There were several factors that led to a Union victory in the Civil War. One of the most important ones was Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. This not only liberated all slaves in Confederate held states so long as they agreed to fight for the Union, it also made slavery one of the primary issues of the war from that point on. This was especially important for the South’s hope of foreign assistance from England. England had already banned slavery and so now that Lincoln had made slavery the main issue of the war through his Proclamation, England could not very well lend support to the South—because then it would essentially be lending support to slavery.
Another vital factor in the Union Victory was Gen. Grant’s military leadership in the war. Grant succeeded where other Union generals had failed. McClellan for instance had been a big bust for Lincoln, often failing to act or to engage the enemy because he did not want to risk the lives of his men in what he perceived to be an uneven contest (Foote, 1958). Grant did not hesitate in battle and achieved several victories that allowed the Union to gain control of the Mississippi and basically hedge in the Confederates.
Lincoln also managed to blockade the Southern ports and prevent the South from getting necessary support through trade. The South was unable to move its cotton, which meant its resources were limited. By the end of the Civil War, it was basically out of options and did not have the financial or material means of continuing the war.
Finally, Lincoln was able to destroy the morale of the South by using Sherman’s March to the Sea and the scorched earth policy to bring Total War to the South. The South was decimated by that point and the Union victory was secured. Sherman’s March to the Sea is still regarded as the nail in the coffin of the South during the Civil War.
Foote, S. (1958). The Civil War: Ft. Sumter to Perryville. NY: Random House.
Civil War represents a decisive period in American history, but also one of violence, during which more than 620,000 Americans died. (Gary B. Nash, Carter Smith, page 144) The American Civil War was fought between North and the South, and started as a result of their differences regarding slavery, state's rights and federal authority. The decisive moment was when Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won the election, and become the president
Civil War In a long war, all of the economic, financial and population advantages would favor the North since the South was a mostly agrarian region that imported its manufactured goods. Initially, both sides had expected that the war would be short and decisive, although by 1862 it was clear that it might drag on indefinitely. Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee and the other Southern leaders realized that their best chance
So the professional opportunities for young Robert were limited, and the army came as a rescue solution. Pegging to his life of severe lacks, difficulties and sadness, Lee became a man of strict self imposed limits. He was moderate and never wasteful of either type of resource. Due to his rather stern appearance, he was not the most popular of army men. But he did always serve his country and
A stronger Navy allowed the North to enforce the blockade more effectively than the Confederacy could overcome it. The second significant part of the Anaconda Plan was similar in scope and strategic significance: to take control of the Mississippi. When the Union Army eventually did gain control of the mighty Mississippi, the South was effectively split in two. The Anaconda Plan was fulfilled. Not only did the Union have
Civil War in American history [...] why the North won the Civil War, considering how the North and South developed during the 19th century, how the political, economic, and cultural development of the nation placed the North at an advantage and the South at a disadvantage, and finally, how the North ultimately prevailed over the South militarily. The North prevailed in the Civil War for a variety of reasons,
What was the war's bloodiest day? Was it Gettysburg? No. It occurred in September, 1862, at Antietam Creek in Maryland, when 22,700 soldiers died. "[General] Lee "hoped to win decisively...but the Union army prevailed." Meantime, the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1 through July 3, 1863, was the bloodiest battle of the war. It was the "most famous and most important Civil War Battle... [General Lee] believed his own [rebel] army was