… religious communities. The Quakers had been given Pennsylvania by William Penn, whose father had held ties with the King of England (Fantel). The Puritans were in New England. Baptists established themselves in the South. Catholics had been in the Northern territories and in the Southwest well before … leaders practiced religious liberty under the Toleration Act—so there was no rule banning other religions from establishing themselves. When by the mid-1600s, the Puritans took over the colony Lord Baltimore temporarily lost his rights to the colony and anti-Catholicism spread for decades. Catholics were denied the same … Protestants in prior decades. As Graham notes, Catholics were “virtually excluded from political life and new faces filled important provincial offices” when the Puritans took over the colony (197).
Hawthorne described life in…[break]…social structure, paid lip service to Enlightenment ideals while in practice only granting “equal rights” … to contradict their religious beliefs,……
Fantel, Hans. William Penn: Apostle of Dissent. NY: William Morrow & Co., 1974.
Graham, Michael. "Posish Plots: Protestant Fears in Early Colonial Maryland, 1676-1689." The Catholic historical review 79.2 (1993): 197-216.
Holton, W. Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves, and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Laux, John. Church History. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1933.
Melville, Herman. Clarel. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015005201424&view=1up&seq=9
Milder, R. Herman Melville. New York: Columbia University Press,1988.
Pyle, Ralph E., and James D. Davidson. "The origins of religious stratification in colonial America." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42.1 (2003): 57-75.
… to be better. I think of Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlet Letter and I feel like those who are against forgiveness are like the Puritans in that novel who condemn Hestor and treat her like a pariah. There is nothing good about what they do, yet that is ……
...Puritans Realism in Art in Paris in the 19th Century Prostitutes and Third Class Carriages
The 19th century was a century of Realism, Romanticism and Victorianism; a conflict existed in society between wanting to explore boundaries (the romantic aspect), expose reality, and wanting to cover over indecencies (the prudish Victorian aspect). Puritanism and prurience defined the two juxtaposing poles. Realism was like the middle ground, the area of the field that artists sought to highlight. Yet, for artists like Courbet, Daumier and Manet, certain subjects—like a mother holding a sleeping baby in the nursing pose on a third-class train, or lesbian lovers, or a nude woman—were deemed to provocative, too revealing, too dirty, sensual and real and thus too sensational for a Victorian crowd. They were appealing to those with Realist leanings, but Romantics were not quite satisfied with them either because they did not put emphasis on the beautiful and……
Browne, E. (2020). The third-class carriage. Retrieved from https://www.sartle.com/artwork/the-third-class-carriage-honore-daumier
Clark, T. J. (1999). The painting of modern life. Princeton.
Michallat, W. (2007). Lesbian inscriptions in Francophone society and culture. Durham Modern Languages.
Millett-Gallantt, A. (2010). The disabled body in contemporary art. Palgrave Macmillan.
… father—so he gave the land in the New World to Penn and the Quakers found a new home for themselves (Fantel, 1974). The Puritans in New England had a similar story to tell. However, economics was also a big factor not just in the colonization of the ……
Fantel, H. (1974). William Penn: Apostle of Dissent. NY: William Morrow & Co.
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