Study Document

Strategy for National Defense Essay

Pages:7 (2014 words)

Sources:7

Subject:Government

Topic:National Security

Document Type:Essay

Document:#59270793


Part I – Regional Security Issue within the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

The National Security Strategy (NSS) focuses on promoting the security of the United States on the premise that a safe environment is critical toward enhancing the prosperity of the nation. This strategy goes beyond promoting the interests of America and includes safeguarding the interests of partners/allies around the world. Through the strategy, the United States responds to the increasing military, political and economic competitions encountered worldwide. As part of ensuring suitable response to these competitions, NSS includes a regional context strategy through which the United States tailors it approaches to various regions worldwide to protect her national interests.[footnoteRef:1] The United States requires integrated regional strategies that acknowledge the nature and extent of threats, intensity of rivalry, and potential opportunities across all regions. Such strategies become the premise of International Relations and U.S. foreign policy. [1: The White House, “National Security Strategy of the United States of America”, The White House, December 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.pdf]

Issue in Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

Indo-Asia-Pacific region is one of the regions targeted by the United States National Security Strategy. It extends from the west coast of India to the United States’ western shores and represent one of the most economically vibrant and populated regions in the world.[footnoteRef:2] America’s interest in this region, which is currently facing competition between free and repressive visions of world order, dates back to the earliest days of the nation. Consequently, the United States establishes political, economic, and military and security priority actions to help safeguard her national interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. This process entails developing international relations approaches and foreign policies that seek to protect the interests of the United States in this region. China and Russia are principal priorities for the United States given their long-term strategic competitions within and outside the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. The United States is faced with the need to ensure increased and sustained investments in addressing these principal priorities because of the threats they pose to her national interests and prosperity.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Ibid., 1] [3: Department of Defense, “Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of the United States of America”, National Defense Strategy, 2018, https://dod.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018-National-Defense-Strategy-Summary.pdf]

Given the strategic competitions between China and Russia, one of the regional security issues in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region is Russia’s military modernization and actions throughout the region. Moscow constantly plays the role of a spoiler in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region as it seeks to undermine U.S. national interests and impose extra costs on the U.S. and her allies.[footnoteRef:4] Over the past few years, Russia has continued to modernize her military forces on the premise that military power is key to achieving key strategic goals and global influence. As a result, the country continues to invest in nuclear weapons as part of her power projection and deterrence abilities. For example, the Russian military carries out “regular nuclear-capable Tu-95 Bear bomber long-range aviation flights off the coasts of Japan, Korea, Canada, and Alaska.”[footnoteRef:5] In the past few years, Russia has increased investments in military infrastructure, deployed anti-ship missile systems, enhanced control and command abilities, and modernized anti-air abilities in the region. This has generated tensions in the relations between Russia and some countries in the region such as Japan while undermining U.S. national interests in the region. [4: Philip S. Davidson, “Statement of Admiral Philip S. Davidson, U.S. Navy Commander, U.S. Indo-Pacific Command Before the House Armed Services Committee on U.S. Indo-Pacific Command Posture”, United States Senate, March 27, 2019, https://www.armed-services.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Davidson_02-12-19.pdf] [5: Ibid., 4]

Therefore, the United States faces the need to adopt suitable strategies that would help address the emerging threat posed by Russia in her activities in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. Promoting peace in this region is not only critical to U.S. interests, but also essential in enhancing U.S. global influence and prosperity. In line with the goals and objectives of the National Security Strategy, the United States can address the issue using concepts in international relations. International relations concepts would inform and…

Some parts of this document are missing

Click here to view full document

…Chinese population in China’s territory and seek to inflict pain on the general population unless and until China makes concessions. Aerial attacks would also be launched against any Chinese forces in Taiwan’s territory. In this regard, the United States military will provide logistical and tactical support to Taiwan forces in their fight against China. U.S. military will partner with Taiwan forces to create an allied force that will launch aerial attacks against any Chinese forces in Taiwan territory. These aerial attacks will be based on the Douhet model, which is based on the idea that inflicting severe pain on civilians can affect their morale and unravel social bias of resistance in order for citizens to pressure the government to vacate territorial ambitions.[footnoteRef:11] These attacks will be combined with destruction of China’s military production, which will weaken her forces by lessening the aggregate quantities of war materials and weapons. [11: Ibid., 7.]

With regards to space, this coercive air power strategy will entail controlling the adversary’s air space. The United States will focus on obtaining and maintain air superiority over China through controlling air space over Chinese territory. This will be achieved through destruction of China’s military production and weakening Chinese forces. The process will result in decapitation and enable U.S. forces to utilize Chinese air space in strategic bombing of civilians. Through weakening Chinese forces and lessening the overall quantities of war materials and weapons, U.S. forces will control Chinese fielded forces and homeland territory by controlling air space. Since air power is increasingly dependent on the cyber domain in today’s military operations, this strategy will incorporate air-cyber integration.[footnoteRef:12] The United States will establish a robust and secure networked command and control structure to support air power initiatives against China. Cyber specialists will carry out offensive operations against Chinese cyberspace through leveraging opportunities to exploit weaknesses in China’s cyberspace. Cyber capabilities will be combined with the other air power strategies in the war against China. [12: Paul Withers, “Integrating Cyber with Air Power in…


Sample Source(s) Used

Bibliography

Davidson, P.S. “Statement of Admiral Philip S. Davidson, U.S. Navy Commander, U.S. Indo-Pacific Command Before the House Armed Services Committee on U.S. Indo-Pacific Command Posture.” United States Senate, March 27, 2019, https://www.armed-services.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Davidson_02-12-19.pdf

Department of Defense. “Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of the United States of America.” National Defense Strategy, 2018, https://dod.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018-National-Defense-Strategy-Summary.pdf

Muller, K. “The Essence of Coercive Air Power: A Primer for Military Strategies.” Air University, https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/Portals/10/ASPJ/journals/Chronicles/mueller.pdf

Pape, R.A. Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War, 1st ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Tammen, R.L., Kugler, J. & Lemke, D. “Power Transition Theory.” International Relations, June 27, 2017, DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199743292-0038

The White House. “National Security Strategy of the United States of America.” The White House, December 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.pdf

Withers, P. “Integrating Cyber with Air Power in the Second Century of the Royal Air Force.” Medium, March 4, 2019, https://medium.com/raf-caps/integrating-cyber-with-air-power-in-the-second-century-of-the-royal-air-force-bca74b8d42ed

 

Cite this Document

Join thousands of other students and "spark your studies."

Sign Up for FREE
Related Documents

Study Document

Defence and National Strategy

Pages: 10 (3037 words) Sources: 8 Subject: Military Document: #87077208

Introduction
National strategy is the art and science of development and usage of informational, diplomatic and economic powers of a country in union with its armed forces for purposes of securing national objectives during war and peace times. National strategies are a key delivery mechanism for several new and existing nations. It was first introduced in the year 1998 with the aim of assisting in developing educational settings to improve

Study Document

Nds Nms National Defense Strategy Nds the

Pages: 2 (447 words) Sources: 2 Subject: Military Document: #33623867

Nds Nms National Defense Strategy (NDS) The United States operates its defense methods and actions based upon our overall beliefs about what is meant by the Constitution's expectation that our government shall "provide for the common good." It is the Department of Defenses' "capstone" document, which lays the foundation for the grand ideals it expects to carry out as part of the larger presidential directives on using our forces at home

Study Document

Effects of Nigerian National Defense Policy

Pages: 11 (1334 words) Subject: Government Document: #54661366

1 EFFECTSOF DEFENCE FUNDING AND OPERATIONAL READINESS OF THE NIGERIAN ARMY 21. Defence funding is a unique challenge for the Nigerian Army (NA). Identifying a fair and efficient manner for how funds are budgeted and allocated is the main problem. The following paragraphs discuss these issues. NATIONAL DEFENCE POLICY 22. Nations typically allocate funds for defence in an annual budget. Nigeria’s national budgetary framework provides funding according to the needs evinced by

Study Document

Defense Authorization Act of 1916

Pages: 15 (4387 words) Sources: 28 Subject: Military Document: #39128135

The National Guard, as anticipated by the Constitution's framers, was now a military reserve ready to serve the national interest. The National Guard, while getting large amounts of federal funds and growing in size, continued to struggle to find its true role in military operations and readiness. The natural disasters and civil disorder incidents in which Guardsmen were called to help supported their cause. These included such events as

Study Document

Defense of Impair Driving

Pages: 15 (5187 words) Sources: 1+ Subject: Sports - Drugs Document: #54195322

Driving While Impaired in Canada Tough new laws have been enacted in Canada in response to the problem of driving while impaired. In this case "impaired" means driving while intoxicated on alcohol -- being over the limit on blood alcohol (driving under the influence, DUI / driving while intoxicated, DWI) -- or on drugs. This paper describes the issue, reviews the relevant legislation and laws, reviews the history of laws pertaining

Study Document

National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime

Pages: 9 (3380 words) Sources: 10 Subject: Terrorism Document: #14823082

National Security Implications of Transnational Organized Crime The paper deals with three important aspects, one the National Security, second the crime -- organized in many ways, and the third rogue nations that pose a threat. National security is to be understood in multiple contexts. Firstly the physical security of the nation from alien threats, and intrusions, secondly damages to vital infrastructure and thirdly anti-national activities by organizations that may lead to

Join thousands of other students and

"spark your studies".