War of 1812
The main causes of the War of 1812 were found in the Napoleonic Wars in Europe between the French and the British Empires. One of the biggest offenses to American sensibilities at the time was the fact of British impressments—i.e., of Britain forcing Americans to join the Royal Navy to fight Napoleon. Americans had already won their independence from Britain and viewed impressment as dishonorable and unlawful. Impressment was lawful in Britain during war time—but America was no longer under British law, so they considered it an offense. The British needed men to work their ships in the Navy as the war against Napoleon was quite large—so the British were using Americans and pressing them into service. Another issue or cause of the War of 1812 was the use of economic sanctions by both the British and French against the U.S. The economic sanctions were used as fodder by the war hawks in the U.S. (mainly the Federalists) like Henry Clay. As a result, Madison declared war against England and started off by attacking Canada.
The outcome of the war was insignificant. The Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814 and the relations between the U.S. and Britain simply went back to what they were before the war started. Neither the U.S. nor Britain gained any new territory. However, the war itself did have some consequence on New England manufacturing. New England wanted to make it more difficult for war to be declared in the future and the Hartford Convention essentially put an end to the Federalist Party, which was main source for hawkishness in the U.S. The Hartford Convention demanded reparations for New England as the war had caused New England trade to suffer substantially. This in effect delegitimized the Federalist power, especially as the Treaty of Ghent had shown that the war had been essentially fought for no good reason at all (Dwight, 1833).
Dwight, T. (1833). History of the Hartford Convention: With a Review of the Policy of the United States Government Which Led to the War of 1812. New York; Boston: N. & J. White; Russell, Odiorne, & Company.
War of 1812 Causes The early part of the nineteenth century was eventful in United States history because it marked a time when the country was trying to grow from its infancy. The government had been functioning well for almost two decades, the monetary system was gaining the U.S. trading partners overseas, and the military was growing as the U.S. added heavy frigates to their small arsenal. One problem was the
New England, which was a Federalist stronghold, in particular felt the brunt of the embargos and would be financially injured as a result of the war. In 1809, Congress passed the Nonintercourse Act and Macon's Bill No. 2, which offered limited concessions for whichever nation opted to lift the trade restrictions on neutral ships. Tensions between Britain and France escalated in the years preceding the war, drawing the United States
The third theater of operations, besides the naval and Canadian one, was focused on the British push towards the capital city. Although successfully burning out Washington, the British were discouraged by the strong hold of Fort McHenry and the battle of New Orleans, in which they were defeated by Major General Andrew Jackson. As the Treaty of Ghent was signed in December 1814, news of this came to the American
The book is constructed on two main theses, the first revolving around the relevance of the Barbary wars in the freeing of the American population and in its formation as stable and confident people. The second thesis focuses on the Tripolitan war played in the formation of the modern American Navy. However the general history courses place little emphasis on the wars against the Barbary States, the naval forces commemorate
Questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=114867845. Meier, David a. "An Appeal for a Historiographical Renaissance: Lost Lives and the Thirty Years War." The Historian 67, no. 2 (2005): 254+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010923917. Murdoch, Steve, ed. Scotland and the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648. Boston: Brill, 2001. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109286924. Silve, Benoit M. "From Leadership to Partnership: a New American Security Strategy for Europe." Naval War College Review 50, no. 1 (1997): 88+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5037619771. Theibault, John. "The Rhetoric of Death and Destruction in the Thirty
War of 1812. There are six references used for this paper. There have been a number of battles fought by the United States over the years. It is important to examine the War of 1812 and determine the major weaknesses in the United States National structure, and how these weaknesses were later addressed by the Republican Nationalists. British Occupation The United States Government's weaknesses became in apparent when "following the Revolutionary war,