… is a neurobiological issue as well as a mental health issue. Its symptoms can be extremely severe and involve unlearning ingrained fear-based responses. “PTSD was found to be associated with deficits in fear extinction, increased generalization of fear, and a negative bias of viewing threat from neutral ……
Abdallah, C. G., Averill, L. A., Akiki, T. J., Raza, M., Averill, C. L., Gomaa, H., Adikey, A., & Krystal, J. H. (2019). The neurobiology and pharmacotherapy of posttraumatic stress disorder. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 59, 171–189. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326888/
Bipolar disorder. (2020). NIH. Retrieved from: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml
Kelak, J. A., Cheah, W. L., & Safii, R. (2018). Patient’s decision to disclose the use of traditional and complementary medicine to medical doctor: A descriptive phenomenology study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5832099/
Salagre, E., Dodd, S., Aedo, A., Rosa, A., Amoretti, S., Pinzon, J., Reinares, M., Berk, M., Kapczinski, F. P., Vieta, E., & Grande, I. (2018). Toward precision psychiatry in bipolar Disorder: Staging 2.0. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 641. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282906/
… take their own lives every day, and many of these victims suffered from various trauma-induced conditions including most especially post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature concerning the effects of exposure to war on U.S. … the demographics for this population and/or how pervasive is the problem?
A growing body of evidence confirms that veterans have higher prevalence of PTSD-related disorders compared to the general population when matched for age and sex (Britvic & Anticevic, 2015). Likewise, the various injuries and traumatic episodes … the prevalence of PSTD-related symptoms in veterans (Britvic & Anticevic, 2015). The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) reports that the prevalence of PTSD among veteran in general differs depending on the period in which they served (Howley, 2019).
Although far more research in this area is … far more research in this……
Beks, T. (2016, April). Walking on eggshells: The lived experience of partners of veterans with PTSD. The Qualitative Report, 21(4), 645-651.
Britvic, D. & Anticevic, V. (2015, May 1). Comorbidities with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among combat veterans: 15 years postwar analysis. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 15(2), 81-85.
Howley, E. K. (2019, June 28). Statistics on PTSD in veterans. US News & World Report. Retrieved from https://health.usnews.com/conditions/mental-health/ptsd/articles/ptsd-veterans-statistics.
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Vet Centers. (2019). Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from https://www. vetcenter.va.gov/index.asp?from=explore.va.gov.
ESSAY Question: Why is it that we associate PTSD to war veterans first and foremost? In fact, if we look at the numbers of those served in the armed forces and the … experienced war trauma, yet we have more women diagnosed with this disorder? Women (10.4%) are twice as likely as men (5%) to experience PTSD at some point in their lives, what do you think are the contributing factors ? Support your views with complimentary internet research.
PTSD first became widely known as a possible diagnosis in the wake of the Vietnam War, but the condition (as its name suggests) is … suggests) is specific to trauma, not to wartime trauma alone. In fact, sexual abuse is one of the most common reasons people experience PTSD. The fact that women experience sexual assault and domestic abuse at a higher rate than do men may be one of the……
Greenberg, M. (2018). Why women have higher rates of PTSD than men. Psychology Today.
Retrieved from: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-mindful-self- express/201809/why-women-have-higher-rates-ptsd-men
...Ptsd Vicarious trauma (VT) includes the harmful changes in the views of professionals, such as K-12 educators, of themselves, the world, and others, due to exposure to traumatic material or graphic of their clients or students. Post-traumatic stress (PTS) is a set of psychological symptoms acquired through exposure to individuals exhibiting the impacts of trauma. K-12 educators who work with students exposed to trauma are susceptible to indirect traumatization due to hearing about the experiences of their students and witnessing the negative influence of VT or PTS in them. Distress associated with PTS results from hearing traumatic stories, seeing distress at high levels post a traumatic event, retelling a victim’s story, and/or viewing trauma-related images. Personal trauma history, supervision experiences evidence, and perceived coping style evidence are predictors for vicarious trauma. Personal trauma history and exposure to trauma material with reasonable evidence are precursors for PTS. K-12 educators’ stressors can force……
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… that are linked to the areas of concentration of the study. From a diagnostics point of view, this paper identifies the classification of PTSD as a mental health issue to be a significant factor in the development of new aspects of mental health research in the past … improving such diagnosis and data collection are recommended for investigation. The aspect of prevention focuses on the empirical findings from reviewed studies about PTSD. The main recommendations from the review indicate that PTSD is best dealt with through time. Most studies depend on an expectation of resilience and significant development in the mental character of the ……
Richmond, A., Slattery, J., Mitchell, N., & Morgan, R. (2016). Can a learner-centered syllabus change students’ perceptions of student-professor rapport and master teacher behaviors? Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology, 2(3), 159-168.
Saville, B. K., Zinn, T. E., Brown, A. R., & Marchuk, K. A. (2010). Syllabus Detail and Students’ Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness. Teaching of Psychology, 37(3), 186–189. DOI:10.1080/00986283.2010.488523
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… resuming physical and cognitive activity (Hadanny & Efrati, 2016). Psychotherapy might be required to offer the patient therapy so they do not develop PTSD in the future. Some patients might develop avoidance symptoms in the event that caused the injury. These patients will require therapy to allow … resuming physical and cognitive activity (Hadanny & Efrati, 2016). Psychotherapy might be required to offer the patient therapy so they do not develop PTSD in the future. Some patients might develop avoidance symptoms in the event that caused the injury. These patients will require therapy to allow ……
Cooper, D. B., Bunner, A. E., Kennedy, J. E., Balldin, V., Tate, D. F., Eapen, B. C., & Jaramillo, C. A. (2015). Treatment of persistent post-concussive symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of cognitive rehabilitation and behavioral health interventions in military service members and veterans. Brain imaging and behavior, 9(3), 403-420.
Hadanny, A., & Efrati, S. (2016). Treatment of persistent post-concussion syndrome due to mild traumatic brain injury: current status and future directions. Expert review of neurotherapeutics, 16(8), 875-887.
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Personality theories and PTSD
Alternative Theoretical Positions and Applications
The idea of personality is broadly accepted as being fundamental in psychology, but its dynamics as well as ……
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Strack, S., & Millon, T. (2007). Contributions to the dimensional assessment of personality disorders using Millon\\'s model and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI–III). Journal of Personality Assessment, 89(1), 56-69.
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… century during the Vietnam War. Thousands of recruits within the military armies that participated in the war developed symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the culmination of their military duties. In definition, post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health illness caused by the undergoing and coming … stress disorder is a mental health illness caused by the undergoing and coming into contact with petrifying events (Hester, 2017). Some of the PTSD symptoms comprise severe fretfulness, nightmares, and also flashbacks. To deal with these symptoms, individuals partake in mannerisms, including substance abuse, which gave rise ……
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… lives before the crisis. The second is how much news they consumed during the crisis. Chronic news exposure may create vicarious trauma and PTSD” (7). Conversely, under-use or non-use of social media platforms may result in unhealthy behaviors such as violating stay-at-home orders or social distancing guidelines ……
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… not have received mental health care. Depression is a part of their personality when they return and therefore need special attention. Rates of PTSD were detected to be three times greater in military veterans who have received mental health care as compared to those who have not … community, were in warzone deployments (Adams et al., 2019).
The visible signs of mental health disorders included suicidal thoughts, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and over usage of alcohol. The prominent factor of this research was the veteran identity and the number of years he had served … health care for V.A. military men and women. Various signs exist that indicate when medical healthcare is required, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicidal thought, and overconsumption of alcohol. Moreover, there is increased usage of outpatient services by women due to the increased admittance of ……
Adams, R.E., Urosevich, T.G., Hoffman, S.N., Kirchner, H.L., Figley, C.R., Withey, C.A., Boscarino, J.J., Dugan, R.J. & Boscarino, J.A. (2019). Social and psychological risk and protective factors for veteran well-being: The role of veteran identity and its implications for intervention. Military Behavioral Health, 7(3), 304-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2019.1580642
Allore, H.G., Ning, Y., Brandt, C.A., & Goulet, J.L. (2013). Accounting for the hierarchical structure in veterans’ health administration data: Differences in healthcare utilization between men and women veterans. International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, 2(2), 94-103. DOI: 10.6000/1929-6029.2013.02.02.03
Brooks, C. & Chopik, W. (2010, June 17). Research finds deployment affects mental health of veterans differently. Michigan State University. https://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2020/research-finds-deployment-affects-mental-health-of-veterans-differently/
Duggal, M., Goulet, J.L., Womack, J., Gordon, K., Mattocks, K., Haskell, S.G., Justice, A.C. & Brandt, C.A. (2010). Comparison of outpatient health care utilization among returning women and men veterans from Afghanistan and Iraq. BMS Health Services Research, 10 (175). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-175
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Kaur, S., Stechuchak, K.M., Coffman, C.J., Allen, K.D., & Bastain, L.A. (2007). Gender differences in health care utilization among veterans with chronic pain. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(2), 228-233. DOI: 10.1007/s11606-006-0048-5
Koo, K.H., Madden, E. & Maguen, S. (2015). Race, ethnicity, and gender differences in V.A. health care service utilization among U.S. veterans of recent conflicts. Psychiatric Services, 66(5), 507-513. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201300498
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