… or reproductive disorder, which could be affecting her fertility. This situation is an example of a clinical issue involving menstruation and requires proper diagnosis and treatment plan. This paper discusses the diagnosis of her condition and provides a therapeutic plan incorporating pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments based on evidence-based practice.
Diagnostic Testing and Possible Physical Exam … & Trent, 2015). PCOS has reproductive and metabolic implications for this population and is commonly detected during the evaluation of menstrual irregularity. The diagnosis of this condition requires consideration of clinical symptoms and laboratory evaluation or diagnostic testing. Clinical assessment for this condition begins with a comprehensive … indicate an ovarian or adrenal tumor (Lanzo, Monge & Trent, 2015).
One of the probable physical exam findings that could result in the diagnosis of PCOS is polycystic ovaries. The laboratory evaluation using pelvic ultrasound is likely to indicate polycystic…[break]…to help in the treatment of……
Lanzo, E., Monge, M. & Trent, M. (2015, September). Diagnosis and Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescent Girl. Pediatric Annals, 44(9), e223-e230. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5659205/
Lua, A.C.Y., How, C.H. & King, T.F.J. (2018, November). Managing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Primary Care. Singaporean Medical Journal, 59(11), 567-571. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250763/
Williams, T., Mortada, R. & Porter, S. (2016, July 15). Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. American Family Physician, 94(2), 106-113. Retrieved from https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p106.html
… clinical perspective, bronchitis is usually diagnosed based on cough as well as occasional wheeze, dyspnea, and sputum (Wark, 2015). As part of the diagnosis, the physician or clinician examines various clinical characteristics of this condition. Some of the clinical characteristics of bronchitis include a lower fever, shortness … chronic bronchitis. For acute bronchitis, these clinical characteristics last for few weeks while chronic bronchitis is characterized by more severe clinical attributes.
The diagnosis of bronchitis also entail using different diagnostic, laboratory or imaging tools. One of the diagnostic or screening tools used to diagnose bronchitis is … is chest x-ray, which is carried out to determine whether the bronchial tubes and lungs are normal. This diagnostic tool is appropriate for diagnosis of this condition because it helps to determine the condition of the bronchial tubes and lungs with respect to any inflammation. The second … The second diagnostic/screening tool used……
Holzinger et al. (2014, May). The Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Cough in Adults. Deutsches Arzteblatt, 111(20), 356-363.
Kinkade, S. & Long, N.A. (2016, October 1). Acute Bronchitis. American Family Physician, 94(7), 560-565.
Wark, P. (2015, July 17). Bronchitis (Acute). BMJ Clinical Evidence, 2015(1508). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4505629/
… (McGovern & Martin, 2016). As evident in Candace’s situation, ankle sprains and injuries are common among individuals who are physically active. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of these conditions is crucial toward enhancing the patient’s health and wellbeing. The diagnosis process requires obtaining information to support possible differentials of strain, sprain, tear, or fracture. Information for proper diagnosis and identification of these factors is obtained through history and objective assessment. Some of the information needed include history of ankle injury, severity … assessment. Some of the information needed include history of ankle injury, severity of injury, history of fracture, anatomical features, and clinical history.
Once diagnosis is made, a suitable intervention plan for treatment or management of the conditions is developed depending on the severity of the symptoms. Management ……
Braund, R. (2006, June 3). Should NSAIDs Be Routinely Use in the Treatment of Sprains and Strains? The Pharmaceutical Journal, 276, 655-656.
McGovern, R.P. & Martin, R.L. (2016, March 2). Managing Ankle Ligament Sprains and Tears: Current Opinion. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 7, 33-42.
Diagnosis and Treatment Plan
In the present scenario, the patient presents with symptoms similar to those of acute myocardial infarction AMI. It therefore follows …
In the present scenario, the patient presents with symptoms similar to those of acute myocardial infarction AMI. It therefore follows that the primary diagnosis in this case, on the strength of the said symptoms and following further assessment, would be AMI. In basic terms, AMI is occasioned … p. 866). In the case presented, the patient presents with shortness of breath and midsternal chest pain.
In seeking to confirm the primary diagnosis, some of the tests that would come in handy are an ECG and blood tests. In the present scenario, the patient’s ECG reveals … pain that the patient has and slow his heartbeat, nitroglycerin and beta blockers would be prescribed, respectively. In the final analysis, the differential diagnosis in this case would be……
Hajar, R. (2017). Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease: Historical Perspectives. Heart Views, 18(3), 109-114.
Lu, L., Sun, R., Zheng, Y. & Zhang, P. (2015). Myocardial Infarction: Symptoms and Treatments. Cell Biochem Biophys, 72(3), 865-867.
Diagnosis and Plan of Care
The patient’s blood pressure in this case (i.e. 148/92) could be described as elevated. Further, the patient’s blood sugar … an indicator of insulin resistance or diabetes mellitus” (1064). Taking this into consideration, as well as the other issues highlighted above, the primary diagnosis in this case would be type 2 diabetes (and high blood pressure). The differential diagnosis (on the basis of skin changes in axillary area) could be inclusive of atopic dermatitis, candidiasis, Addison disease’s dermatologic aspects, etc.
It should ……
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2019). Assessing Your Weight and Health Risk. Retrieved from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/risk.htm
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (2017). Type 2 Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes/type-2-diabetes
Nordstrom, A., Hadrevi, J., Olsson, T., Franks, P.W. & Nordstrom, P. (2016). Higher Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Men Than in Women Is Associated With Differences in Visceral Fat Mass. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 101(10), 3740-3746.
Schilling W.H. & Crook M.A. (2014). Cutaneous Stigmata Associated With Insulin Resistance and Increased Cardiovascular Risk. Int J Dermatol, 53, 1062-1069.
Medical Condition Diagnosis
The symptoms that the patient in question presents are hair changes, weight gain, and fatigue. On the basis of the symptoms presented, my … symptoms that the patient in question presents are hair changes, weight gain, and fatigue. On the basis of the symptoms presented, my primary diagnosis in as far as this 34-year-old female patient is concerned would be hypothyroidism. In the words of Athanassiou and Ntalles (2010), “hypothyroidism is … heart rate and thinning hair. The symptoms that the female patient presents in this particular case match those highlighted herein.
To ascertain the diagnosis on the basis of the physical examination, it would be prudent to conduct the relevant blood tests. One appropriate test in this case ……
Athanassiou, I.K. & Ntalles, K. (2010). Hypothyroidism - New Aspects of an Old Disease. Hippokratia, 14(2), 82-87.
Chaker, L., Bianco, A.C., Jonklass, J. & Peeters, R.P. (2017). Hypothyroidism. Lancet., 390(10101), 1550-1562.
Viral Gastroenteritis Diagnosis
Based on the symptoms presented, the child could be suffering from viral gastroenteritis (or what is commonly referred to as the stomach flu). … factors between viral gastroenteritis and other more severe infections. The mother of the 5-year-old denies any blood in the diarrhea. To confirm the diagnosis, it would be prudent to conduct physical examination and some tests. The child’s pulse and blood pressure, temperature, as well as degree of … via the evaluation of the child’s skin turgor. There are some additional tests that ought to be ordered to not only confirm the diagnosis, but also rule out other causes such as norovirus or rotavirus. These are inclusive of the rapid stool test. In the present scenario, … it should be noted that “in children with mild illness, stool microbiological tests are not routinely needed when viral gastroenteritis is the likely diagnosis” (Hartman and Russell,……
Churgay, C.A. & Aftab, Z. (2012). Gastroenteritis in Children: Part I. Diagnosis. Am Fam Physician, 85(11), 1059-1062.
Hartman, S., Brown, E., Loomis, E., & Russell, H. (2019). Gastroenteritis in Children. Am Fam Physician, 99(3), 159-165.
Diagnosis: Scarlet Fever
On the basis of the symptoms presented, the patient is likely to be suffering from scarlet fever. The patient’s presenting symptoms … kids aged between 1 and 10 years – specifically those who do not have immunity to the said toxin. To confirm the primary diagnosis, it would be necessary to conduct an assessment of the child’s throat via the examination of not only their tongue, but also their … the texture as well as appearance of the child’s rash. A throat sab would come in handy if strep is suspected. The differential diagnosis in this case would be measles and rubella.
If scarlet fever is confirmed, antibiotics ought to be prescribed. Pain and fever could in ……
Habif, T.B. (2009). Clinical Dermatology (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
McKinnon, H.D. & Howard, T. (2000). Evaluating the Febrile Patient with a Rash. Am Fam Physician, 62(4), 804-816.
Disease Diagnosis: Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD)
In the present scenario, it has been indicated that the child’s skin changes color (to a bluish color) … as has been presented in the case study. However, there may be other symptoms depending on the specific CCHD-causing defect.
To confirm the diagnosis above and establish whether there are heart defects, it would be prudent to look out for abnormal heart sounds as well as rapid … would come in handy in the evaluation of the heart’s interior, the former would give a detailed outline of the heart. The differential diagnosis in this case would be pulmonary hypertension. This is yet another condition that impairs lung perfusion (Fleisher and Ludwig, 2010). The treatment plan ……
Fleisher, G.R. & Ludwig, S. (2010). Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Zabala, L.M. & Guzzetta, N.A. (2015). Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD): Focus on Hypoxemia, Secondary Erythrocytosis, and Coagulation Alterations. Pediatric Anesthesia, 25(10), 981-989.
Condition Assessment and Diagnosis
It should be noted from the onset that patients who are asthmatic ought to manage their asthma in a proper manner during pregnancy. … (PEFR), and standardized questionnaires are valuable measures of how well a patient’s asthma is controlled…” (Shedd and Hays, 2016, p. 103).
The differential diagnosis for the patient’s edema as well as shortness of breath would be cardiac asthma. It is important to note that when it comes ……
Shedd, G.C. & Hays, C.N. (2016). The Pregnant Patient with Asthma: Assessment and Management. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 12(1), 102-107.
Vincent, J., Abraham, E., Kochanek, P. & Fink, M.P. (2011). Textbook of Critical Care. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.
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