Wage Gap Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Why The Gender Wage Gap Is Really A Myth

Pages: 4 (1078 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:16881842

The wage gap
Whether or not the wage gap exists depends entirely upon who one asks. If one is asking Christina Hoff Sommers, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and writer … the American Enterprise Institute and writer for Time, she will say, no, it does not exist: “The bottom line: the 23-cent gender pay gap is simply the difference between the average earnings of all men and women working full-time.” The enduring myth that “women earn 77 cents … Nikki Graf, Anna Brown and Eileen Patten, writing for Pew Research, you will research a much different answer. They argue that the pay gap is closing but that women are still behind by as much as 15 cents on the dollar. However, if one pays attention to … et al. are using, one can see that Hoff Sommers has a point. These studies are not of side by side……


Works Cited

Graf, Nikki and Anna Brown, Eileen Patton. “The narrowing, but persistent, gender gap in pay.” Pew Research Center, 2019. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/03/22/gender-pay-gap-facts/

Sommers, Christina Hoff. “6 Feminist Myths That Will Not Die.” Time, 2016. https://time.com/3222543/wage-pay-gap-myth-feminism/

Wilde, Heather. “Does the Wage Gap Exist? I Was Paid 60 Percent Less Than Men in the Same Role.” Inc., 2019. https://www.inc.com/heather-wilde/does-wage-gap-exist-i-was-paid-60-percent-less-than-men-in-same-role.html

Study Document

Labor Market Wages And Income Inequality

Pages: 5 (1612 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:28125506

This paper looks at the concepts of the labor market, wage growth and income inequality in the U.S. and discusses them in terms of inflation (caused by the injection of $4 trillion worth of … “best economy ever”—as it is described by President Trump—should not be dependent upon a rate-cutting Fed. A good look at the labor market, wage growth and income inequality may help to explain why the president is so worried about the central bank maintaining loose monetary policy.
… might not be true—and those signs can be seen in terms of how one interprets labor market data (unemployment vs. labor participation rate), wage vs. inflation, and income inequality. Since the Federal Reserve along with the other central banks of the world engaged in unconventional monetary policy … for rate cuts and the Fed responding with a 25 basis point mid-cycle cut at the end of……



BBC. (2019). US economy under Trump: Is it the greatest in history? Retrieved from  https://www.bbc.com/news/world-45827430 

Bernstein, J. (2019). A tight job market is a potent force against inequality and wage stagnation. Retrieved from  https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/02/01/tight-job-market-is-potent-force-against-inequality-wage-stagnation/?utm_term=.0a531cf24efb 

Cox, J. (2019). Private payroll growth tops estimates as job market shows signs of tightening. Retrieved from  https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/31/private-payrolls-up-156k-in-july-vs-150k-est-adpmoodys.html 

Harwood, J. (2019). 5 reasons why income inequality has become a major political issue. Retrieved from  https://www.cnbc.com/2019/06/05/5-reasons-income-inequality-has-become-a-major-political-issue.html 

Study Document

Mental Health Access For Veterans

Pages: 2 (708 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:74878688

A gap in Equity Related to Mental Health Access for Veterans
Describe a specific gap in the delivery of healthcare. Include the specific population affected by the gap
A specific gap that is existent in the delivery of healthcare takes into account a shortfall in equity that is associated with mental health accessibility for … healthcare takes into account a shortfall in equity that is associated with mental health accessibility for veterans.
Briefly describe the history of this gap in access to healthcare. Has this been an issue historically, or is it a modern issue?
A gap in accessibility to mental care has been a historical issue that has protracted into the present times. This gap in equity goes back to the mid-20th century during the Vietnam War. Thousands of recruits within the military armies that participated in the … for crisis-intervention necessities that impact numerous veteran families in the……



American Public Health Association. (2014). Removing barriers to mental health services for veterans. Policy, 201411.

Hester, R. D. (2017). Lack of access to mental health services contributing to the high suicide rates among veterans. International journal of mental health systems, 11(1), 47.

Tsai, J., Desai, M. U., Cheng, A. W., & Chang, J. (2014). The effects of race and other socioeconomic factors on health service use among American military veterans. Psychiatric Quarterly, 85(1), 35-47.

Study Document

Terrorist Group IRA

Pages: 8 (2476 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:71228383

… by conducting interviews using Zoom with different generations of Irish Catholics, this study will produce data that will be used to fill the gap in present literature regarding the IRA and why it came about whether it still holds any interest or support from Irish Catholics today.



Bamford, B. (2005). The Role and Effectiveness of Intelligence in Northern Ireland. Intelligence and National Security, 20(4), 581-607.

Bell, J. B. (2008). The Secret Army: The IRA. London: Transaction Publishers.

IRA Green Book. (1977). Accessed 14 Dec 2015 from  https://tensmiths.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/15914572-ira-green-book-volumes-1-and-2.pdf 

Maloney, E. (2010). Voices from the Grave: Two Men’s War in Ireland. NY: Faber, Faber.

O’Brien, B. (1999). The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Fein. NY: Syracuse University Press.

Rooney, N. (2007). Violent nationalism in catholic communities: The Provisional IRA and ETA. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 7(3), 64-77.

Shanahan, Timothy. (2008). The Provisional IRA and the Morality of Terrorism. UK: Edinburgh University Press.

Taylor, P. (2001). Brits. UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Study Document

The Phillips Cure And Unemployment

Pages: 7 (2166 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:92308322

The Short-Run and Long-Run Relationship between Unemployment and Inflation
Phillips observed a consistent inverse relationship between wage inflation and unemployment when he analyzed data from the UK spanning nearly a century from 1861 to 1957. The explanation Phillips gave was … 1957. The explanation Phillips gave was simple: the lower the unemployment rate, the more employers had to do to attract talent and raising wage was one of the primary ways to do just that (Wulwick, 1987). In a tight labor market, companies would race to quickly raise … was one of the primary ways to do just that (Wulwick, 1987). In a tight labor market, companies would race to quickly raise wage, and during periods of higher unemployment there would be less pressure to incentivize workers as the latter would consider themselves fortunate just to … higher unemployment there would be less pressure to incentivize workers as the……



Amadeo, K. (2019). Unemployment rate by year since 1929 compared to inflation and GDP. Retrieved from  https://www.thebalance.com/unemployment-rate-by-year-3305506 

FRED. (2019). FRED Graph. Retrieved from  https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/LNU04000024#0 

Friedman, M. (1977). Nobel lecture: inflation and unemployment. Journal of political economy, 85(3), 451-472.

Heller, R. (2017). Monetary mischief and the debt trap. Cato Journal, 37(2), 247-261.

Lucas, R. E., & Rapping, L. A. (1969). Price expectations and the Phillips curve. The American Economic Review, 59(3), 342-350.

Stiglitz, J. (1997). Reflections on the natural rate hypothesis. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(1), 3-10.

Wulwick, N. J. (1987). The Phillips curve: which? whose? to do what? how?. Southern Economic Journal, 834-857.

Study Document

Comparing Irans Military And Culture To The U S Military And Culture

Pages: 8 (2313 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:35757446

… the militaries of Iran and U.S. is somewhat similar. As Chambers (2003) observes, the central role of organized violence armed forces is to wage war. However, the waging of war is dependent upon international factors, and this is where Iran and the U.S. differ significantly in their … the perspectives of the militaries. They are similar in the sense that their organizing system of violence is based on the need to wage war and to defend their countries, but they differ in terms of capabilities and implementation. The U.S. honors its military service men and ……



Adams, G., & Murray, S. (Eds.). (2014). Mission creep: the militarization of US foreign policy?. Georgetown University Press.

Butler, S. (2003). War is a Racket. LA: Feral House.

Chambers, J. (2003). To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern America. New York: The Free Press.

Forsling, C. (2017). The military has a toxic leadership problem. Retrieved from  https://taskandpurpose.com/military-toxic-leadership-problem 

Jacobson, M. (2008). Sanctions against Iran: A promising struggle. Washington Quarterly, 31(3), 69-88.

Ouellet, E. (n.d.). New directions in military sociology.

Reuters. (2019). Senior Iranian military adviser threatens broad response to any U.S. move. Retrieved from  https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-aramco-iran-guards/senior-iranian-military-adviser-threatens-broad-response-to-any-u-s-move-idUSKBN1W50WG 

Snow, R., & Wynn, S. T. (2018). Managing Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occurring Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services, 56(6), 36-42.

Study Document

Investing Overseas Market Entry Decision Making

Pages: 8 (2428 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:23626142

… EU is one of the most sophisticated markets, and the ability to shift production based on both high level expertise and on lower wage is one of the big advantages of working in the EU, and one that will be quite familiar to American firms as it ……



CE Intelligence. (2019) EU – market entry strategies. CE Intelligence.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  http://www.ceintelligence.com/content_manager/contentPages/view/eu-market-entry-strategies 

Chapman, K. & Edmond, H. (2010) Mergers/acquisitions and restructuring in the EU chemical industry: Patterns and implications. Regional Studies. Vol. 34 (8) 753-767

Conyon, M., Girma, S., Thompson, S. & Wright, P. (2003) The productivity and wage effects of foreign acquisitions in the United Kingdom. The Journal of Industrial Economics. Vol. 50 (1) 85-102.

EF.com (2019) English proficiency index. EF.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.ef.com/wwen/epi/ 

Export.gov (2019) European Union – market entry strategy. Export.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.export.gov/article?id=European-union-Market-Entry-Strategy 

Girma, S. (2002) The process of European integration and the determinants of entry by non-EU multinationals in UK manufacturing. DOI:10.1111/1467-9957.00305

Girma, S. (2005) Technology transfer from acquisition FDI and the absorptive capacity of domestic firms: An empirical investigation. Open Economies Review. Vol. 16 (2) 175-187.

Lamson, M. (2016) 5 things you need to know before doing business in Europe. Inc. Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.inc.com/melissa-lamson/5-things-you-need-to-know-before-doing-business-in-europe.html

Study Document

Walmart And Starbucks Sustainability

Pages: 10 (2956 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Essay Document #:82035570

… Further, there is a pretty massive cultural difference between rural Arkansas and downtown Seattle culturally, and one has to suspect that the cultural gap between those areas will also characterize some of the cultural differences between these two large companies.
Campbell (2007) offers an institutional theory of ……



Aguilera, R, Rupp, D., Williams, C. & Ganapathi, J. (2005) Putting the S back in corporate social responsibility: A multi-level theory of social change in organizations. Academy of Management Review. (2005). Retrieved November 4, 2017 from  https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/1768/TS_Aguilera.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y 

Banerjee, S. (2008) Corporate social responsibility: the good, bad and the ugly. Critical Sociology. Vol. 34 (1)

Blowfield, M., Frynas, J. (2005) Editorial setting new agendas: Critical perspectives on corporate social responsibility in the developing world. International Affairs. Vol. 81 (3) 499-513.

Brammer, S., Jackson, G. & Matten, D. (2012). Corporate social responsibility and institutional theory: New perspectives on private governance. Socio-Economic Review. Vol. 10 (2012) 3-28.

Campbell, J. (2007) Why would corporations behave in socially responsible ways? An institutional theory of corporate social responsibility The Academy of Management Review. Vol. 32 (3) 946-967.

Epstein, E. (1987) The corporate social policy process: Beyond business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and corporate social responsiveness. California Management Review. Vol. 29 (3) 99.

Friedman, M. (1970) The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2017 from https://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html

Heningway, C. & Maclagan, P. (2004) Managers' personal values as drivers of corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 50 (1) 33-44.

Study Document

Domestic Extremism And Terrorism

Pages: 12 (3640 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:16554681

… up to be a contest between two opposing views. Thus it should not be surprising when extremist groups on either side form and wage war upon one another.
One example of this can be seen at the national political level with the election of Donald Trump, who … enemies, a public health approach like that recommended by Wynia et al. (2016) should be adopted to raise awareness and fill the education gap. For people in these groups who refuse to accept education and are adamant in their positions, government agencies should work together to monitor ……



Breger, M. L. (2017). Reforming by re-norming: How the legal system has the potential to change a toxic culture of domestic violence. J. Legis., 44, 170.

Beinart, P. (2017). The rise of the violent left. Retrieved from  https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/the-rise-of-the-violent-left/534192/ 

Brockhoff, S., Krieger, T. & Meierrieks, D. (2014). Great expectations and hard times: the (nontrivial) impact of education on domestic terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 59(7), 1186-1215.

Brown, D. (2017). Proud boys founder. Retrieved from  https://www.portlandmercury.com/blogtown/2017/12/12/19540403/proud-boys-founder-wants-to-trigger-the-entire-state-of-oregon-by-helping-patriot-prayers-joey-gibson-win-the-oregon-person-of-the-year- p

Cramer, E. P., Choi, Y. J., & Ross, A. I. (2017). Race, Culture, and Abuse of Persons with Disabilities. In Religion, Disability, and Interpersonal Violence (pp. 89-110). Springer, Cham.

Dalgaard-Nielsen, A. (2016). Countering violent extremism with governance networks. Perspectives on Terrorism, 10(6), 135-139.

DeCook, J. R. (2018). Memes and symbolic violence:# proudboys and the use of memes for propaganda and the construction of collective identity. Learning, Media and Technology, 43(4), 485-504.

Doyle, E. (Ed.). (2018). Antifa and the Radical Left. Greenhaven Publishing LLC.

Study Document

Teenage Health Vulnerabilities With Substance Abuse US

Pages: 7 (2249 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:17023523

… United States. An analysis of what is being done as well as what is not being done is followed by an examination of gap in the current initiatives. In addition, a discussion concerning the health advocacy groups that have attempted to advocate for this health issue and … past several decades. For instance, according to one authority, “We have been fighting drug abuse for almost a century. Four Presidents have personally wage war on drugs. Unfortunately, it is a war that we are losing” (The United States war on drugs, 2017).
This is not to … (Youth.gov, 2019).
Taken together, this broad-based approach to addressing adolescence substance abuse represents the best in available evidence-based strategies, but there remains a gap in the existing body of knowledge concerning the actual prevalence of substance use and abuse by young Americans today. For instance, the federal ……



A public health-based approach. (2019). Rural Health. Retrieved from https://www.ruralhealth info.org/toolkits/substance-abuse/1/public-health-based-approach.

Barker, P. (2009). Psychiatric and mental health nursing: The craft of caring. London: Hodder Arnold.

Burrow-Sanchez, J. J. (2009, Summer). Understanding adolescent substance abuse: Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications. Journal of Counseling and Development, 84(3), 283-288.

Guy, X. & Slesnick, N. (2016, April). Changes in family relationships among substance abusing runaway adolescents: A comparison between family and individual therapies. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 42(2), 299-302.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2019). Principles of adolescent substance use disorder treatment: A research-based guide. Retrieved from  https://www.drugabuse.gov/  publications/principles-adolescent-substance-use-disorder-treatment-research-based-guide/principles-adolescent-substance-use-disorder-treatment.

Schwartz, R. C. & Smith, S. D. (2009, October). Screening and assessing adolescent substance abuse: A primer for counselors. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 24(1), 23-26.

The United States war on drugs. (2017 ). Stanford University. Retrieved from https://web. stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/paradox/htele.html.

Youth.gov. (2019). Substance abuse agencies. Retrieved from  https://youth.gov/youth-topics/substance-abuse/prevalence-substance-use-abuse-and-dependence .

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