Standardized Test Essays (Examples)


Study Document Study Document

Educational Assessments Fairness Constructs And Ethics

Pages: 1 (323 words) Sources: 1 Document Type:Essay Document #:26368681

Fairness is a term commonly used but rarely understood, critiqued, or analyzed. When used in relation to educational test, the concept of fairness is also cluttered by the conflicting evidence supporting the construct validity of assessments or the reliability of those assessments … validity of assessments or the reliability of those assessments for a diverse population. When consequential validity is also called into question, then educational test itself becomes a quagmire. Yet teachers do need assessments to gauge student learning, or to provide students with the educational resources they need … student learning, or to provide students with the educational resources they need to thrive. Consequential validity refers to the ways educators use assessments, standardized or not (Denner, Norman & Lin, 2009). Teachers unfamiliar with the concept of consequential validity may be acting unfairly without knowing, causing harm … social justice. When teachers administer assessments, they should take great care……



Denner, P., Norman, A. & Shu-Yuan Lin. Fairness and consequential validity of teacher work samples. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability 21 (2009): 235-254.


Study Document Study Document

Career Counseling

Pages: 8 (2777 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:22553329

… we work, but we also need to adapt those lesson plans and be flexible in our approach to education. Pressured to teach for standardized test and assessments, teachers are often constrained in what they do and rarely feel we are reaching our potential or helping students do the … of the resources available to students, including resources for special populations. I also want to help students understand themselves better, by using personality test and not just making assumptions based on their body language or behavior. Especially in high school, teenagers can be guarded in front of ……



Holland, J.L., Johnston, J.A. & Asama, F. (1994). More evidence for the relationship between Holland’s personality types and personality variables. Journal of Career Assessment 2(4): 331-340.

“Holland’s Six Personality Types.” Career Key. Retrieved online: 

Occupational Information Network (ONet, 2017). Website; 

Rogers, M.E. & Creed, P.A. (2011). A longitudinal examination of adolescent career planning and exploration using a social cognitive career theory framework. Journal of Adolescence 34(1): 163-172.

Rogers, M.E., Creed, P.A. & Glendon, A.I. (2008). The role of personality in adolescent career planning and exploration: A social cognitive perspective. Journal of Vocational Behavior 73(1): 132-142.

Savickas, M.L. (2004). The theory and practice of career construction. In Career Development and Counseling. John Wiley.

Walsh, B. W., & Holland, J. L. (1992). A theory of personality types and work environments. In W. B. Walsh, K. H. Craik, & R. H. Price (Eds.), Person–environment psychology: Models and perspectives (pp. 35-69). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Study Document Study Document

To Chief Diversity Office

Pages: 6 (1725 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Memorandum Document #:80199723

...Standardized test To: Chief Diversity Office
From: Higher Education Consultant
Date: 19th March 2019
Subject: Institutional-wide diversity and inclusion strategic plans
Part 1:
1. Harvard University
Harvard University is evidently a diverse institution that valued diversity and inclusion. At Harvard, the administrators, faculty, staff, and students representing various races, interests, ages, and backgrounds come to pursue their common goals (, 2019). Harvard works towards providing an environment that promotes inclusiveness of culture and racial diversity. The assistant to the Harvard University President has an office whose mission is to deliver a sustained and wholesome effort towards the development, advancement, and coordination of inclusive excellence, equal opportunity, and diversity (, 2019). At Harvard employees get equal opportunity notwithstanding their race or gender. Labor organizations, employment agencies, educational institutions, local governments, and private employers’ applicants and employees get protection against discrimination from federal laws.
The mission of the office of the Harvard University’s assistant……


References (2019). Diversity and Inclusion. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from

Harvard University (2019). Mission Statement, Office of the Assistant to the President Institutional Diversity and Equity. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from 

Harvard University (2016). Pursuing Excellence on a Foundation of Inclusion, Harvard University Presidential Task Force on Inclusion and Belonging. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from belonging_task_force_final_report_full_web_180327.pdf

The Guardian (2019). Cambridge University\\\\'s poor diversity record highlighted by report. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from diversity-highlighted-by-report

University of Cambridge (2019). Equality, diversity and inclusion, Student wellbeing. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from and-inclusion

University of Oxford (2018). University of Oxford Strategic Plan. Retrieved 19 March, 2019 from 23.pdf

Walpole, M. B. (2003). Socioeconomic Status and College: How SES Affects College Experiences and Outcomes. The Review of Higher Education, 27, 1, 45-73. 


Study Document Study Document

Clinical Informatics

Pages: 11 (3264 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Essay Document #:78574553

… retrieve or make sense of that data. One EBP to consider is the practice of mapping clinical terms to terminologies that have been standardized to help nurses better understand how to use information (Effken et al., 2016). Elsayed et al. (2017) posit that an informatics competency should … of promoting health literacy as a means of preventive medicine. Still, this requires an informatics competency that is not as of yet being standardized in nurse education.
Nurses using clinical informatics still have to be careful, however, with respect to how information is shared. The Privacy Act … that the patient is at risk (Kharbanda et al., 2018).
EMR-linked clinical decision support can also facilitate the decision process for ordering diagnostic test for patients. Too much test can be a waste of time, energy and resources and it can cause strain on the patient’s health. It is far better to ………



Cho, O. M., Kim, H., Lee, Y. W., & Cho, I. (2016). Clinical alarms in intensive care units: Perceived obstacles of alarm management and alarm fatigue in nurses. Healthcare informatics research, 22(1), 46-53.

Effken, J., Weaver, C., Cochran, K., Androwich, I., & O’Brien, A. (2016). Toward a central repository for sharing nursing informatics’ best practices. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 34(6), 245-246.

Elsayed, W. A., Hussein, F. M., & Othman, W. N. (2017). Relation between nursing informatics competency and nurses’ attitude toward evidence-based practice among qualified nurses at Mansoura Oncology Center. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 7(6), 26-33.

Drolet, B. C., Marwaha, J. S., Hyatt, B., Blazar, P. E., & Lifchez, S. D. (2017). Electronic communication of protected health information: privacy, security, and HIPAA compliance. The Journal of hand surgery, 42(6), 411-416.

Haupeltshofer, A., Egerer, V., & Seeling, S. (2020). Promoting health literacy: What potential does nursing informatics offer to support older adults in the use of technology? A scoping review. Health Informatics Journal, 1460458220933417.

Kharbanda, E. O., Asche, S. E., Sinaiko, A. R., Ekstrom, H. L., Nordin, J. D., Sherwood, N. E., & O’Connor, P. (2018). Clinical decision support for recognition and management of hypertension: a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 141(2).

Khezri, H., & Abdekhoda, M. (2019). Assessing nurses’ informatics competency and identifying its related factors. Journal of Research in Nursing, 24(7), 529-538.

Kleib, M., & Nagle, L. (2018). Factors associated with Canadian nurses\\\\\\\\\\\\' informatics competency. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 36(8), 406-415.


Study Document Study Document

Incident Command System ICS

Pages: 9 (2818 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:51934248

Introduction to the Incident Command System (ICS)
The Incident Command System (ICS) is a standardized organization model or method for incident response and management during disasters. The system is made up of standard management and leadership hierarchy procedures, … Roberts (2001) identified shifting of authority as need arises, the structuring mechanisms with role switching, and system resetting as the disaster response requires; standardized rules, tools, and routines maintenance; and deployment of reliable management methods as the major factors responsible for ICS model’s success. Cardwell and Cooney … as the major factor that leads to ICS application across and within agencies and organizations.
ICS has two major pros that include a standardized leadership structure within and among disaster response teams and external partners, and predetermined external and internal alignments. People with basic training on ICS … ICS deployment, the varied Corps schedules allowed for informal successful practices dissemination. For instance, two……



AmeriCorps St. Louis. (2016). “Missouri Winter Flooding 2016.” Retrieved from https://www.

Buck, Dick A., Joseph E. Trainor, and Benigno E. Aguirre. (2006). “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 3(3).

Bigley, Gregory A. and Karlene H. Roberts. (2001). “The Incident Command System: High-Reliability Organizing for Complex and Volatile Task Environments.” Academy of Management Journal, 44(6): 1281-1299.

Butterfield, Karen. (2016, January 21). “AmeriCorps Helping Flood Victims Find Place to Stay.” The Missourian. Retrieved from

Cardwell, Michael D. and Patrick T. Cooney. (2000). “Nationwide Application of the Incident Command System: Standardization Is the Key.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 69.10: 10-16.

Cole, Dana. (2000). The Incident Command System: A 25-Year Evaluation by California Practitioners. National Fire Academy.

Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS). (2014). “Disaster Response Framework.” Retrieved from  Disaster%20Response%20Framework.pdf.

Dynes, Russell Rowe. (1970). Organized Behavior in Disaster. Lexington, MA: Heath Lexington.


Study Document Study Document

Assessment Activity Language Assessment

Pages: 6 (1926 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:97194304

… creation of educational programs, and the identification of pupils who require specific services. For deaf and hard hearing learners, participating in meaningful education test is a multifaceted and complex process (Pizzo & Chilvers, 2019). Assessments that are done well will support growth and learning, while poorly and … deaf and hard of hearing learners, namely Arizona™-4: Arizona Articulation and Phonology Scale™ Fourth Revision, The American Sign Language Proficiency Assessment (ASL-PA), and test for Auditory Comprehension of Language—Fourth Edition (TACL-4).
Report 1: Arizona Articulation and Phonology Scale™, Fourth Revision
? Name of test: Arizona™-4: Arizona Articulation and Phonology Scale™, Fourth Revision
? Author(s): Fudala, Janet Barker, and Stegall, Sheri
? Publisher's Name and Address: Western Psychological … Services. 625 Alaska Avenue, Torrance, CA 90503-5124; Telephone: 800-648-8857; FAX: 424-201-6950; E-mail: [email protected]; Web:
? Date of Publication: 2017
? Purpose of test: The primary purpose of this assessment tool is to……



Bond, L. A. (1996). Norm-and criterion-referenced testing. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 5(1), 2.

Carrow-Woolfolk, E. (2014). Test for auditory comprehension of language (4th ed.). Austin, TX: PRO-ED.

Carrow-Woolfolk, E., & Allen, E. A. (2014). TEXL: Test of expressive language. Austin, TX: PRO-ED.

Fudala, J.B. & Stegall, S. (2017). Arizona-4: Arizona Articulation and Phonology Scale, Fourth Revision. Western Psychological Services.

Fudala, J.B. (2000). Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale (3rd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Haug, T. (2005). Review of sign language assessment instruments. Sign Language & Linguistics, 8(1-2), 61-98.

Maller, S., Singleton, J., Supalla, S., & Wix, T. (1999).  The development and psychometric properties of the American Sign Language Proficiency Assessment (ASL-PA). Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 4(4), 249-269.

Pizzo, L., & Chilvers, A. (2019). Assessment of Language and Literacy in Children Who Are d/Deaf and Hard of Hearing. Education Sciences, 9(3), 223.


Study Document Study Document

Social Skills Training With Autism In Secondary Classroom

Pages: 10 (3100 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Research Proposal Document #:23519150

… now been advocating for the use of evidence-based practices. Evidence-based practices are those that require professionals to seek and take into account the test and most authoritative research and combine it with their special expertise to offer patients quality treatment that also considers the patient’s preferences, culture, … teaching strategy utilized, and whether there is direct parental involvement.
Data Analysis
A statistical analysis utilizing STATA 14 will be done. The standardized mean difference and 95 percent CI (confidence interval) for every outcome will be utilized as the summary statistic. Post treatment outcomes for the … utilized as the summary statistic. Post treatment outcomes for the treatment and for the delayed groups shall be compared for every study. The standardized mean difference shall be interpreted as small, moderate, and large for the following values respectively, 0.20-0.50, 0.50-0.80, and 0.80-1.30 (Cohen, 2013). They shall ……



Adams, C., Lockton, E., Freed, J., Gaile, J., Earl, G., McBean, K., ... & Law, J. (2012). The Social Communication Intervention Project: a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of speech and language therapy for school?age children who have pragmatic and social communication problems with or without autism spectrum disorder. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 47(3), 233-244.

Adams, C., Lockton, E., Freed, J., Gaile, J., Earl, G., McBean, K., Nash, M., Green, J., Vail, A., and Law, J. (2011). An evidence-based program for school, & aged children: Social communication intervention project. Research report. Uppsala: Inst.

American Psychological Association (APA) (2006). Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology. American Psychologist, 61(4), 271–285. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.61.4.271

Cohen, J. (2013). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Routledge.

Egger, M., Smith, G. D., Schneider, M., & Minder, C. (1997). Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test. Bmj, 315(7109), 629-634.

Higgins, J. P., & Green, S. (Eds.). (2011). Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions (Vol. 4). John Wiley & Sons.

Hutchins, N. S., Burke, M. D., Bowman-Perrott, L., Tarlow, K. R., & Hatton, H. (2019). The Effects of Social Skills Interventions for Students With EBD and ASD: A Single-Case Meta-Analysis. Behavior modification, 0145445519846817.

Radley, K. C., O’Handley, R. D., & Sabey, C. V. (2017). Social Skills Training for Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder. In Handbook of Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder (pp. 231-254). Springer, Cham.


Study Document Study Document

Pediatric Nursing And Gastroenteritis

Pages: 11 (3217 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Case Study Document #:91020805

… keep evolving. There are new management strategies and treatments proposed every day. Some of the proposals could be controversial. New approaches are being test for fast rehydration using intravenous fluids. There have been several assessments of the severity of dehydration and consequent computation of fluid deficits in … for once, be viewed by the children as a good development to help their condition. However, play is not just playing; there are standardized games that target specific responses and……



Campos, M. C., Rodrigues, K. C. S., & Pinto, M. C. M. (2010). Evaluation of the behavior of the pre-school one just admitted in the unit of pediatrics and the use of the therapeutic toy. Einstein (São Paulo), 8(1), 10-17.

Caplin, D., & Cooper, M. (2007). Child development for inpatient medicine. In Comprehensive pediatric hospital medicine (pp. 1285-1292). Mosby.

Emde, R. N., & Harmon, R. J. (Eds.). (2012). Continuities and discontinuities in development. Springer Science & Business Media.

Hockenberry, M. J., & Wilson, D. (2019). Wong\\\\\\\\\\\\'s nursing care of infants and children E-book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Koukourikos, K., Tzeha, L., Pantelidou, P., & Tsaloglidou, A. (2015). The Importance of Play during Hospitalization of Children. Materia socio-medica, 27(6), 438–441. 

Li, W. H., Chung, J. O. K., Ho, K. Y., & Kwok, B. M. C. (2016). Play interventions to reduce anxiety and negative emotions in hospitalized children. BMC pediatrics, 16(1), 36.

National Collaborating Centre for Women\\\\\\\\\\\\'s and Children\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Health; UK. (2009). Diarrhea and vomiting caused by gastroenteritis: diagnosis, assessment, and management in children younger than 5 years.

Improve your studying and writing skills

We have over 150,000+ study documents to help you.

Join thousands of other students and

"spark your studies".