African Essays (Examples)

Study Document

How African Customary Social Practices Enhance Coping Strategies

Pages: 7 (2199 words) Sources: 15 Document Type:Essay Document #:81034017

How African Customary and Social Practices have been Utilized to Enhance Coping Strategies in Times of Crisis, focus on health pandemic
Background of the Study
… focus on health pandemic
Background of the Study
Centuries before missionaries and colonialists arrived in Africa and centuries before the slave trade commenced, Africans in Africa had cultural and social practices and mechanisms to sustain their societies and to prevent the loss of lives during crises. The … education practices, procedures for managing illnesses, and procedures for preventing the spread of illnesses through societies (Iganus & Haruna, 2017). In cases where African mechanisms helped to handle and manage health crises, it is believed that it was because the successful mechanisms took into account the socio-economic … addressed the health crises and the related social and economic effects. Most of the mechanisms were initiated after elders or senior members of African societies met and discussed……

References

References

Abel-Smith, B., & Rawal, P. (1992). Can the poor afford ‘free’ health services? A case study of Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning, 7(4), 329-341.

Airhihenbuwa, C. O. (1995). Health and culture: Beyond the Western paradigm. Sage.

Fairhead, J. (2014). The significance of death, funerals, and the after-life in Ebola-hit Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia: Anthropological insights into infection and social resistance.

Handler, J. S. (2016). Custom and law: The status of enslaved Africans in seventeenth-Century Barbados. Slavery & Abolition, 37(2), 233-255.

Iganus, R. B., & Haruna, A. (2017). The Strength of African Culture in Managing Family Crisis in a Globalized World. Anthropol, 5(197), 2332-0915.

Manguvo, A., & Mafuvadze, B. (2015). The impact of traditional and religious practices on the spread of Ebola in West Africa: time for a strategic shift. The Pan African Medical Journal, 22(Suppl 1).

Marsland, R. (2006). Community participation the Tanzanian way: Conceptual contiguity or power struggle? Oxford Development Studies, 34(1).

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage publications.

Study Document

Traditional Medicine Usage In African Nations

Pages: 12 (3615 words) Sources: 30 Document Type:Essay Document #:38085332

… not been untouched by the modern era, and in nations like South Africa one can see just how much the West has influenced African society (Bratton & Van de Walle, 1997). Yet other parts of Africa, like Eritrea, in spite of the system of government, is of … by such figures’ success in the political realm. Rather, their stories were promulgated and exalted by other members of the burgeoning political class—the African activists and politicians emerging to fill a void in leadership at the governmental level as the era of colonization crashed into rubble. Prempeh … have not been particularly successful and many are not longer continued practices (Burnham et al., 2004; Shaw &…[break]…available in many informal ways in African states, but people will self-medicate because it is easier for them to do this than to go through the trouble of seeking out … Thus, pain is often either……

References

References

Afro-centric Alliance, A. (2001). Indigenisingorganizational change: Localisation in Tanzania and Malawi. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 16(1), 59-78.

Asiseh, F., Owusu, A., & Quaicoe, O. (2017). An analysis of family dynamics on high school adolescent risky behaviors in Ghana. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 26(5), 425-431.

Austin, G. (2010). African economic development and colonial legacies (Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 11-32). Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement.

Brager, G., Specht, H., Torczyner, J. L., &Torczyner, J. (1987). Community organizing. Columbia University Press.

Bratton, M., & Van de Walle, N. (1997). Democratic experiments in Africa: Regime transitions in comparative perspective. Cambridge university press.

Burnham, G. M., Pariyo, G., Galiwango, E., & Wabwire-Mangen, F. (2004). Discontinuation of cost sharing in Uganda. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82, 187-195.

Dillard, C., Duncan, K. L., & Johnson, L. (2017). Black History Full Circle: Lessons from a Ghana Study Abroad in Education Program. Social Education, 81(1), 50-53.

Ehui, S. (2020). Protecting food security in Africa. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2020/05/14/protecting-food-security-in-africa-during-covid-19/

Study Document

Gun Violence Among African American Community

Pages: 8 (2377 words) Sources: 9 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:47528781

Gun Violence Effect on African American Community
Introduction
The African American community has faced the brunt of the criminal justice system in the aftermath of gun violence. For starters, the violence takes a ……

References

References

Armstrong, M., & Carlson, J. (2019). Speaking of trauma: The race talk, the gun violence talk, and the racialization of gun trauma. Palgrave Communications, 5(112).  https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0320-z 

Maxson, C. L., Hennigan, K, and D. C. Sloane. (2003). For the sake of the neighborhood? Civil gang injunctions as a gang intervention tool in Southern California. In Scott H. Decker, Ed. Policing Gangs and Youth Violence. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning

Morris, S. (2018). Mass shootings in the US: There have been 1,624 in 1,870 days. The Guardian.  https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2017/oct/02/america-mass-shootings-gun-violence 

Payne, B. K. (2006). Weapon bias: split-second decisions and unintended stereotyping. Curr Directions Psychological Sci, 15(6), 287–291.

Roman, J. K. (2013).Race, justifiable homicide, and stand your ground laws: Analysis of FBI supplementary homicide report data. Retrieved from  http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=265405 

Schopper, D., Lormand, J. D.,&Waxweiler, R (eds). (2006).Developing policies to prevent injuries and violence: guidelines for policy-makers and planners. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Tate, J., Jenkins, J., Rich, S., Muyskens, J., Elliott, K., Mellnik, T., &Williams, A. (2016).How the Washington Post is examining police shootings in the United States. The Washington Post.

Tita, G. E., Troshynski, E., & Graves, M. (2007). Strategies for reducing gun violence: The role of gangs, drugs, and firearm accessibility. Research Report: National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC). Retrieved from  https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/rdcng-gn-vlnc/rdcng-gn-vlnc-eng.pdf

Study Document

Gun Violence Among African American Community

Pages: 8 (2438 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:71870574

Introduction
The Violence Policy Center (2020) notes that African Americans are only 13% of the US population yet they represent more than half of all American homicides; but what is worse is … 13% of the US population yet they represent more than half of all American homicides; but what is worse is that 87% of African American homicides are killed by guns. It is evident from these statistics that gun violence among the African American community is a real problem. This paper will provide an overview of the problem, who it affects and why it is important … important for social workers to address it.
Overview of the Problem
Who is Affected
According to FBI data, in 2016 there were 7,756 African American homicide victims in the US. This equals to a homicide rate for African Americans of 20.44 per 100,000 (Violence Policy Center, 2020). 6,505 out of 7,442……

References

References

Brown, J. (2005). Tupac Shakur, (2-Pac) in the Studio: The Studio Years (1989-1996). Phoenix, AZ: Colossus Books.

Carbado, D. W. (2017). From Stop and Frisk to Shoot and Kill: Terry v. Ohio's Pathway to Police Violence. UCLA L. Rev., 64, 1508.

Howard University. (2020). PHD in social work. Retrieved from  https://socialwork.howard.edu/admissions/programs-study/phd-social-work 

Jones, N. (2014). “The regular routine”: Proactive policing and adolescent development among young, poor black men. New directions for child and adolescent development, 2014(143), 33-54.

Llewellyn, J. J., Archibald, B. P., Clairmont, D., & Crocker, D. (2013). Imagining success for a restorative approach to justice: Implications for measurement and evaluation. Dalhousie LJ, 36, 281.

Spergel, I., Wa, K., & Sosa, R. (2005). Evaluation of the Mesa Gang Intervention Program (MGIP). School of Social Service Administration, The University of Chicago.

Violence Policy Center. (2020). Black homicide victimization. Retrieved from  http://vpc.org/revealing-the-impacts-of-gun-violence/black-homicide-victimization/ 

Study Document

Effects Of Domestic Violence On African American Women

Pages: 5 (1381 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:75342722

Effects of Domestic Violence on African- American Women: Opinion Paper
Issue and History of the Issue
Young women are primary victims of domestic violence and it has been estimated … violence in the U.S. (NCADV, 2017). This issue is therefore one that is quite serious, but it is one that particularly impacts the African-American community. African-American women struggle particularly because the African-American family has suffered for decades in the U.S. because of a number of issues—from the incarceration of black men to such an extent … experience violence from a partner. According to Rennison and Welchans (2000) the numbers are even higher: some 90% of domestic violence survivors are African-American women according to their analysis. African-American women also experience high rates of mental abuse and 20% of the African-American female population will be raped at some point in their lives (Institute for Women’s Policy Research, 2017). Black women are also……

References

References

Adorno, T., & Horkheimer, M. (2007). The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34.

Bandura, A. (2018). Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 130-136.

Bent-Goodley, T.B. (2001). Eradicating domestic violence in the African American community: A literature review and action agenda. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse: A Review Journal, 2,316-330.

Franklin, D.L. (2000). What\\\\\\'s love got to do with it? Understanding and healing the rift Between Black men and women. New York: Simon and Schuster

NCADV. (2017). Statistics. Retrieved from  https://ncadv.org/statistics 

Institute for Women’s Policy Research. (2017). Violence Against Black Women – Many Types, Far-reaching Effects. Retrieved from https://iwpr.org/violence-black-women-many-types-far-reaching-effects/

Jones, F. (2014). Why Black Women Struggle More With Domestic Violence. Retrieved from  https://time.com/3313343/ray-rice-black-women-domestic-violence/ 

Lee, C. (2017). Inside Whitney Houston’s Violent Marriage to Bobby Brown. Retrieved from  https://www.thedailybeast.com/inside-whitney-houstons-violent-marriage-to-bobby-brown

Study Document

Depression Among Older Immigrant African Women In Metro West Massachusetts

Pages: 12 (3684 words) Sources: 20 Document Type:Capstone Project Document #:21927346

Prevalence of Depression in Massachusetts
Prospectus: Depression Among Older Immigrant African Women in Metro West Massachusetts
Abstract
In West Massachusetts United States, the most common health disorders are anxiety and depression. These health disorders … disparities in their access to mental health services and the quality of treatment they receive (Sánchez et al., 2014). Researchers have determined that African American heterogeneity influences access to depression and anxiety treatment. In addition, African Americans are becoming an increasingly visible minority within the United States, especially in West Massachusetts. The intention in this current study is to … States, especially in West Massachusetts. The intention in this current study is to understand the causes and prevalence of depression among older immigrant African American women in Metro West Massachusetts as well as how the older immigrants cope with the depression. A total of 20 self-identified social … their access to mental health services, and……

References

References

Agbemenu, K. (2016). Acculturation and Health Behaviors of African Immigrants Living in the United States: An Integrative Review. ABNF Journal, 27(3).

Alegría, M., Álvarez, K., & DiMarzio, K. (2017). Immigration and mental health. Current epidemiology reports, 4(2), 145-155.

Baldwin-Clark, T., Ofahengaue Vakalahi, H. F., & Anderson, B. (2016). What about African American older women and depressive symptoms? Educational Gerontology, 42(5), 310-320.

Cassel, J. (1995). The contribution of the social environment to host resistance: the fourth wade Hampton frost lecture. American journal of epidemiology, 141(9), 798-814.

Cobb, S. (1976). Social support as a moderator of life stress. Psychosomatic medicine.

Delara, M. (2016). Social determinants of immigrant women’s mental health. Advances in Public Health, 2016.

Dow, H. D. (2011). An overview of stressors faced by immigrants and refugees: A guide for mental health practitioners. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 23(3), 210-217.

Emadpoor, L., Lavasani, M. G., & Shahcheraghi, S. M. (2016). Relationship between perceived social support and psychological well-being among students based on mediating role of academic motivation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 14(3), 284-290.

Study Document

Should Reparations Be Paid To Native Americans And African Americans

Pages: 6 (1855 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Term Paper Document #:86662683

Should Reparations be Paid to Native Americans and African Americans?
Today, there are approximately 3.4 million Native Americans and 40 million African Americans in the United States (U.S. people, 2019), and virtually all of these individuals have ancestors that unfairly suffered at the hands of … at the hands of the U.S. government. In this regard, the research question that will guide this analysis is, “Should Native Americans and African Americans be paid reparations?” The overarching thesis that shaped the answer to this guiding research question as was follows: Historical injustices including genocide, … tens of millions of people (Bradford, 2004). This has also been the case with the history of the United States where slavery of African Americans was enshrined in the U.S. Constitution and the subsequent Indian Removal Act of 1830 proclaimed in essence that “the only good ‘injun’ … a cheap substitute that holds not actual meaning……

References

References

Bradford, W. (2004). Beyond reparations: An American Indian theory of justice. Ohio State Law Journal.

Flavin, F. E. (2002, Winter). A pox on Amherst: Smallpox, Sir Jeffery, and a town named Amherst. Historical Journal of Massachusetts, 30(1), 1-5.

Forrester, K. (2019). Reparations, history and the origins of global justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Gilmore, B. & Adams, H. (2019). The case for a reparations clinic. Michigan State Law Review.

Howard-Hassmann, R. E. (2004). Reparations to Africa and the group of eminent persons. Cahiers d’étudesafricaines.

Lenzerini, F. (2007). Reparations for indigenous peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lockhart, P. (2019, June 19). The 2020 Democratic primary debate over reparations, explained. Vox. Retrieved from  https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2019/3/11/18246741/  reparations-democrats-2020-inequality-warren-harris-castro.

Loewen, J. W. (1995). Lies my teacher told me. New York: The New Press.

Study Document

Individuals Using Customary Practices In Times Of Crises

Pages: 17 (4950 words) Sources: 30 Document Type:Annotated Bibliography Document #:60738961

...African Allen-Meares, P. & Garvin, C. (Eds.). (2000). The Handbook of Social Work Direct Practice. New York, SAGE. This is not a primary source, but the definition of crisis could be used in the proposal.
An assessment of the customary practices utilized by individuals in times of crisis would not be complete without a clear definition of ‘crisis’ in the context of the said practices. In seeking to define the term crisis, the cited authors of the relevant piece in the volume are definite that we must base our perspectives on subjective reality. This is more so the case given that “what precipitates a crisis episode in one individual might not generate such a response in another person” (327). This is true for communities as well. It, therefore, follows that this is an essential resource in the definition of what constitutes a crisis at both the individual and community levels. This……

References

Roberts. A.R. (Ed.). (2005). Crisis Intervention Handbook: Assessment, Treatment, and Research (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Sama’ila, A. (2019). Economic crisis and the coping strategies of indigenous automobile entrepreneurs in northern Nigeria, 1983-2014. Sociology International Journal, 3(6), 437-442.

Study Document

Summer Sun Risin

Pages: 8 (2257 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Book Review Document #:69181450

Book Analysis
African-American: SUMMER SUN RISIN'
W. Nikola-Lisa, Author, Don Tate, Illustrator, illus. By Don Tate. 2002.
An Afro-American lad helps his parents to work on ……

References

Works cited

Aziz-Raina, Seemi. \\\\\\\\\\\\"We are Grateful: Otsaliheliga.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Language Arts 97.2 (2019): 116-121.

Greene, Catherine. \\\\\\\\\\\\"My Papi Has a Motorcycle.\\\\\\\\\\\\" The Catholic Library World 90.2 (2019): 151-151.

Nikola-Lisa, W., and Don Tate. Summer sun risin\\\\\\\\\\\\'. Lee & Low Books, 2002.

Park, Linda Sue. Bee-bim bop!. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008.

Schiffer, Miriam B. Stella brings the family. Chronicle Books, 2015.

Seeger, Pete, and Paul DuBois Jacobs. The deaf musicians. GP Putnam\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Sons Books for Young Readers, 2006.

Soetoro-Ng, Maya. Ladder to the Moon. Candlewick Press, 2017.

Study Document

The Piano Lesson By August Wilson

Pages: 2 (648 words) Sources: 1 Document Type:Essay Document #:41641393

Prompt 2: The Piano Lesson and the Blues
The blues is described as a uniquely African American musical tradition, combining folk music, traditional work songs once sun by slaves, jazz, and other musical traditions to describe both personal suffering … the piano into money, as Boy Willie wishes to do, or to save it, becomes symbolic of the role of the blues in African American history and society. The blues, like the piano itself, is problematic because of its ties to the history of slavery, but it … but it cannot be nor should not be eradicated, given the loss this will create for the community.
The piano was carved by African American slave, and is an important part of the family legacy and history. While the family are sharecroppers during the Great Depression, and ……

References

Works Cited

Wilson, August. The Piano Lesson. Turtleback Books, 1990.

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