… important to note that “because peak heterophile antibody levels are seen between 2 to 6 weeks from infection, testing too early in the disease process may lead to increased rates of false negative testing” (Stuempfig and Seroy, 2019). In the case study, we are told that the … get IM at any age, it has a higher rate of occurrence amongst teenagers. IM has been variously referred to as the ‘kissing disease’ owing to the fact that one key mode of transmission of the virus is saliva. According to Balfour, Dunmire, and Hogguist (2015), the ……
Balfour, H.H., Dunmire, S.K. & Hogguist, K.A. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Clin Transl Immunology, 4(2), 33-39.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC (2018). About Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/epstein-barr/about-ebv.html
Dunmire, S.K., Hugguist, K.A. & Balfour, H.H. (2015). Infectious Mononucleosis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol, 390, 211-240.
Stuempfig, N.D. & Seroy, J. (2019). Monospot Test. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539739
Disease Diagnosis: Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD)
In the present scenario, it has been indicated that the child’s skin changes color (to a bluish color) every time she cries … skin changes color (to a bluish color) every time she cries or exerts. On the basis of the presenting symptoms, cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) is suspected. To a large extent, persons with CCHD have low oxygen levels in their blood. According to Zabala and Guzzetta (2015), … S. (2010). Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Zabala, L.M. & Guzzetta, N.A. (2015). Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD): Focus on Hypoxemia, Secondary Erythrocytosis, and Coagulation Alterations. Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(10), 981-989.…
Fleisher, G.R. & Ludwig, S. (2010). Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Zabala, L.M. & Guzzetta, N.A. (2015). Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD): Focus on Hypoxemia, Secondary Erythrocytosis, and Coagulation Alterations. Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(10), 981-989.
Huntington’s disease is one of many neurodegenerative diseases, which has chorea as one of its prevalent symptoms (Hergert, Sanchez-Ramos, & Cimino, 2019, p.1) . Discovered in the late 1800s’ by George Huntington, … (Hergert, Sanchez-Ramos, & Cimino, 2019, p.1) . Discovered in the late 1800s’ by George Huntington, a young American medical doctor at the time, the disease has gathered interest from the medical community—but with little in the way of a cure. The disease is highly hereditary, with a 50% chance of transference from parent to offspring (Boyle, Frölander & Manley, 2008, p.333; Roos, 2010, p.6). This … a 50% chance of transference from parent to offspring (Boyle, Frölander & Manley, 2008, p.333; Roos, 2010, p.6). This hereditary property (of this disease) is due to it being a genetic disorder, which is activated in those that exhibit its symptoms. Primarily, every person has the gene … it being a genetic……
Boyle, C. A., Frölander, C., & Manley, G. (2008). Providing Dental Care for Patients with Huntington’s Disease. Dental Update, 35(5), 333–336. doi:10.12968/denu.2008.35.5.333. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.12968/denu.2008.35.5.333
Hergert, D. C., Sanchez-Ramos, J., & Cimino, C. R. (2019). Awareness of Chorea in Huntington’s Disease. Journal of Huntington’s Disease, 1–5. doi:10.3233/jhd-190381. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/10.3233/JHD-190381
Manley, G., Lane, H., Carlsson, A., Ahlborg, B., Mårtensson, Å., Nilsson, M. B., … Rae, D. (2012). Guideline for oral healthcare of adults with Huntington’s disease. Neurodegenerative Disease Management, 2(1), 55–65. doi:10.2217/nmt.11.68. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.2217/nmt.11.68
McColgan, P., & Tabrizi, S. J. (2017). Huntington’s disease: a clinical review. European Journal of Neurology, 25(1), 24–34. doi:10.1111/ene.13413. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.13413
Petersén, Å., & Weydt, P. (2019). The psychopharmacology of Huntington disease. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 165(3), 179–189. doi:10.1016/b978-0-444-64012-3.00010-1. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/B978-0-444-64012-3.00010-1
Rodríguez, M. L, Sánchez, V. E. (2015). Periodontitis determining the onset and progression of Huntington\\\\\\'s disease: review of the literature. Medwave, 15(9). doi:10.5867/medwave.2015.09.6293.
Roos, R. A. C. (2010). Huntington’s disease: a clinical review. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 5(1), pp.40-48. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-5-40. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2F1750-1172-5-40
Saft, C., Andrich, J. E., Müller, T., Becker, J., & Jackowski, J. (2013). Oral and dental health in Huntington‘s disease - an observational study. BMC Neurology, 13(1), 2-5. doi:10.1186/1471-2377-13-114. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2F1471-2377-13-114
Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia, while Parkinson’s disease is known as a debilitating neurodegenerative disease that affects significantly more men than women. The two disorders have some similar symptoms but are also very different. With regards to treatment, … disorder. The only existing drugs are those that address some of the symptoms. Likewise, there is no standard therapy for those with Parkinson’s disease. But lifestyle changes, approved drugs, and surgical operations can be recommended to address symptoms. Nevertheless, stem cell research has shown a lot of … in helping to restore and regenerate destroyed brain tissues and is, therefore, currently being tested to help treat brain disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. This work looks at what the evidence is saying about the efficacy of stem cell transplants approach in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and … work looks at what the evidence……
Alzheimer’s Association. (2015). 2015 Alzheimer\\\\'s disease facts and figures. Alzheimer\\\\'s & Dementia, 11(3), 332-384. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2015.02.003.
Bali, P., Lahiri, D., Banik, A., Nehru, B., & Anand, A. (2017). Potential for Stem Cells Therapy in Alzheimer’s Disease: Do Neurotrophic Factors Play Critical Role? Current Alzheimer Research, 14(2), 208-220. doi:10.2174/1567205013666160314145347
Goodarzi, P., Aghayan, H. R., Larijani, B., Soleimani, M., Dehpour, A. R., Sahebjam, M., … Arjmand, B. (2015). Stem cell-based approach for the treatment of Parkinson\\\\'s disease. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 29, 168.
Herberts, C. A., Kwa, M. S., & Hermsen, H. P. (2011). Risk factors in the development of stem cell therapy. Journal of Translational Medicine, 9(1). doi:10.1186/1479-5876-9-29
Hwang, S., Gill, S., Pathak, S., & Subramanian, S. (2018, March 30). A Comparison of Stem Cell Therapies for Parkinson Disease | Published in Georgetown Medical Review. Retrieved June 11, 2019, from https://gmr.scholasticahq.com/article/3420-a-comparison-of-stem-cell-therapies-for-parkinson-disease
Railton, D. (2019, February 18). Stem cells: Therapy, controversy, and research. Retrieved June 11, 2019, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/200904.php
The Research Journal. (2017, September 20). Alzheimer\\\\'s and Parkinson\\\\'s - the current state of research. Retrieved June 11, 2019, from https://www.pasteur.fr/en/research-journal/reports/alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-current-state-research
Gallbladder disease, especially cholelithiasis (gallstones) affects over 20 million Americans every year. The condition often goes undiagnosed because cholelithiasis rarely presents symptoms. Abdominal discomfort, nausea, … Abdominal discomfort, nausea, jaundice and biliary colic are some symptoms of the condition. Imaging techniques are the most accurate diagnosis tools for gallbladder diseases. However, laboratory values such as CBC, serum amylase, liver-function testing and lipase can help differentiate the type of gallbladder disease/or identify related issues. Surgery is the most effective treatment for gallbladder disease patients. Exercise, diet, and nutrition affect gallbladder disease. It is important for patients to integrate the healthy habits into their lifestyle to lower the risk of developing gallbladder disorders (Jugenheimer, et … their lifestyle to lower the risk of developing gallbladder disorders (Jugenheimer, et al., 2008).
Cholelithiasis (gallstones) is the most common type of gallbladder disease. It affects over 20 million Americans every year, translating to over……
Anderson, P. O., Knoben, J. E., & Troutman, W. G. (2010). Clinical drug data. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.
Al-alem, F., Mattar, R. E., Madkhali, A., Alsharabi, A., Alsaif, F., & Hassanain, M. (April 26, 2017). Incidental Gallbladder Cancer.
Borzellino, G., & Cordiano, C. (2008). Biliary lithiasis: Basic science, current diagnosis, and management. Milan: Springer.
Bullock, ., Shane, ., & Hales, . (2012). Principles of Pathophysiology. Sydney: P. Ed Australia.
In Agresta, F., In Campanile, F. C., & In Vettoretto, N. (2014). Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: An Evidence-based Guide.
In Cox, M. R., In Eslick, G. D., & In Padbury, R. (2018). The management of gallstone disease: A practical and evidence-based approach.
In Wang, D. Q.-H., & In Portincasa, P. A. M. (2017). Gallstones: Recent advances in epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management.
Jugenheimer, M., Immenroth, M., Berg, T., & Brenner, J. (2008). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Heidelberg: Springer.
Q1. At present, COVID-19 has largely been a disease of the developed world. Even so, it has presented significant challenges for developed world nations such as the United States to contain its … nations such as the United States to contain its spread. What unique challenges are presented by Africa’s developing world nations in containing a disease for which there is no vaccine, and which is transmitted through social contact?
Q2. Unlike the West, Africa has already faced a relatively … be necessary to ensure that separation of the sick is possible, particularly given that the quarantine period can be extremely long for the disease? What type of restrictions might be necessary to place on unnecessary businesses and activities, and how to support the economy to encourage people … Even in the United…[break]…also for the necessary infrastructure to support equipment like ventilators?
Q5. Everyone is hoping for a vaccine to……
… Immunity Man
· My superhero’s name is Immunity Man.
· Their powers (that would help them fight the coronavirus) are immunity to all diseases.
· They got these powers by/when they nearly died when an experiment in a laboratory went horribly wrong.
· They will defeat the … nearly died when an experiment in a laboratory went horribly wrong.
· They will defeat the coronavirus by caring for people with the disease and fighting forces of evil who would spread the disease.
· The medium or format I will use to tell this story is a script.
First Episode: Immunity Man
Voice-over: Long, long ago, … late!
Voice-over: While working on a cure for the common cold, another coronavirus, Dr. Axel Speer accidentally broke a test tube containing the disease being used to construct the vaccine all over him. The sample was so concentrated, for weeks he was in……
Current Issues with Communicable Diseases
Part 1 Whooping Cough is a disease that doctors may no longer recognize because it has become so rare. Alarms went off in California in the autumn of 2011 when … recognize because it has become so rare. Alarms went off in California in the autumn of 2011 when nine infants died from the disease. There have been outbreaks of other preventable diseases such as a 2013 mumps outbreak in Monmouth County New Jersey, and a 2015 measles outbreak at Disneyland in California. In 275 words, … outbreak. Include two scholarly references (using APA formatting and style) to guide your discussion. No abstract
In January 2018, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) announced that an outbreak of measles in Serbia had occurred and issued a warning for Americans contemplating travel there (Measles in … in complications including pneumonia and death (Measles in Serbia, 2018).……
Areas at risk of Zika. (2018). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://www. cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html.
Clinical evaluation and disease. (2018). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/zika/hc-providers/preparing-for-zika/clinicalevaluationdisease.html .
Introduction to epidemiology. (2018). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ophss/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section10.html .
Jakab, Z. (2018, August 22). Measles cases hit record high in Europe: WHO rash of 41,000 measles cases in Europe this year alone. Cape Times, 2.
Measles in Serbia. (2018). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://wwwnc. cdc.gov/travel/notices/watch/measles-serbia.
Takia, A. & Wichmann, O. (2014, October). Measles incidence and reporting trends in Germany, 2007-2011. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 92(10), 742-746.
Tomášková, H. & Zelená, H. (2018, March). Serological survey of measles immunity in the Czech Republic, 2013. Central European Journal of Public Health, 26(1), 22.
What you need to know. (2018). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://www. cdc.gov/zika/about/needtoknow.html.
Today, there are dozens of deadly diseases in the world, but the Ebola virus disease (alternatively “EVD” or “Ebola”) is among the most virulent and lethal. Although intensive research is underway, there is no cure currently available for … virulent and lethal. Although intensive research is underway, there is no cure currently available for Ebola and the death toll attributable to this disease continues to increase. To date, there have been nearly 30,000 cases of Ebola infections that caused more than 11,000 deaths, primarily in West … To date, there have been nearly 30,000 cases of Ebola infections that caused more than 11,000 deaths, primarily in West Africa, but the disease has the potential to spread worldwide unless first responders, emergency management managers and the health care community take aggressive steps to identify infections … of this study is to provide a systematic and critical review of the relevant……
Allam, M. F. (2014, September). Ebola hemorrhagic fever: Case fatality rate 90%? Central European Journal of Public Health 22(3), 207-210.
Allam, M. F. & Vonka, V. (2015, March). Ebola virus disease: Temperature checks for travelers? Central European Journal of Public Health, 23(1), 84.
Brand, J. E. & Stela, D. (2014, October). Ebola is here: Knowledge, identification, and appropriate infection control are key. American Nurse Today, 9(10), 37-39.
Brown, G. (2015, Winter). Ebola in America: An epidemic or a pandemic? ABNF Journal, 26(1), 3-5.
Ebola. (2019). Doctors without Borders. Retrieved from https://www.doctorswithout borders.org/what-we-do/medical-issues/ebola.
Ebola outbreak. (2019). U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/2014-2016-outbreak/index.html .
Ebola virus disease. (2019). U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html .
Hancock, M. (2019, September). After Ebola. African Business, 422, 56-58.
… expected that as new information on the virus continues to be available, public administrations will revise their measures appropriately.
The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has so far has a significant effect on lives on a global scale. It has been classified as a threat to … threat to national security my many countries and regions, and thus, putting in place several measures to curb the spread of the contagious disease. One of these measures is a ban on mass gathering, as an effort to minimize mass spread in case one member of the … how the ban and the implementation of the same are influencing public administration.
The current health scourge facing the world, Coronavirus disease – COVID-19, has brought about significant changes in the normal way of life. The disease is contagious – spread…[break]…recommended that public administration continue to implement social distancing measures that……
Fong, M. W., Gao, H., Wong, J. Y., Xiao, J., Shiu, E. Y., Ryu, S., & Cowling, B. J. (2020). Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Social Distancing Measures. Emerging infectious diseases, 26(5).
McCloskey, B., Zumla, A., Ippolito, G., Blumberg, L., Arbon, P., Cicero, A., ... & Borodina, M. (2020). Mass gathering events and reducing further global spread of COVID-19: a political and public health dilemma. The Lancet.
O\\\\\\'Leary, R., Van Slyke, D. M., & Kim, S. (Eds.). (2010). The future of public administration around the world: The Minnowbrook perspective. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Tuite, A. R., Ng, V., Rees, E., & Fisman, D. (2020). Estimation of COVID-19 outbreak size in Italy. The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
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