Research Essays (Examples)


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Swapping The Studio Based Pedagogy For Online Learning

Pages: 6 (1926 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:33333539

… that suggests design educators need to adapt their pedagogy and embrace the digital online interactions approach to design education. The arguments from the research are sufficient to show that students are digital natives and want education that embraces their digital awareness and allows them to utilize digital ……



Fleischmann, K. (2013). Big Bang Technology: What's Next in Design Education, Radical Innovation or Incremental Change?. Journal of Learning Design, 6(3), 1-17.

Justice, L. (2019). The Future of Design Education. Design Management Review, 30(1), 33-37.

Mayadas, A. F., Bourne, J., & Bacsich, P. (2009). Online education today.  Science, 323(5910), 85-89.

Souleles, N. (2015). Elearning in art and design: the elephant in the room. In 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (pp. 6659-6665).

Vaughan, S., Austerlitz, N., Blythman, M., Grove-White, A., Jones, B. A., Jones, C. A.,... & Shreeve, A. (2008). Mind the gap: Expectations, ambiguity and pedagogy within art and design higher education. In The student experience in art and design higher education: Drivers for change (pp. 125-148). Jill Rogers Associates Limited.


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Web 2 0 And Online Studio Education

Pages: 6 (1931 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:53632130

… the pedagogy is neglected as it encourages open spaces for learning and communication, which therefore enhances the entire educational process (Nottingham, 2014). A research conducted on the graphic design studio shows that there is a massive difference between how education is perceived in traditional studio education and ……



Bender, D. M. (2006). Using Online Education Technologies to Support Studio Instruction. Educational Technology and Society.

Kurt, S. (2009). An analytic study on the traditional studio environments and the use of the constructivist studio in the architectural design education. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 401-408.

Loannao, O. (2018). Opening up design studio education using blended and networked formats. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education.

Nottingham, A. (2014). Reshaping design education: teaching graphic design online and onsite. The University of Melbourne.

Pasin, B. (2017). Rethinking the Design Studio-Centered Architectural Education. A Case Study at Schools of Architecture in Turkey. The Design Journal.

Siddiqi, A. A. (2002). ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN STUDIO PROJECTS AND THE CHARADES OF CURRICULUM. The 6th Saudi Engineering Conference, KFUPM. Architecture Department, College of Environmental Design, KFUPM Dhahran.


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How Men And Women Experience Leisure Differently

Pages: 6 (1726 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:19503162

… to engage in leisure in the same way that men do.
The point that Codina and Pestana (2019) make stems from their own research into this issue. Their argument comes from the findings of their own study of nearly 900 male and female participants, in which they … unnecessary. Men and women need to realize now more than ever that they serve complementary roles—not necessarily the same roles. The focus of researchers should be on how the two genders can complement one another rather than on how one gender is getting more advantages than the … how the two genders can complement one another rather than on how one gender is getting more advantages than the other.
In conclusion, research into the leisure gap has shown that men and women experience leisure differently. Moreover when there is gender equality, equal leisure time among ……



Balish, S. M., Deaner, R. O., Rathwell, S., Rainham, D., & Blanchard, C. (2016). Gender equality predicts leisure-time physical activity: Benefits for both sexes across 34 countries. Cogent Psychology, 3(1), 1174183.

Codina, N., & Pestana, J. V. (2019). Time Matters Differently in Leisure Experience for Men and Women: Leisure Dedication and Time Perspective. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(14), 2513.

Dallmeyer, S., Wicker, P., & Breuer, C. (2017). How an aging society affects the economic costs of inactivity in Germany: empirical evidence and projections. European review of aging and physical activity, 14(1), 18.

Goldhill, O. (2018). Scientific research shows gender is not just a social construct. Retrieved from 

Porter, J. (2014). The gender leisure gap: Why women are losing their time to just chill out. Retrieved from

Vadum, M. (2020). Transgender Trailblazer Legally Reclaims Original Sex. Retrieved from 


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How To Use Employee Referrals To Increase Workforce But Still Be

Pages: 10 (3022 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:50167640

How to Use Referrals to Identify Diverse Candidates for a Job
Table of Contents
Introduction 2
Research Findings 3
Theoretical Framework 4
Findings of Literature Research 6
Case 8
Conclusion 11
Bibliography 12
As Frank (2018) points out, over 33% of all US employees obtained their job with … search strategies like deliberately asking for diverse referrals or even for leads instead of referrals can help reduce the risk of non-diverse hires.
Research Findings
The theory used to assess the findings for this research was agency theory, which is used to explain the relationship between agents and principles. The theory helps one to understand the limitations of … good agent for the organization and assist HR in identifying diverse candidates who will meet the needs of the company.
Findings of Literature Research
Frank (2018) shows that HR must determine the relationship between the referring source and the referral so……



Bussin, M., & Christos, D. (2018). Blind hiring not as crazy as it sounds. HR Future,  2018(Sep 2018), 36-39.

CBS News (2017). Retrieved from 

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.

Frank, L. (2018). How to Use Employee Referrals Without Giving Up Workplace Diversity. Retrieved from 

Jensen, M., & Meckling, W. (1976) Theory of the firm: Man- agerial behavior, agency costs, and ownership structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3, 305-360.

Larcker, D. F., & Tayan, B. (2017). Governance Gone Wild: Epic Misbehavior at Uber Technologies. Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Closer Look Series: Topics, Issues and Controversies in Corporate Governance No. CGRP-70, 18-3.

Payscale. (2018). Retrieved from s

ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from


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Domestic Extremism And Terrorism

Pages: 12 (3640 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:16554681

Proud Boys vs Antifa War of Words
Introduction and Research Question
When it comes to domestic extremism, there are groups on both the Right and the Left of the socio-political spectrum in America. … to stop their spread overall since they naturally feed upon one another and the invective that they both communicate.
To answer the research questions, it has been shown that Antifa and Proud Boys are essentially two sides of the same coin. Both represent the extreme sides … by a three-pronged approach using a public health method, governmental collaboration, and a change in laws regarding the expression of polarizing views. Future research for scholars should focus on how……



Breger, M. L. (2017). Reforming by re-norming: How the legal system has the potential to change a toxic culture of domestic violence. J. Legis., 44, 170.

Beinart, P. (2017). The rise of the violent left. Retrieved from 

Brockhoff, S., Krieger, T. & Meierrieks, D. (2014). Great expectations and hard times: the (nontrivial) impact of education on domestic terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 59(7), 1186-1215.

Brown, D. (2017). Proud boys founder. Retrieved from p

Cramer, E. P., Choi, Y. J., & Ross, A. I. (2017). Race, Culture, and Abuse of Persons with Disabilities. In Religion, Disability, and Interpersonal Violence (pp. 89-110). Springer, Cham.

Dalgaard-Nielsen, A. (2016). Countering violent extremism with governance networks. Perspectives on Terrorism, 10(6), 135-139.

DeCook, J. R. (2018). Memes and symbolic violence:# proudboys and the use of memes for propaganda and the construction of collective identity. Learning, Media and Technology, 43(4), 485-504.

Doyle, E. (Ed.). (2018). Antifa and the Radical Left. Greenhaven Publishing LLC.


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Competitive Advantage And Operations Management

Pages: 8 (2415 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:99381670

… related to whether the purchase is a high-involvement purchase or a low-involvement purchase. A high involvement purchase would involve significantly more time and research than might be the case for a low involvement purchase. Therefore, the amount of research, consideration and time that one would take for this pair of shoes will be dependent on whether the consumer views this purchase as … shoes for me to wear even if I buy many other amazing pairs of shoes over the coming years. I would, however, also research the price. Not only would I try to find the design I wanted online, but also shop around a bit to get the … paying that the shoes will be of exceptional quality. If there were any doubts on that front I would choose another brand to research that I can trust. So I am looking for a design that can take……



Deshmukh, G. & Das, R. (2012) Consumer buying behaviour for high involvement products. Asian Journal of Management. Vol. 3 (3) 153-157.

Halton, C. (2019) Credence good. Investopedia. Retrieved March 26, 2020 from

Interbrand (2019) Best global brands. Interbrand Retrieved March 26, 2020 from

QSR (2017) The QSR Top 50. QSR Magazine. Retrieved March 26, 2020 from 

QuickMBA (2010) The value chain. Retrieved March 26, 2020 from 

Zhang, B. (2018) The 10 best airlines to fly in North America. Business Insider. Retrieved March 26, 2020 from 


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Governments Procurement Methods In Integrated Public Service

Pages: 8 (2291 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:45996468

… are conflicting views regarding the process of negotiation, participation by the public and private financiers, and accountability. In recent days, a lot of research has been focusing on the implementation of PPPs. The Public-Private Partnership programs have been put to use in both developed and developing countries.
… and many have been adopted or tried. There are also case studies that have been widely used elsewhere. These initiatives have stimulated further research in PPPs. The result has been the development of new PPP models, frameworks, issues to do with concession, project financing, risk management, allocation, … While there have been numerous efforts to streamline PPPs, efforts to streamline their framework have been random.
Further, the development trends of PPP research are still unclear. There has been some research to establish the trends by analysis of the content of popular construction magazines, but the researchers still have little to show……



Duff, V. (2020). What is organizational integration? Retrieved from 

Friedman, S. (2016). Successful public/private partnerships from principles to practices. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute.

Ma, L., Li, J., Jin, R., &Ke, Y. (2019). A holistic review of public-private partnership literature published between 2008 and 2018. Advances in Civil Engineering. Retrieved from 

PrivacySense. (2016). Public sector. Retrieved from 

Reddy, C. (2016). Staff training: Importance, benefits, advantages, and disadvantages. Retrieved from 

Sekhri, N., Feachem, R., & Ni, A. (2011). Public-private integrated partnerships demonstrate the potential to improve health care access, quality, and efficiency. Health Affairs, 30(8).


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Nike S Colin Kaepernick Ad Campaign

Pages: 7 (2187 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:13776078

...Research Nike
Executive Summary
Nike’s decision to tap into “woke culture” and turn the out of work former NFL quarter Colin Kaepernick into a brand ambassador has been a controversial one since the sportswear company launched its Colin ad campaign in 2018. This paper discusses the strategic issue underlying Nike’s controversial campaign and shows how it was intended to leverage “woke culture” and gain competitive advantage in an industry that had largely stayed quiet on socio-political issues. This paper provides an external analysis, internal analysis, and financial analysis before addressing the strategic issue. Alternatives are also discussed along with a recommendation and an implementation plan. Before beginning, background information on Nike is provided here below.
Company Vision/Mission
Nike’s Vision is to “to bring inspiration and innovation to every athlete in the world.” Its mission is to create “groundbreaking sport innovations, by making our products more sustainably, by building a creative and diverse global……



About Nike. (2020). Retrieved from 

Bartash, J. (2020). Apple’s Covid-19 warning. Retrieved from 

Delventhal, S. (2019). Nike facing challenging dynamics. Retrieved from 

Freberg, K., Graham, K., McGaughey, K., & Freberg, L. A. (2011). Who are the social media influencers? A study of public perceptions of personality. Public Relations Review, 37(1), 90-92.

Neikirk, T. (2019). Nike sales are again way up. Retrieved from 

Nusser, S., Mahle, I., & Pätzmann, J. U. (2015). How Social Commerce Communication can support Brand Loyalty: An Analysis of Nike‘s Efforts in Facebook Community Management. Markenbrand, (4/2015), 48-57.

Oyedele, A. (2018). Nike surges. Retrieved from 

Storey, G. (2019). Nike and the importance of meaningful brand values. Retrieved from


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Individual Self Esteem Growth And Development

Pages: 4 (1244 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:45484325

...Research Development of Self-Esteem
As self-aware and self-reflective beings, numerous individuals instinctively identify the significance of self-esteem. Self-esteem is, therefore, more of perception instead of a reality. It alludes to an individual’s belief regarding whether one is whether appealing or competent, and it does not necessarily mean anything regarding whether the individual is appealing and competent. Conventionally, the majority of people consider self-esteem to be significant. It is hard, in not intolerable, for people to continue being unconcerned to information that impacts their self-esteem, for instance, being told that they are stupid, ugly, or deceitful. An escalation or decline in self-esteem usually generates significant emotional responses. Furthermore, these changes are usually corresponding with key successes and failures experienced in life. Therefore, self-esteem facilitates happiness, greater performances, and also improved standards of living.
By Maslow (1943), the actions of human beings are motivated to accomplish particular needs. Maslow delineates five various levels……



Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1), 1–44.

Cosentino, B. W. (2020). Loving Yourself. How to raise your self-esteem.

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370.

Robinson, R. B., & Frank, D. I. (1994). The relation between self-esteem, sexual activity, and pregnancy. Adolescence, 29(113), 27–35.

Watts, R. (2015). Adler’s individual psychology: The original positive psychology. REVISTA DE PSICOTERAPIA, 26 (102) 123-131.


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Walmart Total Rewards Program

Pages: 6 (1754 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:73393007

...Research Total Rewards Program
Introduction & Purpose
With greater understanding of how key business objectives like employee attraction, retention and motivation contribute to overall business outcomes, human resources departments have been challenged with expanding their scope, and looking at the total rewards experiences of their companies’ employees. When the links between business strategy, people strategy and total rewards are mapped out, it becomes apparent that getting the right workers into the right jobs requires a comprehensive total rewards strategy (Kaplan, 2007). This paper will set out a total rewards program for Walmart, focused on the front line workers who work in the retail stores and make up the majority of the companies 2 million workforce. The distinction here has to be made between the front line retail workers and workers in other parts of the business, who might have more specialized skillsets and for whom the total rewards program might look……



Group Dentistry Now (2019) Walmart introduces first-ever health center, which includes a comprehensive dental clinic. Group Dentistry Now. Retrieved May 7, 2020 from 

Hiles, A. (2009) Tough times demand focus – total rewards strategy. Benefits Quarterly. Vol. 25 (4) 44-47.

Kaplan, S. (2005) Total rewards in action: Developing a total rewards strategy. Benefits & Compensation Digest. Retrieved May 7, 2020 from

Kaplan, S. (2007) Business strategy, people strategy and total rewards. Benefits & Compensation Digest. Retrieved May 7, 2020 from 

Meyersohn, N. (2019) Walmart will recruit high school students with free SAT prep and $1 a day college tuition. CNN Business. Retrieved May 7, 2020 from

Rumpel, S. & Medcof, J. (2006) Total rewards: Good fit for tech workers. Research Technology Management. Retrieved May 7, 2020 from

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