in Health Care. The Health Care Manager, 27(1), 23-39. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18510142
Hughes, R.G. (2007). "3 Barriers to quality improvement and quality improvement research." Institute of Medicine (IOM). Advancing quality improvement research: Challenges and opportunities: Workshop summary. doi:10.17226/11884.x
Lennox, L., Maher, L., & Reed, J. (2018). Navigating the sustainability landscape: a systematic review of sustainability approaches in healthcare. Implementation science: IS, 13(1), 27. doi:10.1186/s13012-017-0707-4
Stetler C.B., Ritchie J.A., Rycroft-Malone J. & Charns M.P. (2014) Leadership for evidence-based practice: strategic and functional behaviors for institutionalizing EBP. Worldviews on Evidence Based Nursing 11(4), 219–226.
Twigg, D. E., Pugh, J. D., Gelder, L., & Myers, H. (2016). Foundations of a nursing-sensitive outcome indicator suite for monitoring public patient safety in Western Australia. Collegian, 23(2), 167-181. doi:10.1016/j.colegn.2015.03.007
… adult learning. This problem is significant because university students may be unnecessarily and unfairly struggling with classes because university teachers fail to use evaluations that are conducive to adult learning. The research question this paper poses is this: What are some ways to evaluate adult learning? This … idea of performance-centered learning—i.e., active learning. Active learning is what separates adult learners from child learners the most. When evaluating adult learners, the evaluation should be based on the concept of active learning (Forrest & Peterson, 2006).
The article by Hase and Kenyon (2000) describes why adult … the teacher should consider when evaluating students who are being taught in the classroom:
1. Adults should be involved in the planning and evaluation of their own instruction.
2. Experience (including mistakes) should be viewed as an opportunity for providing the basis of learning activities.
3. Adult … that is conducive to what……
Fenwick, T. J., & Parsons, J. (2009). The art of evaluation: A resource for educators and trainers. Thompson Educational Publishing.
Forrest III, S. P., & Peterson, T. O. (2006). It\\\\\\'s called andragogy. Academy of management learning & education, 5(1), 113-122.
Hase, S., & Kenyon, C. (2000). From andragogy to heutagogy. Ulti-BASE In-Site.
Howatt, W. A. (1999). Journaling to self-evaluation: A tool for adult learners. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 8(2), 32-34.
Knowles, M. (1984). Andragogy in action. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Moss, D., & Van Duzer, C. (1998). Project-Based Learning for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Digest.
… insufficient to support their basic needs. These are the Social Security platforms that will be evaluated in the subsequent sections of this text.
According to Biggs and Helms (2006), the relevance of program evaluation cannot be overstated when it comes to the assessment of how successful a program is. Indeed, in the words of the authors, “program … cannot be overstated when it comes to the assessment of how successful a program is. Indeed, in the words of the authors, “program evaluations are individual systematic studies conducted periodically or on an ad hoc basis to assess how well a program is working” (249). In a … on an ad hoc basis to assess how well a program is working” (249). In a 2014 Economic Report of the President, program evaluation was defined as a key tool for the further improvement of programs of the federal government (Council of……
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Council of Economic Advisers (2014). Economic Report of the President. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Social Security Administration – SSA (2020). Benefits. Retrieved from https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/
… with peer educators and they will…[break]…related to cultural competence that the evaluators may have needed to be sensitive to or address during the evaluation.
Issues related to cultural competence that the evaluators may have needed to be sensitive to or address during the evaluation may have arisen with respect to the ethnicity of the teens and educators, socio-economic backgrounds, religious beliefs, and family values. Not every teen ……
Bandura, A. (2018). Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 130-136.
Bickel, R., Weaver, S., Williams, T., & Lange, L. (1997). Opportunity, community, and teen pregnancy in an Appalachian state. The Journal of Educational Research, 90(3), 175-181.
Chapin, J. (2001). It won't happen to me: The role of optimistic bias in African American teens' risky sexual practices. Howard Journal of Communication, 12(1), 49-59.
Damon, W. (1984). Peer education: The untapped potential. Journal of applied developmental psychology, 5(4), 331-343.
Kerpelman, J. L., McElwain, A. D., Pittman, J. F., & Adler-Baeder, F. M. (2016). Engagement in risky sexual behavior: Adolescents’ perceptions of self and the parent–child relationship matter. Youth & Society, 48(1), 101-125.
Sciolla, A., Ziajko, L. A., & Salguero, M. L. (2010). Sexual health competence of international medical graduate psychiatric residents in the United States. Academic Psychiatry, 34(5), 361-368.
Stakic, S., Zielony, R., Bodiroza, A., & Kimzeke, G. (2003). Peer education within a frame of theories and models of behaviour change. Entre Nous: The European Magazine for Sexual and Reproductive Health, 56, 4-6.
Walsh-Buhi, E. R., Marhefka, S. L., Wang, W., Debate, R., Perrin, K., Singleton, A., ... & Ziemba, R. (2016). The impact of the Teen Outreach Program on sexual intentions and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), 283-290.
… younger children and adolescents differ from those used for adults. Treatment is often commences with specialized therapists or treatment providers first conducting an evaluation to find out whether treatment will be useful and what type of approach will be most appropriate to utilize.
A treatment approach may … is expected of them, and a discussion of the sanctions or penalties should the client fail to follow the treatment plan. Normally, the evaluation is conducted face-to-face with the clients. However, sometimes videos or printed documents are used.
Usually, intake to the sex offender therapy program is … and not risk-need based. This makes them less effective and less likely to have a significant effect on recidivism especially when compared with evaluation-driven supervision strategies.
Caseload sizes are sometimes not in agreement with the purpose for specialized caseloads
What is very important for the effective management ……
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