Cultural Differences Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Quality Of The Cross Cultural Experience

Pages: 7 (2170 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Case Study Document #:94739565

… 0.2% of the population, they make a huge contribution to the American society (U.S. Census Bureau, 2009). With globalization, organizations and countries experience cultural diversity. Workplaces, countries, and schools increasingly consist of people with different backgrounds in terms of races, cultures and ethnic groups. cultural differences impact teamwork in organizations, management decisions, and performance differences (Bass, 2008).
Culture also impacts the organizational structures of companies, legitimizing both its functions and existence. It also impacts and conditions organizational commitments. … individual’s experience interpretation and its meaning may differ from what’s anticipated, resulting in likely disagreements in the context of businesses. Companies must include cultural differences into their managerial practices. Therefore, cultural diversity management is important to businesses if they want to gain competitive advantage through its employees, an important business asset. In order to … to businesses if they want to gain competitive advantage through its employees, an important business……



Bass, B. M. (2008). The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications (4th ed.). New York: Free Press.

Cacioppe, R. (1997). Leadership moment by moment! Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 18, 335-345.

Cep, B. (2011). Samoan Umu. Retrieved from 

Quinn, R. E. (2000). Change the world: How ordinary people can achieve extraordinary results. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

The Budding Anthropologist. (2016). Samoan Umu. Retrieved from https://thebuddinganthropologist.wordpress. com/food/samoan-umu/

U.S. Census Bureau, USA QuickFacts, accessed December 2019.

Study Document

Cultural Identity Development

Pages: 8 (2411 words) Sources: 14 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:12452469

This paper addresses the significance of ethnic or cultural identity. It deals with the identity of socially advantaged as well as disadvantaged groups and my relation to them. Additionally, it highlights the … may or may not be self-established. It is, rather frequently, employed in the labeling and categorization of persons believed to possess oppositional or dual differences. Additionally, identity represents a construct applied in creating social orders of dominance and persecution, characterized by some groups being at an advantage in terms … advantage in terms of influence and freedom and others, concurrently, being less fortunate (Babbitt, 2013). In this paper, the subject of development of cultural identity and connected issues will be discussed. Moreover, this paper will facilitate an understanding of my own cultural identity through the application of a model of cultural identity development.
Summary of GSA Self-Assessment
The foremost step to become a cultural sensitive and proficient counselor……



Allport, G. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Babbitt, N. (2013). Identities: Markers of power and privilege. Retrieved from 

Baldwin, J. A. (1984). African self-consciousness and the mental health of African-Americans. Journal of Black Studies, 15, 177-194.

Clark, K. B. (1965). Dark ghetto. New York: Harper & Row.

Cross, W. E. (1991). Shades of black: Diversity in African-American identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Horowitz, R. (1939). Racial aspects of self-identification in nursery school children. Journal of Psychology, 7, 91-99.

Kambon, K. (I 992). The African personality in America: An Aitricancentered framework. Tallahassee, FL: Nubian Nation Publications

Kardiner, A., & Ovesey, L. (1951). The mark of oppression. New York: Norton.

Study Document

Cultural Examination Of Portugal

Pages: 8 (2519 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:50058596

… life, high family orientation, less work-obsessed than one might normally find in America. So I started to think a bit more about the differences between Portugal and America, and to that meant increasing my exposure to Portugal a bit more.
I know that some of the food … is to get to know the culture more. I think I have more language skills now, but I also have a much greater cultural fluency. This cultural fluency has actually grown since I’ve returned to America, because I’ve been able to reflect on my experiences and assimilate some of that ……



Hofstede Insights (2020) Country comparison: Portugal. Hofstede Insights. Retrieved May 24, 2020 from 

Mudge, E. (2019) Portuguese culture: food, fado and festivals. Retrieved May 24, 2020 from 

Study Document

Sex Gender And Work Segregation In Cultural Industries

Pages: 2 (671 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:72867739

As Hesmondhalgh and Baker point out in cultural industries there are jobs dominated by women and jobs dominated by men. Women tend to find work in jobs such as production coordination, … changing social landscape and the changing workplace? Perhaps ideas about gender are changing because people are having less and less experience with gender differences and they are not seeing them as much as they did in……


Works Cited

Hesmondhalgh, David, and Sarah Baker. \\"Sex, gender and work segregation in the cultural industries.\\" The Sociological Review 63 (2015): 23-36.

Hoffman, Curt, and Nancy Hurst. \\"Gender stereotypes: Perception or rationalization?.\\" Journal of personality and social psychology 58.2 (1990): 197.

Study Document

The Differences In Religions And Their Burial Rituals

Pages: 10 (2909 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:18018467

… religions of Christianity, Judaism and Islam all shares some common characteristics when it comes to burial rites, and yet each has their own cultural quirks and issues. Each religion has different sects as well. Christianity was dominated essentially by Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox for most of … well, including Sunni and Shia. This paper will compare and contrast the general burial rituals of Roman Catholics, Jews and Muslims, highlighting sectarian differences when appropriate, while also relying on my own personal history with family and friends to shed more light on the subject from my ……


Works Cited

Brener, Anne. Mourning and Mitzvah: A Guided Journal for Walking the Mourner’s Path Through Grief to Healing. Jewish Lights/Turner Publishing, 2017.

Goldstein, Z. “The Jewish Burial.”

Goodman, Arnold M.  A Plain Pine Box: A Return to Simple Jewish Funerals and Eternal Traditions. Ktav Publishing House, 2003.

Reform Judaism. 

Sheikh, Aziz, and Abdul Rashid Gatrad, eds. Caring for Muslim patients. Radcliffe Publishing, 2008.

Siddiqui, Abdul Hamid. Sahih Muslim. Peace Vision, 2012.

Toner, Patrick. "Extreme Unction." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909.

Wilde, Melissa J. Vatican II: A sociological analysis of religious change. Princeton University Press, 2018.

Study Document

Culturally Competent Patient Care Advanced Practice Nursing

Pages: 5 (1514 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:73535366

Culture in Advanced Nursing Practice
cultural competent nurses can assess the psychological, spiritual, physiological, social, environmental, and epidemiological data on a particular cultural group to provide cultural sensitive and patient-centered care. Since Madeleine Leininger first proposed that cultural competency was essential to nursing, various means of incorporating cultural learning and assessment have been incorporated into advanced nursing practice. Culture includes but is not limited to ethnic, linguistic, religious, and national heritage, … been incorporated into advanced nursing practice. Culture includes but is not limited to ethnic, linguistic, religious, and national heritage, and can also include cultural domains, age, socioeconomic status, and political affiliations. Advanced practice nurses have a moral and legal obligation to provide cultural competent care, outlined in Standard 8 of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Standards of Practice. cultural assessment strategies enable the advanced practice nurse to understand the complex intersections between health status, cultural needs, disease prevalence,……



Coats, H., Crist, J. D., Berger, A., Sternberg, E., & Rosenfeld, A. G. (2016). African American Elders’ Serious Illness Experiences. Qualitative Health Research, 27(5), 634–648. doi:10.1177/1049732315620153 

“Cultural Awareness and Influences on Health: NCLEX-RN,” (2020). Registered Nursing. Retrieved from: 

Marion, L., Douglas, M., Lavin, M., Barr, N., Gazaway, S., Thomas, L., Bickford, C., (November 18, 2016) \\\\\\\\\\\\"Implementing the New ANA Standard 8: Culturally Congruent Practice\\\\\\\\\\\\" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 22 No. 1.

Smith, L.S. (2018). A nurse educator\\\\\\\\\\\\'s guide to cultural competence. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy 16(2): 19-23.

Spector, R.E. (2016). Cultural diversity in health and illness. 9th Edition

Wagner, J. (2019). Cultural competency. Medicine Libre Texts. Retrieved from:

Williams, M.T., Duque, G., Wetterneck, C.T., et al. (2018). Ethnic identity and regional differences in mental health in a national sample of African American young adults. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 5(2018): 312-321.

Young, S., & Guo, K. L. (2016). Cultural diversity training: the necessity of cultural competence for health care providers and in nursing practice. The health care manager, 35(2), 94-102.

Study Document

How The Rich Experience Leisure Vs The Poor

Pages: 7 (1989 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:86482742

… in the same light as people who come from a culture that values leisure more highly than work. As Hofstede (1998) shows, these differences are real. But it is not even an issue just on a cultural level. Even the genders experience leisure and engage in leisure differently (Codina & Pestana, 2019). From the standpoint of the rich vs. poor … vs. poor dichotomy, however, there are a few points that must be made before exploring this paradigm.
The first point is that class differences exist but that they reflect cultural differences at root (Hogan, 2017). How leisure is perceived by those who experience it is not going to be the same as how it … find the richest people working through the weekend while the poorest indulge themselves at a more leisurely pace (Economist, 2014).
Moreover, because of cultural shifts, working hours have declined in the modern era……



Codina, N., & Pestana, J. V. (2019). Time Matters Differently in Leisure Experience for Men and Women: Leisure Dedication and Time Perspective. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(14), 2513.

The Economist. (2014). Why The Rich Now Have Less Leisure Time Than The Poor. Retrieved from 

Goldman, M., & Rao, J. M. (2011, March). Allocative and dynamic efficiency in Nba

decision making. In In Proceedings of the MIT Sloan Sports Analytics Conference (pp. 4-5). Hofstede, G. (1998). Attitudes, values and organizational culture: Disentangling the concepts. Organization studies, 19(3), 477-493.

Hogan, D. (2017). Education and class formation:: the peculiarities of the Americans. In Cultural and economic reproduction in education (pp. 32-78). Routledge.

Study Document

Culture And Nursing

Pages: 11 (3252 words) Sources: 14 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:16877652

… showed—and yet there are universal elements to every culture that allow people from different backgrounds to understand one another and rise above their differences to find common ground. Culture shapes the way people, families and communities communicate, perceive the self, think about sexuality, express spirituality, manage stress, … putting the needs of the group before the desires of the individual. Nurses can use and understand culture by utilizing models like Leininger’s cultural model of nursing, by adopting a patient-centered care strategy, or simply by developing their cultural competencies. In doing so, nurses can promote safe, effective, and quality personalized care for patients, their families, and for the communities they serve … effective, and quality personalized care for patients, their families, and for the communities they serve within the realm of nurses’ care. To promote cultural awareness among nurses, one of the best places to start is Hofstede’s research on……



Bassert, J. M. (2017). McCurnin\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Clinical Textbook for Veterinary Technicians-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Bovee, C.L., & Thill, J.V. (1992). Business Communication Today. NY, NY: McGraw- Hill.

Burnett, M.J., & Dollar, A. (1989). Business Communication: Strategies for Success. Houston, Texas: Dane.

Davidson, L., Tondora, J., Miller, R., O’Connell, M. (2015). Person-Centered Care. Person-Centered Care for Mental Illness. WA: American Psychological Association.

Hambrick, D.C., Davison, S.C., Snell, S.A. & Snow, C.C. (1998). When groups consist of multiple nationalities: Towards a new understanding of the implications. Organization studies, 19(2), 181-205.

Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1), 8.

Hofstede, G. (1980). Motivation, leadership, and organization: do American theories apply abroad?. Organizational Dynamics, 9(1), 42-63.

Hofstede Insights. (2019). Retrieved from,the-usa/

Study Document

Walmart And Starbucks Sustainability

Pages: 10 (2956 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Essay Document #:82035570

… how the concept of CSR is applied in different countries, especially between the United States and Europe. They identified a number of significant differences between the two. Both the companies being studied are American, but Starbucks is more international in nature, and has a lot of stores … of stores in different European countries. Ultimately, what CSR is and how it is implemented at the corporate level is defined by the differences in local cultural perceptions. This can actually be applied to both Starbucks and to Wal-Mart. While there is significant overlap between customer bases – no surprise … large – there are unique areas that each has a focus in and the other is weak. Further, there is a pretty massive cultural difference between rural Arkansas and downtown Seattle cultural, and one has to suspect that the cultural gap between those areas will also characterize some of the……



Aguilera, R, Rupp, D., Williams, C. & Ganapathi, J. (2005) Putting the S back in corporate social responsibility: A multi-level theory of social change in organizations. Academy of Management Review. (2005). Retrieved November 4, 2017 from 

Banerjee, S. (2008) Corporate social responsibility: the good, bad and the ugly. Critical Sociology. Vol. 34 (1)

Blowfield, M., Frynas, J. (2005) Editorial setting new agendas: Critical perspectives on corporate social responsibility in the developing world. International Affairs. Vol. 81 (3) 499-513.

Brammer, S., Jackson, G. & Matten, D. (2012). Corporate social responsibility and institutional theory: New perspectives on private governance. Socio-Economic Review. Vol. 10 (2012) 3-28.

Campbell, J. (2007) Why would corporations behave in socially responsible ways? An institutional theory of corporate social responsibility The Academy of Management Review. Vol. 32 (3) 946-967.

Epstein, E. (1987) The corporate social policy process: Beyond business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and corporate social responsiveness. California Management Review. Vol. 29 (3) 99.

Friedman, M. (1970) The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2017 from

Heningway, C. & Maclagan, P. (2004) Managers' personal values as drivers of corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 50 (1) 33-44.

Study Document

Sociology Law And Identity

Pages: 6 (1908 words) Sources: 1 Document Type:Essay Document #:83127915

… behaviors, e.g., kissing in public, in public is illegal as compared to in the west. This is basically as a result of the differences in the traditional cultures of these two regions, bearing in mind that religion is a core part of any culture. To this effect, … be argued that culture affects law and identity, and to ensure that there is fairness and justice in any given society, then the cultural context of the people cannot be ignored. In her book, The cultural Defense, Alison Dundes Renteln argues that \"Culture shapes individual identity in crucial ways. The failure of the law to recognize this has resulted … (Renteln 2004, 219). This essay, therefore, is an explanation of this quotation, and the explanation will be done by using the book The cultural Defense by Renteln (2004).
Culture and identity
It is no doubt that traditional culture exists, and even……



Renteln, A. D. (2004). The cultural defense. Oxford University Press.

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