Sec Essays (Examples)

Study Document

SEC Enforcement Of Goldman Sachs And AIG

Pages: 4 (1074 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:97558750

Goldman Sachs & Co. and Fabrice Tourre were charged by the SEC in 2010 with “Fraud In Connection With the Structuring and Marketing of a Synthetic CDO” from the 2007 subprime mortgage scandal at the … the Structuring and Marketing of a Synthetic CDO” from the 2007 subprime mortgage scandal at the heart of the financial crisis of 2007-2008 (SEC, 2010). The specific charge was that the bank and Tourre made material misstatements and omissions in connection with a synthetic collateralized debt obligation … structured, marketed and sold to investors. The synthetic CDOs were linked to the performance of the subprime housing mortgage market—i.e., the subprime mortgage-backed securities identified by Lewis (2010) as triggering the wave of financial distress that led to central banking intervention (unconventional monetary policy—also known as quantitative … policy—also known as quantitative easing) and the inflation of asset bubbles currently seen today (Huston & Spencer, 2018).……



Baer, J. (2014). Former Goldman Trader Tourre Won't Appeal Fraud Verdict. Retrieved from 

Huston, J. H., & Spencer, R. W. (2018). Quantitative easing and asset bubbles. Applied Economics Letters, 25(6), 369-374.

Lewis, M. (2010). The Big Short. NY: W. W. Norton.

McDonald, R., & Paulson, A. (2015). AIG in Hindsight. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 29(2), 81-106.

Murray, N., Manrai, A. K., & Manrai, L. A. (2018). The role of incentives/punishments, moral hazard, and conflicts of interests in the 2008 financial crisis. The bi-annual academic publication of Universidad ESAN, 22(43).

SEC. (2010). Litigation Release No. 21489 / April 16, 2010. Retrieved from 

Weisenthal, J. (2009). Goldman Sachs made billions shorting AIG. Retrieved from 

Study Document

Elon Musk And Power At Tesla

Pages: 6 (1701 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:68738154

… recently Musk was also Chairman of the Board. He was removed from his role as Chairman as part of a settlement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The settlement resulted from charges filed by the SEC relating to securities fraud when Musk’s public Tweet on Twitter about taking the company private and that he had “funding secured.” The statement was shown to be a lie (Gaydos, 2018). Musk settled with the SEC and paid a hefty fine and Robyn Denholm replace Musk as Chairman of the Board. Denholm had been a Board member for five … Board. Denholm had been a Board member for five years up to that point (Porter, 2018). Thus, up until Musk’s run-in with the SEC in 2018, he had been both CEO and Chairman of the Board—which can serve as a conflict of interest, as Abells and Martelli … hammered back down. In……



Abels, P. B., & Martelli, J. T. (2013). CEO duality: how many hats are too many?. Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, 13(2), 135-147.

Dickins, D. (2010). CEO and COB duality: Does it matter. Internal Auditing, 25(4), 35-38.

Gaydos, R. (2018). Elon Musk may have violated Tesla’s conduct and ethics code after smoking up in podcast interview: report. Retrieved from 

Porter, J. (2018). Tesla has found a new chairperson to replace Elon Musk. Retrieved from 

Yang, T., & Zhao, S. (2014). CEO duality and firm performance: Evidence from an exogenous shock to the competitive environment. Journal of Banking & Finance, 49, 534-552.

Study Document

Cyber Crime IT Security Auditing

Pages: 11 (3165 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:36684821

… much to these crimes and, hence, must come up with plans to prevent such future occurrences. In this paper, the processes information technology security audits entail and how such audits enhance organizational IT security will be dealt with. According to research on the subject, IT security auditing constitutes a significant step in the safeguarding of corporate data against cybercrime, data breaches, and fraud. It must be performed from time … data, which also creates considerable risks to the data itself, computer systems, and critical infrastructures and operations it supports. Despite developments in information security, numerous information systems continue to display susceptibility to both external and internal breaches (Suduc, Bîzoi & Filip, 2010). Internal information security auditing enhances the likelihood of implementation of suitable security measures for averting such breaches and reducing their adverse impacts.
Security risks
Two classes of risks exist, against which corporate information systems require protection: logical……



Almatari, O. and Helal, I., and Mazen, S., and El Hennawy, S. (2018). \\\\\\"Cybersecurity Tools for IS Auditing.\\\\\\" The 6th International Conference on Enterprise Systems, At Limassol, Cyprus 10.1109/ES.2018.00040.

Davis, W. S., & Yen, D. C. (Eds.). (2019). The information system consultant\\\\\\'s handbook: Systems analysis and design. CRC press.

Diamantopoulou, V., Tsohou, A., & Karyda, M. (2019). From ISO/IEC 27002: 2013 Information Security Controls to Personal Data Protection Controls: Guidelines for GDPR Compliance. In Computer Security (pp. 238-257). Springer, Cham.

Khan, M. (2017). Computer security in the human life. International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering (IJCSE), 6(1), 35-42.

Lenghel, R. D., & Vlad, M. P. (2017). INFORMATION SYSTEMS AUDITING. Quaestus, (11), 178.

Manaseer, S., & Alawneh, A. (2019). ON CYBERSECURITY AUDITING AWARENESS: CASE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS), 17(7).

Suduc, A. M., Bîzoi, M., & Filip, F. G. (2010). Audit for information systems security. Informatica Economica, 14(1), 43.

Study Document

Shareholder Vs Stakeholder Theory

Pages: 11 (3224 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:76323348

… the rule regarding public companies buying back their own shares on the public market was changed and the activity was permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) (Reda, 2018). That is significant because Friedman qualified his statement with the words “without deception or fraud.” The reason corporate share buybacks were … at a time when no one else was interested in buying.
It is the essence of market manipulation—only now it is legal. The SEC decided in the 1980s that what had once been banned should now be allowed. While corporate share buybacks had been banned when Friedman … of power in the government, looking out for them rather than for any type of sustainable practice or for stakeholders.
When the SEC changed the law regarding buybacks it changed the nature of the business and its duties. Businesses no longer had to be profitable or … on……



Augustine. (n.d.). Commentaries on Sermon on the Mount. 

Chen, J. (2019). Market Milestones as the Bull Market Turns 10. Retrieved from 

Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Self Regulation Proposal

Pages: 6 (1825 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:60406308

One of the best reasons for self-regulation is that existing regulation regime is simply not an effective option (Greene & Odorski, 2015). The SEC for example will typically fine offending firms, but in many cases these fines do not cover the losses caused by the offending firm’s … out to victims of fraud or abuse. Since 2007, those funds have been decreasing—even though the number of firms being charged by the SEC has increased (Greene & Odorski, 2015). This is but one example of many that indicate the need for regulation of the regulators—which, of ……



Arner, D. W., Barberis, J., & Buckey, R. P. (2016). FinTech, RegTech, and the reconceptualization of financial regulation. Nw. J. Int'l L. & Bus., 37, 371.

Arnone, M., & Padoan, P. C. (2008). Anti-money laundering by international institutions: a preliminary assessment. European Journal of Law and Economics, 26(3), 361-386.

Greene, E., & Odorski, C. (2015). SEC enforcement in the financial sector: addressing

Omarova, S. T. (2010). Rethinking the future of self-regulation in the financial industry. Brook. J. Int'l L., 35, criticism. Bus. L. Int'l, 16, 5.

Omarova, S. T. (2011). Wall street as community of fate: Toward financial industry self-regulation. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 159(2), 411-492.

Pritchard, A. C. (2003). Self-regulation and securities markets. Regulation, 26, 32.

Study Document

Globalization Of Insurance

Pages: 8 (2325 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:88593479

… The 1982 law to allow public companies to purchase their own shares on the open market is one example. Rule 10b-18 was the SEC rule that created a legal process for companies to conduct share repurchases (Reda, 2018). Prior to that rule, share buybacks were illegal. When … that created a legal process for companies to conduct share repurchases (Reda, 2018). Prior to that rule, share buybacks were illegal. When the SEC changed the law regarding buybacks it changed the nature of the business and its duties. Businesses no longer had to be profitable or ……



Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

CEOs And Presidents

Pages: 11 (3242 words) Sources: 13 Document Type:Essay Document #:96542123

...Sec Influence Practices of Elon Musk and Jeff Skilling
CEOs and Presidents
This paper looks at the influence processes of three CEOs: Elon Musk of Tesla, Alex Gorsky of Johnson & Johnson, and Jeff Skilling of Enron. These leaders have various strengths and faults and their leadership approaches are all different and to some extent based on their own personalities and styles of management. Some have met with more success than others, and some have met with more failure. Gorsky has succeeded at leading Johnson & Johnson for the past 8 years. Skilling failed in his leadership role at Enron and was jailed for fraud. Musk has seen a string of successes and failures during the course of his tenure as head of Tesla. This paper discusses their various influence processes, analyzes their strengths and weaknesses and summarizes their key attributes that effect positive organizational change and improved performance.



Bromley, H. R. (2007). Are you a transformational leader?. Physician Executive, 33(6), 54.

Brown, M. E., & Treviño, L. K. (2014). Do role models matter? An investigation of role modeling as an antecedent of perceived ethical leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(4), 587-598.

Chamers, M.M. (2014). An Integrative Theory of Leadership (4thed.). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

De Vries, M.F.K. (1998). Charisma in action: The transformational abilities of Virgin's Richard Branson and ABB's Percy Barnevik. Organizational Dynamics, 26(3), 7-21.

Healthcare Technology Report. (2019). Alex Gorsky is the all-American CEO. Retrieved from 

Holmes, A. (2007). Ethics: Approaching moral decisions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Kameda, T., Ohtsubo, Y., & Takezawa, M. (1997). Centrality in sociocognitive networks and social influence: An illustration in a group decision-making context. Journal of personality and social psychology, 73(2), 296.

Kolodny, L. (2018). Elon Musk’s extreme micromanagement has wasted time and money at Tesla, insiders say. Retrieved from

Study Document

Panera Bread

Pages: 2 (676 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Case Study Document #:24405330

...Sec Panera Bread
In its 2015 Form 10-K, Panera Bread describes itself as “one of the largest food service companies in the United States” and that its success is attributable to “our ability to create long-term concept differentiation.”
The company defines its strategy as differentiation, and this aligns with the generic strategy as defined by Porter. The differentiation strategy cites differentiation as a source of competitive advantage and the market scope as broad (MindTools, 2019).
In this, Panera bread is trying to achieve competitive advantage through concept differentiation. It cannot sustain competitive advantage based on things like the food it serves (fairly standard mainstream white people fare) or free wifi, but it believes that total package concept that it offers is sufficiently unique to win business in the long run. There are individual competitors, but few major competitors that do exactly what Panera Bread does. If Panera is competing against mainly……



MindTools (2019) Porter’s generic strategies. MindTools. Retrieved March 26, 2019 from 

Panera Bread 2015 Form 10K. Retrieved March 26, 2019 from

Study Document

Directors Remuneration And Its Impact On Share Repurchases

Pages: 7 (2133 words) Sources: 11 Document Type:Research Proposal Document #:29089677

Prior to 1982, share buybacks by public companies in the open market in the U.S. were illegal. That year the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) passed Rule 10b-18, which created a legal process for executing share repurchases (Reda, 2018). Since that time, many companies have engaged in share … will be four months and will be divided out according to this schedule:
1. First month: Literature review and write-up of findings.
2. Second month: Development of interview questions and piloting of questions with stakeholders to see if they are effective at producing the desired results. If … will be written, allowing for time for revision.
Resource Requirements
Resource requirements will include access to the Internet and a digital lockbox for securing interview recordings and transcripts for the purpose of security. Recording equipment will be required but is available as an app on the smart phone. Literature resources will be……



Bendix, R. (1974). Inequality and social structure: a comparison of Marx and Weber.  American Sociological Review, 149-161.

Chan, R., & Hoy, M. (1991). East—West joint ventures and buyback contracts. Journal of International Economics, 30(3-4), 331-343.

Choi, C. J., & Maldoom, D. (1992). A simple model of buybacks. Economics Letters, 40(1), 77-82.

Durkheim, E. (1997). The Division of Labor in Society. NY: The Free Press.

Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Starbucks Use Of Wireless Technology

Pages: 2 (686 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:87468045

...Sec In this world of technological advancement, companies are trying to gain competitive advantage through using unique ways of reaching out to the customers. Since wireless technology is everywhere, many companies have commercialized and expanded their business through it. Starbucks is one such company.
Starbuck uses GPS (Global Positioning System) in its Application to know the location of the customer on the basis of which it sends notification and music information to help select the customer their taste of music as this system provides accurate position, time and speed information through satellite.[footnoteRef:1] This has increased customer engagement and brand loyalty as the App offers other unique features too but the tracking of location and giving out customized packages within the area of the customer has made it more successful in attracting the customers towards them. Also due to its built-in GPS system in the user Application, it can suggest a nearby……



Brewin, B. (2001, Jan 08). Starbucks takes wireless leap. Computer World .

Greenemeier, L. (2014, June 24). Starbucks to Offer Wireless Caffeine for Smartphones. Scientific American .

How Household Names Use GIS. (2019, October 9). USC Dornsife.

Torrington, M. (2016, April 12). Starbucks: A Case Study in Effective Mobile App Marketing. Digital Turbine.

Wheeler, C. (2014). Going BIG with GIS. Esri User Conference.


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