Motivation Essays (Examples)

Study Document


Pages: 4 (1230 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Case Study Document #:69370752

Problem with Extrinsic Motivation and How Maslow's Theory Can Help
Tesla has been identified as a company that struggles with employee motivation under CEO Elon Musk, who has attempted to push his employees to outperform in order to meet production targets (James, 2019). Rather than … Elon Musk, who has attempted to push his employees to outperform in order to meet production targets (James, 2019). Rather than using intrinsic motivation to compel employees to self-actualize and reach their fullest and maximum levels of potential, Musk uses extrinsic motivation—which only takes one so far before the trade-off between excessive labor and long hours fails to seem worth it to employees (James, 2019). … benefits or bonuses. The reliance by the company upon extrinsic motivators hits a wall. The solution to this problem is to promote intrinsic motivation, which is where the employee is motivated by a desire to succeed, to……



Automotive News. (2019). Tesla burning through execs like cash. Retrieved from 

Gerhart, B., & Fang, M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521

James, G. (2019). Elon Musk Ain't All that Great at Motivating Employees. Retrieved from 

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370.

Wong, C. (2018). Tesla workers say they pay the price for Elon Musk's big promises. Retrieved from 

Youssef-Morgan, C. & Noon, A. (2017). Industrial/Organizational psychology (2nd ed.). Retrieved from  " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Motivation In The Workplace

Pages: 3 (1010 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Case Study Document #:53218704

Motivation in the Workplace: Recommendations for Case Study Analysis
Addressing Motivation
In order to transform the group at Acme into a working, successful, productive group, they must be motivated. Motivation begins, first, with having a sense of what is expected of one. Transformational leaders must be able to communicate a vision to workers, … these are defined, the workers will not be motivated. Motivating them, therefore, hinges upon their knowing what they are expected to achieve.
Second, motivation can come in terms of extrinsic or intrinsic inputs—i.e., by way of rewards, bonuses, pay raises, or by way of a having a … or knowing that one did a job well (Gerhart & Fang, 2015). To motivate the team, leaders must provide either extrinsic or intrinsic motivation: goals must be defined, explained and set; the reason for striving to achieve these goals must be clear; and the incentive to achieve……



De Vries, M. F. K. (1998). Charisma in action: The transformational abilities of Virgin's Richard Branson and ABB's Percy Barnevik. Organizational Dynamics, 26(3), 7-21.

Gerhart, B., & Fang, M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521

Kotter, J. P. (2012). Accelerate! Harvard Business Review, 90(11), 44–58.

Mahmood, M. (2015). Strategy, structure, and HRM policy orientation: Employee recruitment and selection practices in multinational subsidiaries. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 53(3), 331-350.

Xirasagar, S. (2008). Transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership among physician executives. Journal of Health organization and management, 22(6), 599-613.

Study Document

I O Psychology Motivation And Leadership Topics

Pages: 4 (1098 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Peer Response Document #:87691912

… read people more effectively and learning how to motivate people using I/O psychology. One of the important principles I have learned about human motivation in the past, at least according to Maslow’s (1943) theory of the needs hierarchy is that the goal is to get people to … move on towards becoming self-motivated because one is no longer dependent upon external incentives.
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370.
Peer Reply 2: Audrey White
Nice to meet you, Audrey, and it sounds like you have a very interesting life. I ……



Rogers, C. (1951). Client-Centered Therapy. MA: Riverside Press.


Study Document

Demographic Profile And Motivation Of Suicide Bombers

Pages: 5 (1591 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Essay Document #:63328521

...Motivation Suicide Terrorism: Driven to Death
Who are the terrorists engaging in suicide bombings? What motivates them to act? These are some of the questions Merari (2010) tackles in Driven to Death. They are not entirely new questions, as other researchers have asked them as well—but Merari (2010) does provide new insight into the phenomenon of suicide bombing by conducting field work and independent research to uncover more information on this particular subject. This paper explores some of the findings of Merari (2010) and compares them with what other researchers have had to say, particularly on the subject of what motivates terrorists to act.
While many scholars argue that there is no demographic profile of the suicide bomber, Merari (2010) disagrees and presents his own demographic profile based on his own research. The argument of general scholarship is that anyone can be a suicide bomber, young or old, rich……



Bandura, A. (2018). Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 130-136.

Chatfield, A. T., Reddick, C. G., & Brajawidagda, U. (2015, May). Tweeting propaganda, radicalization and recruitment: Islamic state supporters multi-sided twitter networks. In Proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (pp. 239-249).

Costello, M., & Hawdon, J. (2018). Who are the online extremists among us? Sociodemographic characteristics, social networking, and online experiences of those who produce online hate materials. Violence and gender, 5(1), 55-60.

DeCook, J. R. (2018). Memes and symbolic violence:# proudboys and the use of memes for propaganda and the construction of collective identity. Learning, Media and Technology, 43(4), 485-504.

Koch, A. (2018). Trends in Anti-Fascist and Anarchist Recruitment and Mobilization. Journal for Deradicalization, (14), 1-51.

Merari, A. (2010). Driven to death. Oxford University Press.

Study Document

Theory Practice Of Business Psychology In Johnson & Johnson Company

Pages: 12 (3695 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:41420615

… and Practice of Business Psychology
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 3
2 Motivators in the Workplace 3
2.1 Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Workplace Motivation 3
2.2 Vroom’s Expectancy Theory 5
2.3 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory 7
2.3.1 Primary Motivators in the Workplace 8
2.3.2 Secondary Motivators … the Workplace 8
2.3.2 Secondary Motivators in the Workplace 10
2.4 Extent of the Impact of Primary Motivators 12
3 References 12
Motivation can be delineated as a psychosomatic feature, which urges individuals to achieve both personal and organizational objectives. In the workplace context, it is … market, it is essential to design jobs, and duties in a way that stress id diminished, and the levels of employee satisfaction and motivation, as well as their performance, can be heightened. Notably, motivation rejuvenates, and invigorates behavior, provides direction to such mannerisms, and underlines the tendency to persevere. Motivation is a significant……



Asim, M., 2013. Impact of Motivation on Employee Performance with effect of training: Specific to Education Sector of Pakistan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(9), 1-9.

Heneman, H. G., & Schwab, D. P., 1972. Evaluation of research on expectancy theory predictions of employee performance. Psychological Bulletin, 78(1), 1.

Herzberg, F., 1987. One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees? Harvard Business Review, 65, 5.

Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B. 1959. The motivation to work. New York. John Wiley.

Hilgert, R. L., Leonard, E. C., 2001. Supervision: Concepts and practices of management. New York: South-Western College Publication.

Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Wellness 360: 9 Innovative Johnson & Johnson Employee Benefits for Mind, Body, and Budget. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from 

Johnson & Johnson., 2020. Careers: Healthiest Finances. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from .

Johnson & Johnson. , 2018. 2018 Health for Humanity Report: Creating Unique Career Opportunities. Retrieved 25 February 2020 from

Study Document


Pages: 5 (1482 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:question answer Document #:99253146

… groups A, B, and control. Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) were trying to identify the occurrence of cognitive dissonance in the experiment through the motivations of the groups, thereby proving the validity of their theory over the behaviorist and reinforcement approach. The main difference between all the groups … groups, thereby proving the validity of their theory over the behaviorist and reinforcement approach. The main difference between all the groups is the motivation/level of dissonance experienced. The control group experienced no dissonance, as they were not required to lie about the experimental procedure nor offered monetary … B participants. Based on the premise of cognitive dissonance, group B is expected to experience less dissonance due to an increased or justifiable motivation (induced) for their attitude change. Group A, on the other hand, had a higher cognitive dissonance and experienced a greater attitude change to … an inconvenient cognitive state for……



Cherry, K. (2020). The Incentive Theory of Motivation. Retrieved from: 

Festinger, L., & Carlsmith, J. M. (1959). Thoughts out of tune. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203-210.

Izuma, K., & Murayama, K. (2019). The neural basis of cognitive dissonance. In E. Harmon-Jones (Ed.), Cognitive dissonance: Reexamining a pivotal theory in psychology (p. 227–245). American Psychological Association. 

Legg, T. (2019). Cognitive dissonance: What to know. Retrieved from: 

McLeod, S. (2018). Cognitive dissonance. Retrieved from 

Northrup, C. (2018). 4 ways to reduce cognitive dissonance. Retrieved from: 

Silverman, K., Jarvis, B. P., Jessel, J., & Lopez, A. A. (2016). Incentives and motivation. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2(2), 97–100. DOI:10.1037/tps0000073 Retrieved from: 

Van Kampen, H. S. (2019). The principle of consistency and the cause and function of behaviour. Behavioural processes, 159, 42-54. Retrieved from:

Study Document

Motivational Theories

Pages: 1 (424 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Case Study Document #:37832091

There are several motivational issues at work in Sanderson Soaps. Examining the company through the lens of Maslow’s hierarchy, the family members are secure and have little … couple of people feel entitled to promotions and opportunity without really having to earn them, and any non-family member would either lack intrinsic motivation or see Sanderson as a stepping stone to success elsewhere. In either case, nobody is particularly motivated by higher order needs relating to … the fundamentals of what motivates people in the workplace. If productivity is low, these factors can offer explanation of why people lack the motivation to improve, to work hard, to do better. In the case of Sanderson Soaps, there are some fairly clear and obvious gaps between … In the case of Sanderson Soaps, there are some fairly clear and obvious gaps between where a company should be in terms of motivation and where……



Buckman, E. (2018) Motivating and retaining non-family employees in family-owned businesses. Family Business Center. Retrieved March 23, 2019 from

McLeod, S. (2018) Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Simply Psychology. Retrieved March 23, 2019 from (2019) Herzberg’s motivators and hygiene factors. MindTools. Retrieved March 23, 2019 

Study Document

Keller Williams Realty

Pages: 5 (1421 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:63692340


Organizational Issues and Solutions: Keller Williams in Ft. Mitchell
Description of the Organization and the Issue to Resolve
The company selected for this study is a Keller Williams Realty in Ft. Mitchell, KY. The international real estate brokerage firm was founded in 1983 by Gary Keller and Joe Williams is headquartered in Austin, TX, and has served the communities all over the U.S. for more than 40 years. KW is known among real estate agents as offering the best rates when it comes to commissions and the best training through their IGNITE and BOLD programs (Larcker & Tayan, 2015). KW Ft. Mitchell is known for its customer service which has allowed the firm to remain competitive with larger brokerages like HUFF in the area, as home buyers know they are getting agents who will work hard for them and help them to make a sale.
The organizational issue the company……



Chang, S. C., & Lee, M. S. (2007). A study on relationship among leadership, organizational culture, the operation of learning organization and employees' job satisfaction. The learning organization, 14(2), 155-185.

Gerhart, B., & Fang, M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521

Larcker, D. & Tayan, B. (2015). How important is culture? An inside look at Keller Williams Realty. Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Closer Look Series: Topics, Issues and Controversies in Corporate Governance No. CGRP-48. Social Science Research Network.

Meyer, C. B., & Stensaker, I. G. (2006). Developing capacity for change. Journal of Change Management, 6(2), 217–231.

Orpen, C. (1997). The effects of formal mentoring on employee work motivation, organizational commitment and job performance. The Learning Organization, 4(2), 53-60.

Study Document

What Followers Can Learn From Their Leaders During Crisis

Pages: 10 (2861 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:13609293

...Motivation Followers and what they need from Leaders during Crisis
A crisis is a serious event with the potential to disrupt an organization. The fact that a crisis can negatively affect a business is the reason why leaders need to prepare for and resolve crises when they occur (Carrington, Combe & Mumford, 2019). Perhaps one of the most important things leaders must do to resolve crises is to understand them thoroughly. This is because crises can have several obvious and hidden meanings and consequences. Upon thoroughly understanding crises, leaders can then form teams to plan on what to do. So leaders play an important role in resolving crises. This is the reason why when crises emerge, followers often seek direction/ guidance from their leaders. This paper investigates what exactly followers seek or need from their leaders during crises.
Methodology and results
This research involved the use of a qualitative design……



Birnbaum, T., & Friedman, H. H. (2014). Ezra and Nehemiah: Lessons in Moral and Spiritual Leadership. Available at SSRN 2390230.

Carrington, D. J., Combe, I. A., & Mumford, M. D. (2019). Cognitive shifts within leader and follower teams: Where consensus develops in mental models during an organizational crisis. The Leadership Quarterly, 30(3), 335-350.

Harter, J. (2019). Why Some Leaders Have Their Employees\\\\\\' Trust, and Some Don\\\\\\'t. Workplace. Gallup.

Hofmeyr, K., Cook, J., & Richardson, A. (2011). How leaders generate hope in their followers. South African Journal of Labour Relations, 35(2), 47-66.

Kranke, D., Gin, J., Der-Martirosian, C., Weiss, E. L., & Dobalian, A. (2020). VA social work leadership and compassion fatigue during the 2017 hurricane season. Social Work in Mental Health, 18(2), 188-199.

Patton, C. (2017). What made Nehemiah an effective leader?. Journal of Applied Christian Leadership, 1(1), 8-14.

Rogers, A. P., & Barber, L. K. (2019). Workplace intrusions and employee strain: the interactive effects of extraversion and emotional stability. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 32(3), 312-328.

Skeet, A. (2020, April 4). Ethical Followership in Times of Crisis. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara University.

Study Document

Strategy Development For Nonprofit Organizations

Pages: 3 (935 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Case Study Document #:80792478

… evident from organizational change literature – to bring about organizational change sometimes requires shaking up complacency. Thankfully, literature also shows that public service motivation is closely aligned with the ability to successfully implement change. Public service motivation means that the people in the organization are motivated internally to perform their mission and therefore are willing to take necessary steps to … achieve that mission. This makes them more open to change efforts (Wright, Christensen & Isett, 2011). Thus, if there is high public service motivation within the organization, it may not be necessary to bring about a perception of crisis in order to create the motivation for change (Carroll & Hatakenaka, 2001).
Preferences of the Advisory Board
The preferences of the advisory board could impact on…[break]…value in providing better ……



Bryson, J. M. (2018). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley

Carroll, J. & Hatakenata, S. (2001) Driving organizational change in the midst of a crisis. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved March 21, 2020 from 

Wright, B., Christensen, R. & Isett, K. (2011) Motivated to adapt? The role of public service motivation as employees face organizational change.

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