Psychological Test Evaluation: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
Section 1: General Features
a) Title: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
b) Author(s): Aaron T Beck, Robert A Steer
… scores does the instrument produce?
The instrument uses a manual scoring or Q-global scoring approach. Q-global is an internet-based site for administration of tests, scoring them, and reporting. It is the home of the industry’s universal standard for assessment. It can be accessed by all internet users. … respondents are requested to report how much they have been bothered during the week by each of the 21 symptoms before the BAI testing completion, including the day of completion. Each of the symptoms is provided with four answer options considered to be all possible, i.e., Not … range of clinical environments. Thus, it would be accurate to say that it is used by multicultural communities.
Describe the reliability evidence of test results (test-rest, alternate forms,……
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Julian, L. J. (2011). Measures of anxiety: state?trait anxiety inventory (STAI), Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale?anxiety (HADS?A). Arthritis care & research, 63(S11), S467-S472.
… upper number (systolic) of 140 or higher; and lower number (diastolic) of 90 or higher.
3. Based on the data provided, what laboratory tests were performed and what samples were taken from the patient? Select one of the laboratory tests ordered for Mr. Smith and discuss why Mr. Smith’s physician might have ordered the test and the information she might have expected to obtain from that particular test.
The laboratory tests that were performed in this case on the basis of the data provided are: K (potassium test), Hb (Hemoglobin test), hct (hematocrit test), platelet count (platelet blood count), HCO3 (bicarbonate test), urinary K (potassium urine test), blood glucose, serum aldosterone, and 24 hour urinary Aldosterone. In the potassium test, a small sample of blood was collected. This was also the case for the hemoglobin test, hematocrit test, the platelet count test, the bicarbonate test, blood glucose, and serum……
American Heart Association (2020). Understanding Blood Pressure Readings. Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings
Davis, C.P. (2018). CT Scan vs. MRI Differences between Machines, Costs, Uses. Retrieved from https://www.medicinenet.com/ct_scan_vs_mri/article.htm
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Genetic testing is a term used to refer to some type of medical test carried out to identify changes in genes, chromosomes or proteins. It is also known as DNA testing as it helps to detect changes in chromosome structure or DNA sequence. Over the past few decades, this biotechnology has become more popular … in chromosome structure or DNA sequence. Over the past few decades, this biotechnology has become more popular to an extent that various genetic tests have emerged and expanded. Despite its popularity, genetic testing is associated with some risks and limitations including physical risks. Consequently, numerous arguments have been raised to support and disapprove the use of … of this biotechnology. This paper examines reasons for and against the use of this technology and provides a position statement.
Background of Genetic Testing
Genetic tests have become popular as they help to identify abnormalities linked to an……
Bertolotti, M. (2015, October). Opportunities, Risks, and Limitations of Genetic Testing: Looking to the Future from Patients’ Point of View. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 90(10), 1311-1313.
DeFilippis, E.M., Rehm, H., Cirino, A.L. & Lakdawala, N.K. (2018, September). The Lifespan of Genetic Testing. The American Journal of Medicine, 131(9), 991-992.
Glick, M. (2016, March). Genetic Testing. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 147(3), 157-159.
Zimmern, R.L. & Kroese, M. (2007, September). The Evaluation of Genetic Tests. Journal of Public Health, 29(3), 246-250.
… replaced (Jasey, 2019).
Finally, the DEP shall provide any necessary technical information necessary for the institutions to properly carry out the necessary tests. Further, the bill demands that every institution post the results of its tests on its official website within 30 days of the completion of such tests. Information to be posted on the website will include remedial actions the institution is taking or planning to take to correct any elevated … as a result of drinking lead contaminated water.
There is an urgent need for this bill to be fully enforced. Moreover, each test has to be done by a certified laboratory in line with best industry practice as well as the transparency needed for an exercise … of such public interest. The United States Environment Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) have guidelines on how such tests should be carried……
Hanna-Attisha, M., LaChance, J., Sadler, R. C., & Champney Schnepp, A. (2016). Elevated blood lead levels in children associated with the Flint drinking water crisis: a spatial analysis of risk and public health response. American journal of public health, 106(2), 283-290.( https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2015.303003 )
Jasey, N. (2019). Assembly Higher Education Hearing (19:00 1/17/2019 A-4866( https://www.billtrack50.com/BillDetail/918815 )
Kiefer, E. (2018). Newark Hands Out Thousands Of Lead Water Filters After Lawsuit ( https://patch.com/new-jersey/newarknj/newark-hands-out-thousands-lead-water-filters-after-lawsuit )
Leyden, L. (2018). A Water Crisis in Newark Brings New Worries ( https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/03/nyregion/newark-drinking-water-lead.html )
Panico, R. (2019). Newark Exceeds Lead Levels Again, Receives 3 Other Water Violations ( https://www.tapinto.net/towns/newark/articles/newark-exceeds-lead-levels-again-receives-3-other-water-violations )
Sax, S. (2018). HOW NEWARK GOT LEAD IN ITS WATER, AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE REST OF AMERICA. ( https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/yw7kyb/how-newark-got-lead-in-its-water-and-what-it-means-for-the-rest-of-america )
Sol, M. W. (2019). The lead in Newark’s drinking water has hit a \\\\'jaw dropping’ high level, tests show (NJ Advance Media for NJ.com) (https://www.nj.com/news/2019/01/the-lead-in-newarks-drinking-water-supply-has-hit-a-jaw-dropping-high-level-tests-show.html)
Wani, A. L., Ara, A., & Usmani, J. A. (2015). Lead toxicity: a review. Interdisciplinary toxicology, 8(2), 55-64.( https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4961898/ )
… birth. Early diagnosis allows for early treatment and thus increases the chances for a better and healthier living later in life. The three tests that are common for diagnosis of CF are;
i. Blood test – this test involves checking of the immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) in blood. This test is relevant because persons with CF has abnormally high levels of IRT in their blood.
ii. DNA test – because CF is a genetic disorder, it means there is a gene anomaly, which can be detected through DNA testing. A DNA test therefore looks for the abnormal gene in the CFTR gene.
iii. Sweat test – this test determines the level of salt(chloride) in sweat and a higher than normal measure is an indication of the possibility of CF.
In addition … of the possibility of CF.
In addition to the above three, CF can also be diagnosed in an……
Cystic fibrosis. U.S. National Library of Medicine, U.S. gov. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cystic-fibrosis . Published January 21, 2020. Accessed January 24, 2020
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… promotion is to positively influence the health behavior of communities and individuals. There have been increased efforts for cervical cancer screening using PAP tests, which have led to the declining mortality rates, especially in the developed countries like the United States (Abboud et al., 2017). However, this … that they can detect the cancer early and undergo treatment if it is detected. The reasons leading to the women not undergoing the tests should be established and solutions developed to ensure that the health of these women is promoted and they too can have better health … the issues faced by middle eastern women in their attempt to access treatment and the reason why they do not undergo PAP smear tests. This will offer vital information that can be used to develop solutions that will be culturally sensitive and acceptable to the women. We … late. For the sexual health……
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Ali, S., Skirton, H., Clark, M. T., & Donaldson, C. (2017). Integrative review of cervical cancer screening in Western Asian and Middle Eastern Arab countries. Nursing & health sciences, 19(4), 414-426.
Endeshaw, M., Clarke, T., Senkomago, V., & Saraiya, M. (2018). Cervical cancer screening among women by birthplace and percent of lifetime living in the United States. Journal of lower genital tract disease, 22(4), 280-287.
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Vahabi, M., & Lofters, A. (2016). Muslim immigrant women’s views on cervical cancer screening and HPV self-sampling in Ontario, Canada. BMC public health, 16(1), 868.
Ziaei, T., Farahmand Rad, H., Rezaei Aval, M., & Roshandel, G. (2017). The relationship between Sexual self-concept and sexual function in women of reproductive age referred to health centers in Gorgan, North East of Iran. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 5(3), 969-977.
-Provide an example of a hypothesis where a one-tailed hypothesis
test would be used.
An example of a one-tailed test is testing the claim that the mean score of the gender male is higher than the scores of the gender female in public institutions.
-Provide … male is higher than the scores of the gender female in public institutions.
-Provide an example of a hypothesis where a two-tailed hypothesis
test would be used.
An example in this case is testing the claim that the mean scores between the gender male and the female are different in public high schools in the United States.
… female are different in public high schools in the United States.
-If a researcher has set alpha at 0.05 for a two-tailed hypothesis test,
what is the p-value required to reject the null hypothesis?
The null hypothesis is rejected when the p-value is less than or……
… and fatigue, headache, muscle aches, and fever. In as far as diagnosis is concerned, a physical exam is in most cases conducted alongside tests. There are various tests that could be used in influenza diagnosis. These could be inclusive of the rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs).
From the onset, it is important to note that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2016), … viral nucleoprotein antigens in respiratory specimens, and display the result in a qualitative way (positive vs. negative).” As CDC further points out, these tests are commercially available in the U.S. Examples of RIDTs could be inclusive of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and immunochromatographic tests. Due to their rapidity (i.e. rapidly available results) and ease of use, RIDTs are in most instances deployed at the point-of-care.
During … which RIDTs yield results is largely relevant from a clinical perspective. However, as……
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At the end of the 19th century, the first hearing aids were developed. A century later, the very first cochlear implants were being tested. The cochlear implant, also known as the Bionic Ear, was pioneered in development by Professor Graeme Clark in Australia (1960s) and first successfully ……
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