...Career Theory and Practice of Business Psychology
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 3
2 Motivators in the Workplace 3
2.1 Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Workplace Motivation 3
2.2 Vroom’s Expectancy Theory 5
2.3 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory 7
2.3.1 Primary Motivators in the Workplace 8
2.3.2 Secondary Motivators in the Workplace 10
2.4 Extent of the Impact of Primary Motivators 12
3 References 12
Motivation can be delineated as a psychosomatic feature, which urges individuals to achieve both personal and organizational objectives. In the workplace context, it is deemed to be the incentives that trigger and drive the employees to obtain better job performance and make a contribution to more substantial efforts (Asim, 2013). For an organization to compete efficaciously in the international market, it is essential to design jobs, and duties in a way that stress id diminished, and the levels of employee satisfaction and motivation, as well……
Asim, M., 2013. Impact of Motivation on Employee Performance with effect of training: Specific to Education Sector of Pakistan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(9), 1-9.
Heneman, H. G., & Schwab, D. P., 1972. Evaluation of research on expectancy theory predictions of employee performance. Psychological Bulletin, 78(1), 1.
Herzberg, F., 1987. One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees? Harvard Business Review, 65, 5.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B. 1959. The motivation to work. New York. John Wiley.
Hilgert, R. L., Leonard, E. C., 2001. Supervision: Concepts and practices of management. New York: South-Western College Publication.
Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Wellness 360: 9 Innovative Johnson & Johnson Employee Benefits for Mind, Body, and Budget. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://www.jnj.com/health-and-wellness/innovative-employee-benefits-and-wellness-programs-from-johnson-johnson
Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Careers: Healthiest Finances. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://www.careers.jnj.com/employee-benefits/financial-benefits .
Johnson & Johnson. , 2018. 2018 Health for Humanity Report: Creating Unique Career Opportunities. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://healthforhumanityreport.jnj.com/our-people/creating-unique-career-opportunities
… skills, technological understanding, and have access to intro-level health care courses when they enter high school. Getting students interested in a future healthcare career at the age of 14 or 15 is a great way to prepare the future workforce and provide them with “career-ready” skills, as Shackelford (2019) puts it. The rationale for selecting this topic regarding the need to expose younger students to skills that can … already laid by the time they enter nursing school at the college level.
Introducing informatics early on in…[break]…stage of students’ academic careers. Google Scholar is an online database search engine that was used: key words associated with the subject were entered in and titles and … practice of informatics and are better equipped to deal with this subject when they face it in nursing school or in their professional careers; 2) encourage nurse educators to collaborate and coordinate……
Eardley, D. L., Krumwiede, K. A., Secginli, S., Garner, L., DeBlieck, C., Cosansu, G., & Nahcivan, N. O. (2018). The Omaha System as a Structured Instrument for Bridging Nursing Informatics With Public Health Nursing Education: A Feasibility Study. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 36(6), 275-283.
Kinnunen, U. M., Rajalahti, E., Cummings, E., & Borycki, E. M. (2017). Curricula challenges and informatics competencies for nurse educators. Forecasting informatics competencies for nurses in the future of connected health, 232, 41-48.
Piscotty Jr, R. J., Kalisch, B., & Gracey?Thomas, A. (2015). Impact of healthcare information technology on nursing practice. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(4), 287-293.
Risling, T. (2017). Educating the nurses of 2025: Technology trends of the next decade. Nurse education in practice, 22, 89-92.
Shackelford, S. (2019). Industry Voices—Healthcare is changing. We need to reach the future workforce earlier. Retrieved from https://www.fiercehealthcare.com/hospitals-health-systems/industry-voices-healthcare-changing-and-our-educational-approach-should-be
Shin, E. H., Cummings, E., & Ford, K. (2018). A qualitative study of new graduates’ readiness to use nursing informatics in acute care settings: clinical nurse educators’ perspectives. Contemporary nurse, 54(1), 64-76.
Tubaishat, A. (2019). The effect of electronic health records on patient safety: A qualitative exploratory study. Informatics for Health and Social Care, 44(1), 79-91.
… discussions about when it is appropriate to discuss the possible wrongdoings of someone who has passed. This article covers Kobe Bryant’s life, his career, his personal life, and the allegations against him.
Kobe Bryant was a professional basketball player. Kobe joined the NBA straight out … began playing basketball at the age of three. He was a Lakers fan as a young child. When Kobe was six, his father’s career in the NBA ended and the family moved to Rieti, Italy. It was in Italy that Kobe began playing basketball. Even though he … He began playing for the Lower Merion High School, where he distinguished himself as a player and became Pennsylvania’s Player of the Year.
Kobe had the opportunity to play ball for a number of different colleges. However, in 1995 Kevin Garnett went straight from high school … to college. Kobe was only……
Badenhausen, Kurt. “Kobe Bryant’s $600 Million Fortune: How He Won On- And Off-The Court.” Forbes. 28 January 2020. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kurtbadenhausen/2020/01/28/kobes-600-million-fortune-how-he-scored-onand-offthe-court/#75edd8766d36 . Accessed 15 March 2020.
Biography.com Editors. “Kobe Bryant Biography.” A&E Television Networks. 25 February 2020. https://www.biography.com/athlete/kobe-bryant . Accessed 15 March 2020.
CBS News. “Kobe Loses McDonald’s Deal.” CBS News. 23 January 2004. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/kobe-loses-mcdonalds-deal/ . Accessed 15 March 2020.
Sanchez, Ray. “Kobe Bryant Was a Living Legend. In His Final Hours, He Was an Ordinary Dad and Friend.” CNN. 3 February 2020. https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/02/us/kobe-bryant-final-hours/index.html . Accessed 15 March 2020.
Wikipedia. “Kobe Bryant.” Wikipedia. 8 March 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kobe_Bryant . Accessed 15 March 2020.
...Career How Healthcare Policy Impacts APN
Explanation of how healthcare policy can impact the advanced practice nurse profession
The role of APN is to provide primary, specialty, and acute care through assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of those who seek healthcare services. Healthcare policies are meant to improve healthcare services, and thus, they affect the APN profession. However, the specific effect of any policy depends on the specific policy (Taft & Nanna, 2008). For example, one of the policies that affected the APN profession was the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This act, at its core, was to provide healthcare to the marginalized, to those with chronic sicknesses, and at the same time, more healthcare from the hospital in favor of outpatient.
Because of the nature of the ACA, the APN profession was impacted through the increment of persons seeking healthcare. There were more- and sicker patients entering the healthcare system, and thus,……
Choi, P. P. (2015). Patient advocacy: the role of the nurse. Nursing Standard (2014+), 29(41), 52.
Flemming, P. L. (2017). Building a Climate of Change with a link through Transformational Leadership and Corporate Culture: A Management key to a Global Environment. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 7(1), 44-55.
Gerber, L. (2018). Understanding the nurse\\\\\\\\\\\\'s role as a patient advocate. Nursing2019, 48(4), 55-58.
Lathrop, B., & Hodnicki, D. R. (2014). The Affordable Care Act: Primary care and the doctor of nursing practice nurse. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 19(2).
Metz, S., Piro, J. S., Nitowski, H., & Cosentino, P. (2019). Transformational Leadership: Perceptions of Building-Level Leaders. Journal of School Leadership, 29(5), 389-408.
Taft, S. H., & Nanna, K. M. (2008). What are the sources of health policy that influence nursing practice?. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 9(4), 274-287.
… suitable target market for this product. The firm should target women of birth-giving age in developed countries since they are empowered to choose careers over raising a family. In essence, professional women who fear they could get pregnant and have money to spend on effective birth-control methods … benefits of using Filshie Clip System.
As previously indicated, the company’s target market is women of birth-giving age who are empowered to choose careers over raising a family. These women are looking for effective birth-control methods as they fear being pregnant. With respect to the manufacturing and ……
Antoun, L., Smith, P., Gupta, J. K., & Clark, T. J 2017. The feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of hysteroscopic sterilization compared with laparoscopic sterilization. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, vol. 217, no. 5, pp.e571-570. e576.
Beerthuizen, R 2010. State-of-the-art of non-hormonal methods of contraception: V. Female sterilisation. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, vol. 15, no. 2, pp.124-135.
De Toni, D., Milan, G.S., Saciloto, E.B., & Larentis, F 2017. Pricing strategies and levels and their impact on corporate profitability. Revista de Administracao, vol. 52, no. 2, pp.120-133.
Duran, A 2018. Sink or swim: how to create buyer personas to ensure marketing success. Forbes. Viewed 20 August 2019,
Griffin, A, Noble, CH, Durmusoglu, SS, Luchs, MI, & Swan, S 2015. ‘Chapter 3 Personas: powerful tools for designers’, in Design Thinking : New Product Development Essentials from the PDMA, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, Hoboken.
Johnson, S., Pion, C. & Jennings, V 2013. Current methods and attitudes of women towards contraception in Europe and America. Reproductive Health, vol. 10, no. 7, pp.1-9.
Kotler, P., & Keller, K. L. (2015). Marketing Management, Global Edition. Pearson Education Limited: Boston, MA.
Magrath, A.J 1986. When Marketing Services, 4Ps are not enough. Business Horizons, pp.4450.
… calls upon virtually all professional nurses to be prepared to “hit the ground running” in a leadership role from day one of their career. For example, Standard 12 of the student handbook, “Leadership,” clearly states that, “The registered nurse demonstrates leadership in the professional practice setting and ……
ANA leadership and governance. (2020). American Nurses Association. Retrieved from https://www.nursingworld.org/ana/leadership-and-governance/ .
Delgado, C. & Mitchell, M. M. (2016, January-February). A survey of current valued academic leadership qualities in nursing. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(1), 10-13.
Meliniotis, C. (2015, March 30). Effective nursing leadership. Elite Healthcare. Retrieved from https://www.elitecme.com/resource-center/nursing/effective-nursing-leadership/ .
...Career Nurses are always considered helpers and the profession is widely regarded as one for compassionate and helping individuals. The Nursing’s Social Policy Statement is a work that seeks to detail the many ways in which nurses can assist others. How nurses relate with the society is through a relationship. A relationship that is sort of a social contract complete with expectations from both sides. The relationship allows nurses to carry out their professional duties in the provision of care to individual clients and to the society. It also empowers nursing practitioners to engage in policymaking, legislative and political action for the purposes of improving the provision of care, improving nursing practice, improving nursing research, and improving nursing education. It also enables nurses to comprehend the concepts of justice and social ethics and the roles they play in individual and societal health (Fowler, 2015). This work discusses the nursing social contract……
American Nurses Association. (2010). Nursing\\'s social policy statement: The essence of the profession. Nursesbooks. org.
Cruess, R. L., & Cruess, S. R. (2008). Expectations and obligations: professionalism and medicine\\'s social contract with society. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 51(4), 579-598.
Fowler, M. D. M. (2015). Guide to nursing\\'s social policy statement: Understanding the profession from social contract to social covenant. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.
Palmd, (2010). More on Lacks ethics. Science blogs. Retrieved from https://scienceblogs.com/whitecoatunderground/2010/02/03/more-on-lacks-ethics
Quinlan, C. (2018). Trust in Medical Research: The Legacy of Henrietta Lacks, Part 1. Science 36 Trial Mix. Retrived from https://www.science37.com/blog/medical-research-trust-and-henrietta-lacks/
Reeves, S., van Soeren, M., MacMillan, K., & Zwarenstein, M. (2013). Medicine and nursing: A social contract to improve collaboration and patient-centred care. Journal of interprofessional care, 27(6), 441-442.
Skloot, R. (2010). The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks. Broadway Books.
Stump, J. L. (2014). Henrietta Lacks and The HeLa Cell: Rights of Patients and Responsibilities of Medical Researchers. The History Teacher, 48(1), 127-180.
...Career Women, War and Nursing
The role of women, war and politics impacted the growth of the nursing profession primarily through the work of women like Clara Barton, the founder of the American Red Cross and known as the Angel of the Battlefield during the Civil War, as she never hesitated to visit soldiers to comfort them and bring whatever aid should could, even though she was only a self-taught nurse at the time (Howard & Kavenick, 1990). Women had a limited capacity to take part in the war as a soldier (though some did); to serve their country and assist the men who did fight, they would act as nurses and deliver medical supplies, as Barton often did, even in the most dreadful of conditions. War and social politics put women in a position to help out the only way they could—and that was to provide nursing.
Brown, T. J. (1998). Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer (Vol. 127). Harvard University Press.
Darraj, S. M. (2009). Mary Eliza Mahoney. Infobase Publishing.
Fantel, H. (1974). William Penn: Apostle of Dissent. NY: William Morrow & Co.
Gollaher, D. L. (1993). Dorothea Dix and the English origins of the American asylum movement. Canadian Review of American Studies, 23(3), 149-176.
Hardy, S., & Corones, A. (2017). The nurse’s uniform as ethopoietic fashion. Fashion Theory, 21(5), 523-552.
Hathway, M. (1934). Dorothea Dix and Social Reform in Western Pennsylvania, 1845-1875. Western Pennsylvania History: 1918-2018, 17(4), 247-258.
Howard, A. & Kavenick, F. (1990). Handbook of American women’s history. New York, NY: Garland.
Modak, T., Sarkar, S., & Sagar, R. (2016). Dorothea dix: A proponent of humane treatment of mentally ill. Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour, 21(1), 69.
...Career Phenomenology and Grounded Theory Approaches
Both phenomenology and grounded theory are commonly used approaches to qualitative research in the social sciences. While grounded theory and phenomenology can sometimes be used simultaneously in ways that “slur” or “blur” the distinction between multiple qualitative methods, researchers in education should ultimately focus their attention on the best method for exploring single, focused research questions and their real-world applications (Baker, Wuest, & Stern, 1992, p. 1355). Grounded theory has been described as a “practical method for conducting research” that shows how people construct meaning about their social world (Suddaby, 2006, p. 633). Therefore, grounded theory is sociological in origin and linked to the concept of symbolic interactionism (Starks & Brown Trinidad, 2007). The methods used for grounded theory approaches to research in the social science include observations and other ethnographic data collection techniques, coupled with open coding for data analysis (Creswell, 2013). Interviews are……
Baker, C., Wuest, J., & Stern, P. N. (1992). Method slurring: the grounded theory/phenomenology example. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17(11), 1355–1360.doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1992.tb01859.x
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. eBook.
Norton, S.M. (2013). A phenomenological investigation into the self-efficacy beliefs of teachers who have presisted in the teaching profession. Liberty University Dissertation.
Starks, H., & Brown Trinidad, S. (2007). Choose Your Method: A Comparison of Phenomenology, Discourse Analysis, and Grounded Theory. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1372–1380.doi:10.1177/1049732307307031
Suddaby, R. (2006). From the Editors: What Grounded Theory is Not. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 633–642.doi:10.5465/amj.2006.22083020
Wimpenny, P. & Gass, J. (2001). Interviewing in phenomenology and grounded theory: is there a difference? Journal of Advanced Nursing 31(6): 1485-1492.
Yalof, B. (2014). Marshaling resources. The Grounded Theory Review 13(1).
… fully satisfy the desires of another person, and…[break]…of equality to re-wire themselves and tend to domestic chores since the woman also has a career.
Gerson (2010) shows that what happens next is that men stop being interested in marriage. They can fulfill their sexual needs by sleeping ……
Bianchi, S.M., Sayer, L. C., Milkie, M.A., & Robinson, J. P. (2012). Housework: Who Did, Does or Will Do It, and How Much Does it Matter? Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation, 91(1), 55-63. http://doi.org/10.1093/sf/sos120
Ehrenreich, B. (2000). Maid to order. Retrieved from https://www.college.columbia.edu/core/sites/core/files/pages/Ehrenreich_Maid_To_Order.pdf
Gerson, K. (2010). The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. New York: OxfordUniversity Press.
Pew Research Center. (2015). Parenting in America. Retrieved from https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2015/12/17/1-the-american-family-today/
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