… States, has paved its way in every state with differences in approaches and choices of language being taught. A part of US schooling history is its rich history and practice of native language teaching and bilingual education. Ovando (2003), in his study, found that it was about two hundred years ago ……
Banks, J. A. (1995). Multicultural Education: Its Effects on Students\\\\\\\\\\\\' Racial and Gender Role Attitudes. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education (pp. 617-627). New York: Macmillan.
Gándara, P., & Escamilla, K. (2017). Bilingual education in the United States. Bilingual and multilingual education, 1-14.
Ovando, C. J. (2003). Bilingual education in the United States: Historical development and current issues. Bilingual research journal, 27(1), 1-24.
Saravia-Shore, M., & Arvizu, S. F. (2017). Cross-cultural literacy: An anthropological approach to dealing with diversity. In Cross-cultural Literacy (pp. xv-xxxviii). Routledge.
Wei, L. (2013). Integration of Multicultural Education into English Teaching and Learning: A Case Study in Liaoning Police Academy. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 3(4).
Leopold von Ranke - The Secret of World History
Leopold von Ranke believed that history was related to politics in the sense that history identified the problems and their causes while, politics, invented in the 19th century according to Ranke, provided the solutions.[footnoteRef:2] In order for political … politics, invented in the 19th century according to Ranke, provided the solutions.[footnoteRef:2] In order for political solutions to be effectively developed and applied, history had to be understood critically.[footnoteRef:3] The best way to understand history critically was to examine the primary documents of history as opposed to the interpretations of these documents by historians of the present. Engaging with the actual texts of the past could allow … actual texts of the past could allow one to see directly what the past had been about. To ensure a proper study of history, though, the student requires a stable state—i.e., a healthy government……
Excerpts from “The Secret of World History. Selected Writings on the Art and Science of History” by Leopold von Ranke. Edited by Roger Wines. Fordham University Press, 1981.
… exclusively for the landed class—the wealthy aristocrats who wanted to be in charge of…[break]…Dream: the reality is something quite different. Yet throughout its history immigrants from other countries have come to Americas seeking that Dream, and they continue to do so to this day. However, the dominant ……
Declaration of Independence. (1776). Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/compare.html
Guelzo, A. C. (2000). Lincoln and the Abolitionists. The Wilson Quarterly, 24(4), 58-70.
O’Sullivan, J. (1845). Annexation. United States Magazine and Democratic Review, 17(1), 5-10.
Paine, T. (1791). The rights of man. Retrieved from https://www.ushistory.org/Paine/rights/
Van Voris, J. (1996). Carrie Chapman Catt: A Public Life. New York City: Feminist Press at CUNY.
This lesson will provide significant insights relating to historical and economic development of the United States during this period. Therefore, it will cover History and Business subjects.
• Explain how different subject disciplines are interrelated and address the theme as
a coherent and cohesive unit, not separate …
a coherent and cohesive unit, not separate entities.
The interrelated subject disciplines that address the theme as a coherent and cohesive unit are History and Business subjects. Through this lesson, students will learn both historical and economic development of the United States through industrialization and urbanization.
• … a suitable learning environment and collaborative teaching. Empowerment will be used to enable students understand the issue of reconstruction and industrialization in U.S. history while transformation will be the premise for adoption of alternative teaching methods. The final principle relates to the lesson theme on the basis ……
Gay, G. (2010). Culturally responsive teaching – theory, research and practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
… classes, teachers need to integrate diversity and social justice components with respect to mandated curricular content. This instructional 3-week unit for 6th grade history class leverages a contemporary educational theme in diversity and social justice.
Unit Background and Contemporary Educational Theme
As they continue to progress in … and Contemporary Educational Theme
As they continue to progress in their learning, sixth grade students are generally ready to enhance their understanding of history. The study of history helps them to deepen their understanding and view of the Earth and its populations. In addition to history, these students enhance their understanding of the world through learning politics, social systems, culture, geography and economic systems. Therefore, the recommended context for … social systems, culture, geography and economic systems. Therefore, the recommended context for diversity, social justice and social systems in sixth grade is world history. Through this, these students explore the place,……
Archdiocese of Santa Fe. (2011). Social Studies Curriculum. Retrieved April 27, 2020, from https://asfcatholicschools.org/documents/2016/1/Social%20Studies%206th.pdf
This publication provides an overview of world history and geography as part of social studies curriculum for 6th grade students. It provides an outline of learning outcomes and assessments/strategies that can be employed in a 6th grade history class. These strategies, assessments, and learning outcomes are developed in line with common standards and based on what students at this grade level should achieve by the end of the unit. It was utilized to determine suitable strategies, assessments and learning outcomes to incorporate for the success of this unit.
Blake, C. (2020). Teaching Social Justice in Theory and Practice. Retrieved April 27, 2020, from https://resilienteducator.com/classroom-resources/teaching-social-justice/
This article examines the process of teaching social justice in relation to existing theory and best practices. The author examines how classrooms are designed to be avenues for social change by promoting learning of new ideas. This article was used to identify a contemporary educational theme in diversity and social justice. The identified theme was utilized to shape the unit content and teaching strategies.
California Department of Education. (2000). History – Social Science Content Standards for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve. Retrieved from California Department of Education website: https://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/documents/histsocscistnd.pdf
The publication provides an overview of standards relating to the study of history and social science from kindergarten to grade twelve. Standards are used as the premise for shaping learning content, expectations, and outcomes for students in different grades. Insights from this publication was used to shape learning content, expectation, outcomes, and strategies for this instructional unit.
edCount. (2014). World History and Geography: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Ancient Israel. Retrieved from Tennessee State Government website: https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/education/tcap/TCAP_ALT_SS_module_grade6_module1_wld_hist_geo_meso_egypt_israel.pdf
The article examines grade 6 topic on world history and geography in relation to common standards. The author reviews different subject areas relating to this topic including ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and ancient Israel. Through this review, the publication seeks to enhance knowledge of grade-appropriate social studies concepts, skills, and knowledge. The publication was used to identify relevant knowledge, skills and social studies concepts relating to this instructional unit.
… weaponry in battles (Phifer, 2012). However, both tactics and strategies have been theorized, defined, or utilized in different ways at different times in history. In this work, it is my argument that the United States military needs to adopt tactics and strategies useful for the more modern-day … strategies useful for the more modern-day challenges and threats that the army and the country are facing and also beneficial for the future.
History of strategy and tactics
Before the eighteenth century, military strategies involved thinking about and overcoming challenges such as supply challenges, maneuvers, and fortifications. … more challenging to differentiate from strategies because they have become more interdependent (Phifer, 2012).
Principles of Warfare
Military theorists and commanders have throughout history formulated what they regarded as the most important tactical and strategic principles of war. For example, Napoleon had in writing 115 principles of ……
Grieco, K. A. (2018). The 2018 national defense strategy: continuity and competition. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 12(2), 3-8.
Henry, R. S. (2016). “First With the Most” Forrest. Pickle Partners Publishing.
Hundley, R. O. (1999). Past Revolutions, Future Transformations. What Can the History of Revolutions in Military Affairs Tell us about Transforming the US Military? (No. RAND-MR-1029-DARPA). RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA.
Noel, E. (1905). Gustaf Adolf (King of Sweden): The Father of Modern War. Bale & Danielsson.
Parrot, D. A. (1985). Strategy and Tactics in the Thirty Years\\\\\\\\\\\\' War: The\\\\\\\\\\\\" Military Revolution.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift, (2), 7.
Phifer, M. (2012). A Handbook of Military Strategy and Tactics. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd.
RisCassi, R. W. (1997). Doctrine for joint operations in a combined environment: A necessity. Military Review, 77(1), 103.
Steele, B. (2005). Military Reengineering Between the World Wars. RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA.
… disenfranchised black youths, marginalized by society, to express their thoughts and feelings on a world that did want them to rise up. The history of hip hop and its culture is thus a rich one and a complex one that both celebrates youthful joys and energy while … kind of shock and awe approach (such as with NWA, 2 Live Crew, Beastie Boys, and Snoop Dogg). In the end, hip hop’s history and culture is eclectic, fresh, vital, and representative of a movement rooted in black empowerment but also indicative of the oppression that is … genres of jazz and blues by incorporating other musical traditions into their own musical experiences and creating something wholly their own. Hip hop history and culture is thus a blend of the black experience in America that is linked to black identity but not limited to blackness, … not limited to blackness, as……
BBC. “The birth of hip hop.” BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04s04nk
Best, Steven, and Douglas Kellner. "Rap, black rage, and racial difference." Enculturation 2.2 (1999): 1-23.
Brown, Jake. Tupac Shakur, (2-Pac) in the Studio: The Studio Years (1989-1996). Phoenix, AZ: Colossus Books, 2005.
Decker, Jeffrey Louis. "The state of rap: Time and place in hip hop nationalism." Social Text 34 (1993): 53-84.
Fluker, Walter. The Stones that the Builders Rejected. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 1998.
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. “The Message.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PobrSpMwKk4
Jones, E. Michael. Libido Dominandi: Sexual Liberation and Political Control. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’s Press, 2000.
Pareles, Jon. “Hip-Hop Is Rock ’n’ Roll, and Hall of Fame Likes It.” The New York Times, 13 March 2007. https://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/13/arts/music/13hall.html
… hospitals to grow and develop and be able to provide care for them.
In conclusion, Dorothea Dix was an important person in the history of the field of nursing for her devotion to the underserved population of mental health patients, who were being locked up and imprisoned ……
Brown, T. J. (1998). Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer (Vol. 127). Harvard University Press.
Darraj, S. M. (2009). Mary Eliza Mahoney. Infobase Publishing.
Fantel, H. (1974). William Penn: Apostle of Dissent. NY: William Morrow & Co.
Gollaher, D. L. (1993). Dorothea Dix and the English origins of the American asylum movement. Canadian Review of American Studies, 23(3), 149-176.
Hardy, S., & Corones, A. (2017). The nurse’s uniform as ethopoietic fashion. Fashion Theory, 21(5), 523-552.
Hathway, M. (1934). Dorothea Dix and Social Reform in Western Pennsylvania, 1845-1875. Western Pennsylvania History: 1918-2018, 17(4), 247-258.
Howard, A. & Kavenick, F. (1990). Handbook of American women’s history. New York, NY: Garland.
Modak, T., Sarkar, S., & Sagar, R. (2016). Dorothea dix: A proponent of humane treatment of mentally ill. Journal of Mental Health and Human Behaviour, 21(1), 69.
… cognition, and then merged with prevailing psychotherapies to become an integrated type of holistic therapy that promotes self-awareness, self-empowerment, and acceptance.
Origin and History of Gestalt
In 1912, Max Wertheimer offered a new paradigm for the field of psychology. Reacting against the reductionist tendencies of his colleagues, ……
Brownell, P. (2016). Contemporary Gestalt therapy. In D. J. Cain, K. Keenan, & S. Rubin (Eds.), Humanistic psychotherapies: Handbook of research and practice (p. 219–250). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/14775-008
Cherry, K. (2019). Gestalt psychology overview. Very Well Mind. Retrieved from: https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-gestalt-psychology-2795808
Covey, G. (2017). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy, enhanced, 10th edition. Cengage.
Jacobs, L. (1989). Dialogue in Gestalt theory and therapy. The Gestalt Journal 12(1): 1-25. Retrieved from: http://www.gestaltpsychotherapie.de/jacobs1.pdf
Kepner, E. (n.d.). Gestalt group processes. Retrieved from: http://www.elementsuk.com/libraryofarticles/gestalt.pdf
Oaklander, V. (1994). Gestalt play therapy. In O’Connor, K.J. & Schaefer, C.E. (Eds.). Handbook of play therapy. John Wiley & Sons, pp. 143-156.
Rock, I. & Palmer, S. (1990). The legacy of Gestalt psychology. Scientific American 263(6): 84-91.
Yontef, G. & Jacobs, L. (n.d.). Gestalt therapy. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1211/3bf06e5fa3208fea4330873403ae65b0891c.pdf
… Culture: Sofonisba Anguissola, Mary Wollstonecraft and Emily Dickinson
While the patriarchal heritage of the West commonly references the contributions of men to history and culture, the West would not be what it is today without the contributions to culture made by women as well. This paper ……
Chisholm, H. (1911). Sophonisba Angussola. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 44.
Jones, E. M. (2000). Libido dominandi: Sexual liberation and political control. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’ Press.
Juhasz, S. (1983). Feminist Critics Read Emily Dickinson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Sewall, R. B. (1974). The life of Emily Dickinson. NY: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.
Wollstonecraft, M. (1792). Vindication of the Rights of Woman. https://www.bartleby.com/144/4.html
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