Research Methods Essays (Examples)


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Discriminating Between Phenomenology And Grounded Theory Qualitative

Pages: 7 (2226 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Case Study Document #:86692193

Phenomenology and Grounded Theory Approaches
Both phenomenology and grounded theory are commonly used approaches to qualitative research in the social sciences. While grounded theory and phenomenology can sometimes be used simultaneously in ways that “slur” or “blur” the distinction between … social sciences. While grounded theory and phenomenology can sometimes be used simultaneously in ways that “slur” or “blur” the distinction between multiple qualitative methods, research in education should ultimately focus their attention on the best method for exploring single, focused research questions and their real-world applications (Baker, Wuest, & Stern, 1992, p. 1355). Grounded theory has been described as a “practical method for conducting … questions and their real-world applications (Baker, Wuest, & Stern, 1992, p. 1355). Grounded theory has been described as a “practical method for conducting research” that shows how people construct meaning about their social world (Suddaby, 2006, p. 633). Therefore, grounded theory is sociological in……



Baker, C., Wuest, J., & Stern, P. N. (1992). Method slurring: the grounded theory/phenomenology example. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17(11), 1355–1360.doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1992.tb01859.x 

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. eBook.

Norton, S.M. (2013). A phenomenological investigation into the self-efficacy beliefs of teachers who have presisted in the teaching profession. Liberty University Dissertation.

Starks, H., & Brown Trinidad, S. (2007). Choose Your Method: A Comparison of Phenomenology, Discourse Analysis, and Grounded Theory. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1372–1380.doi:10.1177/1049732307307031 

Suddaby, R. (2006). From the Editors: What Grounded Theory is Not. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 633–642.doi:10.5465/amj.2006.22083020 

Wimpenny, P. & Gass, J. (2001). Interviewing in phenomenology and grounded theory: is there a difference? Journal of Advanced Nursing 31(6): 1485-1492.

Yalof, B. (2014). Marshaling resources. The Grounded Theory Review 13(1).


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Understanding The Value Of Qualitative Research

Pages: 6 (1754 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:52738822

Understanding the Value of Qualitative research
Qualitative research have a number of different research strategies available to them, including case studies, phenomenology, grounded theory and ethnography. Each of these research strategies has its respective strengths and weaknesses, but ethnography in particular represents a special challenge since it seeks to learn more about a … insider. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to identify and describe and benefits of ethnographical research as a strategy for developing a better understanding concerning the lived experiences of others. A critique of Dr. Loïc Wacquant’s ethnographical work and … Loïc Wacquant’s ethnographical work and a discussion concerning its implications for social change are followed by a description concerning the potential impact of research in supporting positive social change through public policy in the paper’s conclusion.
Review and Discussion
Role of the qualitative research
The role of the……



Abrahams, M. (2011, March 10). Boxing proves a hit for French sociologist. The Guardian. Retrieved from .

Asselin, M. E. (2009, March-April). Insider research: Issues to consider when doing qualitative research in your own setting. Nurses in Professional Development, 19(2), 99-103.

Burress, C. (2003, December 8). UC’s ‘boxing sociologist’ / Combative French professor spent 3 years in ring. SFGate. Retrieved from .

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Retrieved from 

Ishioka, T. (2015, March). How can one be a boxer?: Pain and pleasure in a Manila boxing camp. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 24(1), 92-105.

Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches, 5th ed. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Wacquant, L. (2011). Habitus as topic and tool: Reflections on becoming a prizefighter. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 8(1), 81-92.


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Qualitative Methods In Education Research

Pages: 6 (1944 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:88925548

Background of the Issue
Parental involvement has long been established as an important variable in student achievement along various outcome parameters. Prior research has shown that parental involvement can lead to the cultivation of strong reading habits (Castro, Exposito-Casas, Lopez-Martin, et al., 2015), student self-esteem and … with other governmental, human service, and community organizations (Ma, Shen, Krenn, et al., 2015). Therefore, one of the most important subjects in educational research and educational administration is parental involvement. research need to learn how to increase parental involvement in meaningful ways, ways that yield desired outcomes for individual students and also for the … to increase parental involvement in meaningful ways, ways that yield desired outcomes for individual students and also for the school and community. Furthermore, research need to learn the best ways of increasing parental involvement while taking into account the socioeconomic and cultural diversity among the population.
Because ………



Benner, A.D., Boyle, A.E. & Sadler, S. (2016). Parental Involvement and Adolescents’ Educational Success: The Roles of Prior Achievement and Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 45(6): 1053-1064.

Castro, M., Esposito-Casas, E., Lopez-Martin, E., et al. (2015). Parental involvement on student academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Educational Research Review 14(2015): 33-46.

Creswell, J.W. & Poth, C.N. (2018). Qualitative Inquiry Research Design. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Hill, N.E., Witherspoon, D.P. & Bartz, D. (2016). Parental involvement in education during middle school: Perspectives of ethnically diverse parents, teachers, and students. The Journal of Educational Research 111(1): 12-27.

Ma, X., Shen, J., Krenn, HY., et al. (2016). A meta-analysis of the relationship between learning outcomes and parental involvement. Educational Psychology Review 28(4): 771-801.

Park, S. & Holloway, S. (2018). Parental Involvement in Adolescents\\' Education: An Examination of the Interplay among School Factors, Parental Role Construction, and Family Income. School Community Journal 28(1): 9-36.

Ule, M., Zivoder, A. & duBois-Reymond, M. (2015). ‘Simply the best for my children’: patterns of parental involvement in education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 28(3): 329-348.


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Research On Cancer

Pages: 1 (183 words) Document Type:abstract Document #:22632410

… paper reviews of literature on cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) as a risk factor. It examines potential prevention strategies and discusses recent research findings as well as important conclusions regarding HPV as a major but preventable risk factor for cervical cancer. The etiological connection between the … pathogenesis of HPV and cervical cancer is evaluated, and the manner in which the risk factor impacts the epigenetics is analyzed. Statistics and methods of prevention are discussed as the literature is found to support the idea that there have been significant improvements in early detection and … should prevention strategies be implemented. However, the implementation of these strategies will depend upon women and adolescent girls undergoing screening tests. Thus, the research shows that progress has been made in treating and preventing HPV-related cervical cancer, but more studies are needed to see whether these strategies ……


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Governments Procurement Methods In Integrated Public Service

Pages: 8 (2291 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:45996468

Integrated Public Service
PPPs, as they have come to be popularly referred, are methods of procurement by governments where there is a larger number of stakeholders involving the government, the private sector, and the general public is … are conflicting views regarding the process of negotiation, participation by the public and private financiers, and accountability. In recent days, a lot of research has been focusing on the implementation of PPPs. The Public-Private Partnership programs have been put to use in both developed and developing countries.
… and many have been adopted or tried. There are also case studies that have been widely used elsewhere. These initiatives have stimulated further research in PPPs. The result has been the development of new PPP models, frameworks, issues to do with concession, project financing, risk management, allocation, … While there have been numerous efforts to streamline PPPs, efforts to streamline their framework have……



Duff, V. (2020). What is organizational integration? Retrieved from 

Friedman, S. (2016). Successful public/private partnerships from principles to practices. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute.

Ma, L., Li, J., Jin, R., &Ke, Y. (2019). A holistic review of public-private partnership literature published between 2008 and 2018. Advances in Civil Engineering. Retrieved from 

PrivacySense. (2016). Public sector. Retrieved from 

Reddy, C. (2016). Staff training: Importance, benefits, advantages, and disadvantages. Retrieved from 

Sekhri, N., Feachem, R., & Ni, A. (2011). Public-private integrated partnerships demonstrate the potential to improve health care access, quality, and efficiency. Health Affairs, 30(8).


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Criminal Justice And Methods Of Profiling

Pages: 2 (641 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:23454328

… be to investigators, it is important to note that the process can be misleading and even harmful to investigations (Sample, 2010). Psychological profiling methods are not necessarily grounded in research, and can lead to spurious results and prejudicial data.
The second type of profiling Bartol & Bartol (2017) cover is suspect-based. Also known … prejudicial data.
The second type of profiling Bartol & Bartol (2017) cover is suspect-based. Also known as prospective profiling, suspect-based profiling uses acutorial methods and statistics to help narrow down a list of potential features or characteristics that would help investigators identify potential threats. Unfortunately, suspect-based profiling … be helpful to use a team of investigators with diverse perspectives and backgrounds. Similarly, crime scene profiling should ideally be combined with other methods of profiling to provide investigators with a more robust and valid data……



Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2017). Criminal behavior: A psychological approach (11th ed.). Retrieved from 

Kocsis, R. N., & Palermo, G. B. (2015). Disentangling Criminal Profiling: Accuracy, Homology, and the Myth of Trait-Based Profiling. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(3), 313-332. 

Sample, I. (2010). Psychological profiling ‘worse than useless.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from: 


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Examining Sampling Methods

Pages: 10 (3107 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:69865492

… and show why they are essentially wrong-footed in their approach to the subject of obesity and why their “superficial readings of public health research” are cause for alarm (Mayes, 2015, p. 217).
The issue of inclusion and exclusion criteria is not specifically addressed in the critique, as … works. The characteristics of the two authors whose work is evaluated by Mayes (2015) is that they are making a claim about obesity research and scholarship that is unfounded and in fact harmful, according to Mayes (2015). As Mayes (2015) points out, Singer and Callahan, “in attempting … points out, Singer and Callahan, “in attempting to activate the harm principle both Singer and Callahan rely on superficial readings of public health research to amplify the harm caused by obese individuals and ignore pertinent epidemiological research on the social determinants of obesity” (p. 218). This is the main characteristic that is explored,……



Mayes, C. (2015). The harm of bioethics: A critique of Singer and Callahan on obesity. Bioethics, 29(3), 217-221.

Pause, C. (2017). Borderline: The ethics of fat stigma in public health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45, 510-517.

Wetter, S., Hodge, J. (2016). Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages to lower childhood obesity. Ethical and Legal Issues in Pediatrics, 44, 359-363.


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Biblical Text And God S Character

Pages: 8 (2389 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Proposal Document #:46963717

The character of God as revealed in the Biblical text
Table of Contents
Introduction 1
Goal of this research 2
research question 2
Definition of terms 2
Literature review 2
Liberationist hermeneutics 2
Principles guiding hermeneutic liberationist 3
Methodology 4
Search procedure 4
Analysis … Bible Study' within biblical liberation hermeneutics and intercultural biblical hermeneutics." HTS Theological Studies 70, no. 1 (2014): 1-10.] [3: Genesis 9:20-27]
The goal of this research
This study is meant to determine the character of God as revealed in the biblical text, under the hermeneutic liberationist lenses of reading … meant to determine the character of God as revealed in the biblical text, under the hermeneutic liberationist lenses of reading the Bible. This research seeks to explore how contextual biblical hermeneutics, in general, can be put in conversation with the historical-critical (original context) of the approach.
research question
To help in meeting the study goal, this research……



Elliott, John E. \\\\\\"Oppression, Exploitation and Injustice in the Old Testament: The View from Liberation Theology.\\\\\\" International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 19, No. 10/11/12 (1992): 15-52.

Hayes, John H., and Carl R. Holladay. Biblical exegesis: a beginner\\\\\\'s handbook. Westminster John Knox Press, 2007.

Klein, William W., Craig L. Blomberg, and Robert L. Hubbard Jr. Introduction to biblical interpretation. Zondervan Academic, 2017.

Pontifical Biblical Commission. The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church: Address of His Holiness Pope John Paul II and Document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1993.

Thiselton, Anthony C. Hermeneutics: an introduction. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2009.

Thomas, James, and Angela Harden. \\\\\\"Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews.\\\\\\" BMC medical research methodology 8, no. 1 (2008): 45.

Tikito, Iman, and Nissrine Souissi. \\\\\\"Meta-analysis of systematic literature review methods.\\\\\\" International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science 11, no. 2 (2019): 17.

West, Gerald O. \\\\\\"Locating \\\\\\'Contextual Bible Study\\\\\\' within biblical liberation hermeneutics and intercultural biblical hermeneutics.\\\\\\" HTS Theological Studies 70, no. 1 (2014): 1-10.


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The Cost Effectiveness In Cloud Computing Within An Accounting Organization

Pages: 15 (4615 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:23416384

… of Cloud Computing within an Accounting Organization
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 4
1.1 Background 4
1.2 Significance of the Topic 4
1.3 research Problem 5
1.4 research Questions 5
1.5 Purpose of the Study 5
1.6 Methodology 5
1.7 Good Title for Study 5
2 Literature Review 6
2.1 Cloud …
2.4.1 Cost-Savings 9
2.4.2 Remote Accessibility 10
2.4.3 Scalability and Flexibility 11
2.4.4 Security 11
2.4.5 Energy Efficiency 11
3 Methodology 12
3.1 research Approach and Design 12
3.2 Data Collection Sources & Selection Plan 12
3.3 Proposed Interview Questions 13
3.4 Sample Population 13
3.5 Ethical … Considerations 14
3.6 Data Analysis Plan & Rationale 15
4 Contributions to Theory or Practice and their Significance 16
5 Ethical Issues and methods to Address 17
6 Conclusion 17
Corporations of all sizes in the accounting industry, in addition to other industries such as … of……



Bauer, E., & Adams, R. (2015). Reliability and availability of cloud computing. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Chang, W. Y., Abu-Amara, H., & Sanford, J. F. (2018). Transforming enterprise cloud services. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.

Chang, V. (Ed.). (2015). Delivery and adoption of cloud computing Services in Contemporary Organizations. IGI Global.

Hsien, W. F., Yang, C. C., & Hwang, M. S. (2016). A Survey of Public Auditing for Secure Data Storage in Cloud Computing. IJ Network Security, 18(1), 133-142.

Jamsa, K. (2016). Cloud computing. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Maguire, M., & Delahunt, B. (2017). Doing a thematic analysis: A practical, step-by-step guide for learning and teaching scholars. AISHE-J: The All Ireland Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 9(3).

Mehmood, R., Katib, S. S. I., & Chlamtac, I. (2020). Smart Infrastructure and Applications. New York: Springer International Publishing.

Prabhu, C. S. R. (2015). E-governance: concepts and case studies. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.


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Understanding The Factors Affecting The Success Of Credit Risk In

Pages: 11 (3237 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:41178734

… prevailing interest rates, the rate of inflation in the country, unemployment rates, the level of consumer consumption, and also gross domestic product (GDP). research conducted by Vazquez et al. (2012) establishes that here is a negative correlation between the GDP of a nation and non-performing or defaulting … of financial loans, negligence in credit evaluation, intrusion by the government, in addition to inadequate monitoring by the national monetary authority (Kithinki, 2010). research conducted by Das and Ghosh (2007) extensively examined the factors affecting credit risk in the Indian banking sector. The findings of the study … risk was largely impacted by different micro factors including the managerial competencies, institution capacity, institutional risk and also excessive loan growth.
Bank-Specific Factors
research has indicated that different bank-specific factors have an influence on the success of credit risk within the financial institution. The research study conducted by Garr (2013) identified a number……



Bhattarai, Y. R. (2016). Effect of credit risk on the performance of Nepalese commercial banks. NRB Economic Review, 28(1), 41-64.

Das, A. and Ghosh, S. (2007). Determinants of Credit Risk in Indian State-owned Banks: An Empirical Investigation. Economic Issues, 12(2): 48-66.

Derelio?lu, G., & Gürgen, F. (2011). Knowledge discovery using neural approach for SME’s credit risk analysis problem in Turkey. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(8), 9313-9318

Garr, D. K. (2013). Determinants of credit risk in the banking industry of Ghana. Developing Country Studies, 3(11), 64-77.

Gizaw, M., Kebede, M., & Selvaraj, S. (2015). The impact of credit risk on profitability performance of commercial banks in Ethiopia. African Journal of Business Management, 9(2), 59-66.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2008). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. New York: Sage.

Kithinji, A. M. (2010). Credit risk management and profitability of commercial banks in Kenya. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Limam, I. (2001). Measuring technical efficiency of Kuwaiti banks. Kuwait: Arab Planning Institute.

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