Hash Values in digital Forensics
Hash values denote condensed representations of digitized or binary content within digital material; however, they offer no additional information pertaining to the contents of any material interpretable by an individual. Moreover, the hash function is … algorithms that convert variable-sized text quantities into hash values (which are fixed-sized outputs). Also called “cryptographic hash functions,” they facilitate the development of digital signatures, short textual condensations, and hash tables for the purpose of analysis (Fang et al., 2011; Kumar et al., 2012). In this paper, … a concise representation of the longer document or message they were calculated from; a single message digest may be considered a larger document’s \"digital fingerprint.\" Possibly the key function of cryptographic hash functions is providing digital signatures. As hash functions often work more quickly as compared to digital signature algorithms, digital signatures are typically computed to certain documents through working……
Fang, J., Jiang, Z. L., Yiu, S. M., & Hui, L. C. (2011). An efficient scheme for hard disk integrity check-in digital forensics by hashing with combinatorial group testing. International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications.
Kaya, M., & Eris, M. (2017). Hash-based block matching for digital evidence image files from forensic software tools. World Academy of Science, Engineering, and Technology, International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, 11(10), 1068-1071.
Kumar, K., Sofat, S., Jain, S. K., & Aggarwal, N. (2012). SIGNIFICANCE of hash value generation in digital forensic: A case study. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 2(5), 64-70.
Netherlands Forensic Institute, (2018a). Technical Supplement Forensic Use of Hash Values and Associated Hash Algorithms. Ministry of Justice and security.
Rasjid, Z. E., Soewito, B., Witjaksono, G., & Abdurachman, E. (2017). A review of collisions in cryptographic hash function used in digital forensic tools. Procedia computer science, 116, 381-392.
… process, before, during, and following the interview
The interview would comprise of four basic stages. These are: planning of the investigation, interview conduction, evidence gathering, and evidence evaluation. In as far as planning is concerned, the items of great relevance would be issue outline, interviewee list, questions to be asked, … know their rights in as far as their participation is concerned. With every interview, effort will be made to maintain objectivity and impartiality. evidence gathering, though part and parcel of interview process, could be deemed a stand-alone process due to the distinctive activities involved. This is more … process due to the distinctive activities involved. This is more so the case when it comes to the documentation processes. Lastly, we have evidence evaluation which is essentially the assessment of the information collected thus far with an aim of determining whether there is indeed any possibility … organization being……
Adam, C. (2016). Forensic Evidence in Court: Evaluation and Scientific Opinion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Casey, E. (Ed.). (2009). Handbook of Digital Forensics and Investigation. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.
Maras, M. (2014). Computer Forensics: Cybercriminals, Laws, and Evidence (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Newman, R.C. (2007). Computer Forensics: Evidence Collection and Management. New York, NY: CRC Press.
Reddy, N. (2019). Practical Cyber Forensics: An Incident-Based Approach to Forensic Investigations. New York, NY: Springer.
U.S. Department of Justice (2018). Reporting Intellectual Property Crime: A Guide for Victims of Copyright Infringement, Trademark Counterfeiting, and Trade Secret Theft. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/criminal-ccips/file/891011/download
FBI digital Forensic Services
Requirements for employment as a member of an FBI CART
In order for one to become a member of the FBI … crime investigation. This is because CART offers assistance to the FBI field offices when it comes to the search and seizure of computer evidence. This team is charged with the performance of forensic examinations for all FBI seizures that are related to technology and computers. Therefore, computer …
The RCFL mainly focuses on providing forensic services and expertise aimed at supporting the law enforcement agencies in the collection and examination of digital evidence. The cases handled by the RCFL include Child pornography, fraud, terrorism,…[break]…Bureau of Investigation (July 2, 2019) when a person called the advertised number, ……
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (July 2, 2019). Workers’ Compensation Fraud. https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/workers-compensation-fraud-conspirators-sentenced-070219
Kentucky RCFL. (June 6, 2013 ). Louisville Man Guilty of Harboring 20,000 Images of Child Pornography. https://www.rcfl.gov/kentucky/news
Regional Computer Forensic Laboratory. (n.d.). About the RCFL. Retrieved from https://www.rcfl.gov/about
Why to Adopt Pedagogy Based on digital Online Interactions with Students
With the arrival of the digital age has come a shift in the way information is pursued, transacted, shared, discussed, obtained, and processed. Students who have grown up in … has come a shift in the way information is pursued, transacted, shared, discussed, obtained, and processed. Students who have grown up in the digital age are digital natives and are more comfortable using digital technology than being without it. For design educators who are used to the studio-based pedagogy that has been in use for a century, … it. For design educators who are used to the studio-based pedagogy that has been in use for a century, shifting to embrace a digital-based pedagogy can seem like a transition that is too great of a leap for them to welcome. After all, the pedagogy of the … them to……
Fleischmann, K. (2013). Big Bang Technology: What's Next in Design Education, Radical Innovation or Incremental Change?. Journal of Learning Design, 6(3), 1-17.
Justice, L. (2019). The Future of Design Education. Design Management Review, 30(1), 33-37.
Mayadas, A. F., Bourne, J., & Bacsich, P. (2009). Online education today. Science, 323(5910), 85-89.
Souleles, N. (2015). Elearning in art and design: the elephant in the room. In 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (pp. 6659-6665).
Vaughan, S., Austerlitz, N., Blythman, M., Grove-White, A., Jones, B. A., Jones, C. A.,... & Shreeve, A. (2008). Mind the gap: Expectations, ambiguity and pedagogy within art and design higher education. In The student experience in art and design higher education: Drivers for change (pp. 125-148). Jill Rogers Associates Limited.
… that virtual classrooms are now more popular than ever. But what is the effect of the use of technology in an ESL classroom? evidence shows that technology actually does enhance ESL students’ learning experience (Kasapoglu-Akyol, 2010). The fact is that ESL students use technology tools in their … technology for learning purposes is akin to taking a fish out of water and then asking it to learn to swim. In the digital era, digital natives have been using technology since birth and it is older teachers and educational systems that are slow to recognize this fact. This … in communication, sharing knowledge, and developing team work skills. Kahai et al. (2007) show that the virtual team is a reality in today’s digital world and therefore not something ESL teachers and ESL learners should shy away from: the virtual team is “a temporary arrangement of individuals … at anytime” (p.……
Alvarez-Marinelli, H., Blanco, M., Lara-Alecio, R., Irby, B. J., Tong, F., Stanley, K., & Fan, Y. (2016). Computer assisted English language learning in Costa Rican elementary schools: an experimental study. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 29(1), 103-126.
Beetham, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2013). Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age: Designing for 21st century learning. NY: Routledge.
Cassady, J. C., Smith, L. L., & Thomas, C. L. (2017). Supporting emergent literacy for English language learners with computer?assisted instruction. Journal of Research in Reading.
Jiang, H., Tang, M., Peng, X., & Liu, X. (2018). Learning design and technology through social networks for high school students in China. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 28(1), 189-206.
Kahai, S. S., Carroll, E., & Jestice, R. (2007). Team collaboration in virtual worlds. ACM SIGMIS Database: the DATABASE for Advances in Information Systems, 38(4), 61-68.
Kasapo?lu-Akyol, P. (2010). Using educational technology tools to improve language and communication skills of ESL students. Novitas-Royal, 4(2).
Meskill, G., & Mossop, J. (2003). Technologies use with learners of ESL in New Your State: Preliminary report. Retrieved from https://www.albany.edu/lap/Papers/technology%20use.htm
Park, J. Y. (2011). Design education online: Learning delivery and evaluation. International Journal of Art & Design Education, 30(2), 176-187.
… vigilance and all-seeing eye through the use of cameras, machine learning, and tracking systems has to be developed. Without so many people using digital connected technology today, it should not be difficult to know who is where and what they are doing.
The problem of privacy rights … are doing.
The problem of privacy rights holds up any real and substantive approach to detecting subversion, unfortunately. Privacy rights of users of digital technology can be respected at the same time the safety of the nation has to come first. Monitoring all digital activity should be the responsibility of counter-intelligence, and legislators at the federal level need to be made aware of that. Lobbying should be … solutions to getting the right policies and laws in place that will allow counter-intelligence to use the data that is available in the digital world to better detect subversion and create a safer……
Counter intelligence for National Security, CIA, 1993. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol2no4/html/v02i4a10p_0001.htm
Johnston, David and James Risen, “U.S.had evidence of espionage,” New York Times, 2001. https://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/23/us/us-had-evidence-of-espionage-but-fbi-failed-to-inspect-itself.html
National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States of America 2016 (Strategy). https://www.dni.gov/files/NCSC/documents/Regulations/National_CI_Strategy_2016.pdf
Prunckun, Hank. 2012. Counterintelligence Theory and Practice, Lanham: Rowman&Littlefield Publishers Inc. Read the following: Chapters 8 to 14, pages 131 to 217. Appendices A to D, pages 219 to 231.
Richelson, Jeffrey. 2007. “The Pentagon’s Counterspies: The Counterintelligence Field Activity (CIFA).” (September 17). National Security Archive. Accessed January 19, 2017. http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB230/ .
Van Cleave, Michelle. “Strategic Counterintelligence: What Is It and What Should We Do About It ?” 2007. CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol51no2/strategic-counterintelligence.html
… is recorded and shared, and how health care is delivered. This paper will discuss clinical informatics concepts emerging in the 21st century, what evidence-based practice (EBP) shows with respect to clinical informatics, how the law figures into this issue with respect to HIPAA, privacy/confidentiality and security issues; … to be able to sift through the data. Instead, they can rely on the system to search the data and indicate what the evidence suggests.
This will help in the future of nursing as more and more time can be freed from having to try various diagnostic ……
Cho, O. M., Kim, H., Lee, Y. W., & Cho, I. (2016). Clinical alarms in intensive care units: Perceived obstacles of alarm management and alarm fatigue in nurses. Healthcare informatics research, 22(1), 46-53.
Effken, J., Weaver, C., Cochran, K., Androwich, I., & O’Brien, A. (2016). Toward a central repository for sharing nursing informatics’ best practices. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 34(6), 245-246.
Elsayed, W. A., Hussein, F. M., & Othman, W. N. (2017). Relation between nursing informatics competency and nurses’ attitude toward evidence-based practice among qualified nurses at Mansoura Oncology Center. International Journal of Nursing Didactics, 7(6), 26-33.
Drolet, B. C., Marwaha, J. S., Hyatt, B., Blazar, P. E., & Lifchez, S. D. (2017). Electronic communication of protected health information: privacy, security, and HIPAA compliance. The Journal of hand surgery, 42(6), 411-416.
Haupeltshofer, A., Egerer, V., & Seeling, S. (2020). Promoting health literacy: What potential does nursing informatics offer to support older adults in the use of technology? A scoping review. Health Informatics Journal, 1460458220933417.
Kharbanda, E. O., Asche, S. E., Sinaiko, A. R., Ekstrom, H. L., Nordin, J. D., Sherwood, N. E., & O’Connor, P. (2018). Clinical decision support for recognition and management of hypertension: a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 141(2).
Khezri, H., & Abdekhoda, M. (2019). Assessing nurses’ informatics competency and identifying its related factors. Journal of Research in Nursing, 24(7), 529-538.
Kleib, M., & Nagle, L. (2018). Factors associated with Canadian nurses\\\\\\\\\\\\' informatics competency. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 36(8), 406-415.
… to obtain these findings. The gap the study noted still needs to be closed is one regarding specific intervention components—such as delivery platforms (digital vs. non-digital, social media vs. traditional media and so on). This study will seek to close this gap by asking teachers about their perspectives on … substance use among teens. The authors first identify the trends and patterns found among the various literature available on these programs. They found evidence of prevention based on Education and Persuasion techniques, Community-Based approaches, Legal Practices, and a focus on Harm Reduction approach. The authors suggest that … a focus on Harm Reduction approach. The authors suggest that a multi-prong approach is more likely to be successful than a one-method approach prevention…[break]…(digital vs. non-digital, social media vs. traditional media and so on). This needs to be addressed because now that the digital age is here, stakeholders can benefit from……
… this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to explain the importance of securing crime scenes in order to protect evidence from contamination and preserve it for use by the courts. In addition, a discussion concerning different methods that might be necessary to document … from contamination and preserve it for use by the courts. In addition, a discussion concerning different methods that might be necessary to document evidence at a crime scene and different collection methods that might be used at a crime scene is followed by an explanation concerning the … scene is followed by an explanation concerning the chain of custody and why it is important. Finally, the repercussions of failing to protect evidence or establish chain of custody is followed by an explanation concerning how an investigator or forensic expert differentiates between what is or is … establish chain of custody is……
Almirall, J. R., Ballou, S., Carroll, P. et al. (2013, September). Crime scene investigation: A guide for law enforcement. Largo, FL: National Forensic Science Technology Center.
Casey, J. & Burke, T. (2009, June). Police and EMS. Law & Order, 51(6), 97-101.
Gehl, R. (2019). Crime scene management. Introduction to Criminal Investigations. Retrieved from https://pressbooks.bccampus.ca/criminalinvestigation/chapter/chapter-8-crime-scene-management/ .
Florida International University, National Forensic Science Technology Center. (n.d.). Crime scene investigation guide. Retrieved from https://www.nfstc.org/products/crime-scene-investigation-guide/ .
Richards, G. E. Chapters 3, 5 and 6.
… of human capital while maintaining the highest degree of efficiency and effectiveness.
Five future trends in public personnel administration will be: 1) using digital technology to build virtual teams, 2) recruiting workers from the global talent pool; 3) training workers in order to maximize their potential by … an improved onboarding process (VCU, 2019).
These trends will impact public employment and public administration in numerous ways. First, the trend of using digital technology to build virtual teams means that people from all over the world will be able to work for an…[break]…latest in ID technology … existing system and reduce the scale and scope of errors and criminal abuses.
Second, blockchain technology could help as it acts as a digital ledger on a decentralized platform. This means there is more transparency and trust involved in its usage as it cannot be controlled or … and cannot be changed or……
Abiad, A. & Khatiwada, S. (2019). 5 ways technology is improving governance, public service delivery in developing Asia. Retrieved from https://blogs.adb.org/blog/5-ways-technology-improving-governance-public-service-delivery-developing-asia
Florida Tech. (2019). Five global trends in public administration. Retrieved from https://www.fit.edu/your-college-decision/trends-in-public-administration/
McDonald, B. (2017). Measuring the fiscal health of municipalities. Retrieved from https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/pubfiles/mcdonald_wp17bm1.pdf
VCU. (2019). Public personnel administration. Retrieved from https://commed.vcu.edu/IntroPH/Management/management/personnel.html
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