Research Methodology Essays (Examples)


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Understanding The Value Of Qualitative Research

Pages: 6 (1754 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:52738822

Understanding the Value of Qualitative research
Qualitative research have a number of different research strategies available to them, including case studies, phenomenology, grounded theory and ethnography. Each of these research strategies has its respective strengths and weaknesses, but ethnography in particular represents a special challenge since it seeks to learn more about a … insider. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to identify and describe and benefits of ethnographical research as a strategy for developing a better understanding concerning the lived experiences of others. A critique of Dr. Loïc Wacquant’s ethnographical work and … Loïc Wacquant’s ethnographical work and a discussion concerning its implications for social change are followed by a description concerning the potential impact of research in supporting positive social change through public policy in the paper’s conclusion.
Review and Discussion
Role of the qualitative research
The role of the……



Abrahams, M. (2011, March 10). Boxing proves a hit for French sociologist. The Guardian. Retrieved from .

Asselin, M. E. (2009, March-April). Insider research: Issues to consider when doing qualitative research in your own setting. Nurses in Professional Development, 19(2), 99-103.

Burress, C. (2003, December 8). UC’s ‘boxing sociologist’ / Combative French professor spent 3 years in ring. SFGate. Retrieved from .

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Retrieved from 

Ishioka, T. (2015, March). How can one be a boxer?: Pain and pleasure in a Manila boxing camp. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 24(1), 92-105.

Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches, 5th ed. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Wacquant, L. (2011). Habitus as topic and tool: Reflections on becoming a prizefighter. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 8(1), 81-92.


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Discriminating Between Phenomenology And Grounded Theory Qualitative

Pages: 7 (2226 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Case Study Document #:86692193

Phenomenology and Grounded Theory Approaches
Both phenomenology and grounded theory are commonly used approaches to qualitative research in the social sciences. While grounded theory and phenomenology can sometimes be used simultaneously in ways that “slur” or “blur” the distinction between … sciences. While grounded theory and phenomenology can sometimes be used simultaneously in ways that “slur” or “blur” the distinction between multiple qualitative methods, research in education should ultimately focus their attention on the best method for exploring single, focused research questions and their real-world applications (Baker, Wuest, & Stern, 1992, p. 1355). Grounded theory has been described as a “practical method for conducting … questions and their real-world applications (Baker, Wuest, & Stern, 1992, p. 1355). Grounded theory has been described as a “practical method for conducting research” that shows how people construct meaning about their social world (Suddaby, 2006, p. 633). Therefore, grounded theory is sociological in origin……



Baker, C., Wuest, J., & Stern, P. N. (1992). Method slurring: the grounded theory/phenomenology example. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17(11), 1355–1360.doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1992.tb01859.x 

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. eBook.

Norton, S.M. (2013). A phenomenological investigation into the self-efficacy beliefs of teachers who have presisted in the teaching profession. Liberty University Dissertation.

Starks, H., & Brown Trinidad, S. (2007). Choose Your Method: A Comparison of Phenomenology, Discourse Analysis, and Grounded Theory. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1372–1380.doi:10.1177/1049732307307031 

Suddaby, R. (2006). From the Editors: What Grounded Theory is Not. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 633–642.doi:10.5465/amj.2006.22083020 

Wimpenny, P. & Gass, J. (2001). Interviewing in phenomenology and grounded theory: is there a difference? Journal of Advanced Nursing 31(6): 1485-1492.

Yalof, B. (2014). Marshaling resources. The Grounded Theory Review 13(1).


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Effect Of Training And Re Education On Employee Performance

Pages: 8 (2326 words) Sources: 11 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:51360721

… increase activity that is linked with general performance requirements of the staff and the organization in its entirety.
The main objective of the research is to determine whether training and education influences employee performance in organizations.
Executive Summary
The main objective of this report is to investigate … efficacy levels of employees and their advancement through training are fundamental factors in ascertaining long-standing profitability and endurance in organizational performances. Based on research undertaken by Becker, Huselid and Beatty (2009), in order to retain quality members of staff necessitates a company to invest in the development … meet objectives. In recent times, training, education and development of employees has become a pivotal component within organizations. The main objective of the research report is to determine whether training and education influences employee performance in organizations. The sub-objectives of the study will include the following:
1. … meet the training objectives



Becker, B. E., Huselid, M. A., & Beatty, R. W. (2009). The differentiated workforce: Translating talent into strategic impact. Harvard Business Press.

Brayfield, A.H. and Crockett, W.H. (1955). Employee attitudes and employee performance. Psychological bulletin, 52(5), p.396.

Dessler, G. and Varrkey, B. (2005). Human Resource Management, 15e. India: Pearson Education India.

Falola, H.O., Osibanjo, A.O. and Ojo, I.S. (2014). Effectiveness of training and development on employees' performance and organisation competitiveness in the nigerian banking industry. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of bra?ov, 7(1), p.161.

Halidu, S.G. (2015). The Impact of Training and Development on Workers’ Productivity. Review Public Administration Management, 3(160).

Keep, E. (2014). Corporate training strategies: the vital component? New Perspectives, pp.109-125.

Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Age International.

Lussier, R. N. (2010). Human relations in organizations: Applications and skill building. McGraw-Hill.


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Families Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Pages: 7 (2023 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:27788997

… quality of life, family burden, poorer psychological wellbeing, financial stress, under/unemployment, and poorer physical and mental health (Zuckerman, Lindly, Bethell & Kuhlthau, 2014).

research Context

As evident in the background information, families of children with autism face challenges relating to childcare patterns and issues brought by complexities … the study will be carried out among families of preschool children with ASD to understand their experiences, childcare patterns, and issues. Qualitative survey research is based on ethnography, which is the study of the behaviors, perceptions, and interactions that take place within organizations, teams, communities, and groups … the views and experiences of families of preschool children with ASD will provide rich, holistic insights on this issue, help in answering the research questions, and address the gap in existing literature. 

For data collection, the research will conduct observations and interviews on a group of families of children with autism spectrum disorders.……



Coogle, C.G., Guerette, A.R. & Hanline, M.F 2013. Early Intervention Experiences of Families with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Qualitative Pilot Study. Early Childhood Research & Practice, vol. 15, no. 1. Viewed 7 August 2019,

Forest, E.J., Horner, R.H., Lewis-Palmer, T. & Todd, A.W 2004. Transitions for Young Children with Autism from Preschool to Kindergarten. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, vol. 6, no. 2, pp.103-112.

Jansen, H 2010. The Logic of Qualitative Survey Research and its Position in the Field of Social Research Methods. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.1-21.

Ponto, J 2015. Understanding and Evaluating Survey Research. Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp.168-171.

Reeves, S., Kuper, A. & Hodges, B.D 2008. Qualitative Research Methodologies: Ethnography. BMJ, vol. 337. Doi: 

Reeves, S., Peller, J., Goldman, J. & Kitto, S 2013. Ethnography in Qualitative Educational Research: AMEE Guide No. 80. Medical Teacher, vol. 35, no. 8, pp.e1365-e1379.

Stahmer, A.C., Akshoomoff, N. & Cunningham, A.B 2011. Inclusion for Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 625-641. 

Stahmer, A.C., Collings, N.M. & Palinkas, L.A 2005. Early Intervention Practices for Children with Autism: Descriptions from Community Providers. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, vol. 20, no. 2, pp.66-79.


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Directors Remuneration And Its Impact On Share Repurchases

Pages: 7 (2133 words) Sources: 11 Document Type:Research Proposal Document #:29089677

… of director remuneration? What sort of signal does it send to stakeholders when companies invest in repurchasing their own shares instead of in research and development or infrastructure? As Scheider-Maunoury and Gouin (2016) point out, share buybacks hinder investment in the company and undermine the potential of … feasible for companies to engage in the repurchasing of shares for the sake of directors’ remuneration?
General Purpose
The general purpose of this research is to understand whether stakeholders in an Irish company view director remuneration as a result of share repurchases as a case of conflict … whether in Ireland there is sufficient awareness of this fact to mitigate the risk of moral hazard effectively rising out of control. This research aims to conduct a qualitative study of that question to ascertain how Irish stakeholders view the morality of share repurchasing programs in the … qualitative study of that question……



Bendix, R. (1974). Inequality and social structure: a comparison of Marx and Weber.  American Sociological Review, 149-161.

Chan, R., & Hoy, M. (1991). East—West joint ventures and buyback contracts. Journal of International Economics, 30(3-4), 331-343.

Choi, C. J., & Maldoom, D. (1992). A simple model of buybacks. Economics Letters, 40(1), 77-82.

Durkheim, E. (1997). The Division of Labor in Society. NY: The Free Press.

Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from 

Goldsmith, J. M. (1994). The case against GATT. Multinational Monitor, 15(10), 20-24.

Lee, P. (2018). Share Buybacks and Redemptions: Legal Update - Companies Act 2014. Retrieved from 

Mill, J. S. (1859). On Liberty. London: John W. Parker and Son, West Strand.


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Understanding The Factors Affecting The Success Of Credit Risk In

Pages: 11 (3237 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:41178734

… prevailing interest rates, the rate of inflation in the country, unemployment rates, the level of consumer consumption, and also gross domestic product (GDP). research conducted by Vazquez et al. (2012) establishes that here is a negative correlation between the GDP of a nation and non-performing or defaulting … of financial loans, negligence in credit evaluation, intrusion by the government, in addition to inadequate monitoring by the national monetary authority (Kithinki, 2010). research conducted by Das and Ghosh (2007) extensively examined the factors affecting credit risk in the Indian banking sector. The findings of the study … risk was largely impacted by different micro factors including the managerial competencies, institution capacity, institutional risk and also excessive loan growth.
Bank-Specific Factors
research has indicated that different bank-specific factors have an influence on the success of credit risk within the financial institution. The research study conducted by Garr (2013) identified a number……



Bhattarai, Y. R. (2016). Effect of credit risk on the performance of Nepalese commercial banks. NRB Economic Review, 28(1), 41-64.

Das, A. and Ghosh, S. (2007). Determinants of Credit Risk in Indian State-owned Banks: An Empirical Investigation. Economic Issues, 12(2): 48-66.

Derelio?lu, G., & Gürgen, F. (2011). Knowledge discovery using neural approach for SME’s credit risk analysis problem in Turkey. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(8), 9313-9318

Garr, D. K. (2013). Determinants of credit risk in the banking industry of Ghana. Developing Country Studies, 3(11), 64-77.

Gizaw, M., Kebede, M., & Selvaraj, S. (2015). The impact of credit risk on profitability performance of commercial banks in Ethiopia. African Journal of Business Management, 9(2), 59-66.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2008). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. New York: Sage.

Kithinji, A. M. (2010). Credit risk management and profitability of commercial banks in Kenya. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Limam, I. (2001). Measuring technical efficiency of Kuwaiti banks. Kuwait: Arab Planning Institute.


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How African Customary Social Practices Enhance Coping Strategies

Pages: 7 (2199 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Essay Document #:81034017

… to note that African literature (written) does not include many works on how pandemics were managed. This situation justifies the need for more research into the customary practices and strategies that were used in Africa to cope with and to survive health crises and pandemics.
Problem Statement … These practices also help individuals to cope with health crises and can indeed help people cope with the current global coronavirus pandemic. This research is an attempt to find out social and customary…[break]…purposeful sampling to ensure information is specific and not automatically generalizable; (b) it pursues new … information is specific and not automatically generalizable; (b) it pursues new lines of investigations when they emerge; and (c) it is a naturalistic methodology (Patton, 2014; Stuckey, 2013). These characteristics, coupled with the fact that qualitative research methodology focuses on how people understand experiences, make this methodology the best for finding out customary……



Abel-Smith, B., & Rawal, P. (1992). Can the poor afford ‘free’ health services? A case study of Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning, 7(4), 329-341.

Airhihenbuwa, C. O. (1995). Health and culture: Beyond the Western paradigm. Sage.

Fairhead, J. (2014). The significance of death, funerals, and the after-life in Ebola-hit Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia: Anthropological insights into infection and social resistance.

Handler, J. S. (2016). Custom and law: The status of enslaved Africans in seventeenth-Century Barbados. Slavery & Abolition, 37(2), 233-255.

Iganus, R. B., & Haruna, A. (2017). The Strength of African Culture in Managing Family Crisis in a Globalized World. Anthropol, 5(197), 2332-0915.

Manguvo, A., & Mafuvadze, B. (2015). The impact of traditional and religious practices on the spread of Ebola in West Africa: time for a strategic shift. The Pan African Medical Journal, 22(Suppl 1).

Marsland, R. (2006). Community participation the Tanzanian way: Conceptual contiguity or power struggle? Oxford Development Studies, 34(1).

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage publications.


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Cyber Espionage

Pages: 16 (4895 words) Sources: 24 Document Type:Case Study Document #:27491269

… rely on cyberspace. However, cyber espionage had generated concerns regarding its acceptability given its potential threats to national security. This qualitative case study research explores the proposition that cyber security should be deemed an acceptable state behavior while cyber attack is unacceptable. This study seeks to answer … intelligence gathering approach and strategy for national security decisions. However, cyber espionage remains a form of cyberattack, which is legally and ethically unacceptable.
research Question
How is cyber espionage an acceptable state behavior for intelligence gathering though it potentially damages relations between nation-states?
Purpose Statement
The purpose … a key role in cyber warfare, improves intelligence gathering capabilities, and helps to establish appropriate countermeasures. While these themes help to answer the research question, the employed research methodology and design could have included errors in analysis or decision-making. The qualitative case study design could result in errors in analysis or decision-making ………



Ablon, L. “Data Thieves: The Motivations of Cyber Threat Actors and Their Use and Monetization of Stolen Data.” RAND Corporation, March 2018. 

Agarwal A. & CERT-IN. “Cyber Espionage, Infiltration and Combating Techniques.” Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, 2013. 

Banks, W.C. “Cyber Espionage and Electronic Surveillance: Beyond the Media Coverage.” Emory law Journal 66, (2017).

Baxter, P. & Jack, S. “Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers.” The Qualitative Report 13, no. 4 (2008).

Brown, G. “Spying and Fighting in Cyberspace: What is Which?” Journal of National Security Law & Policy 8, (2017).

Connell, M. & Vogler, S. “Russia’s Approach to Cyber Warfare.” CNA Analysis and Solutions, 2017. 

Creswell, J.W. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Diplomacy Data. “Cyber Security and Cyber Espionage in International Relations.” Diplomacy Data, 2015.


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Music Therapy And Aging

Pages: 4 (1309 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:97537948

… look at the effect of music therapy interventions on aging, especially on the frailties brought by old age. The scope of the proposed research is to look at the link between music therapy interventions and the quality of life of elderly people without any chronic or terminal … an evidence-based intervention that improves the quality of life. To achieve the purpose of the study, a randomized controlled trial with a pretest-posttest research design will be carried out. Using a purposive sampling technique, a group of older adults aged between 65 and 100 years will be … carried out. Using a purposive sampling technique, a group of older adults aged between 65 and 100 years will be included in the research. These participants will be randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The quality of life indicators will be measured at … before and after administering the……


Works Cited

Bitting, Sara. “An Overview on Death and Dying Including Cultural Influences Within the Major NonWhite Populations of the United States.” Baylor University, Baylor University, May 2014, .

Braun , Kathryn L., and Rhea Nichols. “Death And Dying In Four Asian American Cultures: A Descriptive Study.” Death Studies, vol. 21, no. 4, 2010, pp. 327–359., doi:10.1080/074811897201877.

Gire, James T. “How Death Imitates Life: Cultural Influences on Conceptions of Death and Dying.” Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, vol. 6, no. 2, 1 Dec. 2014, pp. 3–22., doi: .

Pentaris, Panagiotis. “Culture and Death: A Multicultural Perspective.” Hawaii Pacific Journal of Social Work Practice, vol. 4, no. 1, May 2011, pp. 45–84.

Pentaris, Panagiotis. “The Cultural Context of Dying: Hawai’Ian Death Conceptions and The Gender Divide.” Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 6, no. 4, Nov. 2018, pp. 104–111.


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School Uniforms

Pages: 5 (1474 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:15058485

… seeks to examine this issue to determine the effectiveness of these policies in the learning environment in relation to student achievement. Mixed methods research design will be utilized for this study since it will help collect rich data and generate credible research findings. A survey of existing students’ disciplinary and academic records and a questionnaire will be……



Adams, B.J. (2007, May 2). The Effectiveness of School Uniforms on Students’ Academic Achievement and Overall Classroom Behavior. Retrieved from Rowan University website: 

Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc.

DeMitchell, T.A. (2015, December 15). Does Wearing a School Uniform Improve Student Behavior? Retrieved October 19, 2019, from 

Ordway, D. (2018, April 20). School Uniforms: Do They Really Improve Student Achievement, Behavior? Retrieved October 19, 2019, from 

Sanchez, J. (2013, April 23). College of Education Researchers Conduct Study on Impacts of School Uniform. Retrieved from University of Nevada, Reno website: 

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