Organized Crime Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Violent Crime Control And Law Enforcement Act Of 1994

Pages: 6 (1724 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:26986613

crime in the U.S.
Introduction
Contrary to US civil law, the nation’s criminal law represents a legal system which deals with penalizing those who … legal system which deals with penalizing those who perpetrate criminal offenses. Among the many criminal laws of the nation is its 1994 Violent crime Control and Law Enforcement Act or, simply, crime bill. The bill’s enactment was, in a number of ways, characteristic of the tough-on-criminals bipartisan campaign of the latter part of the past … racial gap in involvement in the criminal justice arena (Moore, 2017). Hence, this paper attempts at ascertaining the desired impact of the aforementioned crime bill, as well as court interpretation of the act through examining different aspects of the bill.
History of crime bill
The 1994 Violent crime Control and Law Enforcement Act or bill was formulated by presidential candidate for the 2020 elections, Joe Biden (a senator at……

References

References

Raymond Derrial Madden, Petitioner-appellant, v. United States of America, Respondent-appellee, 64 F.3d 669 (10th Cir. 1995)

Sepulveda v. United States, 69 F. Supp. 2d 633 (D.N.J. 1999)

United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Joanne Kwi Ye Estes, Defendant-appellant, 166 F.3d 1218 (9th Cir. 1998)

United States v. Madden, No. 92-6206 (10th Cir. Apr. 20, 1993), WL 332262 Books and article

Moore, R. (2017). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. Macat Library.

United States Congress. (1994). Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. Public law, (103-322).

Websites

The Establishment. (2016, April 12). About That Controversial 1994 Crime Bill. A Medium Corporation. Retrieved from  https://medium.com/the-establishment/about-that-controversial-1994-crime-bill-c17ccfcc25fa

Study Document

Effectiveness Of The War On Drugs

Pages: 14 (4146 words) Sources: 18 Document Type:Reaction Paper Document #:69451857

… & Hurley, 2016)
C. Criminalization, justice (ACLU, 2020; “America is At War,” n.d.; Farabee, Prendergast & Anglin, 1998).
D. Other sociological issues
1. organized crime and terrorism (“America is at War,” n.d.; Coomber, Moyle, Belackova, V., et al., 2018; Pearl, 2018).
2. White collar crime (tobacco and pharmaceutical industries) (Netherland, & Hansen, 2017).
III. Literature Review
A. Balancing public health/safety with personal liberty/self-empowerment (ACLU, 2020; Payne & Hutton, … on Drugs has enabled the rise of a powerful military-industrial complex, and is intimately entwined with non-state actors including terrorist organizations and other organized crime syndicates worldwide. Perpetuating the War on Drugs has become fundamental to the political and economic stability of nations around the world, which is … the fact that no research can substantiate its effectiveness. Quite the opposite: the War on Drugs has led to more lives lost, more crime, and more economic and social instability, than……

References

References

ACLU (2020). Against drug prohibition. Retrieved from:  https://www.aclu.org/other/against-drug-prohibition " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

War On Drugs

Pages: 13 (4034 words) Sources: 13 Document Type:Essay Document #:73696424

… perspective
II. Theoretical Discussion
A. Race, class, power perspectives
B. Government, public policy, global affairs
C. Criminalization, justice
D. Other sociological issues
1. organized crime and terrorism
2. White collar crime (tobacco and pharmaceutical industries)
III. Literature Review
A. Balancing public health/safety with personal liberty/self-empowerment
B. Alternate strategies, pilot projects
1. Cannabis law reform
… on Drugs has enabled the rise of a powerful military-industrial complex, and is intimately entwined with non-state actors including terrorist organizations and other organized crime syndicates worldwide. Perpetuating the War on Drugs has become fundamental to the political and economic stability of nations around the world, which is … the fact that no research can substantiate its effectiveness. Quite the opposite: the War on Drugs has led to more lives lost, more crime, and more economic and social instability, than drug abuse or addiction has ever caused.
Fear of addiction, and fear of drugs,……

References

References

ACLU (2020). Against drug prohibition. Retrieved from:  https://www.aclu.org/other/against-drug-prohibition " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

What Is Cybercrime And How To Deter It

Pages: 7 (2243 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:58559500

What is crime?
Definition of crime
crime is any criminal activity that is conducted using computers or the Internet. As today’s digital natives have the most experience with computers, cybercriminals … 1980. They are young, digitally sophisticated, and able to operate with a degree of professionalism and discipline that allows them to hide their crime beneath legitimate-looking facades. Spearphishing is one example of a type of crime used by professional criminals to lure victims into traps or sites that have the appearance of legitimacy.
crime is committed by people who know computer code, understand computer systems and networks, know how to navigate databases, access data storage, get past … how to navigate databases, access data storage, get past firewalls, exploit cloud computing services, control the Internet of Things and more. They
How crime Has Evolved over Time
Computers and the rise of the Internet ushered in the era of crime.……

References

References

Computer Hope. (2019). When was the first computer invented? Retrieved from  https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000984.htm 

Crane, C. (2019). 33 alarming cybercrime statistics you should know in 2019. Retrieved from  https://www.thesslstore.com/blog/33-alarming-cybercrime-statistics-you-should-know/ 

Schjølberg, Stein. (2017). The History of Cybercrime (1976-2016). Books on Demand.

Statista. (2020). Global digital population. Retrieved from  https://www.statista.com/statistics/617136/digital-population-worldwide/ 

Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., Saylor, M. R., & Tafoya, W. L. (2019). Cyber crime and cyber terrorism. NY, NY: Pearson.

Study Document

Pablo Escobar

Pages: 5 (1470 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:90013199

… businessman who recognized trends and opportunities in the illicit drug trade. Yet Escobar was no hero; he was “violent” and “ruthless,” (“Pablo Escobar crime Files,” 1) and was directly responsible for “terror campaigns that resulted in the murder of thousands,” (“Pablo Escobar Biography,” 1). This dichotomous figure … he had a reputation for mischief. He started to steal tombstones, rubbing off the names to sell them to Panamanian smugglers (“Pablo Escobar crime Files” 1). He also reportedly sold fake diplomas (“Pablo Escobar Biography” 1). Then, Escobar shifted to higher stakes crime like car theft and dealing drugs. His start in the drug trade began with cannabis, and then he made a name for himself … tours and peddlers sell Escobar-themed souvenirs to tourists who romanticize the drug lord (Pobutsky 684). Escobar’s legacy and the public’s ongoing fascination with organized crime perhaps……

References

Works Cited

Kenney, Michael. “From Pablo to Osama: Counter-terrorism Lessons from the War on Drugs.” (2003). Survival, 45(3), 187–206. doi:10.1080/00396338.2003.9688585

“Pablo Escobar Biography.” Biography.com. Accessed 4 Dec, 2019 from  https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/pablo-escobar 

“Pablo Escobar Crime Files.” Crime and Investigation. Accessed 4 Dec, 2019 from  https://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/pablo-escobar 

Pobutsky, Aldona Bialowas. “Peddling Pablo: Escobar\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Cultural Renaissance.” Hispania, Vol. 96, No. 4, Dec 2013, pp. 684-689.

Thompson, D. P. (1996). Pablo Escobar, Drug Baron: His surrender, imprisonment, and escape. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 19(1), 1996: 55–91. doi:10.1080/10576109608435996

Study Document

Social Work Policy For Sex Trafficking

Pages: 8 (2423 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:78918009

...Organized crime Social Policy Analysis Report
Definition of Social Problem
In recent decades, sex trafficking has become a substantial social problem affecting the whole world and continues to necessitate worldwide collaboration to combat it (Brooks and Heaslip, 2019) entirely. Human trafficking is a violation of the fundamental human rights of men, women, and children all over the world. Based on research conducted by the United Nations, statistics indicated that persons across 106 different nations across the globe had experienced trafficking either for labor or sex, or both. Twenty-eight percent of this statistic comprised of children, with the number of girls surpassing that of boys by 40 percent (Greenbaum, 2017). The United Nations defines sexual traffic to encompass the act of recruiting, transferring, harboring, or receiving of individuals, by way of either threat or through use of force as well as other kinds of intimidation, fraud, trickery, abuse of power or authority, capitalizing……

References

References

Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking. (2017). Summary of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) and Reauthorizations FY 2017. Retrieved from:  https://endslaveryandtrafficking.org/summary-trafficking-victims-protection-act-tvpa-reauthorizations-fy-2017-2/ 

Benoit, C., Smith, M., Jansson, M., Healey, P., & Magnuson, D. (2019). “The prostitution problem”: Claims, evidence, and policy outcomes. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48(7), 1905-1923.

Brooks, A., & Heaslip, V. (2019). Sex trafficking and sex tourism in a globalized world. Tourism Review of AIEST - International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism, 74(5), 1104-1115. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/TR-02-2017-001

Bruckert, C., & Parent, C. (2002). Trafficking in human beings and organized crime: A literature review (pp. 1-35).

Clawson, H. J., Dutch, N., Solomon, A., & Grace, L. G. (2009). Human trafficking into and within the United States: A review of the literature. Washington, DC: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, US Department of Human and Health Services. Retrieved December 25, 2009.

Greenbaum, V. J. (2017). Child sex trafficking in the United States: Challenges for the healthcare provider. PLoS medicine, 14(11).

International Labour Organization. (2017). Global Estimates of Modern Slavery. Retrieved from:  https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_575479.pdf 

Kelly, C. (July 30, 2019). 13 sex trafficking statistics that explain the enormity of the global sex trade. USA Today. Retrieved from:  https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/investigations/2019/07/29/12-trafficking-statistics-enormity-global-sex-trade/1755192001/

Study Document

Angleton S Counterintelligence Program And What Went Wrong

Pages: 9 (2657 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:36485484

… a better foundation can be set in place for the future.
Both Angleton and the era in which the counterintelligence program was formerly organized shaped the nature of counterintelligence at a time when the nation itself was buckling under the stress of paranoia, anger, frustration and mistrust … will serve as the sources of information. Data will be analyzed using content analysis, with themes drawn from the literature and arranged and organized to give a clearer understanding of how ethics might be better utilized to guide the integration of the counterintelligence enterprise with the private ……

References

Reference List

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35.2 (2012), 77-99.

Bartos, C. and P. Wehr. 2002. Using conflict theory. UK: University of Cambridge.

Bellaby, Ross. "What's the Harm? The Ethics of Intelligence Collection." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (2012): 93-117.

Church Committee. “Final report of the Select committee to study governmental operations With respect to Intelligence activities United states senate Together with Additional, supplemental, and separate Views.” Intelligence.senate.gov, 1976. https://www.intelligence.senate.gov/sites/default/files/94755_I.pdf

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2, no. 10 (2013): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19, no. 2 (2004): 359-381.

Nakashima, Ellen. “Top counterintelligence official challenges the private sector to step up defenses against foreign spying.” Washington Post, 2020.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/top-counterintelligence-official-challenges-the-private-sector-to-step-up-defenses-against-foreign-spying/2020/02/10/d842d83c-4c15-11ea-9b5c-eac5b16dafaa_story.html 

Pfaff, T., & Tiel, J. R. (2004). The ethics of espionage. Journal of Military Ethics, 3(1), 1-15.

Study Document

Carrie Chapman And The Women S Movement

Pages: 8 (2257 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:61754681

… as the campaign by Carrie Nation at around the same time to enact Prohibition, a campaign that gave rise to scofflaws, bootlegging and organized crime (Lawson, 2013).
Women’s Roles and Rights
As Siegel (1994) shows, the big focus at the beginning of the Women’s Rights Movement in the ……

References

References

Blackwell, E. (1850). Elizabeth Blackwell on the 1850 Women\\\\\\'s Rights Convention. Retrieved from  http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/WomansRights/blackwell_comments.html 

Griffith, E. (1984). In Her Own Right: The Life of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. New York: Oxford University Press.

History. (2019). Women’s suffrage. Retrieved from  https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/the-fight-for-womens-suffrage 

Lawson, E. N. (2013). Smugglers, Bootleggers, and Scofflaws: Prohibition and New York City. SUNY Press.

Siegel, R. B. (1994). Home as Work: The First Woman\\\\\\'s Rights Claims Concerning

Wives\\\\\\' Household Labor, 1850-1880. The Yale Law Journal, 103(5), 1073-1217.

Van Voris, J. (1996). Carrie Chapman Catt: A Public Life. New York City: Feminist Press at CUNY.

Study Document

Criminal Profiling Of Serial Killers

Pages: 12 (3545 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:59713406

… or is it Unjustified The Case of Tim Masters
Introduction
Criminal profiling allows law enforcement to develop their understanding of particular types of crime, criminals, criminal behaviors, and crime-ridden areas. The FBI’s Uniform crime Reporting (UCR) Program is one data set tool used in criminal profiling (FBI, 2019). However, criminal profiling is not an exact science but … Far more helpful in fact is traditional police and detective work, such as interviewing witnesses, collecting forensic evidence at the scene of the crime, and getting police into the community to help raise awareness about what is going on.
The Process of Criminal Profiling
The primary task … Criminal Profiling
The primary task of profiling serial killers falls to the FBI's Behavioral Unit and the National Center for the Analysis of Violent crime (NCAVC) (Van Aken, 2015). Although profiling assists investigators, it is not 100% a reliable source, and is understood more as……

References

References

Alldredge, J. (2015). The" CSI Effect" and Its Potential Impact on Juror Decisions. Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science, 3(1), 6.

Bonn, S. (2019). How the FBI Profiles Serial Offenders. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/wicked-deeds/201905/how-the-fbi-profiles-serial-offenders

Dogra, T.D. et al. (2012). A psychological profile of a serial killer: A case report. Omega: Journal of Death & Dying 65(4), 299-316.

FBI. (2019). Summary of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Retrieved from  https://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/killed/2009/aboutucr.html 

Karson, M. (2017). Why Profiling Serial Killers Can’t Work. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/feeling-our-way/201711/why-profiling-serial-killers-can-t-work

Miller, L. (2014). Serial killers: I. Subtypes, patterns and motives. Aggression and Violent Behavior 19, 1-11.

Samuel, D. B., & Widiger, T. A. (2007). Describing Ted Bundy's personality and working towards DSM-V. Practice, 27, 20-22.

Sarteschi, C. M. (2016). Serial Murder. In Mass and Serial Murder in America (pp. 45-67). Springer, Cham.

Study Document

Problems Faced By Gangs In America

Pages: 3 (933 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:49701933

… ongoing informal or formal group, party, or alliance of at least three individuals whose primary activities include perpetrating at least one of the crime listed below: 1) attacking using a lethal weapon, 2) murder, 3) burglary, 4) selling or holding in possession for production, selling, offering for … a common sign, symbol, or name, whose members have separately or, as a group, previously or currently participated in some pattern of hang crime (California Department of Justice, 1993).
Classification of Gangs
Depending on structural elements like size, age, ethnicities, sex, criminality, lifespan, and territoriality, besides conditions … such gangs include fights with similar rival gangs in the neighborhood or outside of the school campus, bullying, blackmail, and other generally minor crime around or within the school and neighborhood. While they do respect their leader, there is no explicit, consolidated structure or organization for the … in spur-of-the-moment reactions to attacks……

References

References

California Department of Justice. (1993). Gangs 2000: A call to action. Sacramento, California: Department of Justice.

Department of Public Security. (2007). Definition and classification of gangs: Executive summary. Washington, DC: Organization of American States.

Sanchez-Jankowski, M. (2003). Gangs and social change. Theoretical Criminology, 7(2), 191-216. DOI: 10.1177/1362480603007002413.

Join thousands of other students and

"spark your studies".