Infection Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Hand Hygiene And Infection In Hospitals

Pages: 7 (2096 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Article Critique Document #:82779888

Quantitative Article
Tan Jr, A. K., & Jeffrey Olivo, B. S. (2015). Assessing healthcare associated infections and hand hygiene perceptions amongst healthcare professionals. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(1), 108.
1. Describe how the researcher addresses the following four areas in … Review, Methodology and Data Analysis:
The purpose of the study is to support the World Health Organization hand hygiene campaign against healthcare associated infections (HAIs). The study aims to conduct an assessment of the perception towards hand hygiene amid healthcare professionals within the hospital. In particular, the … in the hospital setting. The outcomes demonstrated that health care professionals have a substantially high level of knowledge and understanding regarding health care-associated infections and the key role that hand hygiene plays. To begin with, the study demonstrated that respondents have a substantially high discernment and point … hygiene plays. To begin with, the study demonstrated that respondents have a substantially high……

References

References

Joshi, S. C., Diwan, V., Tamhankar, A. J., Joshi, R., Shah, H., Sharma, M., ... & Lundborg, C. S. (2012). Qualitative study on perceptions of hand hygiene among hospital staff in a rural teaching hospital in India. Journal of Hospital Infection, 80(4), 340-344.

Tan Jr, A. K., & Jeffrey Olivo, B. S. (2015). Assessing healthcare associated infections and hand hygiene perceptions amongst healthcare professionals. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(1), 108.

Study Document

Urinary Tract Infection In A Child

Pages: 1 (354 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:33216802

Urinary Trait Infection
A mother brings her 4-year-old daughter concerned about a possible urinary tract infection. She reports her child has had three prior episodes of urinary tract infection in the last 15 months. The mother states that she had problems when she was a child. Urinary tract infections are generally common among children and can pose severe bacterial infection during childhood (Kaufman, Temple-Smith & Sanci, 2019). Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of the condition is critical to help improve a child’s condition … be advised to ensure the child has adequate fluid intake.
References
Kaufman, J., Temple-Smith, M. & Sanci, L. (2019, September 12). Urinary Tract Infections in Children: An Overview of Diagnosis and Management. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 3, 1-9.
Leung, A.K.C., Wong, A.H.C., Leung, A.A.M. & Hon, K.L. (2019, … Overview of Diagnosis and Management. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 3, 1-9.
Leung, A.K.C., Wong, A.H.C., Leung, A.A.M. & Hon,……

References

References

Kaufman, J., Temple-Smith, M. & Sanci, L. (2019, September 12). Urinary Tract Infections in Children: An Overview of Diagnosis and Management. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 3, 1-9.

Leung, A.K.C., Wong, A.H.C., Leung, A.A.M. & Hon, K.L. (2019, May). Urinary Tract Infection in Children. Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery, 13(1), 2-18.

Study Document

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Pages: 5 (1453 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:69592273

… virus (HBV) is a major public health problem across the globe as it contributes to nearly 1 million deaths annually. It is an infection that basically attacks the liver and has the potential to generate acute and chronic diseases. This communicable disease is mostly transmitted from mother … to child during birth. Additionally, HBV is transmitted through contact with body fluids like blood. Since it is a life-threatening condition, the viral infection has received considerable attention in the healthcare sector. Healthcare professionals and other relevant stakeholders have developed various initiatives to help lessen the prevalence … considerable attention in the healthcare sector. Healthcare professionals and other relevant stakeholders have developed various initiatives to help lessen the prevalence of this infection and mitigate its impacts worldwide. This paper analyzes this communicable disease, determinants of health relating to its development, epidemiological triad, and role of … the management of the infectious……

References

References

American Association of Nurse Practitioners. (2019, January 28). Nurse Practitioner Role Grows to More Than 270,000. Retrieved July 23, 2020, from https://www.aanp.org/news-feed/nurse-practitioner-role-continues-to-grow-to-meet-primary-care-provider-shortages-and-patient-demands

Greene, K.M., Duffus, W.A., Xing, J., & King, H. (2017). Social Determinants of Health Associated with HBV Testing and Access to Care among Foreign-born Persons Residing in the United States: 2009-2012. Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 10(2), 1-20.

Healthy People. (2020). Determinants of Health. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website:  https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Determinants-of-Health 

Kim, H. & Kim, W.R. (2018, August 22). Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States. Clinical Liver Disease, 12(1), 1-4.

Kim, W.R. (2012, March 1). Epidemiology of Hepatitis B in the United States. Hepatology, 49(5), S28-S34.

MacLachlan, J.H. & Cowie, B.C. (2015, May). Hepatitis B Virus Epidemiology. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 5(5). doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a021410

World Health Organization. (2019, July 18). Hepatitis B. Retrieved July 23, 2020, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitis-b

Zhang, Z., Wang, C., Liu, Z., Zou, G., Li, J. & Lu, M. (2019, August 13). Host Genetic Determinants of Hepatitis B Virus Infection. Frontiers in Genetics, 10(696),1-24.

Study Document

Urinary Tract Infection And Osteoporosis In Women

Pages: 8 (2468 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:75498014

… and acute illnesses that affect their overall health and wellbeing. Some of the chronic and acute health conditions affecting women include urinary tract infections and osteoporosis. This paper examines the management of these two conditions through comparison of common and non-traditional treatment modalities.
Urinary Tract Infection and Osteoporosis
A urinary tract infection is defined as an infection involving organs that create urine and carry it out of the human body (Harvard Health Publishing, 2017). Some of these organs or structures … out of the human body (Harvard Health Publishing, 2017). Some of these organs or structures include ureters, bladder, kidneys, and urethra. Urinary tract infections are classified into two i.e. lower tract infections and upper tract infections. Lower tract infections are infections of the bladder that are commonly known as cystitis whereas upper tract infections are infections involving kidneys and ureters. While urinary tract infections affect both men and……

References

References

Baars et al. (2019, February 3). The Contribution of Complementary and Alternative Medicine to Reduce Antibiotic Use: A Narrative Review of Health Concepts, Prevention, and Treatment Strategies. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1-29. doi: 10.1155/2019/5365608

Carbone et al. (2015, November). Urinary Tract Stones and Osteoporosis: Findings From the Women’s Health Initiative. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 30(11), 2096-2102.

Eells, S.J., Bharadwa, K., McKinnell, J.A. & Miller, L.G. (2014, January 15). Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Among Women: Comparative Effectiveness of 5 Prevention and Management Strategies Using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 58(2), 147-160.

Harvard Health Publishing. (2017, May). Urinary Tract Infection in Women. Retrieved from Harvard Medical School website:  https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/urinary-tract-infection-in-women-a-to-z 

Khadilkar, A. & Mandlik, R.M. (2015). Epidemiology and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Women: An Indian Perspective. International Journal of Women’s Health, 7, 841-850.

Tian et al. (2017, October). Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Related Lifestyle and Metabolic Factors of Postmenopausal Women and Elderl Men. Medicine, 96(43), doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008294

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2018, June 26). Screening for Osteoporosis to Prevent Fractures – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. JAMA, 319(24), 2521-2531.

Study Document

Formulating An Effective National Response To Ebola In Nigeria

Pages: 17 (5038 words) Sources: 20 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:83371879

… for Ebola and the death toll attributable to this disease continues to increase. To date, there have been nearly 30,000 cases of Ebola infections that caused more than 11,000 deaths, primarily in West Africa, but the disease has the potential to spread worldwide unless first responders, emergency … disease has the potential to spread worldwide unless first responders, emergency management managers and the health care community take aggressive steps to identify infections and contain outbreaks. The main purpose of this study is to provide a systematic and critical review of the relevant juried, scholarly and … other deadly diseases that continue to plague humankind, Ebola is in a category almost by itself in terms of its lethality. Indeed, Ebola infections typically kill between 25% and 90% of its victims, and it is not surprising that the public generally reacts to even the mention … and identifying any new victims……

References

References

Allam, M. F. (2014, September). Ebola hemorrhagic fever: Case fatality rate 90%? Central European Journal of Public Health 22(3), 207-210.

Allam, M. F. & Vonka, V. (2015, March). Ebola virus disease: Temperature checks for travelers? Central European Journal of Public Health, 23(1), 84.

Brand, J. E. & Stela, D. (2014, October). Ebola is here: Knowledge, identification, and appropriate infection control are key. American Nurse Today, 9(10), 37-39.

Brown, G. (2015, Winter). Ebola in America: An epidemic or a pandemic? ABNF Journal, 26(1), 3-5.

Ebola. (2019). Doctors without Borders. Retrieved from https://www.doctorswithout borders.org/what-we-do/medical-issues/ebola.

Ebola outbreak. (2019). U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from  https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/2014-2016-outbreak/index.html .

Ebola virus disease. (2019). U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from  https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html .

Hancock, M. (2019, September). After Ebola. African Business, 422, 56-58.

Study Document

Developing A Research Hypothesis

Pages: 8 (2368 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:36304259

… (population, intervention, control, and outcomes) criteria in framing a research question. Finally, it assesses the characteristics of a peer-reviewed article on urinary tract infections.
Part
1
EBM, shorthand for Evidence-Based Medicine, is a core aspect of the medical profession. EBM provides statistical analyses and matters of clinical ……

References

References

Considine, J., Shaban, R. Z., Fry, M., & Curtis, K. (2017). Evidence-based emergency nursing: designing a research question and searching the literature. International emergency nursing, 32, 78-82.

Eriksen, M. B., & Frandsen, T. F. (2018). The impact of patient, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) as a search strategy tool on literature search quality: a systematic review. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 106(4), 420.

Yuan, X., Xiaoli, L., Shilei, L., Qinwen, S., & Ke, L. (2019, May). Extracting PICO elements from RCT abstracts using 1-2gram analysis and multitask classification. In Proceedings of the third International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics 2019 (pp. 194-199).

Scells, H., Zuccon, G., Koopman, B., Deacon, A., Azzopardi, L., &Geva, S. (2017, November). Integrating the framing of clinical questions via PICO into the retrieval of medical literature for systematic reviews. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (pp. 2291-2294).

Basmaci, R., Vazouras, K., Bielicki, J., Folgori, L., Hsia, Y., Zaoutis, T., &Sharland, M. (2017). Urinary tract infection antibiotic trial study design: a systematic review. Pediatrics, 140(6).

Misra, D. P., & Agarwal, V. (2018). Systematic reviews: challenges for their justification, related comprehensive searches, and implications. Journal of Korean medical science, 33(12).

Belcher, B. M., Rasmussen, K. E., Kemshaw, M. R., &Zornes, D. A. (2016). Defining and assessing research quality in a transdisciplinary context. Research Evaluation, 25(1), 1-17.

Fu, D. Y., & Hughey, J. J. (2019). Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article. Elife, 8, e52646.

Study Document

COVID 19 Evaluation And Assessment

Pages: 4 (1102 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Case Study Document #:95807813

… would…[break]…appears to be a key contributing factor to severe illness following the acquisition of the novel virus. Indeed, research has indicated that fewer infections as well as fatalities in children (Wei, Yuan, and Liu, 2020). To a large extent, a person’s immune system weakens with advancement in … children (Wei, Yuan, and Liu, 2020). To a large extent, a person’s immune system weakens with advancement in age – effectively meaning that infections could wreak havoc to general health and wellbeing. Thus, it would be prudent to ensure that the 68-year old is tested by having ……

References

References

Adhikari, S.P., Meng, S., Wi, Y., Mao, Y., Ye., R., Wang, Q. …Zhou, H. (2020). Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 9(29) 78-83.

CDC (2020). Evaluating and Testing Persons for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/clinical-criteria.html

Pung, R., Chiew, C.J., Young, B.E., Chin, S., Chen, M., Clapham, H.E. …Lee, V.J. (2020). Investigation of three clusters of COVID-19 in Singapore: implications for surveillance and response measures. The Lancet, 395(10229), P1039-1046.

Schiffrin, E.L., Flack, J.M., Sadayoshi, I., Muntner, P. & Webb, R.C. (2020). Hypertension and COVID-19. American Journal of Hypertension, 057.

World Health Organization – WHO (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

Wei, M., Yuan, J. & Liu, Y. (2020). Novel Coronavirus Infection in Hospitalized Infants Under 1 Year of Age in China. JAMA, 323(13), 1213-1314.

Study Document

Infectious Disease Mononucleosis

Pages: 3 (1017 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Case Study Document #:16256875

… out to be negative.  It is important to note that “because peak heterophile antibody levels are seen between 2 to 6 weeks from infection, testing too early in the disease process may lead to increased rates of false negative testing” (Stuempfig and Seroy, 2019).  In the case … well as treatment options.  
To…[break]…see to it that the patient is aware of effective strategies and approaches to protect himself from future EBV infection.  On this front, I would advise that he avoids the sharing of personal items such as a toothbrush.  Having a single intimate partner ……

References

References

Balfour, H.H., Dunmire, S.K. & Hogguist, K.A. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Clin Transl Immunology, 4(2), 33-39.  

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2018). About Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). Retrieved from  https://www.cdc.gov/epstein-barr/about-ebv.html 

Dunmire, S.K., Hugguist, K.A. & Balfour, H.H. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol, 390, 211-240.  

Stuempfig, N.D. & Seroy, J. (2019). Monospot Test. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539739

Study Document

Including Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Students In The General Education

Pages: 15 (4479 words) Sources: 12 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:71231641

...Infection Abstract
This paper provides an extensive review of literature on deaf students and deafness. The purpose of the literature review is to obtain an understanding of what deafness is, what causes deafness, how it occurs, and what deaf culture is like for deaf people. The review identifies schools and programs that are used to help the deaf community and it also examines the outcomes of deaf students in general education. It discusses whether deaf students are better served in an inclusive environment or whether they are better served in a deaf community based learning environment. It examines the characteristics of hearing loss and how there are different tools and ways to treat hearing loss when it occurs in cases where reversing the hearing loss is possible. In some cases, reversal is not possible but surgical solutions may exist.
Introduction
One of the more remarkable qualities of deaf culture is that……

References

References

Arizona Office for Americans with Disabilities. (2007). Retrieved from  https://know-the-ada.com/t4/history-deafness.html 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Retrieved from  https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hearingloss/language.html 

Curhan, G., & Curhan, S. (2016). Epidemiology of hearing impairment. In Hearing Aids (pp. 21-58). Springer, Cham.

Gallaudet University. (2019). Retrieved from  https://www3.gallaudet.edu/clerc-center/info-to-go/national-resources-and-directories/schools-and-programs.html 

Hill, M. (2019). Embryology Sensory - Hearing Abnormalities. Retrieved from  https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Sensory_-_Hearing_Abnormalities 

Hyde, M., Nikolaraizi, M., Powell, D., & Stinson, M. (2016). Critical factors toward the Inclusion of deaf and hard-of-hearing students in higher education. Diversity in deaf education, 441-472.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. (2006). Retrieved from  https://sites.ed.gov/idea/ 

Padden, C. A. & Humphries, T. (2005). Inside Deaf Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Study Document

Norovirus

Pages: 7 (1968 words) Sources: 3 Document Type:Essay Document #:89748574

… was used in the process. If not, one could risk being infected by the norovirus.
It commonly leads to gastroenteritis, and signs of infection usually occur within a day or two of exposure to the virus. The virus can usually be defeated by the body’s defense system … when it is attacked. When one has a weakened immune system, the body can be negatively impacted by other factors that stem from infection. Infection weakens the body’s system as it goes into protection mode—but if the body’s immune system is already in a weakened state, it will ……

References

Works Cited

Blake, Joan Salge. Nutrition & You. Pearson, 2016.

Brunette, Gary W. CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel. Oxford University Press, 2017.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “The Symptoms of Norovirus.” CDC, 2018.  https://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/about/symptoms.html 

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