Political System Essays (Examples)

Study Document

Cyber Espionage

Pages: 16 (4895 words) Sources: 24 Document Type:Case Study Document #:27491269

… out through various exploitation methods or techniques on individual computers, networks or the Internet. It incorporates intentional activities to infiltrate or penetrate computer system/networks used by a rival to obtain information within or transmitted through these networks or system.[footnoteRef:3] Cyber espionage is used by different nations across the globe including the United States, China and Russia despite concerns regarding its legitimacy and … Cyber Espionage
Banks (2017) define cyber espionage as intentional activities used by an adversary to collect information resident on or transmitted through computer system or networks.[footnoteRef:4] Cyber espionage has become common in the modern international relations framework due to use of cyberspace and the emergence of cyber … to the long-standing practice of intelligence gathering and espionage in national security apparatus of every nation. Cyber espionage involves electronic surveillance of computer system or networks to intercept communication between two or more parties. Using electronic surveillance, adversaries……

References

Bibliography

Ablon, L. “Data Thieves: The Motivations of Cyber Threat Actors and Their Use and Monetization of Stolen Data.” RAND Corporation, March 2018.  https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/testimonies/CT400/CT490/RAND_CT490.pdf 

Agarwal A. & CERT-IN. “Cyber Espionage, Infiltration and Combating Techniques.” Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, 2013.  https://www.cert-in.org.in/Downloader?pageid=5&type=2&fileName=CIPS-2013-0128.pdf 

Banks, W.C. “Cyber Espionage and Electronic Surveillance: Beyond the Media Coverage.” Emory law Journal 66, (2017).

Baxter, P. & Jack, S. “Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers.” The Qualitative Report 13, no. 4 (2008).

Brown, G. “Spying and Fighting in Cyberspace: What is Which?” Journal of National Security Law & Policy 8, (2017).

Connell, M. & Vogler, S. “Russia’s Approach to Cyber Warfare.” CNA Analysis and Solutions, 2017.  https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/DOP-2016-U-014231-1Rev.pdf 

Creswell, J.W. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Diplomacy Data. “Cyber Security and Cyber Espionage in International Relations.” Diplomacy Data, 2015.  http://diplomacydata.com/cyber-security-and-cyber-espionage-in-international-relations/

Study Document

Clausewitz The Future Of The Air Power

Pages: 5 (1412 words) Sources: 4 Document Type:Essay Document #:29434498

… the technological advances and innovations in the airpower, cyberspace, and space industries will alter the future of war and lead to social changes, political changes, new war concepts, new war doctrines, and new rules in the utilization of airpower. [1: Mark Clodfelter, "Back from the future: The … its essence. It is what differentiates it from other human activities or undertakings. The true nature of war is that it is usually political, interactive, and violent. If an activity or undertaking is not political, interactive, and violent, then it cannot be classed as war. It is some other activity[footnoteRef:2]. The character of war is its physical and … the cognitive domains. According to Carl von Clausewitz, the character of war is shaped by the groups or nations in war and their political goals and objectives[footnoteRef:4]. While the conduct of war is determined by military organization, type of government, societal norms,……

References

References

Bender, Willaim J., and William D. Bryant. Assuring the USAF core missions in the information age. Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Washington United States, 2016.

Clodfelter, Mark. "Back from the future: The impact of change on airpower in the decades ahead." Strategic Studies Quarterly 3, no. 3 (2009): 104-122.

Grissom, Adam. "The future of military innovation studies." Journal of strategic studies 29, no. 5 (2006): 905-934.

JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF-JCS. "Joint Operating Environment JOE 2035: The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World. US Joint Chiefs of Staff, J7, Joint Force Development [cit. 2016-07-01]." (2016).

Study Document

How Media Coverage Of Operation Desert Storm Was Influenced By The

Pages: 11 (3336 words) Sources: 8 Document Type:Essay Document #:61111774

… weapons of mass destruction, would come to fruition. Although the Iraqi military was never able to live up to their leader’s claims, the political and social fallout from this successful prosecution of this regional war by the United States had long-term implications for American political and military leaders alike. This topic is important to analyze today because the Middle East remains a global hotspot with the very real … advance. When the deadline for withdrawal by January 15, 1991 that was set by the United Nations expired with no response from Iraqi’s political or military leadership, the U.S.-led coalition initiated an 5-week bombing campaign of Iraqi command and control centers an effort to dilute their war-fighting … the wake of this line of decision making are mere humans covered only by thin layers of olive drab who rely on their political leaders to make informed decisions and honestly share……

References

References

Curtis, J. (2015, November). Reflecting on strategic results of Operation Desert Storm. Army, 65(11), 24-27.

Khan, H. (2011, July 1). An unbiased estimate of present American competitiveness from deontological and teleological perspectives of utilitarianism. Competition Forum, 9(2), 348-352.

Klotzer, C. L. (2002, October). A lesson for Americans: Desert Storm operation reports were full of lies and distortions. St. Louis Journalism Review, 32(250), 34-39.

Lindsey, J. M. & Smith, C. (2003, Summer). Rally 'round the flag: Opinion in the United States before and after the Iraq War. Brookings Review, 21(3), 20-24.

Operation Desert Storm. (2020). U.S. History. Retrieved from  https://www.ushistory.org/  us/60a.asp.

Stilwell, B. (2015, September 12). 21 facts about the first Gulf War. Military.com. Retrieved from  https://www.military.com/undertheradar/2015/09/21-facts-about-the-first-gulf-war .

Taylor, A. (2016, January 14). Operation Desert Storm: 25 years since the first Gulf War. The Atlantic. Retrieved from  https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2016/01/operation-desert-storm-25-years-since-the-first-gulf-war/424191/ .

Tilford, K. H., Jr. (1993, Summer). Review: The meaning of victory in Operation Desert Storm: A review essay. Political Science Quarterly, 108(2), 327-331.

Study Document

Natural Law In Catholic Social Teaching

Pages: 11 (3338 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Research Paper Document #:14149927

… only makes sense within the parameters of sin and redemption, for outside those parameters are only empty worldly solutions based on false hopes, political promises, and short-sighted economic solutions. The Enlightenment philosophers argued that man in his natural state was sufficient unto himself.
Such was Rousseau’s point … World concept of Original Sin, the Enlightenment philosophers could make these assumptions about human beings—i.e., that if they were just given the right system of organization they would be able to govern themselves without problem. What they neglected to consider was that human nature is indeed programmed … one took for granted. As Lynn Hunt points out, one of the big questions over right was the issue of voting—the distinction between political and civil rights: “political rights guaranteed equal participation; civil rights guaranteed equal treatment before the law in matters concerning marriage, property, and inheritance.”[footnoteRef:3] Nowadays, the assumption is … equal……

References

Bibliography

Barton, George Aaron. A critical and exegetical commentary on the book of Ecclesiastes. Vol. 17. Scribner, 1908.

Hunt, Lynn. \\\\\\"Introduction: The Revolutionary Origins of Human Rights.\\\\\\" In The French Revolution and Human Rights: A Brief History with Documents, 2nd Edition, edited by Lynn Hunt, 1-31. Boston: Bedford, 2016 National Assembly. “Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 26 August 1789.”

Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite. Accessed November 4, 2019. http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/exhibits/show/liberty--equality--fraternity/item/3216

Pope, Stephen J. “Natural Law in Catholic Social Teachings.”  https://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/centers/boisi/pdf/f09/Pope_Natural_Law_In.pdf 

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, “Seven Themes of Catholic Social Teaching,”  http://www.usccb.org/beliefs-and-teachings/what-we-believe/catholic-social-teaching/seven-themes-of-catholic-social-teaching.cfm 

Study Document

Major Issues Facing The European Union

Pages: 9 (2744 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:70288459

… the British are all concerned about the safety risks, the economic risks, the health risks, the social risks, the cultural risks, and the political risks that come from allowing so many refugees through their borders. Considering that the threat of terrorism is still high in Europe and … EU and with the global economy wavering there is a great deal of downside risk. How can the EU weather the coming social, political, and economic storm that is gathering overhead?
The reality is that managing a modern representative government among dozens of diverse peoples and nations … able to join and become a debt colony. Italy is in similar shape, as is Spain, Ireland and others. How is this a system that can work for long?
Thus, the future looks bleak for the EU. It is not going to be able to address its ……

References

References

Amadeo, K. (2019). Eurozone debt crisis. Retrieved from  https://www.thebalance.com/eurozone-debt-crisis-causes-cures-and-consequences-3305524 

BBC. (2020). Brexit. Retrieved from  https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 

Chadwick, L. (2020). Recession could tip EU. Retrieved from https://www.euronews.com/2020/02/27/could-covid-19-coronavirus-trigger-a-european-economic-recession

Grose, T. (2020). Coronavirus tests Europe’s open borders. Retrieved from https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2020-03-02/europes-open-border-agreement-may-become-casualty-to-coronavirus

Herszenhorn, D. (2019). Europe’s NATO problem. Retrieved from  https://www.politico.eu/article/europe-nato-problem-defense-procurement-training-research/ 

Pew Research Center. (2016). European opinions of the refugee crisis. Retrieved from  https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/09/16/european-opinions-of-the-refugee-crisis-in-5-charts/ 

Wirtz, B. (2019). The Beginning Of The End Of Open Borders In Europe. Retrieved from  https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-beginning-of-the-end-of-open-borders-in-europe/ 

Study Document

Effectiveness Of The War On Drugs

Pages: 14 (4146 words) Sources: 18 Document Type:Reaction Paper Document #:69451857

… the global commodities market for centuries, with the most infamous being opium and tobacco: both of which became so lucrative they led to political and military skirmishes. Government intervention in the drug trade is a new phenomenon, traceable to the Opium Wars first and then to the … entwined with non-state actors including terrorist organizations and other organized crime syndicates worldwide. Perpetuating the War on Drugs has become fundamental to the political and economic stability of nations around the world, which is why drug policy reform proves particularly thorny in spite of the fact that … literature include the deleterious effect of the War on Drugs on racial disparities including income disparity, criminal justice disparity, and also healthcare and political status disparities. Other themes include a loud and substantial cry from the healthcare industries, calling for the decriminalization of drugs and addiction in … of the drug trade, and……

References

References

ACLU (2020). Against drug prohibition. Retrieved from:  https://www.aclu.org/other/against-drug-prohibition " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

TikTok Platform And Application Walkthrough

Pages: 4 (1080 words) Sources: 5 Document Type:Essay Document #:92988115

… media has significantly transformed human interaction, and this is mainly due to the continuous innovations and applications that are being integrated into its system. One of such applications is the famous TikTok app. Developed and launched by ByteDance, a Beijing based company, TikTok offers its users a … et al. (3), TikTok is a multi-sided market platform. This is because it efficiently connects the end-users, content creators, and advertisers within its system (Tiwana 61). Through advanced leveraging of artificial intelligence, the platform has created a personalization for all its users. The end-users get recommendations based … on their view history and the complementors, i.e., content creators and advertisers get information on the latest trends for targeting their content. This system of the network works efficiently because each set of the user affects the satisfaction of the other. In considering the TikTok’s platformization, the … of the user affects the……

References

Works-Cited List

Nieborg, David B., and Thomas Poell. "The platformization of cultural production: Theorizing the contingent cultural commodity." New Media & Society, vol. 20, no. 11, 2018, pp. 4275-4292.

Nieborg, David B., and Anne Helmond. "The political economy of Facebook’s platformization in the mobile ecosystem: Facebook Messenger as a platform instance." Media, Culture & Society, vol. 41, no. 2, 2018, pp. 196-218.

Plantin, Jean-Christophe, et al. "Infrastructure studies meet platform studies in the age of Google and Facebook." New Media & Society, vol. 20, no. 1, 2016, pp. 293-310.

Poell, Thomas and David Nieborg and José van Dijck. "Platformisation". Internet Policy Review 8.4 (2019). Web. 7 Mar. 2020.

Tiwana, Amrit. "The Value Proposition of Platforms." Platform Ecosystems, 2014, pp. 61-69.

Study Document

War On Drugs

Pages: 13 (4034 words) Sources: 13 Document Type:Essay Document #:73696424

… the global commodities market for centuries, with the most infamous being opium and tobacco: both of which became so lucrative they led to political and military skirmishes. Government intervention in the drug trade is a new phenomenon, traceable to the Opium Wars first and then to the … entwined with non-state actors including terrorist organizations and other organized crime syndicates worldwide. Perpetuating the War on Drugs has become fundamental to the political and economic stability of nations around the world, which is why drug policy reform proves particularly thorny in spite of the fact that … literature include the deleterious effect of the War on Drugs on racial disparities including income disparity, criminal justice disparity, and also healthcare and political status disparities. Other themes include a loud and substantial cry from the healthcare industries, calling for the decriminalization of drugs and addiction in … of the drug trade, and……

References

References

ACLU (2020). Against drug prohibition. Retrieved from:  https://www.aclu.org/other/against-drug-prohibition " target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">

Study Document

Nelson Mandela

Pages: 5 (1632 words) Sources: 7 Document Type:Essay Document #:40746883

… addition to their capability of driving others towards goal attainment.
The term ethics, or moral philosophy as it is otherwise referred to, entails system, defense and recommendation of the concepts of correct and incorrect conduct (Fisher & Lovell, 2006). Every professional must necessarily follow ethics codes. Ethical … challenge the prison keepers. He did not willingly accept the way things stood and his stay at Robben Island (where he and other political prisoners were imprisoned) ensured apartheid leaders could see their actual selves. Via his words, signs, and actions, Mandela challenged the national system which denied him his freedom. In the end,…[break]…Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SAC) (Glad & Blanton, 1997). In political terms, Mandela's eventual compromises (like temporary "power-sharing") with the National Party were doubted by the ANC's more radical personalities and factions, which included … Mandela was a personification of how strategic leaders adjust……

References

References

Daft, R. L. (2010). Organization theory and design, 10th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Ferrell, O. C., & Fraedrich, J. (2015). Business ethics: Ethical decision making & cases. Nelson Education.

Fisher, C., & Lovell, A. (2006). Business Ethics and Values: Individual, Corporate and International Perspectives. FT Prentice Hall.

Glad, B., & Blanton, R. (1997). FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela: A study in cooperative transformational leadership. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 27(3), 565-590.

Masbagusdanta, K. (2013). Everyone Can Be a Moral Leader. Global ethics network. Retrieved from https://www.globalethicsnetwork.org/profiles/blogs/everyone-can-be-a-moral-leader

Schoemaker, P.J.H. & Krupp, S. (2014). 6 principles that made Nelson Mandela a renowned leader. Fortune. Retrieved from  https://fortune.com/2014/12/05/6-principles-that-made-nelson-mandela-a-renowned-leader/ 

Tutu, D. (2013). Nelson Mandela: A colossus of unimpeachable moral character. The Washington Post. Retrieved from  https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/nelson-mandela-a-colossus-of-unimpeachable-moral-character/2013/12/06/0a2cd28a-5ec9-11e3-be07-006c776266ed_story.html 

Study Document

Comparing Irans Military And Culture To The U S Military And Culture

Pages: 8 (2313 words) Sources: 10 Document Type:Essay Document #:35757446

… but there is a respect for religious liberty in the U.S. that is not promoted in Iran, which is another way that the system of organized violence differ. Considering too that military service in Iran is compulsory while it is volunteer-based in the U.S. shows that there … the Tehran Bureau (2015) of The Guardian, “in Iran, soldiers don’t get the same respect as they do in America”—which suggests that the system of organized violence in Iran is predicated upon the hierarchical society’s strong social beliefs about duty to the state rather than to the … cultures of the two nations and how they impact the perspectives of the militaries. They are similar in the sense that their organizing system of violence is based on the need to wage war and to defend their countries, but they differ in terms of capabilities and ……

References

References

Adams, G., & Murray, S. (Eds.). (2014). Mission creep: the militarization of US foreign policy?. Georgetown University Press.

Butler, S. (2003). War is a Racket. LA: Feral House.

Chambers, J. (2003). To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern America. New York: The Free Press.

Forsling, C. (2017). The military has a toxic leadership problem. Retrieved from  https://taskandpurpose.com/military-toxic-leadership-problem 

Jacobson, M. (2008). Sanctions against Iran: A promising struggle. Washington Quarterly, 31(3), 69-88.

Ouellet, E. (n.d.). New directions in military sociology.

Reuters. (2019). Senior Iranian military adviser threatens broad response to any U.S. move. Retrieved from  https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-aramco-iran-guards/senior-iranian-military-adviser-threatens-broad-response-to-any-u-s-move-idUSKBN1W50WG 

Snow, R., & Wynn, S. T. (2018). Managing Opioid Use Disorder and Co-Occurring Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services, 56(6), 36-42.

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