… organization, and location of some of the major regions in the world. Sixth grade students are given the opportunity to study some ancient civilizations. This instructional unit seeks to provide social studies instruction as a component of world history in relation to district instructional goals and common … studies.
Discipline of Study
Given the focus of the instructional unit, the discipline of study is 6th grade World History, Geography and Ancient Civilization. This is an important discipline of study since a deeper understanding of historical issues helps to develop a deeper understanding of social justice … social justice standards and issues facing African American/minority community. In this regard, students will make connections on the role and impact of ancient civilizations on the development and growth of African American/minority community. These connections help to create a suitable foundation for development and understanding social studies … based on common standards relating……
Archdiocese of Santa Fe. (2011). Social Studies Curriculum. Retrieved April 27, 2020, from https://asfcatholicschools.org/documents/2016/1/Social%20Studies%206th.pdf
This publication provides an overview of world history and geography as part of social studies curriculum for 6th grade students. It provides an outline of learning outcomes and assessments/strategies that can be employed in a 6th grade history class. These strategies, assessments, and learning outcomes are developed in line with common standards and based on what students at this grade level should achieve by the end of the unit. It was utilized to determine suitable strategies, assessments and learning outcomes to incorporate for the success of this unit.
Blake, C. (2020). Teaching Social Justice in Theory and Practice. Retrieved April 27, 2020, from https://resilienteducator.com/classroom-resources/teaching-social-justice/
This article examines the process of teaching social justice in relation to existing theory and best practices. The author examines how classrooms are designed to be avenues for social change by promoting learning of new ideas. This article was used to identify a contemporary educational theme in diversity and social justice. The identified theme was utilized to shape the unit content and teaching strategies.
California Department of Education. (2000). History – Social Science Content Standards for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve. Retrieved from California Department of Education website: https://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/documents/histsocscistnd.pdf
The publication provides an overview of standards relating to the study of history and social science from kindergarten to grade twelve. Standards are used as the premise for shaping learning content, expectations, and outcomes for students in different grades. Insights from this publication was used to shape learning content, expectation, outcomes, and strategies for this instructional unit.
edCount. (2014). World History and Geography: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Ancient Israel. Retrieved from Tennessee State Government website: https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/education/tcap/TCAP_ALT_SS_module_grade6_module1_wld_hist_geo_meso_egypt_israel.pdf
The article examines grade 6 topic on world history and geography in relation to common standards. The author reviews different subject areas relating to this topic including ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and ancient Israel. Through this review, the publication seeks to enhance knowledge of grade-appropriate social studies concepts, skills, and knowledge. The publication was used to identify relevant knowledge, skills and social studies concepts relating to this instructional unit.
… of The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the few great literatures that survived the ruin of ancient civilizations, more particularly the ancient Mesopotamia. It is a poem that tells the story of two great heroes, friendship, adventure, and the gods. Comprised … and Enkidu”, their relationship, the actions of the gods, and the overall significance of this Epic—as regarding its depiction of the ancient Mesopotamian civilization.
Gilgamesh and Enkidu
Gilgamesh was the first character, of the two, to be introduced. In the introduction, Gilgamesh was described as one who … more powerful. He was discovered by a trapper, who reported him to Gilgamesh as one who is…[break]…is a common feature of many ancient civilizations like the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Africans, etc. The Mesopotamians also believed in the justice system of the gods and would rather go make … of the Epic of Gilgamesh……
Abusch, T. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Development and Meaning of the Epic of Gilgamesh: An Interpretive Essay.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 121, 2001, pp. 614-622, doi:10.2307/606502. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.2307%2F606502
Al-Rawi. F. N. H., and A. R. George. \\\\\\\\\\\\"Back to The Cedar Forest: The Beginning and End of Tablet V of The Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgameš.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 66, 2014, pp. 69-90, doi:10.5615/jcunestud.66.2014.0069. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.5615%2Fjcunestud.66.2014.0069
Christman, J. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Gilgamesh Complex: The Quest for Death Transcendence and the Killing of Animals.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Society & Animals, vol. 16, 2008, pp. 297-315, doi:10.1163/156853008x357649. Retrieved from: sci-hub.tw/10.1163/156853008X357649
Dickson, Keith. “Looking at the Other in ‘Gilgamesh.’” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 127, no. 2, 2007, pp. 171–182. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20297248.
George, Andrew R. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Mayfly on the River: Individual and collective destiny in the Epic of Gilgamesh.\\\\\\\\\\\\" KASKAL: Rivista di storia, ambienti e culture del Vicino Oriente Antico, vol. 9, 2012, pp. 227-242. Retrieved from: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/15817/1/Kaskal_9%20227-242%20George.pdf
Khan, Anika. “Gilgamesh and medicine’s quest to conquer death.” Hektoen international: A Journal of Medical Humanities, vol. 11, no.4, June 2019, Highlighted in Frontispiece pp. 1-3.
Kline, J. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Oldest Story, the Oldest Fear, the Oldest Fool: The Religious Dimension ofThe Epic of Gilgamesh.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Jung Journal, vol. 10, no.2, 2016, 24 – 36, doi:10.1080/19342039.2016.1157411. Retrieved from: https://sci-hub.tw/https://doi.org/10.1080/19342039.2016.1157411
… kill people, but they can only harm or kill each person individually. Even weapons of mass destruction that could wipe out an entire civilization would be hard-pressed, in the digital age, to wipe out the ideas expressed by that civilization. Words, therefore, are arguably more powerful than weapons because they have greater power to shape the way that people think, they are harder ……
… of the electric telegraph and what it could mean for the world—i.e., America: “This noble invention is to be the means of extending civilization, republicanism, and Christianity over the earth. It must and will be extended to nations half-civilized, and thence to those now savage and barbarous…”[footnoteRef:3] ……
Crockett, Davy, “On the removal of the Cherokees, 1834,” Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-now/spotlight-primary-source/davy-crockett-removal-cherokees-1834
“The Magnetic Telegraph.” Ladies’ Repository 10(1850): 61-62. O’Sullivan, John. “Annexation.” United States Magazine and Democratic Review, vol.17, no. 1 (July-August 1845): 5-10.
Sevier, John. Letter to the Cherokee. DPLA. https://dp.la/primary-source-sets/cherokee-removal-and-the-trail-of-tears/sources/1500
Brown-Rice, Kathleen. "Examining the Theory of Historical Trauma Among Native Americans." Professional Counselor 3, no. 3 (2013).
Cave, Alfred A. "Abuse of power: Andrew Jackson and the Indian removal act of 1830." The Historian 65, no. 6 (2003): 1330-1353.
Cherokee Preservation Foundation. “About the Eastern Band.” Cherokee Preservation, 2010. http://cherokeepreservation.org/who-we-are/about-the-ebci/
...Civilization Frederick Douglass
One of the key figures in the United States in the nineteenth century was Fredrick Douglass (c. 1817–1895). Fredrick Douglass was born to a slave woman in 1817. This automatically made him a slave. It is thought that his father was the white owner of his mother (Lee, 13-30). Douglass is most famous for escaping from the shackles of slavery in the year 1838 and becoming one of the key leaders and advocates for the abolition of Slavery in the United States. He revered by the African American community and Americans in general for his fight against slavery. Long after his death, U.S. Civil Rights Movement leaders referred to him in their speeches and used his fight to inspire Americans to fight for the rights of African Americans. This paper looks at the life of Fredrick Douglass and his massive contributions to the abolitionist movement and women's……
Douglass, Frederick. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The Civil Rights Case.\\\\\\\\\\\\" speech at Lincoln Hall, Washington, DC 22 (1883): 1950-75.
Douglass, Frederick. \\\\\\\\\\\\"The meaning of July Fourth for the Negro.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Frederick Douglass: Selected speeches and writings (1852): 188-206.
DuBois, Ellen Carol. Feminism and suffrage: The emergence of an independent women\\\\\\\\\\\\'s movement in America, 1848-1869. Cornell University Press, 1978.
Fredrickson, George M. Racism: A short history. Princeton University Press, 2002.
Gooding-Williams, Robert. In the shadow of Du Bois: Afro-modern political thought in America. Harvard University Press, 2009.
Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Penguin, 1999.
Lee, Maurice S., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Frederick Douglass. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
McCarthy, Thomas. Race, empire, and the idea of human development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
… the corresponding impact of interest rates on their ability to services the debt. Due primarily to their importance in key elements of human civilization, interest rates are a closely watched tool by individual investors, general consumers, and corporations. Banks in particular are heavily influenced by the change ……
1. Goodhard, C and E Perotti, 2008 “Maturity mismatch stretching: Banking has taken a wrong turn”, CEPR Policy Insight 81, 6-July
2. Holston, Laubach, and Williams. 2017. “Measuring the Natural Rate of Interest: International Trends and Determinants,” Journal of International Economics 108, supplement 1 (May): S39–S75
3. Laubach and Williams. 2003. “Measuring the Natural Rate of Interest,” Review of Economics and Statistics 85, no.4 (November): 1063-70.
4. Rachel, L. and Smith, T.D., 2017. Are low real interest rates here to stay?. International Journal of Central Banking, 13(3), pp.1-42.
5. Schularick, M, and A M Taylor, (2009), “Credit Booms Gone Bust: Monetary Policy, Leverage Cycles and Financial Crises, 1870-2008”, NBER DP 15512
6. Stock, J.H. and Watson, M.W., 2007. Why has US inflation become harder to forecast?. Journal of Money, Credit and banking, 39, pp.3-33
… whether this new perspective will take root, only time can tell. However, there are certain social norms and common language etiquettes on which civilization rests. Human beings are not called upon to air all their private thoughts in public. It would be unwise to mouth what you ……
Conway, L.C. (2020). How a cultural revolt against “political correctness” helped launch Trump into the presidency. Retrieved from https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2018/02/28/how-a-cultural-revolt-against-political-correctness-helped-launch-trump-into-the-presidency/
Hart, R.P. (2020). Trump and Us: What He Says and Why People Listen. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Morini, M. (2020). Lessons from Trumps Political Communication: How to Dominate the Media Environment. Belmont, CA: Springer Nature.
Marron, M.B. (2019). Misogyny and Media in the Age of Trump. New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield.
Mooney, A. & Evans, B. (2015). Language, Society and Power. New York, NY: Routledge.
NPR (2016). \\\\\\'Politically Correct\\\\\\': The Phrase Has Gone From Wisdom To Weapon. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/12/14/505324427/politically-correct-the-phrase-has-gone-from-wisdom-to-weapo n
Travers, M. (2019). In New Research, Psychologists Explore The Upside Of Political Incorrectness. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/traversmark/2019/10/09/in-new-research-psychologists-explore-the-upside-of-political-incorrectness/#7935b4c252af
… and understanding of the leadership ideologies and approaches of successful leaders in the field of interest. One of the greatest leaders of modern civilization is Abraham Lincoln, and his method, life, and ideologies have been studied and proposed across multiple books and journals of leadership discipline. Lincoln ……
Maxwell, J.C. (2005). Ethics 101: What Every Leader Needs to Know. Center Street Publishing. ISBN: 9780446578097. Retrieved from: http://lasacoassurance.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/John_C._MaxwelEthics-101_-What-Every-Leader-Needs-to-K-1.pdf
Maxwell, J.C. (1998). The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership. Thomas Nelson Publishing. ISBN: 9780785288374. Retrieved from: https://www.speakersbase.com/uploads/3567e22e8083ad294bab525f9c0b631c57f40f2b1478780702.pdf
Northouse, P.G. (2012). Leadership: Theory and Practice. California, USA: publications Inc. ISBN: 9781483317533.
Phillips, D.T. (1992). Lincoln on Leadership. New York, NY: Warner Books. ISBN: 9780446394598
...Civilization The Past Present and Future of Warfare Impact of Technology and Strategy
Military tactics and strategies are essential in warfare. Without the right tactics and strategy, it is impossible to win wars. By definition, military strategy is the planning, coordination, and implementation of military operations to meet some set objectives. Tactics can be defined as short-term military strategies in the field of operations in terms of the equipment to use, how to use them, and troop movement. According to renowned Carl von Clausewitz, who was a distinguished military strategist and theorist, the strategy is how to utilize battles to win wars and tactics is how to utilize troops and weaponry in battles (Phifer, 2012). However, both tactics and strategies have been theorized, defined, or utilized in different ways at different times in history. In this work, it is my argument that the United States military needs to adopt tactics……
Grieco, K. A. (2018). The 2018 national defense strategy: continuity and competition. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 12(2), 3-8.
Henry, R. S. (2016). “First With the Most” Forrest. Pickle Partners Publishing.
Hundley, R. O. (1999). Past Revolutions, Future Transformations. What Can the History of Revolutions in Military Affairs Tell us about Transforming the US Military? (No. RAND-MR-1029-DARPA). RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA.
Noel, E. (1905). Gustaf Adolf (King of Sweden): The Father of Modern War. Bale & Danielsson.
Parrot, D. A. (1985). Strategy and Tactics in the Thirty Years\\\\\\\\\\\\' War: The\\\\\\\\\\\\" Military Revolution.\\\\\\\\\\\\" Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift, (2), 7.
Phifer, M. (2012). A Handbook of Military Strategy and Tactics. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd.
RisCassi, R. W. (1997). Doctrine for joint operations in a combined environment: A necessity. Military Review, 77(1), 103.
Steele, B. (2005). Military Reengineering Between the World Wars. RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA.
… to a number of theories that have informed subsequent organizational behavior. Several of the prevailing theories of leadership trace their roots to ancient civilizations and their models of governance. For example, the concept of servant leadership can actually be traced back to ancient China even though the ……
Citroen, L. (n.d.). What is servant leadership? military.com. Retrieved from: https://www.military.com/hiring-veterans/resources/understanding-military-servant-leadership-for-civilian-employers.html
“Followership,” (n.d.). Citadel. Retrieved from: http://www.citadel.edu/root/images/commandant/followership%20presentation%20%20recognition%20day.pdf
Jenkins, M.A. (n.d.). Compare and contrast servant leadership with followership. Retrieved from: https://get2fiu.com/compare-and-contrast-servant-leadership-and-followership-spc-jenkins/
Wesson, C. (2017). The NCO. Army University Press. Retrieved from: https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Journals/NCO-Journal/Archives/2017/March/THE-NCO-ARMY-LEADER/
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