Moral Relativism Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Acting Right Or Wrong Way Moral Choices

Pages: 3 (783 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:26148521

moral Choices
moral choice is a commitment to acting in a way considered to be either right or wrong. As a result, an ethical decision is … less of what an individual knows and more about such an individual defiling what he/she considered her/himself to be. As a result, in moral choice-making, an individual will opt for the choice that promotes who they consider themself to be. There are, therefore, several ways to describe … choice-making, an individual will opt for the choice that promotes who they consider themself to be. There are, therefore, several ways to describe moral decisions; critical thinking, the divine command theory, relativism, and emotivism (Overberg, 2018). This paper is focused on critical thinking and, in particular, deductive and inductive reasoning to present my thoughts on … be founded on these premises, and as such, the best decision will have been made, but not simply……



Jin, D. (2016). The Limits of the Knowledge Generation Systems. In The Great Knowledge Transcendence (pp. 69-82). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

Overberg, K. R. (2018). Conscience in conflict: how to make moral choices. Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Wheeler?Bell, Q. (2019). An Immanent Critique of Critical Pedagogy. Educational Theory, 69(3), 265-281.

Study Document

Intelligence Oversight Ethics

Pages: 11 (3311 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:23829007

… game changer for intelligence, and the Digital Age was the portal by which intelligence oversight would enter into an entirely new realm, where moral and ethical questions would have to be asked all anew. Cantarella (2016) notes that “the revelations coming from the Snowden Archives have shown … in the digital frontier. Even today it is still unclear as to…[break]…to understand in Shafer-Landau’s (2014) book, which are that 1) subjectivism and relativism are a kind of halfway point between moral objectivism and moral nihilism; 2) Subjectivists themselves are divided on the matter of cultural relativism, as some believe that society can have very wrong views on moral; 3) moral knowledge depends upon moral truth, so if there is no objective moral truth there is nothing (the argument of the moral nihilists); and 4) moral objectivism depends upon the idea of universal moral laws existing; however, there are also cultural……



Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35.2 (2012), 77-99.

Brown, William F., and Americo R. Cinquegrana. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Warrantless Physical Searches for Foreign Intelligence Purposes: Executive Order 12,333 and the Fourth Amendment.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Cath. UL Rev. 35 (1985): 97.

Cantarella, Michele. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Intelligence ethics in the digital age.\\\\\\\\\\\\" (2016).

Congressional Research Service, “CIA Ethics Education: Background and Perspectives” (2018).

Ferrari, Rachel. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Moral Relativism and Dangerous Ethical Dilemmas in the US Intelligence Community.\\\\\\\\\\\\" (2018).

Ford, Christopher M. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Intelligence Demands in a Democratic State: Congressional Intelligence Oversight.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Tul. L. Rev. 81 (2006): 721.

Goldman, Jan. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Teaching About Intelligjence and Ethics.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of US Intelligence Studies 20, no. 2 (2013): 79.

Hayes, Jonathan. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Cinema of Oliver Stone: Art, Authorship and Activism by Ian

Study Document

C Suite Executive Leadership And Ethics

Pages: 9 (2693 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:16009984

… decisions on a daily basis. Interviews with senior executives can reveal the complexities of ethical decision making at the executive level, as personal moral frequently disconnect from the ethical culture governing the organization or the industry’s regulatory climate (Bailey & Shantz, 2018). Bandwagon fallacies—the sense that because … that “an organization is only as ethical as its leaders,” (p. 98). One of Linden’s biggest challenges has been to speak out against moral acts, even when they are committed by colleagues he would have referred to as friends. The courage to speak out involves delicate and … minimizes conflict. Three years ago, Linden’s company invested in software systems for employee training and also in public speakers designed to improve the moral character and outlook of employees. Intrinsic motivation comes from engaging employees and creating the type of organizational culture that discourages ethical infractions. Whereas … the “triple bottom line,” which……



Bailey, C. & Shantz, A. (2018). Creating an ethically strong organization. MIT Sloan Management Review.

Crossan, M., Mazutis, D. & Seijts, G. (2013). In search of virtue. Journal of Business Ethics 113(4): 567-581.

Hatcher, T. (2008). The value of values in the C-suite. In Sims, R.R. & Quatro, S.A. (Eds.) Executive Ethics. Charlotte: IAP, pp. 97-122.

Hoekstra, E., Bell, A. & Peterson, S.R. (2008). Humility in Leadership: Abandoning the Pursuit of Unattainable Perfection. In S.A. Quatro & R. R. Sims (Eds.), Executive Ethics: Ethical Dilemmas and Challenges for the C-Suite. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, pp. 79-96.

MacDougall, A.E., Bagdarasov, Z. & Buckley, M.R. (2008). Applying a primary risk management model to the C-suite. In Sims, R.R. & Quatro, S.A. (Eds.) Executive Ethics. Second Edition. Charlotte: IAP, pp. 211-234.

Martin, R. (2011). The CEO\\\\'s ethical dilemma in the era of earnings management. Strategy & Leadership 39(6): 43-47.

Schwartz, M.S. (2013). Developing and sustaining an ethical corporate culture: The core elements. Business Horizons 56(1): 39-50.

Study Document

Qualitative Methods In Education Research

Pages: 6 (1944 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:88925548

...Moral relativism Background of the Issue
Parental involvement has long been established as an important variable in student achievement along various outcome parameters. Prior research has shown that parental involvement can lead to the cultivation of strong reading habits (Castro, Exposito-Casas, Lopez-Martin, et al., 2015), student self-esteem and self-efficacy (Ule, Zivoder & DuBois-Reymond, 2015), future success (Hill, Witherspoon & Bartz, 2016), and quantitative measures of academic success (Benner, Boyle & Sadler, 2016; Castro, Exposito-Casas, Lopez-Martin, et al., 2015). In fact, parental involvement can also promote the efficacy of the school s a whole, improving that school’s performance ratings, its reputation, and its effectiveness in forming strong ties with other governmental, human service, and community organizations (Ma, Shen, Krenn, et al., 2015). Therefore, one of the most important subjects in educational research and educational administration is parental involvement. Researchers need to learn how to increase parental involvement in meaningful ways, ways that yield……



Benner, A.D., Boyle, A.E. & Sadler, S. (2016). Parental Involvement and Adolescents’ Educational Success: The Roles of Prior Achievement and Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 45(6): 1053-1064.

Castro, M., Esposito-Casas, E., Lopez-Martin, E., et al. (2015). Parental involvement on student academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Educational Research Review 14(2015): 33-46.

Creswell, J.W. & Poth, C.N. (2018). Qualitative Inquiry Research Design. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Hill, N.E., Witherspoon, D.P. & Bartz, D. (2016). Parental involvement in education during middle school: Perspectives of ethnically diverse parents, teachers, and students. The Journal of Educational Research 111(1): 12-27.

Ma, X., Shen, J., Krenn, HY., et al. (2016). A meta-analysis of the relationship between learning outcomes and parental involvement. Educational Psychology Review 28(4): 771-801.

Park, S. & Holloway, S. (2018). Parental Involvement in Adolescents\\' Education: An Examination of the Interplay among School Factors, Parental Role Construction, and Family Income. School Community Journal 28(1): 9-36.

Ule, M., Zivoder, A. & duBois-Reymond, M. (2015). ‘Simply the best for my children’: patterns of parental involvement in education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 28(3): 329-348.

Study Document

Counterintelligence Issues Within The United States

Pages: 18 (5457 words) Sources: 29 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:72238996

… deception in ethical systems. Mattox (2002), for example, observed that the practice of deception “is subject to limitations imposed by the demands of moral” (4). Mattox (2002) makes the good point that intelligence professionals must “act in good faith even with those who are their adversaries” (4). … who are their adversaries” (4). Yet, this point is not supported by all researchers, including Cohen (2016), who argues that there are no moral limits on military deception. Mattox (2002) makes the better argument for numerous reasons: first, he supports his argument with a moral framework that is justifiable based on long-term results, which Mattox (2002) calls the limitation of long-term negative effects. When deception is used cautiously … that is justifiable based on long-term results, which Mattox (2002) calls the limitation of long-term negative effects. When deception is used cautiously and moral, the adversary is more willing to accept it……



2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center

Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.

Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. "The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles." Bachelor's thesis, Università Ca'Foscari Venezia.

Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.

Cohen, Shlomo. 2016. "Are There Moral Limits to Military Deception?." Philosophia 44 (4): 1305-1318.

Coyne, John, Peter Bell, and Shannon Merrington. 2013. "Exploring ethics in intelligence and the role of leadership." Interntional Journal of Business and Commerce 2 (10): 27-37.

Erskine, Toni. 2004. "'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering." Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.

Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. "Strategic denial and deception." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.

Study Document

Wells Fargo Collateral Protection Insurance Scandal

Pages: 5 (1382 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:75685970

… that Wells Fargo was engaging in a utilitarian approach to banking. The utilitarian ethical perspective was developed by J.S. Mill and the basic moral concept underlying this perspective is that the most moral course of action is that which delivers the greatest common good (Goodpaster, 1983). However, as critics point out, the “utility” of the ethical … pinpoint because it does not explicitly define the “good” that is expected to be so common and it also can lead to a moral sense and a practical sense of action pointing in two different…[break]…or unsuspecting clients. To rebuild its reputations, Wells Fargo has to get back … reputations, Wells Fargo has to get back to basics, and the deontology of Kant is as basic as it gets in terms of moral philosophy. The ethical framework is one that has stood the test of time, and though it has its critics, it……



Forsyth, D. R., & O’Boyle Jr, E. H. (2011). Rules, standards, and ethics: Relativism predicts cross-national differences in the codification of moral standards. International Business Review, 20(3), 353-361.

Goodpaster, K. (1983). Ethical frameworks for management. HBS.

Horowitz, D. (2011, May). We need a \\\\\\"moral operating system\\\\\\" Retrieved from  (Links to an external site.)

Top Class Actions. (2019). The settlement is closed. Retrieved from 

Study Document

Death Penalty In Canada

Pages: 10 (3008 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:67727921

… deliberate killing of another is fair. To answer that question, one must look at the ethical perspectives that help people to determine the moral course.
The oldest of the big three ethical perspectives is that of virtue ethics, which was put forward by Aristotle. The main idea … ethical perspectives is that of virtue ethics, which was put forward by Aristotle. The main idea behind virtue ethics is that what is moral is that which helps to develop the character (Hursthouse). The cultivation of virtue, i.e., good habits, is posited as the main objective of … develop the character (Hursthouse). The cultivation of virtue, i.e., good habits, is posited as the main objective of a good life and a moral action is that which helps one to achieve the goal of virtue. Can it be said that the death penalty might assist one … capital punishment has utility as……


Works Cited

Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood. NY: Vintage, 1994.

Holmes, A. Ethics: Approaching moral decisions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2007.

Hursthouse, Rosalind. “Virtue Ethics.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016.

Kronenwetter, M. Capital Punishment: A Reference Handbook. CA: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Robbins, Tim, dir. Dead Man Walking. Gramercy Pictures, 1995. Film.


Improve your studying and writing skills

We have over 150,000+ study documents to help you.

Join thousands of other students and

"spark your studies".