… and machines, but gradually as the technology developed cybercrime began to focus on committing fraud in a variety of forms, identity theft, and hacking (Schjølberg, 2017). Today, cybercriminals can take control of radar systems, hijack ships, and steal data. Common cyber crime often takes the form of … Protection Act is another federal law that along with the Stored Communications Act makes it a criminal offense to access information with authorization. Hacking, phishing and denial of service attacks are all prosecuted under these laws. Most states have taken steps to pass cybercrime bills and the ……
Computer Hope. (2019). When was the first computer invented? Retrieved from https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000984.htm
Crane, C. (2019). 33 alarming cybercrime statistics you should know in 2019. Retrieved from https://www.thesslstore.com/blog/33-alarming-cybercrime-statistics-you-should-know/
Schjølberg, Stein. (2017). The History of Cybercrime (1976-2016). Books on Demand.
Statista. (2020). Global digital population. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/617136/digital-population-worldwide/
Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., Saylor, M. R., & Tafoya, W. L. (2019). Cyber crime and cyber terrorism. NY, NY: Pearson.
… this level of protection is not 100% guaranteed, as there are other ways for hackers to steal data. Data breaches can occur by hacking into the centralized identity repository; surveillance can be conducted of all data and patients’ privacy can be compromised (Crossler & Posey, 2017). Denial ……
Campbell, R. J. (2004). Database Design: What HIM Professionals Need to Know.
Perspectives in Health Information Management 2004, 1:6 (August 4, 2004). Retrieved from http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_024637.hcsp?dDocName=bok1_024637
Crossler, R. E., & Posey, C. (2017). Robbing Peter to Pay Paul: Surrendering Privacy for Security's Sake in an Identity Ecosystem. Journal of The Association for Information Systems, 18(7), 487-515.
Donovan, F. (2018). Judge Gives Final OK to $115M Anthem Data Breach Settlement. Retrieved from https://healthitsecurity.com/news/judge-gives-final-ok-to-115m-anthem-data-breach-settlement
HealthIT.gov. (2018). Health Information Privacy, Security, and Your EHR. Retrieved from https://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/ehr-privacy-security
The IMIA Code of Ethics for Health Information Professionals. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.imia medinfo.org/new2/pubdocs/Ethics_Eng.pdf
Jackson, R. (2018). Pulling strings. Retrieved from https://iaonline.theiia.org/2018/Pages/Pulling-Strings.aspx
Prince, B. (2013). Programming Languages Susceptible to Specific Security Flaws: Report. Eweek, 12. Retrieved from https://www.eweek.com/security/programming-languages-susceptible-to-specific-security-flaws-report
… Also, since there has been an upward growth of technology, there are a number of threats that has come with it like data hacking and data stealing. Since it’s a software company, it is prone to hacking and stealing of the data (Salesforce.com SWOT and Pestle Anlaysis, 2018) causing the core competencies of the company to be easily copied and ……
Pratap, A. (2019, November 18). PESTEL ANALYSIS OF CRM BRAND SALESFORCE. Notesmatic. Retrieved from https://notesmatic.com/2019/10/pestel-analysis-of-crm-brand-salesforce/
Pratap, A. (2019, March 2). SALESFORCE.COM SWOT ANALYSIS. Notesmatic. Retrieved from https://notesmatic.com/2018/09/salesforce-com-swot-analysis/
Salesforce.com SWOT Analysis, Competitors & USP. (n.d.). MBA Skool. Retrieved from https://www.mbaskool.com/brandguide/it-technology/2609-salesforcecom.html
Salesforce.com SWOT and Pestle Anlaysis. (2018, December). S & P Swot and Pestle.com. Retrieved from https://www.swotandpestle.com/salesforce/
...Hacking The Principles of Machiavelli in American Policy
The first chapter in The Practice of American Public Policymaking lays out what the book examines in the succeeding chapters. First, Briggs and Helms (2015) define policymaking as “the activities, actors, institutions, practices, and technologies that combine to ‘deliver the goods’ to the American people” (p. 3). Public policy is defined as “the art and science of producing results” (p. 3). Thus, the book is primarily about American public policymaking and the focus is on conception and practice, which means that both the development and the implementation of policy are covered in the following chapters. Implementation is especially important because it refers to the process of monitoring and evaluating policy. Policy and management should be part and parcel, according to the authors as “there is no policy without implementation” and there is no awareness of the success of a policy without evaluation (Briggs……
Briggs, S., & Helms, L. B. (2015). The practice of American public policymaking. New York: Routlege Taylor & Francis Group.
DeLeon, P., & DeLeon, L. (2002). What ever happened to policy implementation? An alternative approach. Journal of public administration research and theory, 12(4), 467-492.
Mizaur, D. G. (1993). Quality government is government of the people, by the people, for the people. Public Productivity & Management Review, 371-377.
… crime which is not simply facilitated by computers and technology, but which could only take place through the existence of computers. Examples include hacking into computer system to embezzle money, pranks such as malware and viruses, seizing hold of computer systems through ransomware for profit, identity theft, … 2020). Not all forms of technocrime are perpetuated against computer users, although these are the most common scams. Skimming off of ATMs and hacking into other devices are also types of technocrime (Kelly, 2020). Technocrime is largely thought of as a white collar crime, but technocrime has ……
Insider trading. (2019). Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute. Retrieved from:
Kelly, M. (2030). Technocrime: Forms and examples. Study.com. Retrieved from:
Cyber espionage has become a critical component of modern cyber warfare as nation-states increasingly rely on cyberspace. However, cyber espionage had generated concerns regarding its acceptability given its potential threats to national security. This qualitative case study research explores the proposition that cyber security should be deemed an acceptable state behavior while cyber attack is unacceptable. This study seeks to answer the question, “How is cyber espionage an acceptable state behavior for intelligence gathering though it potentially damages relations between nation-states?” The qualitative case study examined existing studies on this issue and employed thematic analysis to analyze the data. The study found that cyber espionage is an acceptable state behavior since it plays a key role in cyber warfare, helps to establish appropriate countermeasures against cyberattacks and potential threats in cyberspace, and enhances intelligence gathering. While the study provides significant insights on this topic, future studies should examine the……
Ablon, L. “Data Thieves: The Motivations of Cyber Threat Actors and Their Use and Monetization of Stolen Data.” RAND Corporation, March 2018. https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/testimonies/CT400/CT490/RAND_CT490.pdf
Agarwal A. & CERT-IN. “Cyber Espionage, Infiltration and Combating Techniques.” Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, 2013. https://www.cert-in.org.in/Downloader?pageid=5&type=2&fileName=CIPS-2013-0128.pdf
Banks, W.C. “Cyber Espionage and Electronic Surveillance: Beyond the Media Coverage.” Emory law Journal 66, (2017).
Baxter, P. & Jack, S. “Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers.” The Qualitative Report 13, no. 4 (2008).
Brown, G. “Spying and Fighting in Cyberspace: What is Which?” Journal of National Security Law & Policy 8, (2017).
Connell, M. & Vogler, S. “Russia’s Approach to Cyber Warfare.” CNA Analysis and Solutions, 2017. https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/DOP-2016-U-014231-1Rev.pdf
Creswell, J.W. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.
Diplomacy Data. “Cyber Security and Cyber Espionage in International Relations.” Diplomacy Data, 2015. http://diplomacydata.com/cyber-security-and-cyber-espionage-in-international-relations/
… protecting these networks from unauthorized intrusions, including those security risks that are depicted in Figure 3 below.
Figure 3. IoT components vulnerable to hacking
Source: Khvoynitskaya, 2019
Ahamed, J., & Rajan, A.V. (2016). Internet of Things (IoT): Application systems and security vulnerabilities. 2016 5th International Conference on Electronic Devices, Systems and Applications (ICEDSA), 1-5.
Aishah, S., Sahandi, R., Prakoonwit, S., & Khan, W. (2019). Big data and IoT opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In Handbook of Research on Big data and the IoT. doi: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7432-3.ch005
An, N. & Wang, J. (2018, October). Research and practice on innovative methods of ideological and political education for college student. Educational Sciences Theory and Practice, 18(5), 2386-2391.
Banham, R. (2016, July-August). IoT complexity: As the Internet of Things expands, the risks-and questions of liability-become more complicated. Risk Management, 63(6), 39-44.
Bhardwaj, A., Subramanyam, G. V., Avasthi, V. & Sastry, H. (2016). Review of solutions for securing end user data over cloud applications. International Journal of Advanced Computer Research, 6(27), 2277-2291.
Bok, H. (2014, September). An empirical study on factors influencing Internet advertising effects. Advances in Management, 7(9), 6-9.
Business.com. (2018). Disaster preparedness for small businesses. Business.com, September 26. Retrieved from https://www.business.com/articles/business-disaster-prep/ .
Cass, J. (2019). Internet of Things: What it is, how it works, examples and more. Just Creative. Retrieved from https://justcreative.com/2018/11/19/internet-of-things-explained/ .
...Hacking The radio frequency identification or RFID is the new technological method for quick identification of the user, especially if used for public events like music festivals. It makes data management easier, so that information about the attendees is managed technically by capturing data from scanners and transmitting it to the computer without the user's physical contact. This paper is about managing adult attendees at music festivals whose information would be stored in RFID wrist bands linked to their Twitter, Facebook, and credit/debit bank cards. The following sections would probe into its compliance issues and the related regulations that would impact the planned implementation.
Description of the Chosen Use Case
RFID wrist bands would be used for managing adult attendees at a music festival at a hotel where bands would be linked to their Twitter and Facebook accounts and their bank credit/debit cards so that the buying of eatables is……
Event Tribe. (n.a.). The top 10 benefits of using RFID for events. Retrieved from https://www.eventbrite.com/blog/academy/the-top-10-benefits-of-using-rfid-for-events/
ID&C. (n.a.). How to RFID wristbands work? Retrieved from https://www.idcband.com/blog/how-do-rfid-wristbands-work/
Kacicki, T. (2019, July 15). 4 commonly overlooked facts about RFID wristbands. Intellitix. Retrieved from https://intellitix.com/hub/four-commonly-overlooked-facts-rfid
OECD. (2008). OECD policy guideline on RFID. https://www.oecd.org/sti/ieconomy/40892347.pdf
Quirk, R.E. & Borrello, S.J. (2005). RFID: Rapid deployment and regulatory challenges. Retrieved from https://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/assets/Media/MediaManager/VenableRFIDpaper.pdf?SESSID=62935cf41f5a19909f5bb3ae3a598490
Williamson, A., Tsay, L., Kateeb, I.A. & Burton, L. (2013). Solutions for RFID smart tagged card security vulnerabilities. AASRI Procedia, 4, 282-287. DOI: 10.1016/j.aasri.2013.10.042
...Hacking Clinical Decision Support and Electronic Health Records
Information technology has revolutionized nearly every aspect of life, from how people recreate to how they work. This is no less true in the field of health care, where clinical informatics is reshaping the nursing workplace environment, how patient data is recorded and shared, and how health care is delivered. This paper will discuss clinical informatics concepts emerging in the 21st century, what evidence-based practice (EBP) shows with respect to clinical informatics, how the law figures into this issue with respect to HIPAA, privacy/confidentiality and security issues; and how patient safety, the nursing role and electronic medical records are impacted.
Clinical Informatics Concepts in the 21st Century
Controlling the flow of information to promote efficiency, security, and safety is the number one priority of clinical informatics. 21st century concepts for how this can be accomplished include training in how to find information,……
Cho, O. M., Kim, H., Lee, Y. W., & Cho, I. (2016). Clinical alarms in intensive care units: Perceived obstacles of alarm management and alarm fatigue in nurses. Healthcare informatics research, 22(1), 46-53.
Effken, J., Weaver, C., Cochran, K., Androwich, I., & O’Brien, A. (2016). Toward a central repository for sharing nursing informatics’ best practices. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 34(6), 245-246.
Elsayed, W. A., Hussein, F. M., & Othman, W. N. (2017). Relation between nursing informatics competency and nurses’ attitude toward evidence-based practice among qualified nurses at Mansoura Oncology Center. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 7(6), 26-33.
Drolet, B. C., Marwaha, J. S., Hyatt, B., Blazar, P. E., & Lifchez, S. D. (2017). Electronic communication of protected health information: privacy, security, and HIPAA compliance. The Journal of hand surgery, 42(6), 411-416.
Haupeltshofer, A., Egerer, V., & Seeling, S. (2020). Promoting health literacy: What potential does nursing informatics offer to support older adults in the use of technology? A scoping review. Health Informatics Journal, 1460458220933417.
Kharbanda, E. O., Asche, S. E., Sinaiko, A. R., Ekstrom, H. L., Nordin, J. D., Sherwood, N. E., & O’Connor, P. (2018). Clinical decision support for recognition and management of hypertension: a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 141(2).
Khezri, H., & Abdekhoda, M. (2019). Assessing nurses’ informatics competency and identifying its related factors. Journal of Research in Nursing, 24(7), 529-538.
Kleib, M., & Nagle, L. (2018). Factors associated with Canadian nurses\\\\\\\\\\\\' informatics competency. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 36(8), 406-415.
...Hacking Response to Self-Regulation Proposal
Standards and Culture in Self Regulation
The pitfalls of self-regulation are not unknown: object lessons abound in Tyco, WorldCom, Enron, Arthur Andersen, and several others (Pritchard, 2003). What to make then of a proposal for the implementation of self-regulation, thus decreasing regulatory oversight of our company? On the one hand, few firms are going to reject such a proposal as it means less red tape for them; on the other hand, compliance is culture and a culture without it can quickly turn into a slippery slope down the same path taken by the companies already mentioned. Yet, as Omarova (2011) points out, an industry without self-regulation is one unlikely to address the problems that plague it: at some point, accountability and firm responsibility is needed to address issues that by and large elude regulators by more than a few paces. The problem of relying regulators……
Arner, D. W., Barberis, J., & Buckey, R. P. (2016). FinTech, RegTech, and the reconceptualization of financial regulation. Nw. J. Int'l L. & Bus., 37, 371.
Arnone, M., & Padoan, P. C. (2008). Anti-money laundering by international institutions: a preliminary assessment. European Journal of Law and Economics, 26(3), 361-386.
Greene, E., & Odorski, C. (2015). SEC enforcement in the financial sector: addressing
Omarova, S. T. (2010). Rethinking the future of self-regulation in the financial industry. Brook. J. Int'l L., 35, 665.post-crisis criticism. Bus. L. Int'l, 16, 5.
Omarova, S. T. (2011). Wall street as community of fate: Toward financial industry self-regulation. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 159(2), 411-492.
Pritchard, A. C. (2003). Self-regulation and securities markets. Regulation, 26, 32.
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