… the most preferred treatment intervention for patients suffering from end-stage kidney disease. However, access to kidney transplants remain relatively problematic because of some issues relating to ethnicity, culture, gender, and social determinants of health. According to Khanal et al. (2018), ethnicity affects access to kidney transplants as … health seeking behaviors in this population. The team should adopt culturally-congruent healthcare practices that seeks to enhance care delivery based on the ethnic issues affecting the population and social determinants of health. Through this, the team will demonstrate cultural competence and adopt practices that seek to improve ……
Albougami, A.S., Pounds, K.G. & Alotaibi, J.S. (2016, June 27). Comparison of Four Cultural Competence Models in Transcultural Nursing: A Discussion Paper. International Archives of Nursing and Health Care, 2(4). DOI: 10.23937/2469-5823/1510053
Khanal, N., Lawton, P.D., Cass, A. & McDonald, S.P. (2018, September 17). Disparity of Access to Kidney Transplantation by Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The Medical Journal of Australia, 209(6), 261-266.
… intelligence community is overstretched and overtaxed and that counterintelligence is being tasked with too many objectives that are foreign to its mission. The issues identified by Tromblay (2017) are that “the U.S. government has attempted to partner with the private sector on counterintelligence (CI) awareness and response, … US counterintelligence enterprise support collaboration among the various USIC members and the private sector in an ethical and productive manner? To understand the issues and policies of counterintelligence today, it is necessary to identify and evaluate the mistakes and lessons that can be learned from the past … of disinformation, conflicts of interest and corruption. The outcome of this situation was that counterintelligence suffered from a poor culture and various other issues, resulting ultimately in the dismissal of Angleton and an attempt to restart the program. As the program now tries to address the issues of the 21st century, it……
2020-2022 National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States. 2020. Washington, DC: National Counterintelligence and Security Center
Bailey, Christopher and Susan M. Galich. 2012. “Codes of Ethics: The Intelligence Community.” International Journal of Intelligence Ethics 35 (2): 77-99.
Bernardi, Beatrice. 2013. \\\\\\"The Role of Intelligence in the Fight Against International Terrorism: Legal Profiles.\\\\\\" Bachelor\\\\\\'s thesis, Università Ca\\\\\\'Foscari Venezia.
Carson, Thomas L. 2010. Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press.
Erskine, Toni. 2004. \\\\\\"\\\\\\'As Rays of Light to the Human Soul\\\\\\'? Moral Agents and Intelligence Gathering.\\\\\\" Intelligence & National Security 19 (2): 359-381.
Godson, Roy, and James J. Wirtz. 2000. \\\\\\"Strategic denial and deception.\\\\\\" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 13 (4): 424-437.
Horkheimer, Max. 1972. Critical Theory. New York: Seabury Press.
Intelligence and National Security Alliance. 2020. Counterintelligence for the 21st Century. Arlington, VA.
Legal and Ethical Issues in Healthcare
Healthcare ethics have to do with the wide range of moral decisions that have to be made in medical practice. These … as health. Technological advancements in the practice of medicine and healthcare, in general, emerge with their sets of moral dilemmas. Many of such issues arise from developments in genetic knowledge and reproductive health (Taylor, 2015).
The relationship between the patient and the healthcare expert, the human subject … human organs, abortion, euthanasia, and allocation of healthcare resources and services are other areas that present moral dilemmas. In the clarification of moral issues in healthcare provision, and consequently, understood, healthcare quality as it is received and practiced should be improved qualitatively (Taylor, 2015).
There is a … and nonmaleficence, and juxtapose them with professional, ethical codes of conduct. There are many reasons why there is a growing concern over ethical issues in the……
Chen, Y. Y., Chu, T. S., Kao, Y. H., Tsai, P. R., Huang, T. S., &Ko, W. J. (2014). To evaluate the effectiveness of health care ethics consultation based on the goals of health care ethics consultation: a prospective cohort study with randomization. BMC medical ethics, 15(1), 1.
Morrison, E. E. (2011). Ethics in health administration: a practical approach for decision-makers. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Nora, C. R. D., Deodato, S., Vieira, M. M. D. S., &Zoboli, E. L. C. P. (2016). Elements and strategies for ethical decision-making in nursing. Texto&Contexto-Enfermagem, 25(2).
Reddy, M. S., &Mythri, S. V. (2016). Health-care Ethics and the Free Market Value System. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 38(5), 371–375. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.191387
Taylor, S. C. (2015). Health Care Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://www.iep.utm.edu/h-c-ethi/#H2
Yip, C., Han, N. R., &Sng, B. L. (2016). Legal and ethical issues in research. Indian Journal of anesthesia, 60(9), 684–688. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5049.190627
Webster, G., Bayliss, F., Rubin, S., &Zoloth, L. (2000). Moral Residue. Margin of Error: The Ethics of Mistakes in the Practice of Medicine. Hagerstown, MD: University Publishing Group.
Conflicts of Interest
Conflict of interest emerges when an inividual in power uses their position to exploit situations to their advantage. For instance, … of lawyers, incidents in which personal interest comes into conflict with that of the client amount to a conflict of interest(Kindregan, 1976).
Ethical Issues related to Conflict of Interest
The executive team in any organization is often faced with issues of ethical nature in complex and conflicting situations. The basis of conflict of interest is the social values structure and the standards of ……
Alterio, E. (2011). From judicial comity to legal comity: A judicial solution to global disorder?I-CON, 9(2), 394-424. doi: 10.1093/icon/mor036
BrainMass. (2019). Correctional officer subculture: Ethics. Retrieved from https://brainmass.com/law/familylaw/correctional-officer-subculture-ethics-165895
Filgueiras, F. (2011).Transparência e controle da corrupção no Brasil. In: Corrupção e sistemapolítico no Brasil, edited by Leonardo Avritzer and Fernando Filgueiras. Rio de Janeiro: CivilizaçãoBrasileira.
Kindregan, C. (1975).Conflict of interest and the lawyer in civil practice. Retrieved from https://scholar.valpo.edu/vulr/vol10/iss3/2
Legal Dictionary. (2018). Conflict of interest. Retrieved from https://legaldictionary.net/conflict-of-interest/
Lilles, H. (2002). Circle sentencing: Part of the restorative justice continuum. IIRP. Retrieved from https://www.iirp.edu/news/circle-sentencing-part-of-the-restorative-justice-continuum
Montes, A., Mears, D., &Conchran, J. (2016). The privatization debate: A conceptual framework for improving (public and private) corrections. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 32(4). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305418634_The_Privatization_Debate_A_Conceptual_Framework_for_Improving_Public_and_Private_Correctio ns
Off, C. (1999). How can we trust our fellow citizens? In: Democracy and trust, edited by Mark Warren. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
… was largely a regional affair, it is fully global today, and that demands an entirely new skill set around understanding diversity and global issues, and working within those contexts to deliver exceptional business results.
There are a few different ways to understand diversity. The first is … mentorship opportunities. Lozano and Escrich (2017) note that it…[break]…a lot of openness.
A good example would be the changes in the way that issues like race, class and gender are perceived today. It is not uncommon for people who are older to be inflexible – the world … up in, and they have difficulty acknowledging that. All told, being able to adapt to changes is the best way to manage global issues, especially when dealing with a diverse workforce. Being open to people who have different gender expression, or identities with which one may be … be unfamiliar is certainly a……
Dyllick, T. & Muff, K. (2015) Clarifying the meaning of sustainable business: Introducing a typology from business-as-usual to true business sustainability. Organization & Environment. Vol. 2015, 1-19.
Lozano, J. & Escrich, T. (2017) Cultural diversity in business: A critical reflection on the ideology of tolerance. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 142 (4) 679-696.
Maj, J. (2015) Diversity management’s stakeholders and stakeholders management. Proceedings of the 9th International Management Conference. Retrieved February 19, 2019 from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jolanta_Maj/publication/282848702_Diversity_management \\\\'s_stakeholders_and_stakeholders_management/links/561e400f08ae50795afd9360/Diversity-managements-stakeholders-and-stakeholders-management.pdf
… monitor the quality of health services provided (ACSQHC, 2019). However, despite the existence of these standards and several other measures, clinical and professional issues still occur in the nursing world resulting in health service consumers being harmed or negatively impacting the quality of health care services being … they believe administrators would focus on them rather than to investigate the root cause of the errors (Kadivar et al., 2017). Medication safety issues can lead to adverse events or even death (ACSQHC, 2019; Davies et al., 2019).
Teaching of student nurses in hospital environments is ……
Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC]. (2019). Implementation of the national safey and quality health service standards. Retrieved from https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards/implementation-nsqhs-standards
Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC]. (2016). National safety and quality health service standards. Retrieved from https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/assessment-to-the-nsqhs-standards/nsqhs-standards-second-edition/
Ben Natan, M., Sharon, I., Mahajna, M., & Mahajna, S. (2017). Factors affecting nursing students' intention to report medication errors: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Nurse Education Today, 58(2), 38-42. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2017.07.017
Bogossian, F., Cooper, S., Kelly, M., Levett-Jones, T., McKenna, L., Slark, J., & Seaton, P. (2018). Best practice in clinical simulation education, are we there yet? A cross-sectional survey of simulation in Australian and New Zealand pre-registration nursing education. Collegian, 25(3), 327-334. doi:10.1016/j.colegn.2017.09.003
Claffey, C. (2018). Near-miss medication errors provide a wake-up call. Nursing, 48(1), 53-55. doi:10.1097/01.NURSE.0000527615.45031.9e
Davies, K. M., Coombes, I. D., Keogh, S., & Whitfield, K. M. (2019). Medication administration evaluation tool design: An expert panel review. Collegian, 26(1), 118-124. doi:10.1016/j.colegn.2018.05.001
Government of New South Wales. (2013). Medication handing in NSW public health facilities. Retrieved from https://www1.health.nsw.gov.au
Government of Western Australia. (2013). Storage and recording of restricted schedule 4 (S4R) medicines. Retrieved from https://ww2.health.wa.gov.au/About-us/Policy-frameworks
… population with higher rates of chronic versus infectious diseases are all contributing to the need for more nurses, combined with quality of life issues for many nurses. There are also some positive societal shifts, such as an increase in the number of patients with health insurance, which ……
ANA health care economist Peter McMenamin on the nursing shortage outlook. (2019). Nursing
World. Retrieved from: https://www.nursingworld.org/~4afb8f/globalassets/practiceandpolicy/health-and- safety/rnjobmkt_peterminterview_final_030713.pdf
Bond, D. (2017). Will BSN students consider a future nursing faculty role? Nursing Education Perspectives, 38(1):9–17.
Botha, E., Gwin, & Purpora, C. (2015). The effectiveness of mindfulness based programs in reducing stress experienced by nurses in adult hospital settings: a systematic review of quantitative evidence protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 13(10):21–29. Retrieved from: https://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=26571279
Crawford, C. (2019). Addition of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses to the trauma team: An integrated systematic review of literature. Journal of Trauma Nursing. 26(3):141–146,
Gillespie, G. L., Grubb, P. L., Brown, K., Boesch, M. C., & Ulrich, D. (2017). ‘Nurses eat their young:’ A novel bullying educational program for student nurses. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 7(7), 11–21. doi:10.5430/jnep.v7n7P11
Haddad, L.M., Toney-Butler, T.J. (2019). Nursing shortage. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493175/
Nurse staffing crisis. (2019). Nursing World. Retrieved from: https://www.nursingworld.org/practice-policy/nurse-staffing/nurse-staffing-crisis/
...Issues Latino families in USA and COVID 19
Latino families in the US are being hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic scare that has put most of the country on lockdown for more than two months. The problems that Latinos face are numerous: on the one hand, the virus is impacting the health of this community in a big way, with 16.6% of U.S. COVID-19 deaths being among Latinos, according to data from the CDC (Despres). But they are also being hit economically as the lockdown is affecting their ability to do business, which is largely dependent upon contractual work, restaurant work, hotel work and other service-related jobs (Manuel et al.). Because the service industry has been decimated by the lockdown, Latino communities are losing jobs, getting pay cuts, and being sidelined from work. This has created an additional hardship for the community on top of the health scare that is……
Despres, Cliff. “Coronavirus Case Rates and Death Rates for Latinos in the UnitedStates.” Salud America, 20 Apr 2020. https://salud-america.org/coronavirus-case-rates-and-death-rates-for-latinos-in-the-united-states/
Garcia, J. & Hellerstein, E. (2020). Undocumented workers face obstacles qualifying for benefits during the pandemic. Retrieved from https://calmatters.org/california-divide/2020/04/undocumented-workers-benefits-coronavirus/
Labor Council for Latin American Advancement. “The Impact of COVID 19 on Latinos in the US.” https://assets.website-files.com/5e5f2e17e96a34dcf9b586b4/5e984eab4dd4ffba712e7906_COVID%20_%20Report%20%5BFinal%5D%20for%20web.pdf
Manuel, Jens M. et al. “U.S. Latinos among hardest hit by pay cuts, job losses due to coronavirus.” PewResearch, 3 Apr 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/04/03/u-s-latinos-among-hardest-hit-by-pay-cuts-job-losses-due-to-coronavirus/
Tappe, Anneken. “30 million Americans have filed initial unemployment claims since mid-March.” CNN, 30 Apr 2020. https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/30/economy/unemployment-benefits-coronavirus/index.html
...Issues Lawyer Misconduct and the Sixth Amendment Rights of the Accused
The responsibility of the law in preventing harm to oneself and upholding social morals varies from state to state. For example, in parts of Nevada, prostitution is legal; in other parts, it is not. The same goes for drug use. In some states, like Colorado, marijuana use has been legalized. In other states, it is still illegal and even under federal law it is illegal. Thus, in a democracy, the people are ultimately the ones to determine what their laws will be. However, there are definitely organizations that lobby for certain laws to be passed. For instance, prior to Prohibition, there were organizations that lobbied to have alcohol banned and eventually their voices were heard at the federal level.
The responsibility of the law in preventing harm to oneself is ultimately a controversial one in a liberty-loving society. People……
Rindels, M. (2018). How legal prostitution works in Nevada. Retrieved from https://thenevadaindependent.com/article/the-indy-explains-how-legal-prostitution-works-in-nevada
Wilhelm, R. (2019). Effective counsel. Retrieved from https://www.lawyers.com/legal-info/criminal/criminal-law-basics/effective-or-ineffective-assistance-of-counsel.html
Epistemology and Duty Ethics in Criminal Justice
1 Ethics in Law Enforcement Agencies
As Roufa (2019) notes, ethics in law enforcement are essential to prevent behaviors from going unchecked and ……
Cahn, S. & Markie, P. (2011). Ethics: History, Theory and Contemporary Issues, 5th Edition. UK: Oxford University Press.
Hehman, E., Flake, J. K., & Calanchini, J. (2018). Disproportionate use of lethal force in policing is associated with regional racial biases of residents. Social psychological and personality science, 9(4), 393-401.
Holmes, A. (2007). Ethics: Approaching moral decisions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Roufa, T. (2019). Ethics in law enforcement. Retrieved from https://www.thebalancecareers.com/ethics-in-law-enforcement-and-policing-974542
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