Pages:6 (1692 words)
Enhancing Communication, migration from 4G to 5G
Aims and objectives
1. To determine how the migration from 4G to 5G will enhance Communication
The primary aim of the dissertation is to determine how the migration from 4G to 5G will enhance Communication. Migration to 5G is expected to bring various enhancements as compared to the 4G. These enhancements include low latencies, high speeds, low power consumption, enhanced reliability, and greater terminal device densities. Also, and perhaps the most important features of 5G is the new network capabilities that could allow several virtual networks with differential performance capabilities to be supported by a single physical network (Alkhazaali 2017). Given these capabilities, this paper aims to determine how Communication will be enhanced.
2. To identify some of the challenges of 5G
Experience has shown that technology, however, how advanced, has some peculiar limitations that make it vulnerable. As a result, this dissertation will seek to identify challenges that are attached to migration from 4G to 5G. 5G is a term that is used to refer to communication values that are beyond 4G standards, and the projections for an umbrella execution of 5G was for 2020, however. Given the current COVID-19 scourge facing the world, it is expected that this projection will not hold, and an extension is inevitable. Thus far, some of the constraints attached to migration from 4G to 5G include multi-mode user terminals, security, the choice among the various wireless systems available, jamming and spoofing, and network infrastructure and Quality of service (QoS) support (Alkhazaali 2017).
3. To establish strategies to maximize the effectiveness of 5G for those migrating from 4G
With the expected challenges, this dissertation aims to present suggestions from experts in the field on the various strategies that can be used to address the challenges that face migration from 4G to 5G. The strategies will include possible technological adjustments to improve 5G performance, support systems, and possible improvements that can be included in the next generation of network improvements.
The objectives of the dissertation are;
i. To determine the specific aspects of 5G over 4G that could contribute to communication enhancement
ii. To establish expert opinions on the constrains that face migration from 4G to 5G
iii. To determine field experience with the migration to and use of 5G
iv. To determine expert opinions on potential solutions to the challenges facing 4G and possible improvements to enhance the effectiveness of 5G
Review of the current status
Communication networks have made significant improvements in the last few years. In the last decade, networks, and especially mobile communication networks have developed from Bluetooth, WLAN, 2G, and 3G to 4G communication networks. With the specific focus to 4G, which is the most predominant and popular network at the moment, it is a network that has been developed to enhance flawless integration of cellular networks, e.g., 3G and GSM (Alkhazaali 2017; Gandotra and Jha 2016). Currently, a combination of wireless networks, e.g., WLAN and PLMN, is used.
The development of 4G was as a result of unprecedented and ever-increasing growth of users and demand for data traffic as well as the emergence of new technologies, applications, and technologies in mobile Communication. The development of 3G led to the advanced technological requirement for 4G with a data rate of 1Gbps downlink and uplink 500 Mbps (Tehrani et al. 2014). However, currently, the number of networked devices and the need for applications that require low latency high data have increased exponentially, and the projection is that the current 4G technologies will be at their limit very soon, thus the need for 5G network.
Currently, the internet has become more concentrated, and especially with the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT). This means that Communication is not just limited to the typical person-to-person Communication, but it also involves devices-2-device Communication. The increased demand for very high data and low latency networks is evident, and it is driving the rollout of 5G (Gandotra and Jha 2016; Tehrani et al. 2014). 5G is proposed to present communication standard beyond 4G/IMT-Advanced and beyond, referred to as "IMT-2020" (Shen 2015). The current research for 5G focuses on the need for higher capacity, low end-to-end latency, higher data rate, lower cost, increased efficient energy consumption, massive device and machine connectivity for IoT, and better QoS and improved experience.
One of the risks in migrating from 4G to 5G is the choice of wireless systems. Evert wireless has specific roles and features. To determine the best wireless system can only be done for a specific technology at a specific time and place and given the QoS requirements for the consumer (). In the process of migrating to 5G, this is a risk that might result in a try and error process in the process of selecting the best fit wireless system, as the previously used 4G system requirements will be different for 5G. The other thing that might go wrong when migrating to 5G…
Alkhazaali, N.H., 2017. Mobile Communication through 5G Technology (Challenges and Requirements). International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 10(05), p.202.
Gandotra, P., and Jha, R.K., 2016. Device-to-device communication in cellular networks: A survey. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 71, pp.99-117.
Penttinen, Jyrki T. J., et al. 2019. "Deployment," in 5G Explained: Security and Deployment of Advanced Mobile Communications, Wiley, pp.271-291
Shen, Xuemin. "Device-to-device communication in 5G cellular networks." IEEE Network 29, no. 2 (2015): 2-3.
Tehrani, M.N., Uysal, M., and Yanikomeroglu, H., 2014. Device-to-device communication in 5G cellular networks: challenges, solutions, and future directions. IEEE Communications Magazine, 52(5), pp.86-92.
Zhang, A., and Lin, X., 2017. Security-aware and privacy-preserving D2D communications in 5G. IEEE Network, 31(4), pp.70-77.
In North America the system progression will start from Time division multiple access (TDMA), change to Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) and then to UMTS. Evolution from 2G to 3G 2G networks were built for the most part for voice data and slow communication. Due to rapid changes in user anticipation, they do not meet today's wireless requirements. Cellular mobile telecommunications networks are being improved to use 3G technologies