Pages:6 (1711 words)
Document Type:Research Paper
Usual Roles for Men and Women Raising Families in the 1950s after World War II
Background of researched generation or individual, historical and present
The 1950s epoch is often perceived as an era of conformity, during which both genders adhered to their stringent roles and acted following the society's expectations. After the damage and devastation caused by the Great Depression and the Second World War, numerous people in the society chose to build a society that is both peaceful and successful. Even though it was expected that women would identify themselves fundamentally as wives and mothers and to steer clear of work outside the home setting, women continued to constitute a substantial percentage of the post-World War II labor force. The culmination of the war instigated significant changes. Notably, working women were supplanted by the soldiers who were returning home after the war. The communications relayed in popular culture, as well as mass media, prompted women to forego their jobs and quietly go back to domestic life.
Furthermore, in the 1950s, there was a significant increase in marriages and also rates of homeownership. Consequently, this resulted in a substantial increase in premarital sex and also birthed rates. It is in this period that the baby boomers were born. This period and demographic inclination buttressed women's identities as mothers and wives, whereas men to be the providers (Khan Academy, 2020).
During the Second World War period, as men went on to the battlefield to guarantee protection and success, the women joined the workforce, and during this period, women had ceased being just housewives as initially was. However, when the war came to an end, there was a complete reversal in these roles, with the women playing the housewife role in taking care of the family and bearing children, whereas the men took up the role of going to work and providing for the family. The age group of 65 years and above is a progressively increasing population. The cohort is referred to as Baby Boomers and encompasses the persons that are born between 1946 and 1964. Notably, this age cohort will be the largest population to get to late old-age in the present time. In the United States, it is expected that this population will get to 70 million by the year 2030. In reaction to this mounting elderly populace, there has been extensive examination done on the quality of life aspects.
Older age is characteristically linked to worse health, greater healthcare use, and heightened healthcare expenses. As a result, the significant number of aging baby boomers that are beyond 50 years and creating worries for the provision of health services. There are two fundamental perceptible concerns, and these include the massive size of the cohort and the perspective that baby boomers are dissimilar in terms of their necessities and attitudes towards healthcare from their ancestors (Canizares et al., 2016). It is…
…the United States. With the number of persons aged 65 years and above increasing, there is an expectation that the rural expanses will experience the greatest outpouring in this age group. In recent times, several rural regions are growing into naturally occurring retirement communities, also delineated as communities that contain a massive percentage of older persons. It is projected that if the aging baby boomers, who include those born between the mid-40s and mid-60s are to adhere to past patterns of migration, it is expected that the population of the elderly in rural regions will rise to over 14 million by 2020 (Baernholdt et al., 2012).
From an environmental well-being perspective, the majority of the older adult population migrate to the rural regions or opt to remain living there owing to considerations of quality of life. In definition, quality of life is a conception that encompasses physical and mental health, social, functioning, as well as emotional well-being (Baernholdt et al., 2012). Notably, the beautiful landscape and the sentiments of being connected to the community and land, in addition to the sharing and assisting nature of people that is present amongst people in rural regions, are amongst the reasons why the older individuals feel that their quality of life may be better in rural expanses. Research studies conducted by various scholars have demonstrated that physical health is worse amongst the rural population as compared to the population in the urban areas. However, physical health is the…
Baernholdt, M., Yan, G., Hinton, I., Rose, K., & Mattos, M. (2012). Quality of life in rural and urban adults 65 years and older: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey. The Journal of Rural Health, 28(4), 339-347.
Canizares, M., Gignac, M., Hogg-Johnson, S., Glazier, R. H., & Badley, E. M. (2016). Do baby boomers use more healthcare services than other generations? Longitudinal trajectories of physician service use across five birth cohorts. BMJ Open, 6(9), e013276.
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Khan Academy. (2020). Women in the 1950s: Learn about the myths and realities of women's lives during the 1950s. Retrieved 8 March 2020 from https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/postwarera/1950s-america/a/women-in-the-1950s
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Westerns soon developed into a staple of TV land. The independence and strength of the characters epitomized the ideals that made America so unique. Families sat down with their TV dinners to watch such shows as " Gunsmoke," the Lone Ranger," the Rifleman," Have Gun, Will Travel," and " Maverick." You were not anybody unless you could sing the theme songs of each show. Moviegoers were also being drawn into the
Another important area of change relates to sexual norms and values in the family. Studies show that there has a definite growth in more permissive attitudes towards sex and particularly premarital sex. The number of people who see sex between an unmarried man and woman as "wrong" dropped from 36% in 1972 to 24% in 1996. (the Emerging 21st Century American Family) These statistics indicate a change for the earlier view
Gender Studies -- the World Split Open Why were American women unhappy? In building her case regarding the unhappiness that women in America experienced in the 1950s, the author of The World Split Open: How the Modern Women's Movement Changed America -- Ruth Rosen -- goes into great detail. On page 13 Rosen points out that after WWII in the American culture, women getting pregnant and having babies, was extremely common
It was necessary for the returning men to feel that they were coming home to resume their pre-war social roles. Roles that were governed by the rules of a patriarchal society that had changed by way of the roles women assumed in American society while men were away at war. Women became the decision makers, the bread winners, and the family mangers in a way that is portrayed as
Another historian notes, "Economically, baby boomers experienced unprecedented national affluence throughout their childhood. During the 1950s and 1960s, the U.S. economy expanded greatly, raising the living standards of most American families" (Clydesdale 606). Religion played less of a role in society by the 1990s, as church attendance and membership began to decline in the 60s. Historian Clydesdale continues, "When the cultural challenges of the 1960's disestablished this religious ethos,