Hash Values in Digital Forensics
Hash values denote condensed representations of digitized or binary content within digital material; however, they offer no additional information pertaining to the contents of any material interpretable by an individual. Moreover, the hash function is … algorithms that convert variable-sized text quantities into hash values (which are fixed-sized outputs). Also called “cryptographic hash functions,” they facilitate the development of digital signatures, short textual condensations, and hash tables for the purpose of analysis (Fang et al., 2011; Kumar et al., 2012). In this paper, … a concise representation of the longer document or message they were calculated from; a single message digest may be considered a larger document’s \"digital fingerprint.\" Possibly the key function of cryptographic hash functions is providing digital signatures. As hash functions often work more quickly as compared to digital signature algorithms, digital signatures are typically computed to certain documents through working……
Fang, J., Jiang, Z. L., Yiu, S. M., & Hui, L. C. (2011). An efficient scheme for hard disk integrity check-in digital forensics by hashing with combinatorial group testing. International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications.
Kaya, M., & Eris, M. (2017). Hash-based block matching for digital evidence image files from forensic software tools. World Academy of Science, Engineering, and Technology, International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, 11(10), 1068-1071.
Kumar, K., Sofat, S., Jain, S. K., & Aggarwal, N. (2012). SIGNIFICANCE of hash value generation in digital forensic: A case study. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 2(5), 64-70.
Netherlands Forensic Institute, (2018a). Technical Supplement Forensic Use of Hash Values and Associated Hash Algorithms. Ministry of Justice and security.
Rasjid, Z. E., Soewito, B., Witjaksono, G., & Abdurachman, E. (2017). A review of collisions in cryptographic hash function used in digital forensic tools. Procedia computer science, 116, 381-392.
To Choose an Accounting Topic That Would Be Excellent for A Dissertation.
Taxation in the digital era is an excellent topic for a dissertation because there is an ongoing debate on whether digital companies are paying their fair share of taxes. Some tax experts believe that digital companies enjoy tax levels close to zero compared to traditional companies, yet they earn huge profits. The underlying principle of corporate taxation is … they earn huge profits. The underlying principle of corporate taxation is that \"profit should be taxed where value is created\" (Sestakova, 2018). However, digitalization challenges this principle because of it difficult to pin down how and where digital companies create value. Also, digital companies rely heavily on intangible assets, big data, and which is hard to value (Sand- Zantman, 2018). Given this fact, there is a … is hard to value (Sand- Zantman, 2018). Given this fact,……
Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters. (2019). Tax Issues related to the Digitalization of the Economy: Report (E/C.18/2019/CRP.12). https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/18STM_CRP12-Work-on-taxation-issues-digitalization.pdf
Katz, R. (2015). THE IMPACT OF TAXATION ON THE DIGITAL ECONOMY. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Conferences/GSR/Documents/GSR2015/Discussion_papers_and_Presentations/GSR16_Discussion-Paper_Taxation_Latest_web.pdf
Pemerathna, A. (2016). Economic impact of digital taxation: A case on information communication technology industry Sri Lanka. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2910328
Sand-Zantman, W. (2018). Taxation in the Digital Economy. https://www.orange.com/fr/content/download/47110/1371114/version/1/file/Rapport%20TAXATION-VF-Mai2018.pdf
Sestakova, M. (2018, February). Tax Challenges of the Digital Economy [Paper presentation]. Management Challenges in the 21st Century, Bratislava, Slovakia.
In the research article “Effect of Digital Marketing on Competitiveness of Automobile Companies in Kenya” by Eva Nkatha Kigunda, the objective was to assess how digital marketing strategies affected the competitiveness of automobile companies in Kenya. The digital marketing strategies included in the study are search engine marketing (SEM), email marketing, social media marketing (SMM), and online advertising. The study population … analysis. Quantitative data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. The study findings are that while automobile dealers in Kenya have significantly invested in digital marketing, there return on investment (ROI) is still insignificant. Digital marketing strategies are mainly used in maintaining the current customer pool for the dealers. The research article is a standard-structured paper that included … materials are all cover broad and diverse topics, but so does the literature review section. In furthering and broadening the topic of how digital marketing strategies affect competitiveness in……
Evans, M.P., 2007. Analysing Google rankings through search engine optimization data. Internet research, 17(1), pp.21-37.
Galvan, J.L. and Galvan, M.C., 2017. Writing literature reviews: A guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences. Routledge.
Kaplan, A.M. and Haenlein, M., 2010. Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Business horizons, 53(1), pp.59-68.
Kigunda, E. N. 2017. Effect of Digital Marketing on Competitiveness of Automobile Companies in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, United States International University-Africa).
Kimani, B., 2012. When social media does the marketing. Management magazine, (36-37).
Machi, L.A. and McEvoy, B.T., 2016. The literature review: Six steps to success. Corwin Press.
Ngulube, P., Mathipa, E.R. and Gumbo, M.T., 2015. Theoretical and conceptual frameworks in the social and management sciences. Addressing research challenges: Making headway in developing researchers, pp.43-66.
Wong, L.L.C., 2016. Challenges and expectations: Preparing postgraduate students to write literature reviews. In International Conference of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AESLA), 2016. University of Alicante.
Why to Adopt Pedagogy Based on Digital Online Interactions with Students
With the arrival of the digital age has come a shift in the way information is pursued, transacted, shared, discussed, obtained, and processed. Students who have grown up in … has come a shift in the way information is pursued, transacted, shared, discussed, obtained, and processed. Students who have grown up in the digital age are digital natives and are more comfortable using digital technology than being without it. For design educators who are used to the studio-based pedagogy that has been in use for a century, … it. For design educators who are used to the studio-based pedagogy that has been in use for a century, shifting to embrace a digital-based pedagogy can seem like a transition that is too great of a leap for them to welcome. After all, the pedagogy of the … them to……
Fleischmann, K. (2013). Big Bang Technology: What's Next in Design Education, Radical Innovation or Incremental Change?. Journal of Learning Design, 6(3), 1-17.
Justice, L. (2019). The Future of Design Education. Design Management Review, 30(1), 33-37.
Mayadas, A. F., Bourne, J., & Bacsich, P. (2009). Online education today. Science, 323(5910), 85-89.
Souleles, N. (2015). Elearning in art and design: the elephant in the room. In 9th International Technology, Education and Development Conference (pp. 6659-6665).
Vaughan, S., Austerlitz, N., Blythman, M., Grove-White, A., Jones, B. A., Jones, C. A.,... & Shreeve, A. (2008). Mind the gap: Expectations, ambiguity and pedagogy within art and design higher education. In The student experience in art and design higher education: Drivers for change (pp. 125-148). Jill Rogers Associates Limited.
… be addressed, however. These include forming strategic partnerships, managing top-selling products, improving pricing strategies; developing sales Promotion, advertising and sale promotion strategies; developing digital strategies and measuring market performance. This paper will address each of these challenges and offer solutions for implementing the market strategy for OPG.
Implementing a market strategy depends upon numerous factors, such as forming partnerships with other companies and organizations, like DoorDash and using digital technology to make one’s business more visible to the public. Social media plays a big part in the decision making process of many ……
Gallardo-Echenique, E. E., Marqués-Molías, L., Bullen, M., & Strijbos, J. W. (2015). Let’s talk about digital learners in the digital era. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 16(3), 156-187.
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What is Cybercrime?
Definition of Cybercrime
Cybercrime is any criminal activity that is conducted using computers or the Internet. As today’s digital natives have the most experience with computers, cybercriminals tend to be of the Millennial generation—i.e., born after 1980. They are young, digitally sophisticated, and able to operate with a degree of professionalism and discipline that allows them to hide their crimes beneath legitimate-looking facades. Spearphishing … enterprise crime, however, is cybercrime.
The specific facets of the modern technology/computer revolution which make cybercrime possible include the ability to hide one’s digital footprints and the relatively new field of digital forensics (Taylor, Fritsch, Liederbach, Saylor & Tafoya, 2019).).
Computers allow for a virtual anonymity to be obtained and allow criminals to commit crimes … or ransomware to other networks and hold them hostage. Cybercrime does not have to be of a physical nature; it can be all digitally related. So……
Computer Hope. (2019). When was the first computer invented? Retrieved from https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch000984.htm
Crane, C. (2019). 33 alarming cybercrime statistics you should know in 2019. Retrieved from https://www.thesslstore.com/blog/33-alarming-cybercrime-statistics-you-should-know/
Schjølberg, Stein. (2017). The History of Cybercrime (1976-2016). Books on Demand.
Statista. (2020). Global digital population. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/617136/digital-population-worldwide/
Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., Saylor, M. R., & Tafoya, W. L. (2019). Cyber crime and cyber terrorism. NY, NY: Pearson.
… for Online Community” is a Bad Idea
As Rorabaugh notes, the Internet has evolved from a once “primitive” place to a kind of digital Wild West. To maneuver one’s way through the digital world, one must be able to navigate platforms and forums, where civility is often lacking and where shocking surprises always await. Some see … that it encourages active participation rather than passive reception of information from a teacher. With the Internet, students are like sleuths in a digital Wild West, and giving them that opportunity is like giving them training in simulated combat: they are on the “front lines” of the … time—a way to escape from the teacher for an hour or two; a way to have fun and goof around. It is like digital recess.
Can the Internet be useful? Yes, it can—but kids need guides, and self-directed learning should not be something that……
Domhardt, Matthias, et al. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Resilience in survivors of child sexual abuse: A systematic review of the literature.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 16.4 (2015): 476-493.
Perkins-Gough, Deborah. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The significance of grit: A conversation with Angela Lee Duckworth.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Educational Leadership 71.1 (2013): 14-20.
Rorabaugh, Pete. “Trading Classroom Authority for Online Community.” Hybrid Pedagogy, 5 Jan 2012. https://hybridpedagogy.org/trading-classroom-authority-for-online-community/
Tough, Paul. How children succeed: Grit, curiosity, and the hidden power of character. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.
… organization being inclusive of: personal devices subpoena, permanent injunction, or just a restraining order.
Question 1: Identify, for the lab, what digital or non-digital evidence you would like them to look for and explain why that evidence would be important to the case
In this case, the … either deleting stored data or transferring it to other storage devices.
Question 2: Locations outside of Mr. Belcamp's immediate work space where pertinent digital evidence might be found
Outside of Mr. Belcamp workplace, there are numerous other places or locations where we could find important digital evidence related to the ongoing case. In this case, possible locations would be inclusive of Mr.…[break]…opinion of the various facts as presented. This ……
Adam, C. (2016). Forensic Evidence in Court: Evaluation and Scientific Opinion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Casey, E. (Ed.). (2009). Handbook of Digital Forensics and Investigation. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.
Maras, M. (2014). Computer Forensics: Cybercriminals, Laws, and Evidence (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Newman, R.C. (2007). Computer Forensics: Evidence Collection and Management. New York, NY: CRC Press.
Reddy, N. (2019). Practical Cyber Forensics: An Incident-Based Approach to Forensic Investigations. New York, NY: Springer.
U.S. Department of Justice (2018). Reporting Intellectual Property Crime: A Guide for Victims of Copyright Infringement, Trademark Counterfeiting, and Trade Secret Theft. Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/criminal-ccips/file/891011/download
… interviewed across the nine different industries were all still using telephone, verbal instructions and letters to relay information. There was no use of digital technology to facilitate and enhance communication. Data collection was all paper based, which means that information processing is extremely slow compared to what … that technology plays a very important role in the process, which was not something I really quite grasped fully before. I understood that digital communications and record keeping can facilitate supply chain management, but I did not ever stop to imagine what a manufacturing firm would be ……
Afshan, N. (2013, December). The performance outcomes of dimensions of supply chain integration: A conceptual framework. Business: Theory and Practice, 14(4), 323.
Georgise, F. B., Thoben, K. D., & Seifert, M. (2014). Supply chain integration in the manufacturing firms in developing country: An Ethiopian case study. Journal of Industrial Engineering, 2014.
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… technology for learning purposes is akin to taking a fish out of water and then asking it to learn to swim. In the digital era, digital natives have been using technology since birth and it is older teachers and educational systems that are slow to recognize this fact. This … in communication, sharing knowledge, and developing team work skills. Kahai et al. (2007) show that the virtual team is a reality in today’s digitalized world and therefore not something ESL teachers and ESL learners should shy away from: the virtual team is “a temporary arrangement of individuals … at anytime” (p. 185). For students, having access to learning materials at their fingertips is a great boon. Being able to bring up digital texts, videos, tutorials or message from an online platform can give them the support they need to stay connected, engaged and active in … and active in……
Alvarez-Marinelli, H., Blanco, M., Lara-Alecio, R., Irby, B. J., Tong, F., Stanley, K., & Fan, Y. (2016). Computer assisted English language learning in Costa Rican elementary schools: an experimental study. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 29(1), 103-126.
Beetham, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2013). Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age: Designing for 21st century learning. NY: Routledge.
Cassady, J. C., Smith, L. L., & Thomas, C. L. (2017). Supporting emergent literacy for English language learners with computer?assisted instruction. Journal of Research in Reading.
Jiang, H., Tang, M., Peng, X., & Liu, X. (2018). Learning design and technology through social networks for high school students in China. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 28(1), 189-206.
Kahai, S. S., Carroll, E., & Jestice, R. (2007). Team collaboration in virtual worlds. ACM SIGMIS Database: the DATABASE for Advances in Information Systems, 38(4), 61-68.
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