… the scientific knowledge base
The research work adds to the literature on the subject through examining the issue of patient participation in the health-related decision?making process in the course of primary care team interactions with patients and their informal caregivers within the primary patient care setting. Here, … produces cumulative knowledge through developing, refining, and even sometimes replacing theories.
This study by Doekhie and colleagues (2018) will add significant value to healthcare practice as well as the relevant knowledge pool. It offers salient details on public health initiatives and measures, care patterns, and healthcare implementation from the point of view of a few of the sector’s key stakeholders, namely, practitioners, patients, and informal caregivers. Hence, this research … and vaccine usage. Lastly, it is imperative to document and evaluate clinical practice experiences for developing best practice guidelines and guaranteeing superior quality healthcare delivery for patients.
Health sector policies in……
Brook, R. H., & Vaiana, M. E. (2015). Using the knowledge base of health services research to redefine health care systems. Journal of general internal medicine, 30(10), 1547-1556.
Cutcliffe, J. R., & McKenna, H. P. (1999). Establishing the credibility of qualitative research findings: the plot thickens. Journal of advanced nursing, 30(2), 374-380.
Doekhie, K. D., Strating, M. M., Buljac?Samardzic, M., van de Bovenkamp, H. M., & Paauwe, J. (2018). The different perspectives of patients, informal caregivers, and professionals on patient involvement in primary care teams. A qualitative study. Health Expectations, 21(6), 1171-1182.
Eccles, M., Grimshaw, J., Walker, A., Johnston, M., & Pitts, N. (2005). Changing the behavior of healthcare professionals: the use of theory in promoting the uptake of research findings. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 58(2), 107-112.
Leedy, P.D. & Ormrod, J. E. (2019). Practical research: Planning and design, 12th edition. Pearson Education, Hudson Street, NY.
Sanjari, M., Bahramnezhad, F., Fomani, F. K., Shoghi, M., & Cheraghi, M. A. (2014). Ethical challenges of researchers in qualitative studies: The necessity to develop a specific guideline. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine, 7.
Swan, J., Clarke, A., Nicolini, D., Powell, J., Scarbrough, H., Roginski, C., ... & Taylor-Phillips, S. (2012). Evidence in Management Decisions (EMD): advancing knowledge utilization in healthcare management.
Thomas, D. R. (2017). Feedback from research participants: are member checks useful in qualitative research?. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 14(1), 23-41.
… that the vulnerable elderly population faces (Brojeni, Ilali, Taraghi & Mousavinasab, 2019). As Yamada et al. (2015) point out, however, the issue of healthcare disparity and healthcare inequality of the elderly is one of the biggest issues because it underlines all the others: if the elderly population does not even … even have sufficient access to care, it is unlikely to be able to battle the effects of ageism, isolation or ignorance about gerontology. Healthcare costs have doubled since the 1990s (Yamada et al., 2015), and this puts an added burden on the elderly population, whose resources are … and this puts an added burden on the elderly population, whose resources are finite. Yamada et al. (2015) put it this way: “as healthcare costs rises, more of the increasing costs are transferred to certain disadvantaged populations, and patients would have to spend a considerable share of … rises, more……
Brojeni, S. A., Ilali, E. S., Taraghi, Z., & Mousavinasab, N. (2019). Lifestyle and its related factors in elderly. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 6(1), 32.
Community Health Advocates. (2015). Helping New Yorkers get, keep, and use health coverage. Retrieved from: http://www.cssny.org/programs/entry/community-health-advocates
Davoodvand, S., Abbaszadeh, A., & Ahmadi, F. (2016). Patient advocacy from the clinical nurses' viewpoint: A qualitative study. Journal of Medical Ethics & History of Medicine, 9(5), 1-8.
Maryland, M. A., & Gonzalez, R. I. (2012). Patient advocacy in the community and legislative arena. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(1), 2.
Stainton, H. (2016). Horizon to fund new NJ healthcare advocacy organization. News, Issues, andIinsight for New Jersey. Retrieved from: http://www.njspotlight.com/stories/16/11/21/horizon-to-fund-new-nj-healthcare-advocacy-organization/
Yamada, T., Chen, C. C., Murata, C., Hirai, H., Ojima, T., & Kondo, K. (2015). Access disparity and health inequality of the elderly: unmet needs and delayed healthcare. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(2), 1745-1772.
The healthcare sector in the United States is facing shortage of healthcare providers, particularly in rural settings. One of the most affected areas in the country is rural Maryland, especially Allegany County, which has been … especially Allegany County, which has been selected as the location for this project. The proposed plan seeks to help lessen the shortage of healthcare providers in the county using MedChi, an organization that provides public health resources in Maryland. MedChi could help address the problem through promoting adoption of technologies like telemedicine and expansion of the scope of practice … of practice of non-physician providers. To realize this objective, the organization needs to establish partnerships with relevant stakeholders within and outside the county’s health sector including policymakers. These partnerships should focus on identifying necessary resources for implementation of the proposed solution.
Provider Shortage Proposal
Shortage of providers … including policymakers. These partnerships……
Antonelli, A.F. (2019, May 14). Does America Have a Physician Shortage – or Are Our Doctors ‘Just Bad at Managing Time’? Retrieved August 5, 2019, https://www.advisory.com/daily-briefing/2019/05/14/physician-shortage
Daly, R. (2018, May 22). Healthcare Workforce Shortage Worsening: Senators. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from https://www.hfma.org/topics/news/2018/05/60811.html
Desmon, S. (2019, March 1). Doctors in Short Supply in Rural Maryland. Baltimore Sun. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from https://www.baltimoresun.com/bal-id.rural01mar01-story.html
Heath, S. (2019, July 11). What Clinician Recruitment Tactics Say About the Physician Shortage. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from https://patientengagementhit.com/news/what-clinician-recruitment-tactics-say-about-the-physician-shortage
Merritt Hawkins. (2019). 2019 Review of Physician and Advanced Practitioner Recruiting Incentives. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from https://www.merritthawkins.com/uploadedFiles/merritthawkins_2019_incentivereview.pdf
Western Maryland Health System and Allegany County Health Department. (2011, November). Allegany County Community Health Needs Assessment. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from http://www.alleganyhealthplanningcoalition.com/pdf/ACHD%20Community%20Health%20Needs%20Assessment.pdf
Wolford, H.B. (2018, May 28). Allegany County Sees Shortage of Health Care Workers. Time News. Retrieved August 5, 2019, from https://www.times-news.com/news/local_news/allegany-county-sees-shortage-of-health-care-workers/article_28b1030d-4403-5d84-aa26-fe17d61b8561.html
The concept of healthcare reform has to do with the process of changing health systems in the US so as to make it accessible to all American citizens. As it is at the moment, it still faults … and measures put in place to safeguard the little steps made towards great and positive change in future. Private companies control the US healthcare system; that is a fact that makes reform all the more challenging (Nikolai, 2019). In order to fix the broken healthcare system, many problems will have to be addressed. The main problems can be split into three. The quality of the healthcare is a serious issue. Accessing healthcare remains the elephant in the house. The issue of bad practices taking root in the American healthcare system is already in the public domain. Other problems that could pass as secondary are largely related to the three main issues.……
Barrett, S., & Hammond, J. (2009, September 20). Key Elements of Healthcare Reform. Retrieved from Insurance Reform Watch: https://www.insurancereformwatch.org/basic/key.shtml
Nikolai. (2019, November 20). Healthcare Reform: What It Is and Why We Need It. Retrieved from National Institute of Health Policy: https://www.nihp.org/healthcare-reform-what-it-is-and-why-we-need-it/
Health Care Reform and Equity
The author of the “Health Care Reform and Equity: Promise, Pitfalls, and Prescriptions” article delves into the subject of the US’s failure to make desired progress within the … nation, though it requires additional laws for doing so. Two key challenges hampering progress are addressed in the article: alignment of the nation’s healthcare resources with the requirements of patients and primary care revitalization, mainly for the underserved population (Fiscella, 2011). Gaps in healthcare service provision have been impeding progress towards more equitable healthcare. This article puts forward the following six interconnected domains: insurance cost and coverage related access, doctor salary modifications, strengthening of primary care, health IT improvements, better accountability, and disparity monitoring, and national quality adoption (Fiscella, 2011).
This paper will deal with how the system’s prescriptions, promises, … deal with how the system’s prescriptions, promises, and pitfalls, as described by the article’s author,……
Fiscella, K. (2011). Health care reform and equity: Promise, pitfalls, and prescriptions. Ann Fam Med, 9(1), 78-84.
Starfield, B., Shi, L., & Macinko, J. (2005). Contribution of primary care to health systems and health. Milbank Q, 83(3), 457-502. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2690145/
Comparing the U.S. Health Care System to Other Countries
The US health care system compares favorably to some other countries in terms of long-term costs but unfavorably to others in terms of quality of care. … because there are administrative costs and long-term care costs; there are also tax payer costs in countries like the UK and Japan, where health care has been nationalized. So household expenses may seem high in the US but in the UK they are also high if one … are also high if one takes into consideration how much they are taxed to pay for universal coverage. This paper will compare the health care systems of the US, UK, Japan, France and India to see how they well they stack up.
Coverage in the US … and Medicaid, ut it also comes from private insurers, who are funded by individuals or by companies that……
Carroll, A. & Frakt, A. (2017). Best health care system. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/09/18/upshot/best-health-care-system-country-bracket.html
CMS. (2010). Annual statistics. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Statistics-Trends-and-Reports/NationalHealthExpendData/downloads/proj2008.pdf
IOM. (2010). The future of nursing. Retrieved from http://nacns.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/5-IOM-Report.pdf
Lau, J. S., Adams, S. H., Park, M. J., Boscardin, W. J., & Irwin, C. E. (2014). Improvement in preventive care of young adults after the Affordable Care Act: the Affordable Care Act is helping. JAMA pediatrics, 168(12), 1101-1106.
O’Brien, J. (2003). How nurse practitioners obtained provider status: Lessons for pharmacists. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 60(22), 2301-2307.
Peter G. Peterson Foundation. (2019). US healthcare compared. Retrieved from https://www.pgpf.org/blog/2019/07/how-does-the-us-healthcare-system-compare-to-other-countrie s
Sawyer, B. & McDermott, D. (2019). Quality of care compared. Retrieved from https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/chart-collection/quality-u-s-healthcare-system-compare-countries/#item-start
WHO. (2018). Health report. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/whr/2000/media_centre/press_release/en/
Health Care Institutional Organization and Management
Question 1: Critical Thinking and Blooms Taxonomy Revised
1. What are the pros and cons of this approach … and Management
Question 1: Critical Thinking and Blooms Taxonomy Revised
1. What are the pros and cons of this approach to learning about healthcare?
Bloom’s Taxonomy revised comprises of the following six dimensions as illustrated below:
There are advantages to Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy as an approach to … revised comprises of the following six dimensions as illustrated below:
There are advantages to Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy as an approach to learning about health care. One of the benefits is that it is purposed to enable the educators to ascertain the logical and knowledgeable level at which … as the learners get prepared to attain such levels. Bloom’s taxonomy is a significantly potent tool that can be effortlessly applied in the health care profession. Greater cognitive thinking……
Booker, M. J. (2007). A roof without walls: Benjamin Bloom’s taxonomy and the misdirection of American education. Academic Questions, 20(4), 347-355.
Jensen, M. C., & Heckling, W. H. (1995). Specific and general knowledge and organizational structure. Journal of applied corporate finance, 8(2), 4-18.
Katzenbach, J. R., & Smith, D. K. (2003). The Wisdom of Teams (lst ed.). New York: First Harper Business.
McGrath, R. G. (2013). The end of competitive advantage: How to keep your strategy moving as fast as your business. Harvard Business Review Press.
Taylor, N., Clay-Williams, R., Hogden, E., Braithwaite, J., & Groene, O. (2015). High performing hospitals: a qualitative systematic review of associated factors and practical strategies for improvement. BMC health services research, 15(1), 244.
Verenna, A. M. A., Noble, K. A., Pearson, H. E., & Miller, S. M. (2018). Role of comprehension on performance at higher levels of Bloom\\\\\\'s taxonomy: Findings from assessments of healthcare professional students. Anatomical sciences education, 11(5), 433-444.
Zelman, W. N., Pink, G. H., & Matthias, C. B. (2003). Use of the balanced scorecard in health care. Journal of health care finance, 29(4), 1-16
… people – both young and old - group tend to encounter in their daily living. RAND undertook an “evaluation of California’s state-wide mental health prevention and early intervention programs” (Eberhart et al., 2015, p. 1). It is important to note that the three initiatives that RAND sought … initiatives that RAND sought to evaluate were inclusive of; the reduction of discrimination as well as stigma, prevention of suicide, and the mental health of students.
How was the success of the program or policy measured?
Essentially, the RAND undertook a baseline survey that covered the entire … PEI initiatives are successfully launched and are already showing positive outcomes in stigma and discrimination reduction, suicide prevention, and improvement of student mental health” (Eberhart et al., 2015, p. 1). As it has further been pointed out, the relevance of these constructive/optimistic outcomes cannot be overstated given … the Centers for Disease Control……
Eberhart, N.K., Burnam, M.A., Berry, S.H., Collins, R.L., Ebener, P.A., Ramchand, R., Stein, B.D. & Woodbridge, M.W. (2015). Evaluation of California\\\\'s Statewide Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention Programs: Summary of Key Year 2 Findings. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
When it comes to healthcare marketing there are certain restrictions that have to be followed under U.S. law. For example, the FDA has rules for companies that want … to disseminate ideas about news and what brands to trust. As Hawn (2009) points out, social media itself is changing the nature of health care by altering where patients go for information about health and healing. In this new complex landscape of regulations and changing technology, healthcare marketing faces new challenges. Fortunately, old formulas can still apply. This paper will describe the strategies and tools that can still be effective … faces new challenges. Fortunately, old formulas can still apply. This paper will describe the strategies and tools that can still be effective in healthcare marketing while allowing marketers to navigate the rules and laws that can lead one into pitfalls if not careful.
Ethics, Rules and Regulations
Arnold, D. G., & Oakley, J. L. (2013). The politics and strategy of industry self-regulation: the pharmaceutical industry's principles for ethical direct-to-consumer advertising as a deceptive blocking strategy. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 38(3), 505-544.
Blythe, J. (2009). Key Concepts in Marketing. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Chand, S. (2019). Target Marketing: Four Generic Target Marketing Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/marketing/target-marketing-four-generic-target-marketing-strategies/13400
Dolliver, M. (2009). Take care when targeting the younger generations. Retrieved from https://www.adweek.com/digital/take-care-when-targeting-the younger generations-online-113643/
Goi, C. L. (2009). A review of marketing mix: 4Ps or more?. International journal of marketing studies, 1(1), 2.
Hartley, K. & Rudelius, W. (2001). Marketing, The Core, 4th Ed., McGraw-Hill.
Hawn, C. (2009). Take two aspirin and tweet me in the morning: how Twitter, Facebook, and other social media are reshaping health care. Health affairs, 28(2), 361-368.
Lane, T. (2019). Healthcare marketing laws. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/healthcare-marketing-laws-67307.html
Framework for Ethics Training
Ethical behavior plays a critical role in the healthcare industry as the industry is faced with numerous difficult decisions that need to be made quickly (Fiske et al., 2020). In many cases, … industry as the industry is faced with numerous difficult decisions that need to be made quickly (Fiske et al., 2020). In many cases, healthcare professionals are faced with ethical dilemmas, and in some cases, they end up making the wrong ethical choice. The framework being developed will … faced with ethical dilemmas, and in some cases, they end up making the wrong ethical choice. The framework being developed will educate the healthcare professionals on how to tackle some of the common ethical dilemmas they might face when they are treating patients. All healthcare professionals are required to always demonstrate appropriate knowledge, behaviors, skills, and judgment anytime they are in a clinical setting (Manson,……
Fiske, A., Tigard, D., Müller, R., Haddadin, S., Buyx, A., & McLennan, S. (2020). Embedded ethics could help implement the pipeline model framework for machine learning healthcare applications. The American Journal of Bioethics, 20(11), 32-35.
Manson, L. (2018). Ethical Integrated Healthcare Training to Deliver Integrated Care (pp. 213-224). New York, NY: Springer.
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