Polonius: A Literature Review
As chief counselor to the king of Denmark, Polonius plays an important and nefarious role in Shakespeare’s Hamlet—yet his words are often quoted out of context and it is Polonius, the spying, lying, manipulating old fool of a father and … quoted out of context and it is Polonius, the spying, lying, manipulating old fool of a father and counselor who gives one of Shakespeare’s most memorable lines: “To thine own self be true!” (Shakespeare 1.3.564). Polonius shows of course that it matters not if one is being true to one’s self because the self is a chameleon … the relevant literature pertaining to Polonius’s character and “wisdom.”
As Wilson notes, the line given by Polonius on how to be “true” is Shakespeare’s attempt to eviscerate the maxim and proverb spouting, Puritanical virtue signalers of his day: “It is his satire of moral entrepreneurs” (Wilson par.……
Cox, Roger L. Between earth and heaven: Shakespeare, Dostoevsky, and the meaning of Christian tragedy. Holt McDougal, 1969.
Di, Poona Mtrive. \\\\\\"Unraveling Hamlet’s Spiritual and Sexual Journeys: An Inter- critical Detour via the Gita and Gandhi.\\\\\\" Shakespeare’s Asian Journeys. Routledge, 2016. 75-86.
Farahmandfar, Masoud, and Gholamreza Samigorganroodi. \\\\\\"\\\\\\" To Thine Own Self Be True\\\\\\": Existentialism in Hamlet and The Blind Owl.\\\\\\" International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies 3.2 (2015): 25-31.
Felce, Ian. \\\\\\"In Search of Amlóða saga: The Saga of Hamlet the Icelander.\\\\\\" Studies in the Transmission and Reception of Old Norse Literature: The Hyperborean Muse in European Culture. Edited by Judy Quinn and Adele Cipolla (2016): 101-22.
Hadfield, Andrew. \\\\\\"Jonson and Shakespeare in an Age of Lying.\\\\\\" Ben Jonson Journal 23.1 (2016): 52-74.
Landy, Joshua. \\\\\\"To Thine Own Selves Be True-ish.\\\\\\" Shakespeare\\\\\\'s Hamlet: Philosophical Perspectives (2017): 154.
Wilson, Jeffrey R. What Shakespeare Says About Sending Our Children Off to College. No. 402071. 2016. https://www.aaup.org/article/what-shakespeare-says-about-sending-our-children-college
Shakespeare’s Othello is a tragic hero according to the definition of Aristotle. First, he is a man of noble stature. Second, he is good—but … model: it consists of a reversal and a discovery. This paper will show that Othello fits Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero and Shakespeare’s play adheres to the model of an Aristotelian tragedy.
a. What is a Tragedy?
b. Is Othello a tragic hero?
… to the model of an Aristotelian tragedy.
a. What is a Tragedy?
b. Is Othello a tragic hero?
c. Is Shakespeare’s play an Aristotelian tragedy?
a. Elements that make Othello a tragic hero
i. He is noble
ii. He is good but … a reversal and a discovery
a. Othello is a tragic hero
b. The play meets Aristotle’s criteria for a tragedy.
Shakespeare’s Othello is a……
Bates, C. (1997) ‘Shakespeare’s Tragedies of Love’, Cambridge Companion to Shakespearean Tragedy, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bradley, A. (1951). Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth. London: Macmillan.
Hallstead, R. N. (1968). Idolatrous Love: A New Approach to Othello. Shakespeare Quarterly, 19(2), 107-124.
Johnson, G. & Arp, T. (2018). Perrine’s Literature. Boston, MA: Cengage.
Kirsch, A. (1978). The Polarization of Erotic Love in ‘Othello’. The Modern Language Review, 73(4), 721-740.
Schaper, E. (1968). Aristotle's catharsis and aesthetic pleasure. The Philosophical Quarterly (1950-), 18(71), 131-143.
Shakespeare, W. (n.d.). The tragedy of Othello, Moor of Venice. Retrieved from http://shakespeare.mit.edu/othello/full.html
… these, Hero has lost her attractive heroic traits. "Fare thee well most foul, most fair, farewell." This line shows the literal skill by Shakespeare to use homophones, while at the same time communicating logical text relevant to the current events. The soundings of "fair" is said thrice … and fair in the same line and "pure impiety" and "impious purity" in the line that follows exemplifies a rhetorical style that distinguishes Shakespeare from many other writers of his time. Rhetoric has been used in this case to……
LitChapter. 2019. Romeo and Juliet Flashcards. Retrieved from: https://litchapter.com/romeo-and-juliet-124
Shakespeare, W. (1824). The Dramatic Works of Shakespeare. Ernst Fleischer.
First off, no decision can be made without the informed consent of the parents and if they are opposed to a hysterectomy then it is unethical to go ahead with the operation. Additionally, if they are opposed to an abortion to save the mother’s life then this option cannot be advised or considered either. The principle of the double effect states that there are times when it is morally permissible to perform an action in pursuit of a good end even though it will also have bad effects as well. This is the basic concept behind an indirect evil. In the pursuit of a good, i.e., the preservation of the mother’s life an indirect bad may result but it is not immoral because the bad result was not pursued directly. This would be the situation with a hysterectomy and the direct vs. indirect sterilization issue. The mother does not……
Cancer Cures. https://chemo.st/cancer-cures/
Evangelium Vitae 62
Watanabe, Y., Tsuritani, M., Kataoka, T., Kanemura, K., Shiina, M., Ueda, H., & Hoshiai, H. (2009). Radical hysterectomy for invasive cervical cancer during pregnancy: a retrospective analysis of a single institution experience. European journal of gynaecological oncology, 30(1), 79-81.
… be addressed. Art is the ultimate mirror for reflecting who people are, what their strengths are and what their weaknesses are. It was Shakespeare who said that artists “hold the mirror up to nature” to show man what he is. In the 20th century, the humanities have ……
Baruch, Y. (2000). Teleworking: benefits and pitfalls as perceived by professionals and managers. New technology, work and employment, 15(1), 34-49.
Bortz, D. (2018). Can Blind Hiring Improve Workplace Diversity? Retrieved from https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/0418/pages/can-blind-hiring-improve-workplace-diversity.aspx
Center for Disability Rights. (2019). Ableism. Retrieved from http://cdrnys.org/blog/uncategorized/ableism/
Corrigan, P. W. (2016). Lessons learned from unintended consequences about erasing the stigma of mental illness. World Psychiatry, 15(1), 67-73.
Fabian, R. (2019). New Marvel Film \\\\\\\\\\\\'The Eternals\\\\\\\\\\\\' Will Feature First Deaf Superhero. Retrieved from https://finance.yahoo.com/news/marvel-film-eternals-feature-first-211402332.html
Faurer, J., Rogers-Brodersen, A., & Bailie, P. (2014). Managing the re-employment of military veterans through the Transition Assistance Program (TAP). Journal of Business & Economics Research (Online), 12(1), 55.
Guruge, S., Wang, A. Z. Y., Jayasuriya-Illesinghe, V., & Sidani, S. (2017). Knowing so much, yet knowing so little: a scoping review of interventions that address the stigma of mental illness in the Canadian context. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(5), 507-523.
Marquis, J.P., Lim, N., Kavanagh, J., Harrell, M.C. & Scott, L.M. (2007). Managing Diversity in Corporate America: An Exploratory Analysis. Pittsburgh, PA: Rand Corporation.
Paulo Freire rejected the traditional method of teaching, which consists mainly of passive learning, and advocated a more active learning approach. The style of learning he said worked best at shaping students was something similar to the Socratic method of dialogue and inquiry. This made students more engaged. Instead of sitting in their desks like passive receptacles waiting for information to be downloaded into their brains, they become more like participants in their own education, taking ownership of the educative process (Micheletti). The focus on active learning and the Socratic Method is what high schools need now more than ever. Considering that the U.S. Department of Education has found that every 26 seconds a student drops out of high school for a total of 7,000 students per day quitting school before they graduate, one can see that there is a veritable mass exodus of children from the education system (DoSomething.org).……
Adorno, Theodor and Max Horkheimer. The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34, 2007.
DoSomething.org. “11 Facts about High School Dropout Rates.” https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-high-school-dropout-rates#fn1
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the oppressed. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2018.
Kristjánsson, Kristján. \\\\\\\\\\\\"There is Something About Aristotle: The Pros and Cons of Aristotelianism in Contemporary Moral Education.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of philosophy of education 48.1 (2014): 48-68.
Lickona, Thomas. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The return of character education.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Educational leadership 51.3 (1993): 6-11.
Micheletti, Gabrielle. “Re-Envisioning Paulo Freire\\\\\\\\\\\\'s “Banking Concept of Education’.” Inquiries Journal 2.2 (2010): 1. http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/171/re-envisioning-paulo-freires-banking-concept-of-education
Plato. Allegory of the Cave. https://web.stanford.edu/class/ihum40/cave.pdf
… of nature. Everything ages and eventually dies. For people living today this is often a source of fear and anxiety because death, as Shakespeare pointed out, is the “undiscovered country from whose bourn no traveler returns”—in other words, the final point of life that so little is ……
Alvarado, K. A., Templer, D. I., Bresler, C., & Thomas?Dobson, S. (1995). The relationship of religious variables to death depression and death anxiety. Journal of clinical psychology, 51(2), 202-204.
Drugs. (2019). Sprycel. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/price-guide/sprycel
Easwaran, E. (1996). The undiscovered country: Exploring the promise of death. Nilgiri Press.
Hashizume, O., Ohnishi, S., Mito, T., Shimizu, A., Ishikawa, K., Nakada, K., ... & Okita, K. (2015). Epigenetic regulation of the nuclear-coded GCAT and SHMT2 genes confers human age-associated mitochondrial respiration defects. Scientific reports, 5, 10434.
Liu, J., Yu, H., & Ning, X. (2006). Effect of quercetin on chronic enhancement of spatial learning and memory of mice. Science in China Series C: Life Sciences, 49(6), 583-590.
Mack, E. (2015). Researchers may have discovered fountain of youth by reversing aging in human cells. Retrieved from https://newatlas.com/reversal-of-aging-human-cell-lines/37721/
Quick, D. (2015). Senolytics: A new class of drugs with the potential to slow the aging process. Retrieved from https://newatlas.com/senolytics-drug-slow-aging/36472/
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