Conflict Of Interest Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Ethical Issues Conflicts Of Interest

Pages: 4 (1232 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:89213693

Ethical Issues
conflict of interest
conflict of interest when an inividual in power uses their position to exploit situations to their advantage. For instance, if a law firm attempted representing … exploit situations to their advantage. For instance, if a law firm attempted representing the same couple in a divorce case (Legal Dictionary, 2018). conflict of interest a manifestation of structural failures of any society. The practice touches on a wide range of societal elements, including legal, political, and … The practice touches on a wide range of societal elements, including legal, political, and administrative aspects. Once public officers engage in acts of conflict of interest, they lose public trust (Pathranarakul, 2005).
Prosecutors often find themselves in the tight sport of conflict of interest. It is easy to be diverted from the mission to deliver justice when one is a prosecutor because of the ever-conflict interest, and motivations……

References

References

Alterio, E. (2011). From judicial comity to legal comity: A judicial solution to global disorder?I-CON, 9(2), 394-424. doi: 10.1093/icon/mor036

BrainMass. (2019). Correctional officer subculture: Ethics. Retrieved from  https://brainmass.com/law/familylaw/correctional-officer-subculture-ethics-165895 

Filgueiras, F. (2011).Transparência e controle da corrupção no Brasil. In: Corrupção e sistemapolítico no Brasil, edited by Leonardo Avritzer and Fernando Filgueiras. Rio de Janeiro: CivilizaçãoBrasileira.

Kindregan, C. (1975).Conflict of interest and the lawyer in civil practice. Retrieved from  https://scholar.valpo.edu/vulr/vol10/iss3/2 

Legal Dictionary. (2018). Conflict of interest. Retrieved from  https://legaldictionary.net/conflict-of-interest/ 

Lilles, H. (2002). Circle sentencing: Part of the restorative justice continuum. IIRP. Retrieved from  https://www.iirp.edu/news/circle-sentencing-part-of-the-restorative-justice-continuum 

Montes, A., Mears, D., &Conchran, J. (2016). The privatization debate: A conceptual framework for improving (public and private) corrections. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 32(4). Retrieved from  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305418634_The_Privatization_Debate_A_Conceptual_Framework_for_Improving_Public_and_Private_Correctio ns

Off, C. (1999). How can we trust our fellow citizens? In: Democracy and trust, edited by Mark Warren. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Study Document

Influence Of Political Interests Groups On The Educational Policy

Pages: 6 (1844 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:31534900

Budget and Resource Allocation Influence of Political interest Groups on the Educational Policy Making Process
Introduction
State support for public education has wavered over time as a consequence of other competing … Groups on the Educational Policy Making Process
Introduction
State support for public education has wavered over time as a consequence of other competing interest. This is more so the case given the competing demands of a wide range of other things including, but not limited to, healthcare … to better comprehend the various political forces having an impact on state fiscal policy. This text concerns itself with the influence of political interest groups on the educational policy-making process, with regard to budget and resource allocation. The context of this particular discussion will be Florida and … the educational policy-making process, with regard to budget and resource allocation. The context of this particular discussion will be Florida and Texas.……

References

References

Abbott, I., Rathbone, M. & Whitehead, P. (2012). Education Policy. New York, NY: SAGE.

Anderson, J.E. (2003).Public Policy-Making. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Delaney, J. A., & Doyle, W. R. (2007). The role of higher education in state budgets. Journal of Education Finance, 36(4), 343-268.

Grapevine. (2016). Appropriations: State Tax Funds for Operating Expenses of Higher Education, 1983-1984. Retrieved from:  https://education.illinoisstate.edu/grapevine/tables/ 

Larrabee, B. (2016). Education groups put big money into political causes. Retrieved from https://www.gainesville.com/news/20160828/education-groups-put-big-money-into-political-causes

Tandberg, D. A. (2009). Interest groups and governmental institutions: The politics of state funding of public higher education. Educational Policy, 24(5), 104-117.

Vote Smart (2020). Texas Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/TX/27#.XrVCzsBRW00 

Vote Smart (2020). Florida Education Special Interest Groups. Retrieved from  https://votesmart.org/interest-groups/FL/27#.XrVKScBRW01

Study Document

Impact Of Agency Theory

Pages: 8 (2453 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:36993165

… agent is the owner/executive of the company while the principle is the shareholder. Challenging scenario arises as there are two distinct sets of interest which cause decision making problems. Due to this complex and intricate relationship, conflict of interest arises sometimes where the agent puts his interest before the principle’s causing problems to the principle sometimes. This is known as Principle-Agency Problem. It has long affected the key decisions related … known as Principle-Agency Problem. It has long affected the key decisions related to the firm where the agent and principle both have asymmetric interest, causing any one party to suffer at an extreme case.
To remove the problem, the theory states that the goals of managers and … These can serve fruitful as they make the agent more cautious while taking important decisions as it can have an impact on their self-interest too (Kuypers, 2011). However, in most……

References

References

Demsetz, R. S. (1997). Agency Problems and Risk Taking at Banks.

Heath, J. (n.d.). Uses and Abuses of Agency Theory. Business Ethics Quarterly.

Kuypers, A. (2011). How is dealt with the agency problem and what is the role of the board of directors in it?

Lumen. (n.d.). Agency and Conflicts of Interests. Lumen. Retrieved from  https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-finance/chapter/agency-and-conflicts-of-interest/ 

Murray, I. (2016, September ). Wells Fargo and the Principle Agent Problem. Competitive Enterprise Institute.

Palia, D. (2007). “Agency Theory in Banking: An Empirical Analysis of Moral Hazard and the Agency Costs of Equity. Banks and Banks System.

Pennsylvania, W. U. (2017, August 08). Wells Fargo: What It Will Take to Clean Up the Mess. Wharton University of Pensylvannia.

Study Document

Counterintelligence Issues Within The United States

Pages: 18 (5457 words) Sources: 29 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:72238996

… long-term negative effects. When deception is used cautiously and morally, the adversary is more willing to accept it as a norm of state conflict; moreover, the adversary, who may become a state ally in the future, will not hold any ill-will on this account (Mattox 2002). But … a more unified, standardized moral framework applied throughout counterintelligence, it is likely that its history in the US would be less fraught with conflict of interest, human failings, ulterior motives, problematic relationships, and questionable tactics. The reason such a framework has not been applied is that it is viewed … operations could be used to deliberately leak false information to known foreign actors, but doing so runs the risk of escalating a larger conflict among nations, as Bernardi (2013) notes. Bernardi (2013), like the others, highlights the problem but does not point to a solution. From an … conditions necessary for……

References

Bibliography

2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.

Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. "The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles." Bachelor's thesis, Università Ca'Foscari Venezia.

Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.

Cohen, Shlomo. 2016. "Are There Moral Limits to Military Deception?." Philosophia 44 (4): 1305-1318.

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. 2013. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2 (10): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. 2004. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.

Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. "Strategic denial and deception." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.

Study Document

Counterintelligence Issues Within United States

Pages: 13 (3766 words) Sources: 16 Document Type:Essay Document #:41694312

… In counterintelligence, there is even less emphasis on ethical cohesion; as Valentine (2016) has revealed, the history of US counterintelligence is fraught with conflict of interest, human failings, ulterior motives, problematic relationships, and questionable tactics (33-39). Counterintelligence has often been linked with the idea of national security, yet as … operations could be used to deliberately leak false information to known foreign actors, but doing so runs the risk of escalating a larger conflict among nations, as Bernardi (2013) notes, and from an ethical standpoint it is difficult to determine where the line should be in terms … the FBN was eventually closed for that reason (Valentine 2016).
Summation
Since counterintelligence came to maturity in the US in an era of conflict, it is helpful to approach the subject from the standpoint of conflict theory and the theories developed around it, all of which focus on the ways in……

References

Bibliography

2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.

Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. \\\\\\"The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles.\\\\\\" Bachelor\\\\\\'s thesis, Università Ca\\\\\\'Foscari Venezia.

Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.

Erskine, Toni. 2004. \\\\\\"\\\\\\'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul\\\\\\'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering.\\\\\\" Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.

Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. \\\\\\"Strategic denial and deception.\\\\\\" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.

Horkheimer, Max. 1972. Critical Theory. New York: Seabury Press.

Intelligence and National Security Alliance. 2020. Counterintelligence for the 21st Century. Arlington, VA.

Study Document

Agency Theory And The Limitations Of Representative Government

Pages: 11 (3159 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:26643855

… congressional district or state provides an excellent opportunity for a legislator to remain in office” (Elwood, 2008, p. 3). This ability creates a conflict of interest the politicians overseeing the budget process. On the one hand they are tasked with producing a budget resolution and allocating funds based … a budget resolution and allocating funds based on the duty to serve the collective good; on the other hand they have a vested self-interest in ensuring that funds are diverted in ways that will benefit them, their political career and their political cronies. This paper will discuss … power. The voters put the agents (the representatives) in office under the belief that the representatives will do what is in the best interest of stakeholders—the public. However, there are powerful lobbies in Washington, and they spend billions of dollars every year in order to gain influence … the Congress member……

References

References

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.

Elwood, T. W. (2008). Politics of the US Federal Budget Process. International quarterly of community health education, 28(1), 3-12.

Jennings, M. (2008). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings. Cengage.

Machold, S., Ahmed, P.K., & Farquhar, S.S. (2007). Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics (2008) 81:665-678.

ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from  http://knowledgegrab.com/learners-zone/study-support/performance-management-review/framework-introduction-to-hrm/agency-theory/ 

Study Document

Strategy Development For Nonprofit Organizations

Pages: 3 (935 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Case Study Document #:80792478

… only works when there are enough volunteers willing to take the seminar for that to matter.
The process of working through such stakeholder conflict could then be quite difficult, but it will require open communication and dialogue. There are several conflict resolution tactics but open debate is one of the more powerful ones. Further, somebody has to be in charge to make the final ……

References

References

Bryson, J. M. (2018). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley

Carroll, J. & Hatakenata, S. (2001) Driving organizational change in the midst of a crisis. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved March 21, 2020 from  https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/driving-organizational-change-in-the-midst-of-crisis/ 

Wright, B., Christensen, R. & Isett, K. (2011) Motivated to adapt? The role of public service motivation as employees face organizational change.

Study Document

Angleton S Counterintelligence Program And What Went Wrong

Pages: 9 (2657 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:36485484

… provide insight into what went wrong with counterintelligence and how those problems can be prevented in the future. It uses a combination of conflict theory, structural functionalism and critical theory to explore the dimensions of counterintelligence in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. The research design is qualitative … have always included work within private industry, but in many cases…[break]…problems that arose within the counterintelligence program from the 1950s to the 1970s. conflict theory was posited as a response to structural functionalism, and critical theory arose out of the failure of conflict theory to fully account for the failure of the Marxist prophecy, so by itself it is an inadequate theory—but in combination with others, … Johnston, Wallis, Oprescu,and Gray (2017).
Conclusion
Just as Erikson’s model of human development enables psychologists to understand the adult by examining the age-related conflict that must be overcome before the child can proceed successfully……

References

Reference List

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35.2 (2012), 77-99.

Bartos, C. and P. Wehr. 2002. Using conflict theory. UK: University of Cambridge.

Bellaby, Ross. "What's the Harm? The Ethics of Intelligence Collection." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (2012): 93-117.

Church Committee. “Final report of the Select committee to study governmental operations With respect to Intelligence activities United states senate Together with Additional, supplemental, and separate Views.” Intelligence.senate.gov, 1976. https://www.intelligence.senate.gov/sites/default/files/94755_I.pdf

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2, no. 10 (2013): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19, no. 2 (2004): 359-381.

Nakashima, Ellen. “Top counterintelligence official challenges the private sector to step up defenses against foreign spying.” Washington Post, 2020.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/top-counterintelligence-official-challenges-the-private-sector-to-step-up-defenses-against-foreign-spying/2020/02/10/d842d83c-4c15-11ea-9b5c-eac5b16dafaa_story.html 

Study Document

Maslow S Hierarchy Of Needs Model And Its Application In Human Resources

Pages: 12 (3607 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:83319615

… is that agency relationships cannot be counted on to be totally prejudice-free for the simple fact that people always have a degree of self-interest, conflict of interest, or ulterior motives in what they do. Some examples of how agency theory plays out in the real world can best be seen … the real estate industry, where the Realtor acts as agent for the principle—the home buyer or seller. The Realtor has a degree of self-interest in the transaction because he is awarded a commission on every sale. He is supposed to act, however, in the best interest of the agent. In a workplace setting, a referring source may try to refer someone close to him as a favor to a … motives or bias may impact the decision of the employee to refer this person and it may not actually be in the best interest of the workplace in……

References

Bibliography

Bussin, M., & Christos, D. (2018). Blind hiring not as crazy as it sounds. HR Future,  2018(Sep 2018), 36-39.

CBS News (2017). Retrieved from  http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/meet-bozoma-saint-john-the-woman-tasked-with-fixing-ubers-image/ 

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. Academy of management review, 14(1), 57-74.

Frank, L. (2018). How to Use Employee Referrals Without Giving Up Workplace Diversity. Retrieved from  https://hbr.org/2018/03/how-to-use-employee-referrals-without-giving-up-workplace-diversity 

Jensen, M., & Meckling, W. (1976) Theory of the firm: Man- agerial behavior, agency costs, and ownership structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3, 305-360.

Larcker, D. F., & Tayan, B. (2017). Governance Gone Wild: Epic Misbehavior at Uber Technologies. Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Closer Look Series: Topics, Issues and Controversies in Corporate Governance No. CGRP-70, 18-3.

Payscale. (2018). Retrieved from  https://www.payscale.com/data/job-referral s

ProActive Solutions. (2020). Agency theory. Retrieved from  http://knowledgegrab.com/learners-zone/study-support/performance-management-review/framework-introduction-to-hrm/agency-theory/

Study Document

Directors Remuneration And Its Impact On Share Repurchases

Pages: 7 (2133 words) Sources: 11 Document Type:Research Proposal Document #:29089677

… is relevant is that it shows a dangerous trend of allowing considerably vast sums of money to be used in share repurchasing programs: conflict of interest are inevitable and moral hazard can result (Chan & Hoy, 1991; Choi & Maldoom, 1992). Leaders and directors of companies are often incentivized … and in its future. If directors have a responsibility in terms of corporate governance and transformative leadership to look out for the best interest of all stakeholders, can it be considered morally feasible for companies to engage in the repurchasing of shares for the sake of directors’ … research is to understand whether stakeholders in an Irish company view director remuneration as a result of share repurchases as a case of conflict of interest as immoral. As the global economic crisis of 2007-2008 showed, when immorality is introduced into the financial system, moral hazard can quickly ……

References

References

Bendix, R. (1974). Inequality and social structure: a comparison of Marx and Weber.  American Sociological Review, 149-161.

Chan, R., & Hoy, M. (1991). East—West joint ventures and buyback contracts. Journal of International Economics, 30(3-4), 331-343.

Choi, C. J., & Maldoom, D. (1992). A simple model of buybacks. Economics Letters, 40(1), 77-82.

Durkheim, E. (1997). The Division of Labor in Society. NY: The Free Press.

Egan, M. (2018). Tax cut triggers $437 billion explosion of stock buybacks. Retrieved from  https://money.cnn.com/2018/07/10/investing/stock-buybacks-record-tax-cuts/index.html 

Goldsmith, J. M. (1994). The case against GATT. Multinational Monitor, 15(10), 20-24.

Lee, P. (2018). Share Buybacks and Redemptions: Legal Update - Companies Act 2014. Retrieved from  https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=30c07ac8-c29c-4f99-b17d-7844d09888ea 

Mill, J. S. (1859). On Liberty. London: John W. Parker and Son, West Strand.

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