Influenza is, in basic terms, a viral attack on the respiratory system of an individual. In most cases, it is simply referred to as … respiratory system of an individual. In most cases, it is simply referred to as the flu. Some of the more common symptoms of influenza include, but they are not limited to, a sore throat, nasal congestion, weakness and fatigue, headache, muscle aches, and fever. In as far … as diagnosis is concerned, a physical exam is in most cases conducted alongside tests. There are various tests that could be used in influenza diagnosis. These could be inclusive of the rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs).
From the onset, it is important to note that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – … note that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2016), RIDTs “are immunoassays that can……
Atkinson, K. & Mabey, D. (Eds.). (2019). Revolutionizing Tropical Medicine: Point-of-Care Tests, New Imaging Technologies and Digital Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Cantle, F., Thenabadu, S. & Lacy, C. (Eds.). (2015). Challenging Concepts in Emergency Medicine: Cases with Expert Commentary. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2016). Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Tests. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/diagnosis/clinician_guidance_ridt.htm
Peci, A., Winter, A., King, E., Blair, J. & Gubbay, J. (2014). Performance of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Testing in Outbreak Settings. J Clin Microbiol, 52(12), 4309-4317.
World Health Organization (2018). Use of Influenza Rapid Diagnostic Tests. Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44304/9789241599283_eng.pdf?sequence=1
… China Wuhan coronavirus, or the Wuhan flu. These names are somewhat misleading for two reasons. First, the coronavirus is not the same as influenza (the flu) and the comparisons to the flu have led to dangerous disinformation about the seriousness of the pandemic. Second, the virus is ……
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Key Facts.” CDC. 12 March 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/share-facts.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fabout%2Fshare-facts.html . Accessed 16 March 2020.
Newey, S. and Gulland, A. “What Is Coronavirus, How Did It Start and Could the Outbreak Grow Bigger?” The Telegraph. 16 March 2020. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/03/16/what-coronavirus-how-start-outbreak-pandemic-covid-19/ . Accessed 16 March 2020.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. “Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) Frequently Asked Questions.” FDA. 2020. https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-issues/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19-frequently-asked-questions . Accessed 16 March 2020.
World Health Organization. “Coronavirus.” WHO. 2020. https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus . Accessed 16 March 2020.
...Influenza Keywords: corona virus, coronavirus, covid, covid-19
The novel coronavirus spreading the COVID 19 disease first appeared in Wuhan, China, in 2019 and quickly spread around the world. The infectious disease is a new form of a previous severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS) and has led to nationwide lockdowns from the East to the West. This paper will discuss the signs and symptoms of COVID 19, the cause of the virus, prevention and management strategies currently being employed to help contain and stop the spread of what is now a pandemic, the epidemiology of the disease, and how it has impacted society and culture.
Signs and Symptoms
One of the more mysterious characteristics of COVID 19 is that one can be a carrier of the coronavirus and yet be completely asymptomatic (Chen et al., 2020). Those who do exhibit signs of infection tend to have flu-like symptoms, especially if……
Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., ... & Yu, T. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. The Lancet, 395(10223), 507-513.
Kekatos, M. (2020). Ventilating too soon. Retrieved from https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-8201783/Some-doctors-moving-away-ventilators-virus-patients.html
Myers, S. L. (2020). China Spins Tale That the U.S. Army Started the Coronavirus Epidemic. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/13/world/asia/coronavirus-china-conspiracy-theory.html
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2015). Improving diagnosis in health care. National Academies Press.
Oliver, D. (2020). Coronavirus genetic material stayed on surfaces for up to 17 days on Diamond Princess cruise, CDC says. Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/cruises/2020/03/24/coronavirus-diamond-princess-cabin-surfaces-contaminated-cdc-report/2905924001/
...Influenza Norovirus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
When wintertime comes, most people are excited to get out, do some holiday shopping, visit relatives, and enjoy the holidays. However, there is always the risk at this time of year of catching a bug—aka a virus. The most common fear is of catching the flu virus, which is why flu vaccines are advertised around every corner at this time. Yet, there is another virus that people do not consider so much—and, unfortunately, it is related to food—which is especially worrisome, given that Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s all fall during the same season when the norovirus is most likely to strike. In fact, given that these social holidays are all packed tight into the winter season festivities, that is one reason the norovirus is so likely to hit so many at this time.
The norovirus is known as the winter vomiting bug or……
Blake, Joan Salge. Nutrition & You. Pearson, 2016.
Brunette, Gary W. CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel. Oxford University Press, 2017.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “The Symptoms of Norovirus.” CDC, 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/about/symptoms.html
...Influenza The Right to Due Process and Privacy in Times of Coronavirus
One of the major problems in the US and the wider world is the dissemination of news or information that is accepted uncritically as gospel truth because it comes from a trusted source, a trusted outlet, a trusted organization, or a professional with the right sort of credentials that get people to assume trust. With regards to the coronavirus there is a great deal of misinformation and a great deal of legitimate questions and points that are raised by professionals, doctors, scientists, researchers and people with extensive backgrounds in epidemiology and health care that are not promoted in the mainstream media because those questions and points do not provoke fear and hysteria, which are the main drivers of the lockdown. Governors across the US have used fear and hysteria, rather than common sense, as justification for locking down……
Allen v. Harrison (2016). https://law.justia.com/cases/oklahoma/supreme-court/2016/111877.html
Baker, Sinead. “The architect of Sweden's controversially lax coronavirus response says he thinks it's working, and that the capital city is already benefiting from herd immunity.” Business Insider, 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-sweden-defends-plan-not-to-lock-down-immunity-2020-4
C&A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, N.Y., 511 U.S. 383 (1994). https://www.oyez.org/cases/1993/92-1402
District of Columbia v. Heller (2008). Retrieved from https://www.oyez.org/cases/2007/07-290
Fox 2. “Alleged fraudulent COVID-19 treatments spark FBI raid of Shelby Twp medical spa.” Fox 2, 2020. https://www.fox2detroit.com/news/alleged-fraudulent-covid-19-treatments-spark-fbi-raid-of-shelby-twp-medical-spa
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11 (1905). https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/197/11/
Roe v. Wade (1973). https://www.oyez.org/cases/1971/70-18
Zucht v. King (1922). https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/260/174/
...Influenza Asthma is, in basic terms, a condition characterized by the narrowing and swelling of airways, as well as the production of extra mucus. This results in challenges in breathing – effectively triggering shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. It is important to note there is no cure for asthma. It therefore follows that the control of asthmatic symptoms is of the essence. According to the American Lung Association (2020), a person who has a PEAK flow rate of 80% – 100% has reasonably good control of their asthma. On the other hand, as the American Lung Association further points out, “50 to 80 percent of your usual or ‘normal’ peak flow rate signals caution.” Maria’s PEAK flow performance is 60%. It should be noted that during pregnancy, uncontrolled asthma could present serious health challenges/risks for both the mother and the unborn baby. It therefore follows that that on this front,……
American Lung Association (2020). Measuring Your Peak Flow Rate. Retrieved from https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/asthma/living-with-asthma/managing-asthma/measuring-your-peak-flow-rate
Murphy, V.E. (2015). Managing Asthma in Pregnancy. Breathe (Sheff), 11(4), 258-267.
...Influenza At present, the symptoms presented by the student are consistent with infectious mononucleosis (IM) caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This includes symptoms that appear to mimic those of the flu. In addition to a sore throat, the patient complains of aching joints and fatigue. It should be noted that an elevated temperature and swollen lymph nodes were revealed following an initial examination by the FNP. The lab results were, however, unremarkable and a Monospot test turned out to be negative. It is important to note that “because peak heterophile antibody levels are seen between 2 to 6 weeks from infection, testing too early in the disease process may lead to increased rates of false negative testing” (Stuempfig and Seroy, 2019). In the case study, we are told that the patient in question has been having “flu-like” symptoms for the last one week. Therefore, the Monospot test in this case could……
Balfour, H.H., Dunmire, S.K. & Hogguist, K.A. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Clin Transl Immunology, 4(2), 33-39.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2018). About Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/epstein-barr/about-ebv.html
Dunmire, S.K., Hugguist, K.A. & Balfour, H.H. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol, 390, 211-240.
Stuempfig, N.D. & Seroy, J. (2019). Monospot Test. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539739
...Influenza Review of Chapter One from Introduction to Wellness, Fitness, and Lifestyle Management
As the nation continues to struggle to recover from the ongoing Covid-19 virus pandemic, the concept of wellness has assumed new importance and relevance. Furthermore, until just a century or so ago, humans were far less concerned about the concept of wellness over the lifespan simply because they died much younger than most people do today. In sharp contrast, though, children born today have a reasonably good chance of living into their hundreds, assuming the current pandemic is resolved in the foreseeable future. Against this backdrop, it is important to develop a better understanding concerning the fundamental factors that contribute to human wellness. To this end, the purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic review of chapter one from Introduction to Wellness, Fitness and Lifestyle Management. Following the review, a summary of the research and key……
Hermon, D. A. & Davis, G. A. (2009, Spring). College student wellness: A comparison between traditional- and nontraditional-age students. Journal of College Counseling, 7(1), 32-36.
Holland, D. & Wheeler, H. (2016, Fall). College student stress and mental health: Examination of stigmatic views on mental health counseling. Michigan Sociological Review, 30, 16-21.
Introduction to wellness, fitness, and lifestyle management.
Seat belts overview (2020). Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Retrieved from https://www.iihs.org/topics/seat-belts .
Walsh, B. (2015, Spring). America\\\\\\'s evolution toward wellness. Generations, 39(1), 23-26.
...Influenza Why American Democracy Has Failed and Why the Anti Federalists were Right
The Declaration of Independence, written in 1776, asserted that “all men are created equal.”[endnoteRef:2] It was an Enlightenment notion: Thomas Paine, an avid follower of the Enlightenment Movement in Europe, had written the Rights of Man to support and promote the ideas of the philosophical revolution that had gotten underway decades prior with Rousseau’s Social Contract and the latter’s pursuit of naturalism in opposition to the Old World values, virtues and order.[endnoteRef:3] The problem that occurred in America was that the Founding Fathers were not of the same mind as Thomas Paine, though they readily used his words and ideas in their Declaration of Independence. Paine truly believed in the equality of all men and he was whole-heartedly opposed to the institution of slavery. The Founding Fathers were not, and the equality they expressed in the Declaration……
Declaration of Independence. (1776). Retrieved from https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/declaration-transcript
Rousseau, J. (2018). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rousseau/
Van Voris, J. (1996). Carrie Chapman Catt: A Public Life. New York City: Feminist Press at CUNY.
Hunt, L. (2016). "Introduction: The Revolutionary Origins of Human Rights." In The French Revolution and Human Rights: A Brief History with Documents, 2nd Edition, edited by Lynn Hunt, 1-31 (Boston: Bedford), 1.
Hunt, L. (2016). "Introduction: The Revolutionary Origins of Human Rights." In The French Revolution and Human Rights: A Brief History with Documents, 2nd Edition, edited by Lynn Hunt, 1-31 (Boston: Bedford), 5.
National Assembly. “Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 26 August 1789.” Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite. http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/exhibits/show/liberty--equality--fraternity/item/3216
Foote, S. (1958). The Civil War: Ft. Sumter to Perryville. NY: Random House.
Brutus No. 1. (1787). http://www.constitution.org/afp/brutus01.htm
...Influenza Courtship Arranged Marriages and the Romantic Meaning of Love
The primary theme of The Immigrant Advantage by Kolker is that immigrants to America bring something with them in their cultures and communities that Americans can learn from. They have certain traits or habits that Americans could benefit from having if they stopped long enough to learn from their immigrant neighbors. Kolker highlights these good traits and shows how they work for immigrants. For example, she focuses each chapter on a specific lesson that immigrant groups provide through their own cultural experiences. The first chapter shows how to save money and uses the Vietnamese immigrants in America as the case study for this good habit. The second chapter focuses on how to take care of one’s parents and looks at the Hispanic-American culture for this lesson. The third chapter looks at the courting rituals of South Asian immigrants in America and……
Kolker, Claudia. The Immigrant Advantage. Free Press, 2011.
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