colonial america was a diverse hodge-podge of religious communities. The Quakers had been given Pennsylvania by William Penn, whose father had held ties with the … from top to bottom.
As Pyle and Davidson point out, “religious adherence was in the allocation of power, privilege, and prestige during the colonial period” (57). Those who wanted to secure for themselves a position of power and privilege in society necessarily had to abide by the … the duties expected of them as Quakers and pacifists. For example, the Quakers initially wanted to respect the human rights of the Native america, but as the america colonies were not united in this view. The Virginia House of Burgesses, dominated by Anglicans, wanted to abjure the treaty between the Crown … united in this view. The Virginia House of Burgesses, dominated by Anglicans, wanted to abjure the treaty between the Crown and the Native america:……
Fantel, Hans. William Penn: Apostle of Dissent. NY: William Morrow & Co., 1974.
Graham, Michael. "Posish Plots: Protestant Fears in Early Colonial Maryland, 1676-1689." The Catholic historical review 79.2 (1993): 197-216.
Holton, W. Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves, and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Laux, John. Church History. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1933.
Melville, Herman. Clarel. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015005201424&view=1up&seq=9
Milder, R. Herman Melville. New York: Columbia University Press,1988.
Pyle, Ralph E., and James D. Davidson. "The origins of religious stratification in colonial America." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42.1 (2003): 57-75.
Should Reparations be Paid to Native america and African america?
Today, there are approximately 3.4 million Native america and 40 million African america in the United States (U.S. people, 2019), and virtually all of these individuals have ancestors that unfairly suffered at the hands of the … governments at some point in the nation’s history. The research topic of interest to this paper concerns the issue of reparations for certain america minority groups that have suffered hundreds of years of injustice at the hands of the U.S. government. In this regard, the research question … of injustice at the hands of the U.S. government. In this regard, the research question that will guide this analysis is, “Should Native america and African america be paid reparations?” The overarching thesis that shaped the answer to this guiding research question as was follows: Historical injustices including genocide, oppression, … of millions of people……
Bradford, W. (2004). Beyond reparations: An American Indian theory of justice. Ohio State Law Journal.
Flavin, F. E. (2002, Winter). A pox on Amherst: Smallpox, Sir Jeffery, and a town named Amherst. Historical Journal of Massachusetts, 30(1), 1-5.
Forrester, K. (2019). Reparations, history and the origins of global justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.
Gilmore, B. & Adams, H. (2019). The case for a reparations clinic. Michigan State Law Review.
Howard-Hassmann, R. E. (2004). Reparations to Africa and the group of eminent persons. Cahiers d’étudesafricaines.
Lenzerini, F. (2007). Reparations for indigenous peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lockhart, P. (2019, June 19). The 2020 Democratic primary debate over reparations, explained. Vox. Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2019/3/11/18246741/ reparations-democrats-2020-inequality-warren-harris-castro.
Loewen, J. W. (1995). Lies my teacher told me. New York: The New Press.
… seemed to be quite a bit different – slower pace of life, high family orientation, less work-obsessed than one might normally find in america. So I started to think a bit more about the differences between Portugal and america, and to that meant increasing my exposure to Portugal a bit more.
I know that some of the food my mother made growing … unchanged almost for centuries.
The sense of place in the world is something that differentiates Portugal from the US. Portgual is a former colonial power, and this gives them a sense of pride as to their contributions to the world. They understand that their culture and language … more language skills now, but I also have a much greater cultural fluency. This cultural fluency has actually grown since I’ve returned to america, because I’ve been able to reflect on my experiences and assimilate some of that……
Hofstede Insights (2020) Country comparison: Portugal. Hofstede Insights. Retrieved May 24, 2020 from https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/portugal/
Mudge, E. (2019) Portuguese culture: food, fado and festivals. Portugal.com. Retrieved May 24, 2020 from https://portugal.com/portugal-blogs/portuguese-culture
… States and what was then known as the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario) and other smaller provinces of the then British North america. The treaty was a forerunner of the Canada-United States trade agreement of 1989. It was primarily intended to facilitate free trade in primary … a very popular idea, especially in export-oriented Canada West (Ontario) and in New Brunswick and other Maritime colonies. The Maritime colonies and the america fishermen fishing off the coast of Canada are the two parties that particularly felt that there was a need for a treaty (Gerriets … treaty being drafted and approved by the then United States Secretary of State, Mr. William Marcy, and the then Governor-General of British North america, Lord Elgin, in June 1854. Upon the signing of the treaty and its approval by the legislatures of the parties to the treaty, … ten years. After the ten……
Ankli, R. E. (1971). The reciprocity treaty of 1854. The Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d\\\\\\\\\\\\'Economique, 4(1), 1-20.
Gerriets, M., & Gwyn, J. (1996). Tariffs, trade, and reciprocity: Nova Scotia, 1830-1866. Acadiensis, 25(2), 62-81.
Haynes, F. E. (1892). The Reciprocity treaty with Canada of 1854 (Vol. 7, No. 6). Baltimore, Md.: American Economic Association.
Hinton, M. (2013). Canadian economic growth and the reciprocity treaty of 1854. Working Papers 13038, Economic History Society.
Masters, D. C. (1963). The reciprocity treaty of 1854: its history, its relation to British colonial and foreign policy, and to the development of Canadian fiscal autonomy (Vol. 9). McGill-Queen\\\\\\\\\\\\'s Press-MQUP.
Officer, L. H., & Smith, L. B. (1968). The Canadian-American reciprocity treaty of 1855 to 1866. Journal of Economic History, 598-623.
Porritt, E. (1908). Sixty Years of Protection in Canada, 1846-1907: Where Industry Leans on the Politician. London: Macmillan.
Saunders, S. A. (1934). The Maritime Provinces and the Reciprocity Treaty. The Dalhousie Review.
… man, and the Second General Conference of…[break]…/>
The Bible was introduced to non-European and non-Jew communities by missionaries who were part of the colonial delegation. As a result, the Bible was, in part, used to require submission to the colonial masters, by being the Authority then, and subsequently, by the master's whiteness. By act – a biased one, the Bible was used to … whiteness. By act – a biased one, the Bible was used to support and augment white supremacist theories that were used to support colonial and slavery. However, through the liberationist theology, which the Bible is replete of, the minority and oppressed community have come to understand the … oppressed[footnoteRef:13]. Therefore, the oppressed can see God through their circumstances. [13: Supra, note 10, at 15-52.]
For the Latino and Black Church in america, the Asian Christian community in Asia, and the Christian Church in Independent Africa,……
Elliott, John E. \\\\\\"Oppression, Exploitation and Injustice in the Old Testament: The View from Liberation Theology.\\\\\\" International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 19, No. 10/11/12 (1992): 15-52.
Hayes, John H., and Carl R. Holladay. Biblical exegesis: a beginner\\\\\\'s handbook. Westminster John Knox Press, 2007.
Klein, William W., Craig L. Blomberg, and Robert L. Hubbard Jr. Introduction to biblical interpretation. Zondervan Academic, 2017.
Pontifical Biblical Commission. The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church: Address of His Holiness Pope John Paul II and Document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1993.
Thiselton, Anthony C. Hermeneutics: an introduction. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2009.
Thomas, James, and Angela Harden. \\\\\\"Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews.\\\\\\" BMC medical research methodology 8, no. 1 (2008): 45.
Tikito, Iman, and Nissrine Souissi. \\\\\\"Meta-analysis of systematic literature review methods.\\\\\\" International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science 11, no. 2 (2019): 17.
West, Gerald O. \\\\\\"Locating \\\\\\'Contextual Bible Study\\\\\\' within biblical liberation hermeneutics and intercultural biblical hermeneutics.\\\\\\" HTS Theological Studies 70, no. 1 (2014): 1-10.
The war was triggered by the Anglo-Iranian crisis of 1951 to 1953. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company was largely viewed as a colonial influence bent on controlling the host government and enjoying benefits from the hierarchies that resulted from a society that was divided. However, in … resorted to using the CIA (De Seve, 2020).
Accountability of Preparations, Equipment, Logistics, and Contingency
The then British Prime Minister, along with his america counterpart President Eisenhower signed the final coup plans on July 1 and 11th, respectively. 21. The coup conspirators chose General Fazlollah Zahedi, who … company and pushed for the boycott of oil from Iran. The campaign resulted in the financial crisis in Iran. Britain attempted to lure america into participating in a coup, but Truman had earlier rebuffed the idea. However, when Eisenhower took charge of the america nation, he was determined to thwart any communist advances by……
Contini, C. (2013). A Realistic View on Iran: International relations and Global Politics. GRIN Verlag.
De Seve, M. (2020). Operation Ajax: The Story of the CIA Coup that Remade the Middle East. Verso Books.
Fowler, R. (2018). More Than a Doctrine: The Eisenhower Era in the Middle East. U of Nebraska Press.
Lee, C. T. (2013). A Cold War Narrative: The Covert Coup of Mohammad Mossadeq, Role of the U.S. Press and Its Haunting Legacies. Senior Theses, Trinity College, Hartford, CT. http://digitalrepository.trincoll.edu/theses/300
Levin, Y. A. (2018). Operation Ajax in the CIA analytics: colonial knowledge in postcolonial age. Samara Journal of Science, 7(2), 200-203.
Luce, D. D. (2017, September 20). The specter of operation AJAX. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/aug/20/foreignpolicy.iran
Merica, D., & Hanna, J. (2013). In declassified document, CIA acknowledges role in\\\\\\'53 Iran Coup. CNN News. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
Roosevelt, K. (1979). Countercoup, the Struggle for the Control of Iran. McGraw-Hill Companies.
… familiar gesture in western culture to indicate OK with the thumb and the index finger joined to form a circle, in some Latin america countries, it's considered to be an insulting and obscene connotation (Renteln, 2004, 12). For the average westerner, this gesture is an indication of … insulting and obscene connotation (Renteln, 2004, 12). For the average westerner, this gesture is an indication of satisfaction and wellness, but in Latin america, it is demeaning and degrading, an aspect that can be used as a basis or evidence to a criminal case.
It is, however, … minority learning and becoming encultured to the culture of the majority. The typical case in point is the relation between France as a colonial master and the region it colonized, where the person in the colonies was assimilated to the France culture.
Culture and the law
Renteln, A. D. (2004). The cultural defense. Oxford University Press.
Syncretism refers to the blending of religious and cultural traditions, and is a term most commonly applied to the america. Although there are more famous syncretic traditions, the ones Nash focuses on blend Mayan with Christian religion. Within the overall context of syncretism, … liminal spaces between the sacred and the profane. In both cases, too, the blending of various characteristics within the figure signals subversion of colonial oppression. Whereas the worship of a non-syncretic Maximon or Tio would be construed as idol worship, those figures become cloaked in Catholic or ……
Nash, June. “The Passion Play in Maya Indian Communities.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 10, No. 3, April 1968, pp. 318-2327.
An understandably contentious issue, immigration cuts to the core of what it means to be america. Recent immigrants find themselves especially vulnerable to being caught in the crossfire of heated debates over america immigration policy. The migration of Mexican nationals to the United States is hardly a new phenomenon; in fact, the tide of immigration flow … evident in the Mexican immigrant experience (Massey, 1986). Prevailing anti-immigration discourse in the United States obfuscates the tremendous amount of diversity within the america immigrant experience, and even among specific immigrant groups like those who hail from Mexico.
Furthermore, anti-immigrant discourse also echoes the nativist sentiments that … like those who hail from Mexico.
Furthermore, anti-immigrant discourse also echoes the nativist sentiments that have steeped their way through some segments of america society since the 19th century. The most extreme form of nativism is of course intransigent nativism, the extreme belief in stopping……
Fox, C. & Guglielmo, T.A. (2012). Defining America’s racial boundaries: Blacks, Mexicans, and European Immigrants, 1890–1945. American Journal of Sociology 118(2) (September 2012): 327-379.
Gonzales, R. G. (2011). Learning to be illegal: Undocumented youth and shifting legal contexts in the transition to adulthood. American Sociological Review 76(4) (AUGUST 2011): 602-619
Huntington, S.P. (2009). The Hispanic challenge. Foreign Policy, 28 Oct, 2009.
Jones-Correa, M. (2012). Contested ground. Transatlantic Council on Migration. July 2012.
Massey, D. S. (1986). The social organization of Mexican Migration to the United States.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 48(7):, Vol. 487, Immigration and American Public Policy (Sep., 1986): 102-113?
Massey, D. S. (n.d.). What were the paradoxical consequences of militarizing the border with Mexico?
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