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Raising Families in the 1950s After World War II Research Paper

Related Topics: Life Women Elderly Baby Boomers

Pages:6 (1711 words)

Sources:9

Subject:History

Topic:War

Document Type:Research Paper

Document:#94465868


Usual Roles for Men and Women Raising Families in the 1950s after World War II

Background of researched generation or individual, historical and present

The 1950s epoch is often perceived as an era of conformity, during which both genders adhered to their stringent roles and acted following the society's expectations. After the damage and devastation caused by the Great Depression and the Second World War, numerous people in the society chose to build a society that is both peaceful and successful. Even though it was expected that women would identify themselves fundamentally as wives and mothers and to steer clear of work outside the home setting, women continued to constitute a substantial percentage of the post-World War II labor force. The culmination of the war instigated significant changes. Notably, working women were supplanted by the soldiers who were returning home after the war. The communications relayed in popular culture, as well as mass media, prompted women to forego their jobs and quietly go back to domestic life.

Furthermore, in the 1950s, there was a significant increase in marriages and also rates of homeownership. Consequently, this resulted in a substantial increase in premarital sex and also birthed rates. It is in this period that the baby boomers were born. This period and demographic inclination buttressed women's identities as mothers and wives, whereas men to be the providers (Khan Academy, 2020).

During the Second World War period, as men went on to the battlefield to guarantee protection and success, the women joined the workforce, and during this period, women had ceased being just housewives as initially was. However, when the war came to an end, there was a complete reversal in these roles, with the women playing the housewife role in taking care of the family and bearing children, whereas the men took up the role of going to work and providing for the family. The age group of 65 years and above is a progressively increasing population. The cohort is referred to as Baby Boomers and encompasses the persons that are born between 1946 and 1964. Notably, this age cohort will be the largest population to get to late old-age in the present time. In the United States, it is expected that this population will get to 70 million by the year 2030. In reaction to this mounting elderly populace, there has been extensive examination done on the quality of life aspects.

Functional factors

Older age is characteristically linked to worse health, greater healthcare use, and heightened healthcare expenses. As a result, the significant number of aging baby boomers that are beyond 50 years and creating worries for the provision of health services. There are two fundamental perceptible concerns, and these include the massive size of the cohort and the perspective that baby boomers are dissimilar in terms of their necessities and attitudes towards healthcare from their ancestors (Canizares et al., 2016). It is…

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…the United States. With the number of persons aged 65 years and above increasing, there is an expectation that the rural expanses will experience the greatest outpouring in this age group. In recent times, several rural regions are growing into naturally occurring retirement communities, also delineated as communities that contain a massive percentage of older persons. It is projected that if the aging baby boomers, who include those born between the mid-40s and mid-60s are to adhere to past patterns of migration, it is expected that the population of the elderly in rural regions will rise to over 14 million by 2020 (Baernholdt et al., 2012).

From an environmental well-being perspective, the majority of the older adult population migrate to the rural regions or opt to remain living there owing to considerations of quality of life. In definition, quality of life is a conception that encompasses physical and mental health, social, functioning, as well as emotional well-being (Baernholdt et al., 2012). Notably, the beautiful landscape and the sentiments of being connected to the community and land, in addition to the sharing and assisting nature of people that is present amongst people in rural regions, are amongst the reasons why the older individuals feel that their quality of life may be better in rural expanses. Research studies conducted by various scholars have demonstrated that physical health is worse amongst the rural population as compared to the population in the urban areas. However, physical health is the…


Sample Source(s) Used

References

Baernholdt, M., Yan, G., Hinton, I., Rose, K., & Mattos, M. (2012). Quality of life in rural and urban adults 65 years and older: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey. The Journal of Rural Health, 28(4), 339-347.

Canizares, M., Gignac, M., Hogg-Johnson, S., Glazier, R. H., & Badley, E. M. (2016). Do baby boomers use more healthcare services than other generations? Longitudinal trajectories of physician service use across five birth cohorts. BMJ Open, 6(9), e013276.

Cleary, K. K., & Howell, D. M. (2006). Using the SF-36 to determine perceived health-related quality of life in rural Idaho seniors. Journal of allied health, 35(3), 156-161.

Hall, R. C., Hall, R. C., & Chapman, M. J. (2003). Identifying geriatric patients at risk for suicide and depression. Clinical Geriatrics, 11, 36-44.

Khan Academy. (2020). Women in the 1950s: Learn about the myths and realities of women's lives during the 1950s. Retrieved 8 March 2020 from https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/postwarera/1950s-america/a/women-in-the-1950s

Oguzturk, O. (2008). Differences in quality of life in rural and urban populations. Clinical and investigative medicine, E346-E350.

Phillipson, C., Leach, R., Money, A., & Biggs, S. (2008). Social and cultural constructions of aging: the case of the baby boomers. Sociological Research Online, 13(3), 1-14.

Rinfrette, E. S. (2009). Treatment of anxiety, depression, and alcohol disorders in the elderly: Social work collaboration in primary care. Journal of evidence-based social work, 6(1), 79-91.

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Another historian notes, "Economically, baby boomers experienced unprecedented national affluence throughout their childhood. During the 1950s and 1960s, the U.S. economy expanded greatly, raising the living standards of most American families" (Clydesdale 606). Religion played less of a role in society by the 1990s, as church attendance and membership began to decline in the 60s. Historian Clydesdale continues, "When the cultural challenges of the 1960's disestablished this religious ethos,

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