Study Document

Reforming the Criminal System Essay

Pages:4 (1110 words)

Sources:2

Subject:Government

Topic:Criminal Justice

Document Type:Essay

Document:#99288671


The Need for Criminal Justice Reform and Bail Reform

When it comes to incarceration, the U.S. has the worst record in the world: the U.S. is only 4.4% of the world’s population, but it makes up 22% of the entire planet’s prison population. 716 people for every 100,000 in the U.S. will be incarcerated; moreover, 70% of those in prison will be there simply because they cannot afford to pay for bail (ACLU, 2019). Since most people live paycheck to paycheck in the U.S. it is not surprising to find that anyone accused of a crime is unlikely to be able to post the average cost of bail, which in the U.S. is $11,000 (ACLU, 2019). For these reasons, there is a need to establish both criminal justice reform and bail reform in the U.S. The American Gulag is like that of the Soviet Gulag: people lose their entire lives once they disappear into the system, where they become basically slave laborers for the corporations working for pennies on the dollar while incarcerated (Pelaez, 2019).

Advocacy groups that support bail reform are The Sentencing Project, which is a Wasington, D.C.-based national reform group that focuses on racism in the justice system and lower in the prison population; The Marshall Project, which is made up of journalists seeking to shed light on the justice system as it lacks transparency; and grassroots organizations like The St. Louis Action Committee and the Arch City Defenders, which work with national organizations to reform the justice system (Ziegelheim, 2018).

The current arrest and detention process is as follows:

The pretrial process consists of

Bail reform statistics in New Jersey show signs of progress. According to the Drug Policy Alliance (2019), the pretrial prison population has declined almost by half over the past 3 years, which means fewer people are sitting in jail while awaiting trial and are instead able to get back to their lives thanks to bail reform. Less than 1% of those arrested were hit with money bail, and 9 out of every 10 people arrested in New Jersey is now released from custody within 24 hours of arrest. Only 1% of those arrested remains in custody for more than 2 days (Drug Policy Alliance, 2019).

The arrest process begins with a suspect being taken into custody. The police will search the person for contraband. The person…

Some parts of this document are missing

Click here to view full document

…reads the charges and the person is allowed to enter a plea;

5) Plea Bargain—this is where the person agrees to plead guilty, usually to a lesser charge with the expectation of receiving a lighter sentence and avoiding a costly trial; most cases end at this stage without a trial ever becoming necessary; many advocates for reform view this as an abuse because prosecutors put pressure on defendants to accept a plea deal so that there does not need to be a trial; it is essentially subverts the rights of the arrestee if the system is manipulated in this manner.

6) Preliminary Hearing—if there is no plea deal, this step follows wherein the judge hears the evidence from the prosecutor and decides whether there is a case to be made for prosecution.

In conclusion, the justice system needs to be reformed and the reforms seen in New Jersey have helped to give arrestees their rights. However, more reform is needed as the many advocacy groups are showing. They are shining light on the justice system and helping people to obtain bail. They are also emphasizing that the pre-trial system is manipulating the trial process and preventing people from…


Sample Source(s) Used

References

ACLU. (2019). ACLU lawsuit goes after $2 billion bail industry that profits off poor people. Retrieved from https://www.aclu.org/press-releases/aclu-lawsuit-goes-after-2-billion-bail-industry-profits-poor-people

Drug Policy Alliance. (2019). New Jersey Judiciary Releases Annual Bail Reform Report, with Additional Key Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.drugpolicy.org/press-release/2019/04/new-jersey-judiciary-releases-annual-bail-reform-report-additional-key

Pelaez, V. (2019). The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery? Retrieved from https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-prison-industry-in-the-united-states-big-business-or-a-new-form-of-slavery/8289

Ziegelheim, D. (2018). Grassroots Organizations Are Leading The Way On Criminal Justice Reform. Retrieved from https://psmag.com/social-justice/the-grassroots-organizations-leading-criminal-justice-reform

Cite this Document

Join thousands of other students and "spark your studies."

Sign Up for FREE
Related Documents

Study Document

Criminal Practices Among UN Peacekeepers

Pages: 13 (3626 words) Sources: 1+ Subject: Criminology Document: #39796429

Introduction
The United Nations (UN) was established in October 1945 in the immediate aftermath of World War II with the overarching mission to prevent future international conflicts. To this end, the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations was formed just 3 years later in response to the emerging conflict between India and Pakistan. Since that time – and to their credit -- UN peacekeepers operating under the auspices of the UN

Study Document

Criminal Justice Theory and Policy

Pages: 3 (962 words) Sources: 3 Subject: Criminal Justice Document: #11245033

To have an appropriate policy outcome, an investigation is necessary to determine the basis of their relationship. This is necessary since both the attorney and the public will be in a position to justify if he shot his wife unknowingly. On the third website there is a case concerning a murderous ex-cop who faces cases of murder and hopes to get another chance. In such a case, there has to

Study Document

Criminal Justice - Corrections Criminal

Pages: 4 (1119 words) Sources: 5 Subject: Criminal Justice Document: #68878301

In that regard, sentences imposed for crack cocaine are so much harsher that approximately 100 times as much powdered cocaine is required to approach the sentences imposed in connection with crack cocaine offenses. This issue is particularly relevant to the disparity inherent in mandatory sentencing and arbitrariness in sentencing, especially since dealers in powdered cocaine are much more likely higher up on the supply chain than distributors of crack cocaine

Study Document

Criminal Justice Bootcamp Programs for

Pages: 20 (5841 words) Sources: 1+ Subject: Criminal Justice Document: #21697054

The sources provided background and reviews of published literature: Holmstrom (1996); Marcus-Mendoza (1995); and Osler (1991). Finally, three reports took on a narrower focus in investigating boot camps: Clark and Kellam (2001); Mueller (1996); and Souryal, Layton & MacKenzie (1994). Burns and Vito (1995) examined the effectiveness of Alabama boot camps. In Alabama, overcrowded prisons brought on interest at the state level for prison boot camps. State prison boot camps

Study Document

Reforming the Juvenile Justice System: In Search

Pages: 8 (2366 words) Sources: 1+ Subject: Business - Law Document: #3975441

Reforming the Juvenile Justice System: In Search of Justice and Accountability While the overall crime rate has steadily decreased over the last decade throughout the country, there is one segment of crime that has been increasing: criminal offences committed by juveniles (National Criminal Justice Reference Service: 2002). In the last 15 years, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the incidence of criminal offences committed by juveniles (under the age of

Join thousands of other students and

"spark your studies".