Decision Making Process Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Influence Of Political Interests Groups On The Educational Policy

Pages: 6 (1844 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:31534900

Budget and Resource Allocation Influence of Political Interest Groups on the Educational Policy making Process
Introduction
State support for public education has wavered over time as a consequence of other competing interests. This is more so the case … political forces having an impact on state fiscal policy. This text concerns itself with the influence of political interest groups on the educational policy-making process, with regard to budget and resource allocation. The context of this particular discussion will be Florida and Texas.
Discussion
Interest groups do not … a committee, or when bills are brought for final passage, there is often a significant amount of information that state legislators have to process. In some instances, the said information could be contradictory. Thus, legislators often have to rely upon specific sources in an attempt to create … competition for resources at the state level will most likely to continue. Without the……

References

References

Abbott, I., Rathbone, M. & Whitehead, P. (2012). Education Policy. New York, NY: SAGE.

Anderson, J.E. (2003).Public Policy-Making. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Delaney, J. A., & Doyle, W. R. (2007). The role of higher education in state budgets. Journal of Education Finance, 36(4), 343-268.

Grapevine. (2016). Appropriations: State Tax Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher Education, 1983-1984. Retrieved from:  https://education.illinoisstate.edu/grapevine/tables/ 

Larrabee, B. (2016). Education groups put big money into political causes. Retrieved from https://www.gainesville.com/news/20160828/education-groups-put-big-money-into-political-causes

Tandberg, D. A. (2009). Interest groups and governmental institutions: The politics of state funding of public higher education. Educational Policy, 24(5), 104-117.

Vote Smart (2020). Texas Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/TX/27#.XrVCzsBRW00 

Vote Smart (2020). Florida Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/FL/27#.XrVKScBRW01

Study Document

End Of Life Decision Making Ethics

Pages: 6 (1761 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:74655175

...Decision making process Introduction
When a family has to decide how much is too much, as Plakovic (2016) puts it during end-of-life care, there is a clear ethical dilemma that crops up for family members and care providers. That dilemma is related to the issue of how to approach end-of-life treatment. For instance, some individual have strict preferences when it comes to whether or not they want to be resuscitated or kept alive by a machine. Others have no instructions set aside before hand for care providers and family to go by. The ethical dilemma is complicated by the fact that care providers have an oath to care for all life—but at the end-of-the-life, what is the line between postponing the inevitable inhumanely and giving as much humane care as is possible? That blurred line is a complicated one to walk. The two major points that this paper will address when it comes……

References

References

Bronzino, J. D., & Peterson, D. R. (2016). Bene?cence, Nonmale?cence, and Medical Technology. In Tissue Engineering and Artificial Organs (pp. 1259-1266). CRC Press.

Garrido, M. M., Balboni, T. A., Maciejewski, P. K., Bao, Y., & Prigerson, H. G. (2015). Quality of life and cost of care at the end of life: the role of advance directives. Journal of pain and symptom management, 49(5), 828-835.

Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2016). Ethical issues surrounding end-of-life care: a narrative review. In Healthcare (Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 24). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute.

Marijic, P., Buss, A., & Strupeit, S. (2017). Autonomy and social participation of nursing home residents: nurses’perspectives. Innovation in Aging, 1(Suppl 1), 886.

Plakovic, K. (2016). Burdens Versus Benefits: When Family Has to Decide How Much Is Too Much. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 18(5), 382-387.

Sen, A. (1983). Evaluator relativity and consequential evaluation. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 113-132.

Weissman, D. E. (1999). Do not resuscitate orders: a call for reform. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 2(2), 149-152.

Yuen, J. K., Reid, M. C., & Fetters, M. D. (2011). Hospital do-not-resuscitate orders: why they have failed and how to fix them. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(7), 791-797.

Study Document

Decision Making And Student Affairs

Pages: 6 (1910 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Case Study Document #:42118685

...Decision making process Introduction
One of the primary goals of every educational institution is to ensure a positive development in the lives, mentality, and intellectual capacity of its students. This goes beyond just academic rigour and extends to the incorporation of extra-curricular activities, infrastructure, and other such elements that foster a conducive, friendly, and supportive environment for an excellent learning experience (Commodore, Gasman, Conrad, & Nguyen, 2018. pp.1-2). While the academic affairs unit of an educational institution is responsible for the design and execution of curricular activities, the student affairs units have a better idea of the most effective extra-curricular activities and programmes that can enhance the learning experience of students: student affairs units usually consist of student development professionals, and they also work with organizations focused around that goal (Terri, 2013, p. 139). Considering the impact of these two units and their individual responsibilities, as regards the student learning and development experience……

References

References

Blake, J. H. (2007). The crucial role of student affairs professionals in the learning process. New Directions for Student Services, 2007(117), 65–72. doi:10.1002/ss.234. Retrieved from:  https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1002/ss.234 

Commodore, F., Gasman, M., Conrad, C., & Nguyen, T.-H. (2018). Coming Together: A Case Study of Collaboration Between Student Affairs and Faculty at Norfolk State University. Frontiers in Education, 3. doi:10.3389/feduc.2018.00039. Retrieved from:  https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2018.00039 

Kaslow, N. J., Garcia-Williams, A., Moffitt, L. B., McLeod, M., Zesiger, H., Ammirati, R., Berg, J.P., & McIntosh, B. J (2012). Building and Maintaining an Effective Campus-Wide Coalition for Suicide Prevention, Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, (26)121–139. DOI: 10.1080/87568225.2012.659160. Retrieved from:  https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1080/87568225.2012.659160 

Rohli, R.V., Keppler, K.J., & Winkler, D.L. (2013). Academic Development of First-Year Living-Learning Program Students before and after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita of 2005. Learning Communities Research and Practice, 1(3), 1-16. Retrieved from:  https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1112658.pdf 

Spanierman, L. B., Soble, J. R., Mayfield, J. B., Neville, H. A., Aber, M., Khuri, L., & De La Rosa, B. (2013). Living Learning Communities and Students’ Sense of Community and Belonging. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 50(3), 308–325. doi:10.1515/jsarp-2013-0022. Retrieved from:  https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1515/jsarp-2013-0022 

Terri, F. B. (2013). Utilizing student affairs professionals to enhance student and faculty experiences and mitigate risk in short-term, faculty-led study abroad programs. Journal of International Education in Business, 6(2), 136-147. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JIEB-05-2013-0019 . Retrieved from:  https://sci-hub.tw/10.1108/JIEB-05-2013-0019 

Study Document

Investing Overseas Market Entry Decision Making

Pages: 8 (2428 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:23626142

… are a few different considerations for an American firm. While the EU has a fairly complex regulatory environment that could prove challenging, the decision as to where to expand internationally still has to be more of a market-based decision. That means looking at an ROI or net present value type of calculation, weighing the cost of entering the market against the size … choice for international expansion, or it might not.
There is a lot of information available about expanding into Europe, so at least the decision to enter the EU market or not can be made with a fairly robust set of information guiding it. Each of the 28 ……

References

References

CE Intelligence. (2019) EU – market entry strategies. CE Intelligence.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  http://www.ceintelligence.com/content_manager/contentPages/view/eu-market-entry-strategies 

Chapman, K. & Edmond, H. (2010) Mergers/acquisitions and restructuring in the EU chemical industry: Patterns and implications. Regional Studies. Vol. 34 (8) 753-767

Conyon, M., Girma, S., Thompson, S. & Wright, P. (2003) The productivity and wage effects of foreign acquisitions in the United Kingdom. The Journal of Industrial Economics. Vol. 50 (1) 85-102.

EF.com (2019) English proficiency index. EF.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.ef.com/wwen/epi/ 

Export.gov (2019) European Union – market entry strategy. Export.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.export.gov/article?id=European-union-Market-Entry-Strategy 

Girma, S. (2002) The process of European integration and the determinants of entry by non-EU multinationals in UK manufacturing. DOI:10.1111/1467-9957.00305

Girma, S. (2005) Technology transfer from acquisition FDI and the absorptive capacity of domestic firms: An empirical investigation. Open Economies Review. Vol. 16 (2) 175-187.

Lamson, M. (2016) 5 things you need to know before doing business in Europe. Inc. Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.inc.com/melissa-lamson/5-things-you-need-to-know-before-doing-business-in-europe.html

Study Document

The Role Of APRN In Policy Making

Pages: 2 (724 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:24966629

… healthcare environment and also are set in a unique role in the formulation of policy (Burke, 2016).
Opportunities for APRN Participation in Policy making
There are numerous prospects for APRNs in policy making. The nurse practitioners have the ability to influence numerous individuals all through their state and the nation, reliant on the level of the … come off as competent and dependable institutional members. This work is deemed necessary by nurses if they were to have an influence on decision making and play a more significant and key role in assisting in the shaping and determining of health policy. However, in order to do ……

References

References

Burke, S. A. (2016). Influence through policy: Nurses have a unique role. Reflections on Nursing Leadership. Retrieved from:  https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/commentary/more-commentary/Vol42_2_nurses-have-a-unique-role 

Chilton, L. (2015). Nurse Practitioners Have an Essential Role in Health Policy. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 11(2), A19.

Hughes, A. (2010). The challenge of contributing to policy making in primary care: the gendered experiences and strategies of nurses. Sociology of health & illness, 32(7), 977-992.

Shariff, N. (2014). Factors that act as facilitators and barriers to nurse leaders’ participation in health policy development. BMC nursing, 13(1), 20.

Study Document

How Educational Leaders Make Good Citizens

Pages: 6 (1816 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Essay Document #:44966938

… skills they will need to succeed in the 21st century workplace as well as developing good citizens that actively participate in the political process. Today, the United States invests enormous sums in its public educational system, but these scarce taxpayer resources are being wasted without the positive … skills required in the 21st century workplace and to help them develop into good citizens that are actively engaged in the American political process. While many people view education as a lifelong enterprise, educational leaders today are confronted with a situation in which the timeframe for evaluating … the flood of information that is increasingly available to them, as well as the ability to effectively use information technology tools in this process. A description of this personal philosophy is provided below, followed by a summary of the research and key points in the conclusion.
Philosophy … shaping the curricular offerings and……

References

References

Black’s Law Dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.

Blakesley, S. (2011, July). Defining educational leadership in Canada\\'s Yukon Territory: \\"Hmmm, that\\'s a good question ...\\" Canadian Journal of Education, 34(1), 4-7.

Bowser, A. & Hux, A. (2014, September). The roles of site-based mentors in educational leadership programs. College Student Journal, 48(3), 468-471.

Chan, T. C. (2014, March). Educational leadership: The research agenda. New Waves, 17(1), 1-4.

Cushman, K. (2009, December). Subjects, or citizens? High school students talk about investing in their schools: If we want to know what students think, Ms. Cushman suggests that we ask them. Phi Delta Kappan, 87(4), 316.

Demirci, F. & Ozyurek, C. (2017, December). The effects of using concept cartoons in astronomy subjects on critical thinking skills among seventh grade students. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 10(2), 243.

Erstad, W. (2018, January 22). Six critical thinking skills you need to master now. Rasmussen College. Retrieved from  https://www.rasmussen.edu/student-experience/college-life/critical-thinking-skills-to-master-now/ .

Litvinov, A. (2017, March 16). Forgotten purpose: Civics education in public schools. NEA Today. Retrieved from  http://neatoday.org/2017/03/16/civics-education-public-schools/ .

Study Document

C Suite Executive Leadership And Ethics

Pages: 9 (2693 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:16009984

Beliefs, Practices, Challenges
Persons in positions of leadership inevitably encounter major ethical dilemmas and in fact make ethical decision on a daily basis. Interviews with senior executives can reveal the complexities of ethical decision making at the executive level, as personal morals frequently disconnect from the ethical culture governing the organization or the industry’s regulatory climate (Bailey & … personal ethical beliefs clash with the prevailing norms and values in the field. Employee diversity adds to the complications involved in executive ethical decision-making, according to Linden. The predominant ethical challenges usually relate to balancing two equally compelling ethical objectives, or weighing the pros and cons of … to Linden. The predominant ethical challenges usually relate to balancing two equally compelling ethical objectives, or weighing the pros and cons of a decision when there are no clear black-and-white resolutions. No genuine dilemma has a straightforward answer; it is not as if……

References

References

Bailey, C. & Shantz, A. (2018). Creating an ethically strong organization. MIT Sloan Management Review.  http://ilp.mit.edu/media/news_articles/smr/2018/60101.pdf 

Crossan, M., Mazutis, D. & Seijts, G. (2013). In search of virtue. Journal of Business Ethics 113(4): 567-581.

Hatcher, T. (2008). The value of values in the C-suite. In Sims, R.R. & Quatro, S.A. (Eds.) Executive Ethics. Charlotte: IAP, pp. 97-122.

Hoekstra, E., Bell, A. & Peterson, S.R. (2008). Humility in Leadership: Abandoning the Pursuit of Unattainable Perfection. In S.A. Quatro & R. R. Sims (Eds.), Executive Ethics: Ethical Dilemmas and Challenges for the C-Suite. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, pp. 79-96.

MacDougall, A.E., Bagdarasov, Z. & Buckley, M.R. (2008). Applying a primary risk management model to the C-suite. In Sims, R.R. & Quatro, S.A. (Eds.) Executive Ethics. Second Edition. Charlotte: IAP, pp. 211-234.

Martin, R. (2011). The CEO\\\\'s ethical dilemma in the era of earnings management. Strategy & Leadership 39(6): 43-47.

Schwartz, M.S. (2013). Developing and sustaining an ethical corporate culture: The core elements. Business Horizons 56(1): 39-50.

Study Document

Clinical Informatics

Pages: 11 (3264 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Essay Document #:78574553

Clinical decision Support and Electronic Health Records
Introduction
Information technology has revolutionized nearly every aspect of life, from how people recreate to how they work. … an information search in a database, they may get a return of a thousand different references or sources of information. If they cannot process that information and appraise it well, their ability to conduct a search will be meaningless. Thus, informatics is more than just about knowing … today nurse leaders do not have adequate access to EMR. Without adequate access to EMR, nurse leader cannot engage in effective or timely decision-making (Sousa et al., 2017). Nursing research has to focus more on how to positive integrate EMR systems into nurse workplaces. One of the … (Westra et al., 2017). It appears to be the case that as technological advances are made, the need to be able to handle, process, interact with, command, and……

References

References

Cho, O. M., Kim, H., Lee, Y. W., & Cho, I. (2016). Clinical alarms in intensive care units: Perceived obstacles of alarm management and alarm fatigue in nurses. Healthcare informatics research, 22(1), 46-53.

Effken, J., Weaver, C., Cochran, K., Androwich, I., & O’Brien, A. (2016). Toward a central repository for sharing nursing informatics’ best practices. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 34(6), 245-246.

Elsayed, W. A., Hussein, F. M., & Othman, W. N. (2017). Relation between nursing informatics competency and nurses’ attitude toward evidence-based practice among qualified nurses at Mansoura Oncology Center. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 7(6), 26-33.

Drolet, B. C., Marwaha, J. S., Hyatt, B., Blazar, P. E., & Lifchez, S. D. (2017). Electronic communication of protected health information: privacy, security, and HIPAA compliance. The Journal of hand surgery, 42(6), 411-416.

Haupeltshofer, A., Egerer, V., & Seeling, S. (2020). Promoting health literacy: What potential does nursing informatics offer to support older adults in the use of technology? A scoping review. Health Informatics Journal, 1460458220933417.

Kharbanda, E. O., Asche, S. E., Sinaiko, A. R., Ekstrom, H. L., Nordin, J. D., Sherwood, N. E., & O’Connor, P. (2018). Clinical decision support for recognition and management of hypertension: a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 141(2).

Khezri, H., & Abdekhoda, M. (2019). Assessing nurses’ informatics competency and identifying its related factors. Journal of Research in Nursing, 24(7), 529-538.

Kleib, M., & Nagle, L. (2018). Factors associated with Canadian nurses\\\\\\\\\\\\' informatics competency. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 36(8), 406-415.

Study Document

Stakeholder Dedication Approval And Participation

Pages: 5 (1587 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Case Study Document #:63031378

Question A
Stakeholder dedication, approval and participation in the overall change process proves crucial to change management initiative success. To this end, stakeholders ought to be adequately informed about change goals and intent, in addition … leads to better overall outcomes (Chirenje, Giliba & Musamba, 2013).
Studies reveal that without having an effective communication strategy in place, the whole process of change can end up being a disaster. Both a total lack of communication and over-communicating are detrimental, potentially derailing the entire change … since change implementation may be faced with the obstacle of stakeholder opposition owing to various reasons. Stakeholder analysis facilitates minimization of potential change process participant opposition through understanding the expectations and needs of important stakeholders indirectly or directly impacted by change (Chirenje, Giliba & Musamba, 2013).
The … continue to focus on small groups of communities based on cultural, geo-political, and economic relationships, particularly in rural……

References

References

Callahan, K., Olshfski, D., & Schwella, E. (2005). Global public management: Cases and comments. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Chirenje, L. I., Giliba, R. A., & Musamba, E. B. (2013). Local communities’ participation in decision-making processes through planning and budgeting in African countries. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, 11(1), 10-16.

Eskerod, P., & Jepsen, A. L. (2016). Project stakeholder management. Routledge.

Fleming, Q. W., & Koppelman, J. M. (2016). Earned value project management. Project Management Institute.

Study Document

Right Of Informed Refusal For Minors

Pages: 9 (2623 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:16932208

End-of-Life decision making for Minors When the Minor Should be the decision Maker
Today, the right of adults to refuse medical treatment when they feel it is not in their best interests is universally acknowledged, … particularly contentious because the vast majority of adults in the United States believe that children need and deserve special protections that preclude end-of-life decision. Drawing on a virtue theoretical framework, the purpose of this paper is to examine the arguments in support of and against allow minors … virtue theoretical framework, the purpose of this paper is to examine the arguments in support of and against allow minors to make end-of-life decision for themselves, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue in the conclusion.
Review and Analysis
On the …
Review and Analysis
On the one hand, there are increasing calls to allow young people to actively participate……

References

References

Black’s law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.

Bryden, J. (2016, February 25). Medical help in dying should be widely available, with few restrictions: Report. The Canadian Press, 6.

Hursthouse, R. & Pettigrove, G. (2018, Winter). Virtue ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from  https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2018/entries/ethics-virtue .

Katz, A. L. & Webb, S. A. (2016, August). Informed consent in decision-making in pediatric practice. Pediatrics, 138(2), 30-37.

Lemmens, C. (2009, September). End- of- life decisions and minors: do minors have the right to refuse life preserving medical treatment? A comparative study. Medical Law Review, 28(3), 479-497.

Physician-assisted suicide. (2019). CNN. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2014/11/26/us/ physician-assisted-suicide-fast-facts/index.html.

Salsberry, P. J. (1999, January 1). Caring, virtue theory, and a foundation for nursing ethics. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, 6(2), 155-160.

Williams, Z. (2012, October 25). Early puberty: why are kids growing up faster? The Guardian. Retrieved from  https://www.theguardian.com/society/2012/oct/25/early-puberty-growing-up-faster .

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