Foreign Countries Essays (Examples)

Study Document

How Amazon Hedges Its Forex Risk

Pages: 8 (2549 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:96070504

Abstract
Amazon operates in 58 countries, and while its international operations tend to be offsetting in terms of costs and revenues, there still foreign currency profits that end up being translated back to Amazon’s financial statements. This creates translational risk for the company. The operating offsets mean … offsetting costs and revenues, and diversification of international operations, help Amazon reduce the translational risk that it faces. This paper will examine what foreign currency exchange rate risks Amazon faces, and what tactics it undertakes to mitigate these risks on its income statement and balance sheet.
Introduction
… what tactics it undertakes to mitigate these risks on its income statement and balance sheet.
Introduction
Amazon has online retail operations in 58 countries around the world, and these are typically priced in local currency. This has implications for the company’s strategies with respect to foreign exchange risk, and foreign exchange cash flows. The……

References

References

Amazon 2019 Annual Report. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://s2.q4cdn.com/299287126/files/doc_financials/2020/ar/2019-Annual-Report.pdf 

HowMuch.net (2019) Charting the most powerful reserve currencies in the world. HowMuch.net. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://howmuch.net/articles/worlds-top-reserve-currencies-2019 

Mehta, N., Detroja, P. & Agashe, A. (2018) Amazon changes prices on its products about every 10 minutes – here’s how and why they do it. Business Insider. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-price-changes-2018-8 

Reiff, N. (2020) Hedge. Investopedia. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://www.investopedia.com/terms/h/hedge.asp 

Roamy (2019) The consequences of Amazon’s pricing power. Medium.com. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://medium.com/goods-services/https-medium-com-goods-services-amazons-pricing-power-797e28b63fbd 

Statista (2019) Annual net sales of Amazon in selected leading markets from 2014 to 2019. Statista. Retrieved April 29, 2020 from  https://www.statista.com/statistics/672782/net-sales-of-amazon-leading-markets/ 

Study Document

Counterterrorism Strategy For The Next U S Presidential Administration

Pages: 6 (1889 words) Sources: 6 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:70457523

… dollar terms: according to most estimates, it has cost the U.S. $6 trillion.
Comparative Analysis
The strategy of the U.S. compared to other countries is enlightening. It has been the U.S. strategy to wage war directly against terrorist groups by bombing campaign, boots on the ground, and … standstill. Riots could break out in cities as people begin to go hungry, and the U.S. could end up becoming destabilized just like countries in the Middle East.
Another terrorist threat is the drug trafficking that has led to hundreds of thousands of deaths in the U.S. … with cyber terrorism. The U.S. should be focusing on these areas after pulling out of the Middle East and cutting all aid to foreign countries.
Conclusion
The administration’s strategic approach to counterterrorism should be to end the state sponsorship of terrorism. The only way to effectively do this … approach to counterterrorism should……

References

References

Bipartisan Policy Center. (2017). Defeating terrorists, not terrorism. Retrieved from  https://bipartisanpolicy.org/report/counterterrorism-policy-from-911-to-isis/ 

Englehardt, T. (2018). America’s war on terror. Retrieved from  https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-war-on-terror-has-cost-taxpayers-5-6-trillion/ 

Freeman, M. (2018). ISIS Is a US-Israeli Creation. Top Ten “Indications.” Retrieved from  https://www.globalresearch.ca/isis-is-a-us-israeli-creation-top-ten-indications/5518627 

Malzahn, S. M. (2002). State Sponsorship and Support of International Terrorism: Customary Norms of State Responsibility. Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev., 26, 83.

Nordland, R. & Mashal, M. (2019). U.S. and Taliban Edge Toward Deal to End America’s Longest War. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/26/world/asia/afghanistan-taliban-peace-deal.html

White House. (2003). National strategy for combating terrorism. Retrieved from  https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030214-7.html 

Study Document

Influence Of The PRC With Great Power Competition Globalization

Pages: 6 (1708 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Essay Document #:99402887

… that it does not wish to exclude China from world affairs, and championed China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization. Further, many Western countries switched from recognition of the Kuomintang as the legitimate rulers of China to the CPC, thereby lending further support by the early 1970s ……

References

References

Chatzky, A. & McBride, J. (2019) China’s massive Belt and Road Initiative. Council on Foreign Relations. In possession of the author.

“China as a Trading State” (n.d.) In possession of the author. s

“Foreign Direct Investment” (n.d.) In possession of the author.

Global Times (2018) Best strategic opportunity since the Cold War. Global Times. In possession of the author.

Hoffman, S. (2002) Clash of globalizations. Foreign Affairs. July/August 2002. 105-115.

Morrison, W. (2017) China’s economic rise: History, trends, challenges, and implications for the United States. Congressional Research Service. September 15, 2017. In possession of the author.

NIC (2017) Paradox of progress. National Intelligence Council. In possession of the author.

Pollack, J. (no date). Competing visions: China, America and the Asia-Pacific Security Order. In possession of the author.

Study Document

Examining The Different Types Of Original Medicare Coverage

Pages: 4 (1211 words) Sources: 2 Document Type:Essay Document #:94226250

...Foreign countries Retirement Planning
1. Most Americans over the age of 65 have the ability to enroll in Medicare part A and Medicare part B. Medicare Part A is what is known as “hospital insurance”, and “helps pay for inpatient care in a hospital or limited time at a skilled nursing facility (following a hospital stay). Part A also pays for some health care and hospice care”, according to the Social Security Administration.
The Medicare website outlines some specific things within each of these broad categories. For example, under hospital care Medicare Part A covers semi-private rooms, meals, general nursing, drugs as part of your inpatient treatment, and other hospital services and supplies.
In a skilled nursing care unit, you are covered for meals, semi-private room, skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology services, medications, medical social services, medical supplies and equipment used in the facility, ambulance transportation, dietary counseling,……

References

References

Medicare.gov (2020) Website, various pages. Medicare.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2020 from  https://www.medicare.gov 

Social Security Administration. (no date). Website, various pages. SSA.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2020 from  https://www.ssa.gov 

Study Document

Operations Management And Business Strategy

Pages: 11 (3437 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Reaction Paper Document #:30139516

… the best extent possible our carbon footprint. We will also be able to use carbon offsets, such as planting forests in our supplier countries, many of which are critical as carbon sinks.
Corporate social responsibility is a major issue in coffee. The typical issue is with regards … farmers are able to maintain their livelihoods, even when prices are falling. In addition, with programs to provide education to children in supplier countries, and develop average farms into superstar farms, Fiyeli expects to delve to some extent into vertical integration to make this happen. The company ……

References

References

Aburto, L. & Weber, R. (2005) Improved supply chain management based on hybrid demand forecasts. Applied Soft Computing. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/30284637/demand_forecast_in_a_supermarket_using_a_hybrid_intelligent_system.pdf

CT Magazine (2012) Coffee packaging freshness. Coffee Talk Magazine. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from  https://coffeetalk.com/ctmagazine/10-2012/3926/ 

Del Valle, G. (2019) Wholesale coffee is cheaper than it has been in years. That’s not good news. Vox. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from  https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2019/4/25/18512680/coffee-futures-price-dropping-brazil-currency 

Garza, E. & Hoffman, M. (2019) How climate change is killing coffee. Knowledge @ Wharton. Retrieved June 13, 2019 from  https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/coffee-climate-change/ 

Khan, O. & Creazza, A. (2005) The impact of product design on the supply chain. Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport Retrieved June 13, 2019 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265492088_The_Impact_of_Product_Design_on_the_Supply_Chain_The_Impact_of_Product_Design_on_the_Supply_Chain

Manetti, G. & Becatti, L. (2009). Assurance services for sustainability reports: Standards and empirical evidence. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 87 (2009) 289-298.

Mersie, A. (2019) Coffee prices seen rising 25% by year end. Reuters Retrieved June 13, 2019 from  https://www.reuters.com/article/us-global-coffee-poll/coffee-prices-seen-rising-nearly-25-percent-by-year-end-reuters-poll-idUSKCN1Q11JD 

Mordor Intelligence (2017) United States coffee market – growth, trends and forecasts. Mordor Intelligence Retrieved June 13, 2019 from  https://www.mordorintelligence.com/industry-reports/united-states-coffee-market

Study Document

Transnational Feminism And Sexual Politics

Pages: 2 (711 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:31982497

… 2009). The perpetrates lure the women with the promise of jobs and a lucrative life and they entice them to come to a foreign country. When the women arrive their passports and return tickets are confiscated and they are forced to buy them back through prostitution (Watson, ……

References

References

Brewer, D. (2009). Globalization and human trafficking. Topical Research Digest: Human rights and human trafficking, 2009, 46-56.

Griffith, A. (May 02, 2017). Stop “Saving” Women: A Transnational Feminist Approach. Retrieved from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/stop-saving-women-a-transnational-feminist-approach_b_5908ca52e4b084f59b49fd4b

Valoy, P. (January 28, 2015). Transnational Feminism: Why Feminist Activism Needs to Think Globally. Retrieved from  https://everydayfeminism.com/2015/01/why-we-need-transnational-feminism/ 

Watson, C. (June 18, 2009). The globalization of sex. Retrieved from  https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/the-globalization-of-sex-1.777957 

Study Document

Brazilian Market Entry Pricing Strategy

Pages: 11 (3155 words) Sources: 11 Document Type:Reaction Paper Document #:56127693

… for the rest of South America. It’s the biggest market in the region, but there are other strong markets, in particular the Andean countries, which make up most of the rest of South America. Lessons learned in Brazil can probably be applied to other countries in the region.
There are also threats that Peak has to take into consideration. First is the threat of competition. Even if Peak … that are likely to enter the market. If the Brazilian market is as promising as it sounds, Peak will not be the only foreign company looking to enter the market. The threat of increased competition could impact any plans to do skim pricing, as it would allow … pricing, as it would allow a competitor to undercut the Kilimanjaro with an equivalent quality harness.
There is also the threat associated with foreign currency exchange risk. When exchange rates change, the……

References

References

Chappelow, J. (2019) Monopolistic competition. Investopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/monopolisticmarket.asp

CIA World Factbook. (2020) Brazil. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html

Decker, A. (2020) The ultimate guide to pricing strategies HubSpot. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from  https://blog.hubspot.com/sales/pricing-strategy 

Dourado, A., Canabrava, L, Spadano, L, Alvarenga, P., Salles, R., Advogados, F., Lourencao, M. & Trung, T. (2019) Doing business in Brazil: An overview. Thomson Reuters Practical Law. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from  https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/0-503-8385?__lrTS=20180603124715781&transitionType=Default&contextData= (sc.Default)&firstPage=true&bhcp=1#co_anchor_a102539

Downey, L. (2019) Brazilian real. Investopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/forex/a/brl-brazilian-real.asp

Furgison, L. (2019) SWOT analysis, step 5: developing actionable strategies. BPlans.com. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from  https://articles.bplans.com/swot-analysis-challenge-day-5-turning-swot-analysis-actionable-strategies/ 

Kokemuller, N. (2020) Entry pricing strategy. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from  https://smallbusiness.chron.com/entry-pricing-strategy-61428.html 

Riley, C. (2019) Jair Bolsinaro says Brazil is open for business. CNN Business. Retrieved March 28, 2020 from https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/22/business/bolsonaro-brazil-davos-foreign-investment/index.html

Study Document

Investing Overseas Market Entry Decision Making

Pages: 8 (2428 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:23626142

… common means of entering markets in Asia, where local knowledge requirements are high. Acquisition is less necessary in the NAFTA area, because those countries can typically be accessed without the need for an acquisition in the target country.
One of the considerations for acquisition in manufacturing specifically … environment is one of them. However, an American company can buy a British firm, for example, and then manufacture to the other EU countries. Or they can buy a company anywhere in the EU – the key is the access to growth from the Union’s other major … (Chapman & Edmond, 2010).
One interesting study makes a good case for acquisition as a mode of market entry, especially in the UK. foreign firms are more productive than domestic firms, apparently being able to get more out of UK labor pools due to some combination on … but being a fast-mover was……

References

References

CE Intelligence. (2019) EU – market entry strategies. CE Intelligence.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  http://www.ceintelligence.com/content_manager/contentPages/view/eu-market-entry-strategies 

Chapman, K. & Edmond, H. (2010) Mergers/acquisitions and restructuring in the EU chemical industry: Patterns and implications. Regional Studies. Vol. 34 (8) 753-767

Conyon, M., Girma, S., Thompson, S. & Wright, P. (2003) The productivity and wage effects of foreign acquisitions in the United Kingdom. The Journal of Industrial Economics. Vol. 50 (1) 85-102.

EF.com (2019) English proficiency index. EF.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.ef.com/wwen/epi/ 

Export.gov (2019) European Union – market entry strategy. Export.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.export.gov/article?id=European-union-Market-Entry-Strategy 

Girma, S. (2002) The process of European integration and the determinants of entry by non-EU multinationals in UK manufacturing. DOI:10.1111/1467-9957.00305

Girma, S. (2005) Technology transfer from acquisition FDI and the absorptive capacity of domestic firms: An empirical investigation. Open Economies Review. Vol. 16 (2) 175-187.

Lamson, M. (2016) 5 things you need to know before doing business in Europe. Inc. Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2019 from  https://www.inc.com/melissa-lamson/5-things-you-need-to-know-before-doing-business-in-europe.html

Study Document

Iron Contra The Covert Action Operation In Iran

Pages: 9 (2708 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:25726659

… Slightly over two years down the line after the nationalization of its oil, the Iranian Premier was deposed (De Seve, 2020).
When the foreign powers failed to destabilize and abdicate, the British tried to dislocate the premier one more time. Following mass protests and a three-day uprising … the resolve of the Shah and kept reassuring him that the coup would be sustainable and that it was backed by two strong foreign powers (Levin, 2018).
Plan Execution and Recovery Measures
The coup plan had the backing of several critical royalists in Tehran. As explained by … was determined to thwart any communist advances by the Soviet Union. He, therefore, ordered the CIA to pursue the secret overthrowing of a foreign government. The aim was to prevent USSR from finding space in the oil-rich state (Luce, 2017).
The coup that was orchestrated by the U.S. … democratically led country. Thus, any……

References

References

Contini, C. (2013). A Realistic View on Iran: International relations and Global Politics. GRIN Verlag.

De Seve, M. (2020). Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East. Verso Books.

Fowler, R. (2018). More Than a Doctrine: The Eisenhower Era in the Middle East. U of Nebraska Press.

Lee, C. T. (2013). A Cold War Narrative: The Covert Coup of Mohammad Mossadeq, Role of the U.S. Press and Its Haunting Legacies. Senior Theses, Trinity College, Hartford, CT.  http://digitalrepository.trincoll.edu/theses/300 

Levin, Y. A. (2018). Operation Ajax in the CIA analytics: colonial knowledge in postcolonial age. Samara Journal of Science, 7(2), 200-203.

Luce, D. D. (2017, September 20). The specter of operation AJAX. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/aug/20/foreignpolicy.iran

Merica, D., & Hanna, J. (2013). In declassified document, CIA acknowledges role in\\\\\\'53 Iran Coup. CNN News. Retrieved June 15, 2020.

Roosevelt, K. (1979). Countercoup, the Struggle for the Control of Iran. McGraw-Hill Companies.

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