Criminal Justice Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Criminal Justice Reform And Bail Reform

Pages: 4 (1299 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:56907867

Introduction
What is criminal justice reform? It is the focus on improving the criminal justice system through the implementation of evidence-based best practices, policies that promote greater equitability fairness, and systems that are more cost-efficient (National criminal justice Association, 2019). One area in which reform is needed is the issue of bail. Bail is the bond that allows an arrested individual … discuss the history of reform, pros and cons, incarceration rates, advocacy efforts, the current arrest and detention process and statistics in New Jersey.
criminal justice Reform Background
In the 1990s there was an attitude in America that the government needed to “get tough” on crime. This led to ……

References

References

ACLU. (2019). ACLU lawsuit goes after $2 billion bail industry that profits off poor people. Retrieved from  https://www.aclu.org/press-releases/aclu-lawsuit-goes-after-2-billion-bail-industry-profits-poor-people " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Criminal Justice Inequality And Conflict Theory

Pages: 3 (865 words) Document Type:Essay Document #:88382152

… staying firm. It is when officers lose control of their own emotions that escalation happens.
Discussion 3: According to conflict theory, what is “criminal justice inequality”? Provide an example.
Conflict theory posits that there are finite resources and groups are in a struggle for power over those resources. … for power over those resources. As a result there is usually a group that has power and consolidates by controlling the levers of justice, politics, business, and so on; and there is a group that does not have power that struggles to obtain it. Karl Marx, who … conflict theory, believed the workers were an example of the latter group and that they would rise up to seize power for themselves. criminal justice inequality refers to the lack of equality in the criminal justice system between groups, those groups with power and those without. An example of this would be……

Study Document

US Criminal Justice System

Pages: 3 (988 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:question answer Document #:28826402

1. Name the three (3) separate government components that make-up the U.S. criminal justice system and explain their function and how they work together?
The three separate government components that make-up the U.S. criminal justice system comprise of courts, law enforcement, and corrections. Imperatively, these components are dependent on one another and one would not necessarily be beneficial … statements made. Secondly, law enforcement works in tandem with the courts in regard to serving warrants and subpoenas. The third component of the justice system, corrections, are employed in making certain that criminal remain under confinement, facilitate the transportation of convicts to hearings, and also partake in the supervision of individuals subsequent to their release from ……

References

References

Ortmeier, P. J. (2006). Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice. New York: Prentice Hall.

Peak, K. J. (Ed.). (2013). Encyclopedia of community policing and problem solving. Sage Publications.

Perez, D. W., & Moore, J. A. (2012). Police Ethics. Cengage Learning.

Science Daily. (2008). Impact Of Stress On Police Officers\\' Physical And Mental Health. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080926105029.htm

The New York Times. (2014). Sir Robert Peel’s Nine Principles of Policing. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/16/nyregion/sir-robert-peels-nine-principles-of-policing.html

University of San Diego. (2019). The Top 5 Trends in Law Enforcement. Retrieved from:  https://onlinedegrees.sandiego.edu/top-5-trends-in-law-enforcement/ 

Study Document

Importance Of Ethics Within The Criminal Justice

Pages: 6 (1652 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:18050591

Introduction
Without any set moral guidelines and stipulations, a country’s criminal justice system is not capable of accurately meeting the needs of its people. The role of the system is to penalize poor conduct and … & McCarthy, 2017; Souryal & Whitehead, 2019). Ethics are valuable in such systems because they offer both the victim and the accused fair justice application (Kramer, 2018). In this essay, the significance of ethics within the criminal justice system is discussed. Also, instances of unethical behavior, as well as the legal responsibilities suffered by the doers of such action, are presented.
… of unethical behavior, as well as the legal responsibilities suffered by the doers of such action, are presented.
Importance of ethics within the criminal justice
Ethics offers answers to several questions within the system. What is considered bad behavior or conduct? What is the most suitable compensation for … suitable compensation for……

References

References

Braswell, M. C., McCarthy, B. R., & McCarthy, B. J. (2017). Justice, crime, and ethics. Taylor & Francis.

Kramer, L. (2018). Why Is Ethics Important in Criminal Justice? Legal Beagle. Retrieved from  https://legalbeagle.com/6386561-ethics-important-criminal-justice.html 

News Services (2008, June 13). Woman gets $7.7M in false arrest case, Chicago Tribune. Retrieved from  https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-2008-06-13-0806130382-story.html 

Sahakian, W. S., & Sahakian, M. L. (1966). Ideas of the great philosophers (No. 218). Barnes & Noble Publishing.

Souryal, S. S., & Whitehead, J. T. (2019). Ethics in criminal justice: In search of the truth. Routledge. Case law

Indiana Supreme Court Disciplinary Commission vs. Dana E. F. DANIELS, Supreme Court Cause No. 49S00-1402-DI-133, (2015).

Jackson v. City of Chicago, No. 03 C 8289, (July 31, 2006).

Study Document

Ethical Issues In Criminal Justice

Pages: 4 (1197 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:16567736

Epistemology and Duty Ethics in criminal justice
Ethical Issues
1 Ethics in Law Enforcement Agencies
As Roufa (2019) notes, ethics in law enforcement are essential to prevent behaviors from going … and whether one would be able to justify with reason the action if necessary before the public.
2 Ethics within Philosophy in a criminal justice Context
The three main ethical philosophies are Virtue Ethics, Deontology (Duty Ethics) and Utilitarianism. A fourth ethical philosophy is often used to justify … justify the means. Each of the…[break]…use of their free will to pursue objectives that are important to them (Holmes, 2007).
Ethics apply to criminal justice because they set the parameters for how the system of criminal justice should be arranged. The criminal justice system in the US was developed during the Enlightenment era so Enlightenment philosophy influenced it heavily; however, as time has passed, other ethical … passed, other ethical……

References

References

Cahn, S. & Markie, P. (2011). Ethics: History, Theory and Contemporary Issues, 5th Edition. UK: Oxford University Press.

Hehman, E., Flake, J. K., & Calanchini, J. (2018). Disproportionate use of lethal force in policing is associated with regional racial biases of residents. Social psychological and personality science, 9(4), 393-401.

Holmes, A. (2007). Ethics: Approaching moral decisions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Roufa, T. (2019). Ethics in law enforcement. Retrieved from  https://www.thebalancecareers.com/ethics-in-law-enforcement-and-policing-974542 

Study Document

Criminal Justice And Methods Of Profiling

Pages: 2 (641 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:23454328

Types of criminal Profiling
According to Bartol & Bartol (2017), there are five broad categories of criminal profiling, but they are not mutually exclusive and are frequently used in tandem with one another to aid investigations. The first type of … profiling, but they are not mutually exclusive and are frequently used in tandem with one another to aid investigations. The first type of criminal profiling covered in the text is commonly referred to as psychological profiling: the profiling of known individuals like suspects. The goal of psychological ……

References

References

Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2017). Criminal behavior: A psychological approach (11th ed.). Retrieved from  https://redshelf.com/ 

Kocsis, R. N., & Palermo, G. B. (2015). Disentangling Criminal Profiling: Accuracy, Homology, and the Myth of Trait-Based Profiling. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(3), 313-332.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X13513429 

Sample, I. (2010). Psychological profiling ‘worse than useless.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from:  https://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/sep/14/psychological-profile-behavioural-psychology 

Study Document

Criminal Justice Ethical Issues

Pages: 2 (578 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:43254409

… a controversial one in a liberty-loving society. People believe they should have the right to freedom, to do with themselves what they want. criminal prostitution, drug use, or drinking does not mean that the human desire for these things goes away. Nor does making these things legal … the “red light” districts where people went to indulge themselves. This seems a more humane way to approach the issue of whether to criminal vice. By zoning it and making it available only in certain areas, one can keep it at the margins of society. This is … effectively, the person is not get his just due before the law.
Ineffective counsel is one example of this: The Sixth Amendment guarantees criminal defendants the right to effective……

References

References

Rindels, M. (2018). How legal prostitution works in Nevada. Retrieved from  https://thenevadaindependent.com/article/the-indy-explains-how-legal-prostitution-works-in-nevada 

Wilhelm, R. (2019). Effective counsel. Retrieved from  https://www.lawyers.com/legal-info/criminal/criminal-law-basics/effective-or-ineffective-assistance-of-counsel.html 

Study Document

Criminal Perspectives Social Trait Classical

Pages: 4 (1310 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Capstone Project Document #:11929443

Criminological Perspectives
Criminological perspectives explain why people commit crime and why some people are more predisposed to engage in criminal activity than others. The trait, social, and classical/choice perspectives are among the most common criminological perspectives. This text describes the core arguments of … an individual’s predisposition to commit crime is influenced by their biological or genetic makeup (Siegel, 2015). According to the trait perspective, humans are born-criminal. However, individuals have certain traits such as blood chemistry disorders, neurological problems, defective intelligence or psychological disorders that determine whether or not they … in crime when under duress or pushed in a certain direction. Traditional trait theorists believe that these biological and psychological attributes explain all criminal (Siegel, 2015). Contemporary theorists, however, believe that environmental factors such as disorganized neighborhoods, socioeconomic status, and family life trigger these traits (Siegel, 2015). … factors such as disorganized neighborhoods, socioeconomic status, and family life……

References

References

Cole, G., & Smith, C. (2007). Criminal Justice in America (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Hagan, F. E. (2010). Introduction to Criminology: Theory, Methods and Criminal Behavior (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mackenzie, D. L. (2001). Sentencing and Corrections in the 21st century: Setting the Stage for the Future. National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). Retrieved from  https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/189106-2.pdf 

Siegel, L. J. (2015). Criminology: Theories, Patterns and Typologies (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Study Document

Criminal Profiling Of Serial Killers

Pages: 12 (3545 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:59713406

Does criminal Profiling Work or is it Unjustified The Case of Tim Masters
Introduction
criminal profiling allows law enforcement to develop their understanding of particular types of crime, criminal, criminal behaviors, and crime-ridden areas. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is one data set tool used in criminal profiling (FBI, 2019). However, criminal profiling is not an exact science but rather more of an art and there is a high degree of subjectivity that goes into … not an exact science but rather more of an art and there is a high degree of subjectivity that goes into creating a criminal profile. Thus, when it comes to the criminal profiling of serial killers, there are many factors that must be considered—biological, sociological, environmental, criminological, and psychological inputs. This paper will describe what … there are many factors that must be considered—biological, sociological, environmental, criminological, and psychological inputs. This paper……

References

References

Alldredge, J. (2015). The" CSI Effect" and Its Potential Impact on Juror Decisions. Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science, 3(1), 6.

Bonn, S. (2019). How the FBI Profiles Serial Offenders. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/wicked-deeds/201905/how-the-fbi-profiles-serial-offenders

Dogra, T.D. et al. (2012). A psychological profile of a serial killer: A case report. Omega: Journal of Death & Dying 65(4), 299-316.

FBI. (2019). Summary of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Retrieved from  https://www2.fbi.gov/ucr/killed/2009/aboutucr.html 

Karson, M. (2017). Why Profiling Serial Killers Can’t Work. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/feeling-our-way/201711/why-profiling-serial-killers-can-t-work

Miller, L. (2014). Serial killers: I. Subtypes, patterns and motives. Aggression and Violent Behavior 19, 1-11.

Samuel, D. B., & Widiger, T. A. (2007). Describing Ted Bundy's personality and working towards DSM-V. Practice, 27, 20-22.

Sarteschi, C. M. (2016). Serial Murder. In Mass and Serial Murder in America (pp. 45-67). Springer, Cham.

Study Document

Reforming The Criminal System

Pages: 4 (1110 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:99288671

The Need for criminal justice Reform and Bail Reform
When it comes to incarceration, the U.S. has the worst record in the world: the U.S. is only 4.4% … the average cost of bail, which in the U.S. is $11,000 (ACLU, 2019). For these reasons, there is a need to establish both criminal justice reform and bail reform in the U.S. The American Gulag is like that of the Soviet Gulag: people lose their entire lives once … groups that support bail reform are The Sentencing Project, which is a Wasington, D.C.-based national reform group that focuses on racism in the justice system and lower in the prison population; The Marshall Project, which is made up of journalists seeking to shed light on the justice system as it lacks transparency; and grassroots organizations like The St. Louis Action Committee and the Arch City Defenders, which work with national … transparency;……

References

References

ACLU. (2019). ACLU lawsuit goes after $2 billion bail industry that profits off poor people. Retrieved from  https://www.aclu.org/press-releases/aclu-lawsuit-goes-after-2-billion-bail-industry-profits-poor-people " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

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